References of "Delvenne, Pierre"
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See detailWorld-System Analysis 2.0: Globalized Science in Centers and Peripheries
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Kreimer, Pablo

in Tyfield, David; Lave, Rebecca; Randalls, Samuel (Eds.) et al Handbook of the Political Economy of Science (2017)

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See detailFast and not furious: an inquiry into the current low-risk/high-gain configuration of public participation
Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg et al

Conference (2016, June 29)

For several years scholars pointed at the development of a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (STI). Decisively informed by STS, “public involvement” and then “public engagement” ... [more ▼]

For several years scholars pointed at the development of a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (STI). Decisively informed by STS, “public involvement” and then “public engagement” with STI have been enacted in a broad array of participatory experiments across Europe. These experiments were usually informed by rhetoric of citizen empowerment and distributed governance, against the limitations of technocratic approaches and traditional innovation processes, in order to “enrich”, “deepen”, “broaden” the knowledge base of our democracies. As “embarked researchers”, STS scholars played a crucial role in facilitating and legitimizing the organization of participatory events engaging a variety of publics. This paper will rely on the knowledge and expertise we gathered when organizing multiple participatory events over the last decade, while still trying maintain a critical distance with regard to our own engagement and the types of participation we contributed to enact. More specifically, we propose to draw on the lessons learnt from two recent projects, the organization of a citizens’ summit (Europe Wide Views on Sustainable Consumption) and a prospective study to gauge the potential of involving users in a Living Lab in the health sector in Wallonia. These two projects produced different publics (“citizens-consumers” or “users”), were informed by different political rationales (“sustainability” or “inclusive innovation”), took place in diverse settings (a European FP7 project or a project funded by the Walloon Region) and connected to several narratives of public empowerment through participation (“being heard in policymaking” or “accelerating and improving health”). Our contribution maps and compares the different instrumental and strategic framings of the engagement of publics in those two projects, emphasizing the roles attributed to fabricated publics but also the construction of categories such as the “state” and the “economy”. It unpacks some critical issues related to the methods and techniques used in the concrete implementation of participatory exercises such as, for example, the relation between the assigned tasks, the allowed forms of dialogue between the participants, the room for engagement with the issue(s) at stake and the broader understanding of processes these inputs were supposed to contribute to. Our analysis highlights a tension between the justificatory rationales for public engagement and its specific enactments. In these fast and optimized exercises, participants and their inputs become resources that need to be methodologically maximized and from which “value” may be extracted for instrumental use, i.e. innovation or policy-making. In this configuration in which, we argue, most participation experiments are stuck, the increasing involvement of publics in either policy-making or innovation will only be likely to produce low risk and high gain for powerful actors, who manage to take the best advantage of unpaid and uncritical labour from participants. Due attention (including self-reflexive critique) will be paid to alternative framings and critical insights, which were methodologically eliminated or ‘tamed’ to avoid threatening the design of the overall participatory exercise. By externalizing critique to favour unconditional compliance with imposed notions of the “greater good”, we scrutinize the risk for participation to become a mere space of experimentation for the sake of innovation and economic growth. Furthermore, we argue that critical scholarly work should help to move beyond this particular division of labour and responsibilities between the spheres of science, society and the state in order to avoid re-enacting traditional conceptions of the policy-making process and innovation pathways. [less ▲]

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See detailEmerging Hybridities under Networked Agribusiness in Argentina
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2016, June 24)

Science and Technology Studies (STS) are paying greater attention to the interactions between new technologies and politico-economic orders. Dynamics of promises and expectations with regard to ... [more ▼]

Science and Technology Studies (STS) are paying greater attention to the interactions between new technologies and politico-economic orders. Dynamics of promises and expectations with regard to technological developments, and their uptake, play a major role in shaping political-economic policies, institutional practices and wider societal mutations. Informed by the theoretical perspective of co-production (Jasanoff 2004), this paper addresses the political economy of GM soy agriculture in Argentina as both epistemic and social orders. We engage ‘micro’ perspectives looking at situated social experiments with farmers and their interrelations with ‘macro’ phenomena such as capital-labour relations and forms of ‘neoliberalism’. We find that the emerging hybridities in present time’s Argentina are caught between the promissory futures of agroindustrial innovation and the historical, political and material conditions of agricultural production that give rise to these presents in the first place. Looking at three of such hybridities (the blurring of boundaries between modern/national, agriculture/industry and leasing/ownership), we highlight the ways in which elements of political-economic structures and human agency got bound up with technoscientific advances (Jasanoff 2015). Our contribution reveals the importance of the concept of ‘network’ to make sense of the dominant logic of agribusiness and it amounts to ‘rugged’ approach to networks with due attention to the complex topographies of circulating power and morality. [less ▲]

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See detailRevers lifté et coup droit "à plat" : le (néo)libéralisme en débat
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rossignol, Nicolas ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailGérer l’Etat belge, pas la S.A. Belgique
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rossignol, Nicolas ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailRoundup : l’interdiction ferait-elle pire que bien ?
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailAs above, so below? Narrative Salience and Side Effects of National Innovation Systems
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in Critical Policy Studies (2016)

This article furthers previous attempts at integrating narratology in policy analysis. Embracing an open-ended definition of narrative, it stresses the importance of maintaining distinct narrative levels ... [more ▼]

This article furthers previous attempts at integrating narratology in policy analysis. Embracing an open-ended definition of narrative, it stresses the importance of maintaining distinct narrative levels and, more generally, of taking into account the pragmatic dimension of narration as an activity, including the often-implicit role and focalization of the policy analyst. Developing a conceptual analogy between storytelling and the exercise of power, it argues for a critical use of practical imagination in ‘cold’ situations of ‘narrative salience’, characterized by the absence of controversy or uncertainty, an uneven distribution of the power of scenarization. These propositions for a ‘revisited’ approach to policy narratives, equidistant from the positivist and post-positivist dichotomy, are tested on the case of ‘narrative salience’ where a particular storyline, national innovation systems, is so dominant that there appears to be no ‘counter-story’. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Future of Ageing - Stakeholder Involvement on the Future of Care
Barland, Marianne; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg

in Klüver, Lars; Øjvind Nielsen, Rasmus; Jørgensen, Marie Louise (Eds.) Policy-Oriented Technology Assessment Across Europe: Expanding Capacities (2016)

Barland et al. describe an example project showcasing the strengths of technology assessment methodology in structuring stakeholder dialogues in a cross-European context. The authors provide an in-depth ... [more ▼]

Barland et al. describe an example project showcasing the strengths of technology assessment methodology in structuring stakeholder dialogues in a cross-European context. The authors provide an in-depth account of the method design choices made and their underlying rationale. Beyond the buzzword, well-structured and transparent stakeholder dialogue can help to balance difficult issues of policy priority – in this case by balancing the contributions of technological innovation against social reorganization as a means of securing sustainable future health-care service for senior citizens. The article shows the added value of multi-site dialogues based in national debates but linked to the European policy development process [less ▲]

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See detailMaking Technology Assessment Accessible to New Players
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Fitzgerald, Ciara et al

in Klüver, Lars; Nielsen, Rasmus; Jorgensen, Marie-Louise (Eds.) Policy-Oriented Technology Assessment Across Europe. Expanding Capacities (2016)

This chapter reports on the two PACITA summers schools, which were aimed at teaching TA as well as enhancing mutual-learning activities. The first summer school concentrated on the topic ‘Renewable Energy ... [more ▼]

This chapter reports on the two PACITA summers schools, which were aimed at teaching TA as well as enhancing mutual-learning activities. The first summer school concentrated on the topic ‘Renewable Energy Systems- role and use of PTA’ and it was held in Liege in June 2012. The second summer school addressed the topic of ‘Ageing and Technology’, and was held in Cork in June 2014. We describe the rationale and format of the summer school in order to present a comprehensive account of how it was introduced TA, both its rational and its methods, to a new audience. We argue that as the responsible innovation agenda continues to gain traction among policy makers, societal actors and academics, education initiatives such as TA summer schools can have an important role to play in the future of the governance of science, technology and innovation. [less ▲]

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See detailBroadening, Deepening, and Governing Innovation: Flemish Technology Assessment in Historical and Socio-Political Perspective
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

in Research Policy (2015), 44(10), 1877-1886

This article examines how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in Flanders (Belgium) are affected by, and potentially transformed through, technology assessments (TAs). Broadly defined, TAs ... [more ▼]

This article examines how science, technology, and innovation (STI) policies in Flanders (Belgium) are affected by, and potentially transformed through, technology assessments (TAs). Broadly defined, TAs encompass activities and programs that expand and deepen the knowledge base of contemporary knowledge-based economies (KBEs), typically by including new actors (e.g. trade unions), ideas (e.g. science in society), and rationales (e.g. participatory techniques) in STI processes. Starting from the regionalization of STI policy in Belgium and the convergence of Flemish STI around global KBE principles, the article exemplifies how since the 1980s successive Flemish TA waves (early- warning, bottom-up, and interactive TA) have co-evolved with successive generations of Flemish innovation policy. Building on these findings, it argues that Flemish TA has assumed the role of mediator between science and society, both by counteracting and accommodating dominant STI paradigms. By providing a historical and socio-political perspective on TA and innovation policy, the article draws critical attention to the institutional settings and societal contexts in which TA is embedded, and questions TA's strategic utility within contemporary KBEs. This perspective sheds light on the Flemish government's recent decision to close its parliamentary TA institute and the institutional expansion of TA elsewhere in Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding the future of European sustainability governance: a critical self-reflexive approach to a participatory Technology Assessment exercise
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Macq, Hadrien ULg et al

Conference (2015, June 12)

Europe Wide Views (EWV) on Sustainable Consumption is a cross-European citizen consultation providing unique insights into the views of ordinary citizens across Europe on sustainable consumption and ... [more ▼]

Europe Wide Views (EWV) on Sustainable Consumption is a cross-European citizen consultation providing unique insights into the views of ordinary citizens across Europe on sustainable consumption and policies connected to this complex issue. The consultation took place simultaneously in 11 EU member states on October 25th 2014 and involved 1035 European citizens. Throughout the day, the participating citizens deliberated with fellow citizens and voted on issues relating to future policy-making on sustainable consumption. Overall, EWV was framed as a participatory Technology Assessment (pTA) exercise. Following the hypothesis that TA practitioners do not enough question the design of their projects’ and their own normative assumptions, we suggest to put the consultation we organised in Wallonia (Belgium) to the test. The aggregated results of the consultations point to the fact that “citizens are [now, after the EWV] strongly in favour of policy-makers taking ambitious steps in order to foster a more sustainable consumption in society, and want to personally take action in this process”. Relying on our previous work on dystopia as empowerment, we suggest a self-reflexive experiment to inquire into how much the design of the consultation (including the materials that were circulated) and the messages that we conveyed pictured a threatening present that would lead to an apocalyptic future ‘if nothing was done’, thereby potentially biasing the results that will are to be translated into political recommendations. Our analysis will benefit from cross-breeding future studies and science and technology studies to think afresh invisible normativities induced by pTA of sustainable governance. [less ▲]

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See detailConsultation citoyenne européenne sur la consommation durable du 25 octobre 2014. Rapport sur la consultation citoyenne organisée le 25 octobre 2014 à l'échelle de la Wallonie
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Macq, Hadrien ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg et al

Report (2015)

Le 25 octobre 2014, une vaste consultation citoyenne s’est déroulée simultanément dans 11 pays européens sur le thème de la consommation durable. Au total, ce sont un peu plus d’un millier de participants ... [more ▼]

Le 25 octobre 2014, une vaste consultation citoyenne s’est déroulée simultanément dans 11 pays européens sur le thème de la consommation durable. Au total, ce sont un peu plus d’un millier de participants qui ont pris part à la discussion à travers l’Europe. En Belgique, l’évènement se déroulait à l’échelle de la Wallonie et le panel citoyen a réuni 105 participants, sélectionnés selon des critères liés au genre, à l’âge, à la répartition géographique, au niveau d’études et à la catégorie socio-professionnelle. Les résultats de cette enquête participative montrent que tous, aussi bien citoyens-consommateurs, producteurs que décideurs politiques ont un rôle à jouer dans la consommation durable. Plus précisément, les participants ont exprimé la volonté que les élus encouragent la consommation durable et rendent son accès plus aisé aux citoyens. En conclusion, les 105 citoyens participant à cette journée se sont largement exprimés concernant leurs habitudes mais aussi leurs demandes vis-à-vis des pouvoirs publics concernant la consommation durable, un sujet auquel une écrasante majorité s’est déclarée très sensible. Outre les demandes citoyennes mises en exergue ci-dessus (éduquer et inciter à l’action quotidienne en faveur de la consommation durable, la rendre moins coûteuse, améliorer et renforcer l’offre de transports en commun), les participants ont également émis le souhait d’être davantage consultés dans la prise des décisions politiques, par le biais de mécanismes participatifs élargis au sein desquels ils peuvent jouer un rôle actif en soutien aux processus politiques. [less ▲]

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See detailTaming uncertainty: Towards a new governance approach for nuclear waste management in Belgium
Parotte, Céline ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in Technology Analysis & Strategic Management (2015), 57(8), 986-998

We focus on the new governance practices in Belgian nuclear waste management from its ‘participatory turn’ in the late 1990s. Rather than praising (or rejecting) participation versus expert analysis, we ... [more ▼]

We focus on the new governance practices in Belgian nuclear waste management from its ‘participatory turn’ in the late 1990s. Rather than praising (or rejecting) participation versus expert analysis, we make use of a theoretical and analytical framework in which the relevant dynamics for the analysis are ‘opening up’ and ‘closing down’ technological appraisals and commitments. Even though nuclear waste management agencies often plead for an integrative approach between expert analysis and stakeholder participation, in practice both exercises are often kept separate. We address this separation and its consequences and we find that societal concerns remain subsumed in the technical options that have long been favoured by the Belgian agency. This article encourages scholars, waste managers and decision-makers to scrutinise the moments and situations in which opening up would be desirable, and when, by contrast, it would be better to close down options in nuclear waste management. [less ▲]

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See detailLe futur du vieillissement de la population en Wallonie
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailUn nouvel eugénisme ? L'eugénisme, hier et aujourd'hui
Caeymaex, Florence ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailMettre la biomédecine en politique: le nouvel eugénisme est-il arrivé avec la génétique?
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2015, March 23)

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See detailBuilding on anticipation: dystopia as empowerment
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in Current Sociology (2015), 63(2),

A dystopia can be defined as the depiction of a dark future building on the systematic amplification of current trends and features. It relates to a complex narrative posture that relies on the critical ... [more ▼]

A dystopia can be defined as the depiction of a dark future building on the systematic amplification of current trends and features. It relates to a complex narrative posture that relies on the critical observation of a threatening present that would lead to an apocalyptic future “if nothing was done.” Yet, however inescapable this future may be described, the very existence of such a narrative presupposes that the political community it tries to reach is actually able to do something to thwart it. Oddly enough, a successful dystopia aims at making itself obsolete: once the world it depicts is identified as a possible (or even unavoidable) future, it seems to empower its readers again, restoring what Musil called a ‘sense of possibilities’ that eventually make alternative pathways thinkable. In our contribution, we propose to broaden the range of commonly accepted dystopists (usually fiction writers and novelists like e.g. George Orwell’s 1984) to sociologists like Ulrich Beck. Building on his Risk Society (1986), Beck’s strong diagnosis about the breakdown of First Modernity and the coming of Second Modernity contains a noticeable prophetic and evangelical overtone that aims at “reinventing politics.” We defend the notion that the dystopian posture can be used to characterize both fiction and nonfiction writers such as Orwell and Beck: a common ability, based on the same set of inextricably cognitive and normative patterns, to anticipate the future and eventually empower political communities to engage in further action. [less ▲]

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See detailActors valuing science in neoliberal science regimes
Charlier, Nathan ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2015, March)

With the underlying hypothesis of a shift toward neoliberal science regimes, much work has been done to analyze the multiple transformations of science institutions and policies over the last decades (e.g ... [more ▼]

With the underlying hypothesis of a shift toward neoliberal science regimes, much work has been done to analyze the multiple transformations of science institutions and policies over the last decades (e.g. Mirowski and Sent 2008; Slaughter & Rhoades, 2004; Bruno, 2008). The trends towards privatization and commodification of science are undisputable but we argue that little attention has been paid so far to the various political conceptions of research and innovation (R&I) coexisting within neoliberal science regimes. Cognitive approaches to public policy already stressed the circular relationship between meaning and power (e.g. Muller and Surel, 1998; Roe, 1994), but neoliberal science has remained out of the scope of such analyses. Regarding R&I policies, this leads to different ways to conceive of the “value” of science, some related to preexisting institutions and narratives, and some branching out toward new cognitive resources to achieve politico-economic aims. In our proposal, we hypothesize the coexistence of at least four policy narratives which help structuring the representations and actions of scientists and policymakers when they address science as a political object: ‘science for the sake of science’, ‘science, the endless frontier (continued)’, ‘knowledge-based economy’ and ‘grand societal challenges’. Each one attributes a different value to science, proposes a specific organization for the R&I system, and addresses the relation between economy and society differently. In order to understand how these policy narratives are locally articulated, and thereby grounded in R&I policymaking, we analyze the political discourses on science at three different institutional levels (biotechnology labs, university management, science policy advisory boards) in Belgium. Our data were gathered through semi-structured interviews with key members of the institutions studied. By analyzing the interplay of policy narratives for R&I in a context of neoliberal science, we aim to contribute to a better understanding of the ways science is valued at different levels. [less ▲]

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