References of "Delvenne, Pierre"
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See detailBroadening, Deepening, and Governing Innovation: Flemish Technology Assessment in Historical and Socio-Political Perspective
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

in Research Policy (in press)

This article examines how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in Flanders (Belgium) are affected by, and potentially transformed through, technology assessments (TAs). Broadly defined, TAs ... [more ▼]

This article examines how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in Flanders (Belgium) are affected by, and potentially transformed through, technology assessments (TAs). Broadly defined, TAs encompass activities and programs that expand and deepen the knowledge base of contemporary knowledge-based economies (KBEs), typically by including new actors (e.g. trade unions), ideas (e.g. science in society), and rationales (e.g. participatory techniques) in STI processes. Starting from the regionalization of STI policy in Belgium and the convergence of Flemish STI around global KBE principles, the article exemplifies how since the 1980s successive Flemish TA waves (early- warning, bottom-up, and interactive TA) have co-evolved with successive generations of Flemish innovation policy. Building on these findings, it argues that Flemish TA has assumed the role of mediator between science and society, both by counteracting and accommodating dominant STI paradigms. By providing a historical and socio-political perspective on TA and innovation policy, the article draws critical attention to the institutional settings and societal contexts in which TA is embedded, and questions TA's strategic utility within contemporary KBEs. This perspective sheds light on the Flemish government's recent decision to close its parliamentary TA institute and the institutional expansion of TA elsewhere in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking Technology Assessment Accessible to New Players
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Fitzgerald, Ciara et al

in Klüver, Lars; Nielsen, Rasmus; Jorgensen, Marie-Louise (Eds.) Policy-Oriented Technology Assessment Across Europe. Expanding Capacities (in press)

This chapter reports on the two PACITA summers schools, which were aimed at teaching TA as well as enhancing mutual-learning activities. The first summer school concentrated on the topic ‘Renewable Energy ... [more ▼]

This chapter reports on the two PACITA summers schools, which were aimed at teaching TA as well as enhancing mutual-learning activities. The first summer school concentrated on the topic ‘Renewable Energy Systems- role and use of PTA’ and it was held in Liege in June 2012. The second summer school addressed the topic of ‘Ageing and Technology’, and was held in Cork in June 2014. We describe the rationale and format of the summer school in order to present a comprehensive account of how it was introduced TA, both its rational and its methods, to a new audience. We argue that as the responsible innovation agenda continues to gain traction among policy makers, societal actors and academics, education initiatives such as TA summer schools can have an important role to play in the future of the governance of science, technology and innovation. [less ▲]

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See detailConsultation citoyenne européenne sur la consommation durable du 25 octobre 2014. Rapport sur la consultation citoyenne organisée le 25 octobre 2014 à l'échelle de la Wallonie
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Macq, Hadrien; Parotte, Céline ULg et al

Report (2015)

Le 25 octobre 2014, une vaste consultation citoyenne s’est déroulée simultanément dans 11 pays européens sur le thème de la consommation durable. Au total, ce sont un peu plus d’un millier de participants ... [more ▼]

Le 25 octobre 2014, une vaste consultation citoyenne s’est déroulée simultanément dans 11 pays européens sur le thème de la consommation durable. Au total, ce sont un peu plus d’un millier de participants qui ont pris part à la discussion à travers l’Europe. En Belgique, l’évènement se déroulait à l’échelle de la Wallonie et le panel citoyen a réuni 105 participants, sélectionnés selon des critères liés au genre, à l’âge, à la répartition géographique, au niveau d’études et à la catégorie socio-professionnelle. Les résultats de cette enquête participative montrent que tous, aussi bien citoyens-consommateurs, producteurs que décideurs politiques ont un rôle à jouer dans la consommation durable. Plus précisément, les participants ont exprimé la volonté que les élus encouragent la consommation durable et rendent son accès plus aisé aux citoyens. En conclusion, les 105 citoyens participant à cette journée se sont largement exprimés concernant leurs habitudes mais aussi leurs demandes vis-à-vis des pouvoirs publics concernant la consommation durable, un sujet auquel une écrasante majorité s’est déclarée très sensible. Outre les demandes citoyennes mises en exergue ci-dessus (éduquer et inciter à l’action quotidienne en faveur de la consommation durable, la rendre moins coûteuse, améliorer et renforcer l’offre de transports en commun), les participants ont également émis le souhait d’être davantage consultés dans la prise des décisions politiques, par le biais de mécanismes participatifs élargis au sein desquels ils peuvent jouer un rôle actif en soutien aux processus politiques. [less ▲]

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See detailTaming uncertainty: Towards a new governance approach for nuclear waste management in Belgium
Parotte, Céline ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in Technology Analysis & Strategic Management (2015)

We focus on the new governance practices in Belgian nuclear waste management from its ‘participatory turn’ in the late 1990s. Rather than praising (or rejecting) participation versus expert analysis, we ... [more ▼]

We focus on the new governance practices in Belgian nuclear waste management from its ‘participatory turn’ in the late 1990s. Rather than praising (or rejecting) participation versus expert analysis, we make use of a theoretical and analytical framework in which the relevant dynamics for the analysis are ‘opening up’ and ‘closing down’ technological appraisals and commitments. Even though nuclear waste management agencies often plead for an integrative approach between expert analysis and stakeholder participation, in practice both exercises are often kept separate. We address this separation and its consequences and we find that societal concerns remain subsumed in the technical options that have long been favoured by the Belgian agency. This article encourages scholars, waste managers and decision-makers to scrutinise the moments and situations in which opening up would be desirable, and when, by contrast, it would be better to close down options in nuclear waste management. [less ▲]

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See detailLe futur du vieillissement de la population en Wallonie
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailMettre la biomédecine en politique: le nouvel eugénisme est-il arrivé avec la génétique?
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 23)

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See detailBuilding on anticipation: dystopia as empowerment
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in Current Sociology (2015), 63(2),

A dystopia can be defined as the depiction of a dark future building on the systematic amplification of current trends and features. It relates to a complex narrative posture that relies on the critical ... [more ▼]

A dystopia can be defined as the depiction of a dark future building on the systematic amplification of current trends and features. It relates to a complex narrative posture that relies on the critical observation of a threatening present that would lead to an apocalyptic future “if nothing was done.” Yet, however inescapable this future may be described, the very existence of such a narrative presupposes that the political community it tries to reach is actually able to do something to thwart it. Oddly enough, a successful dystopia aims at making itself obsolete: once the world it depicts is identified as a possible (or even unavoidable) future, it seems to empower its readers again, restoring what Musil called a ‘sense of possibilities’ that eventually make alternative pathways thinkable. In our contribution, we propose to broaden the range of commonly accepted dystopists (usually fiction writers and novelists like e.g. George Orwell’s 1984) to sociologists like Ulrich Beck. Building on his Risk Society (1986), Beck’s strong diagnosis about the breakdown of First Modernity and the coming of Second Modernity contains a noticeable prophetic and evangelical overtone that aims at “reinventing politics.” We defend the notion that the dystopian posture can be used to characterize both fiction and nonfiction writers such as Orwell and Beck: a common ability, based on the same set of inextricably cognitive and normative patterns, to anticipate the future and eventually empower political communities to engage in further action. [less ▲]

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See detailActors valuing science in neoliberal science regimes
Charlier, Nathan ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2015, March)

With the underlying hypothesis of a shift toward neoliberal science regimes, much work has been done to analyze the multiple transformations of science institutions and policies over the last decades (e.g ... [more ▼]

With the underlying hypothesis of a shift toward neoliberal science regimes, much work has been done to analyze the multiple transformations of science institutions and policies over the last decades (e.g. Mirowski and Sent 2008; Slaughter & Rhoades, 2004; Bruno, 2008). The trends towards privatization and commodification of science are undisputable but we argue that little attention has been paid so far to the various political conceptions of research and innovation (R&I) coexisting within neoliberal science regimes. Cognitive approaches to public policy already stressed the circular relationship between meaning and power (e.g. Muller and Surel, 1998; Roe, 1994), but neoliberal science has remained out of the scope of such analyses. Regarding R&I policies, this leads to different ways to conceive of the “value” of science, some related to preexisting institutions and narratives, and some branching out toward new cognitive resources to achieve politico-economic aims. In our proposal, we hypothesize the coexistence of at least four policy narratives which help structuring the representations and actions of scientists and policymakers when they address science as a political object: ‘science for the sake of science’, ‘science, the endless frontier (continued)’, ‘knowledge-based economy’ and ‘grand societal challenges’. Each one attributes a different value to science, proposes a specific organization for the R&I system, and addresses the relation between economy and society differently. In order to understand how these policy narratives are locally articulated, and thereby grounded in R&I policymaking, we analyze the political discourses on science at three different institutional levels (biotechnology labs, university management, science policy advisory boards) in Belgium. Our data were gathered through semi-structured interviews with key members of the institutions studied. By analyzing the interplay of policy narratives for R&I in a context of neoliberal science, we aim to contribute to a better understanding of the ways science is valued at different levels. [less ▲]

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See detailTeaching and Training TA
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Bütschi, Danielle et al

Poster (2015, February 26)

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See detailPenser le vieillissement de la population pour la Wallonie de demain
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailLa question de l'acceptabilité sociale dans des projets du SPIRAL
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg; Rossignol, Nicolas ULg et al

Scientific conference (2015, February 19)

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See detailDe- and Re-Institutionalizing Technology Assessment in Contemporary Knowledge-Based Economies
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

in Technikfolgenabschätzung - Theorie und Praxis (2015), 24(1), 130

This article illuminates the potential role of technology assessment (TA) in knowl- edge-driven science, technology and inno- vation (STI) regimes by providing a compar- ative review of Flemish and ... [more ▼]

This article illuminates the potential role of technology assessment (TA) in knowl- edge-driven science, technology and inno- vation (STI) regimes by providing a compar- ative review of Flemish and Walloon TA. It draws critical attention to the ways in which TA actors and institutes in Flanders and Wal- lonia position themselves, or are positioned, in relation to dominant innovation policies and large-scale political transformations, notably the convergence of STI around the knowledge-based economy (KBE) and the regionalization of STI policy in Belgium. The article’s findings shed light on the Flemish government’s recent decision to close its parliamentary TA institute and the institution- al expansion of TA in Wallonia and elsewhere in Europe. It argues that TA has politics, as TA in Flanders and Wallonia aligns with the advent of strategic science and is also affil- iated to specific political parties. As these considerations run counter to the dominant representation of TA as a neutral governance tool that serves the needs of all STI decision makers, they draw into question the viability and utility of TA within contemporary KBEs. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking sense of science and technology in contemporary societies
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2015, January 16)

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See detailInvolvement of end-users in innovation processes: toward a user-driven approach of innovation. A qualitative analysis of 20 Livings Labs
Vanmeerbeek, Perrine; Vigneron, Lara ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2015)

Initially developed to bridge the gap between research and market, a Living Lab can be described as an open, innovative and collaborative process based on three core characteristics: user involvement in ... [more ▼]

Initially developed to bridge the gap between research and market, a Living Lab can be described as an open, innovative and collaborative process based on three core characteristics: user involvement in the innovation process, experimentation in real-life context and the gathering of stakeholders in public-private-people partnerships. The paper focuses on user involvement and provides an insight on how this principle is put in practice, through the qualitative analysis of interviews conducted with twenty Living Labs in Europe and Canada. Our results interestingly point out that practice of user-driven approach, unlike what is promoted in Living Lab theory, is rather limited. Indeed, many Living Labs do not involve users for the ideation phase at all, and those ones usually use a user-centered approach for the following steps. Besides, when observed, user-driven approach is often restricted to the ideation phase. We can though ask ourselves the question of what is, or should be, living in a Living Lab? Furthermore, our results suggest that a user-driven approach seems more suitable when a Living Lab aims to create social value than when its objective is to create economic value. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnology Assessment Working Lunches at the Walloon Parliament
Charlier, Nathan ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg et al

Conference (2015)

A video of the presentation can be seen here: http://slideslive.com/38893131/ta-working-lunches

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (4 ULg)
See detailActores valorizando la ciencia en regimenes científicos estrategicos
Charlier, Nathan ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2015)

With the underlying hypothesis of a shift toward strategic or neoliberal science regimes, much work has been done to analyze the multiple transformations of science institutions and policies over the last ... [more ▼]

With the underlying hypothesis of a shift toward strategic or neoliberal science regimes, much work has been done to analyze the multiple transformations of science institutions and policies over the last decades (e.g. Mirowski and Sent 2008; Slaughter & Rhoades, 2004; Bruno, 2008). The trends towards privatization and commodification of science are undisputable but we argue that little attention has been paid so far to the various political conceptions of research and innovation (R&I) coexisting within strategic science regimes. Cognitive approaches to public policy already stressed the circular relationship between meaning and power (e.g. Muller and Surel, 1998; Roe, 1994), but strategic science has remained out of the scope of such analyses. Regarding R&I policies, this leads to different ways to conceive of the “value” of science, some related to preexisting institutions and narratives, and some branching out toward new cognitive resources to achieve politico-economic aims. In this article, we hypothesize the coexistence of at least four justificatory narratives which help structuring the representations and actions of scientists and policymakers when they address science as a political object: ‘science for the sake of science’, ‘science, the endless frontier (continued)’, ‘knowledge-based economy’ and ‘grand societal challenges’. Each one attributes a different value to science, proposes a specific organization for the R&I system, and addresses the relation with economy and society differently. In order to understand how these justificatory narratives are locally enacted, and thereby grounded in R&I policymaking, we analyze the political discourses on science of actors from biotechnology labs, university management boards, and science policy advisory boards in Wallonia, French-speaking Belgium. We find traces of every of the four ideal-typical narratives that we identified, either in almost “pure” versions or in hybridized forms. We conclude that these developments are part of the same multidirectional movement of re-contextualization of science in society and we attend to some of the implications induced. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat's next for Technology Assessment? Experiences and Insights from Wallonia, Belgium
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2015)

A video of the presentation can be watched here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wlzpru9y5v4&index=18&list=PLgQy-FbfhVz4apGHLDWWEesazyeCg3hUf

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
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See detailBuilding the future of European sustainability governance: a critical self-reflexive approach to a participatory Technology Assessment exercise
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Macq, Hadrien et al

Conference (2015)

Europe Wide Views (EWV) on Sustainable Consumption is a cross-European citizen consultation providing unique insights into the views of ordinary citizens across Europe on sustainable consumption and ... [more ▼]

Europe Wide Views (EWV) on Sustainable Consumption is a cross-European citizen consultation providing unique insights into the views of ordinary citizens across Europe on sustainable consumption and policies connected to this complex issue. The consultation took place simultaneously in 11 EU member states on October 25th 2014 and involved 1035 European citizens. Throughout the day, the participating citizens deliberated with fellow citizens and voted on issues relating to future policy-making on sustainable consumption. Overall, EWV was framed as a participatory Technology Assessment (pTA) exercise. Following the hypothesis that TA practitioners do not enough question the design of their projects’ and their own normative assumptions, we suggest to put the consultation we organised in Wallonia (Belgium) to the test. The aggregated results of the consultations point to the fact that “citizens are [now, after the EWV] strongly in favour of policy-makers taking ambitious steps in order to foster a more sustainable consumption in society, and want to personally take action in this process”. Relying on our previous work on dystopia as empowerment, we suggest a self-reflexive experiment to inquire into how much the design of the consultation (including the materials that were circulated) and the messages that we conveyed pictured a threatening present that would lead to an apocalyptic future ‘if nothing was done’, thereby potentially biasing the results that will are to be translated into political recommendations. Our analysis will benefit from cross-breeding future studies and science and technology studies to think afresh invisible normativities induced by pTA of sustainable governance. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the disruptive potential of 3D printing
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vigneron, Lara ULg

in Stokes, Elen (Ed.) Embedding and Governing New Technologies: A Regulatory, Ethical & Societal Perspective (2015)

Against the background of narratives fuelling big promises on the disruptive potential of 3D printing, this chapter seeks to describe a variety of contexts in which 3D printing technologies are expected ... [more ▼]

Against the background of narratives fuelling big promises on the disruptive potential of 3D printing, this chapter seeks to describe a variety of contexts in which 3D printing technologies are expected to emerge over the next 15 years and exert their so-called disruptive potential. In the section 2, we first provide a brief introduction to 3D printing and we explain how it actually works. Next, in section 3, we describe the paradigmatic change allowed by 3D printing in the industrial sector with a shift toward mass-customization. In particular, we focus on the biomedical sector (section 3.1.), which is an interesting case in point because of the important number of innovations and the growth of 3D printed biomedical parts, a trend which is expected to continue in the future. To account for the dramatic, transversal, and transformative potential that 3D printing has in that whole sector, we first concentrate on 3D printing of biomedical instruments and implants for patients (section 3.1.1.) and, second, on additive bio- manufacturing of human tissues and organs (section 3.1.2.). Then, in the subsequent section 4 we address the expectations raised by 3D printing to empowering users in non-industrial domains (e.g. in fabrication laboratories or with desktop 3D printers at home). In section 5, we turn to discussing the impact of 3D printing on the governance actors and we raise important issues for further research in the political economy of 3D printing technologies. The chapter posits that 3D printing, and its governance, are closely associated with more participatory means of manufacturing (and of decision- making, through various governance structures) – but that, as things currently stand, such openness and participation does not play out in practice. There is a distinction between the rhetoric and reality of 3D printing, as one might expect in the case of newly emerging technologies. [less ▲]

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See detailRethinking Vulnerability Analysis and Governance with Emphasis on a Participatory Approach
Rossignol, Nicolas ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Turcanu, Catrinel

in Risk Analysis : An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis (2015), 35(1), 129-141

This paper draws on vulnerability analysis as it emerged as a complement to classical risk analysis, and it aims at exploring its ability of nurturing risk and vulnerability governance actions. An ... [more ▼]

This paper draws on vulnerability analysis as it emerged as a complement to classical risk analysis, and it aims at exploring its ability of nurturing risk and vulnerability governance actions. An analysis of the literature on vulnerability analysis allows us to formulate a threefold critique: first, vulnerability analysis has been treated separately in the natural and the technological hazards fields. This separation prevents vulnerability to unleash the full range of its potential, as it constraints appraisals into artificial categories and thus already closes down the outcomes of the analysis. Second, vulnerability analysis focused on assessment tools that are mainly quantitative, whereas qualitative appraisal is a key to assessing vulnerability in a comprehensive way and to informing policy-making. Third, a systematic literature review of case studies reporting on participatory approaches to vulnerability analysis allows us to argue that participation has been important to address the above, but it remains too closed down in its approach and would benefit from embracing a more open, encompassing perspective. Therefore, we suggest rethinking vulnerability analysis as one part of a dynamic process between opening-up and closing-down strategies, in order to support a vulnerability governance framework. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 60 (22 ULg)