References of "Delvenne, Pierre"
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See detailActors valuing science in neoliberal science regimes
Charlier, Nathan ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2015, March)

With the underlying hypothesis of a shift toward neoliberal science regimes, much work has been done to analyze the multiple transformations of science institutions and policies over the last decades (e.g ... [more ▼]

With the underlying hypothesis of a shift toward neoliberal science regimes, much work has been done to analyze the multiple transformations of science institutions and policies over the last decades (e.g. Mirowski and Sent 2008; Slaughter & Rhoades, 2004; Bruno, 2008). The trends towards privatization and commodification of science are undisputable but we argue that little attention has been paid so far to the various political conceptions of research and innovation (R&I) coexisting within neoliberal science regimes. Cognitive approaches to public policy already stressed the circular relationship between meaning and power (e.g. Muller and Surel, 1998; Roe, 1994), but neoliberal science has remained out of the scope of such analyses. Regarding R&I policies, this leads to different ways to conceive of the “value” of science, some related to preexisting institutions and narratives, and some branching out toward new cognitive resources to achieve politico-economic aims. In our proposal, we hypothesize the coexistence of at least four policy narratives which help structuring the representations and actions of scientists and policymakers when they address science as a political object: ‘science for the sake of science’, ‘science, the endless frontier (continued)’, ‘knowledge-based economy’ and ‘grand societal challenges’. Each one attributes a different value to science, proposes a specific organization for the R&I system, and addresses the relation between economy and society differently. In order to understand how these policy narratives are locally articulated, and thereby grounded in R&I policymaking, we analyze the political discourses on science at three different institutional levels (biotechnology labs, university management, science policy advisory boards) in Belgium. Our data were gathered through semi-structured interviews with key members of the institutions studied. By analyzing the interplay of policy narratives for R&I in a context of neoliberal science, we aim to contribute to a better understanding of the ways science is valued at different levels. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding on anticipation: dystopia as empowerment
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in Current Sociology (2015), 63(2),

A dystopia can be defined as the depiction of a dark future building on the systematic amplification of current trends and features. It relates to a complex narrative posture that relies on the critical ... [more ▼]

A dystopia can be defined as the depiction of a dark future building on the systematic amplification of current trends and features. It relates to a complex narrative posture that relies on the critical observation of a threatening present that would lead to an apocalyptic future “if nothing was done.” Yet, however inescapable this future may be described, the very existence of such a narrative presupposes that the political community it tries to reach is actually able to do something to thwart it. Oddly enough, a successful dystopia aims at making itself obsolete: once the world it depicts is identified as a possible (or even unavoidable) future, it seems to empower its readers again, restoring what Musil called a ‘sense of possibilities’ that eventually make alternative pathways thinkable. In our contribution, we propose to broaden the range of commonly accepted dystopists (usually fiction writers and novelists like e.g. George Orwell’s 1984) to sociologists like Ulrich Beck. Building on his Risk Society (1986), Beck’s strong diagnosis about the breakdown of First Modernity and the coming of Second Modernity contains a noticeable prophetic and evangelical overtone that aims at “reinventing politics.” We defend the notion that the dystopian posture can be used to characterize both fiction and nonfiction writers such as Orwell and Beck: a common ability, based on the same set of inextricably cognitive and normative patterns, to anticipate the future and eventually empower political communities to engage in further action. [less ▲]

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See detailTeaching and Training TA
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Bütschi, Danielle et al

Poster (2015, February 26)

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See detailLa question de l'acceptabilité sociale dans des projets du SPIRAL
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg; Rossignol, Nicolas ULg et al

Scientific conference (2015, February 19)

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See detailDe- and Re-Institutionalizing Technology Assessment in Contemporary Knowledge-Based Economies
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

in Technikfolgenabschätzung - Theorie und Praxis (2015), 24(1), 130

This article illuminates the potential role of technology assessment (TA) in knowl- edge-driven science, technology and inno- vation (STI) regimes by providing a compar- ative review of Flemish and ... [more ▼]

This article illuminates the potential role of technology assessment (TA) in knowl- edge-driven science, technology and inno- vation (STI) regimes by providing a compar- ative review of Flemish and Walloon TA. It draws critical attention to the ways in which TA actors and institutes in Flanders and Wal- lonia position themselves, or are positioned, in relation to dominant innovation policies and large-scale political transformations, notably the convergence of STI around the knowledge-based economy (KBE) and the regionalization of STI policy in Belgium. The article’s findings shed light on the Flemish government’s recent decision to close its parliamentary TA institute and the institution- al expansion of TA in Wallonia and elsewhere in Europe. It argues that TA has politics, as TA in Flanders and Wallonia aligns with the advent of strategic science and is also affil- iated to specific political parties. As these considerations run counter to the dominant representation of TA as a neutral governance tool that serves the needs of all STI decision makers, they draw into question the viability and utility of TA within contemporary KBEs. [less ▲]

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See detailRethinking Vulnerability Analysis and Governance with Emphasis on a Participatory Approach
Rossignol, Nicolas ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Turcanu, Catrinel

in Risk Analysis : An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis (2015), 35(1), 129-141

This paper draws on vulnerability analysis as it emerged as a complement to classical risk analysis, and it aims at exploring its ability of nurturing risk and vulnerability governance actions. An ... [more ▼]

This paper draws on vulnerability analysis as it emerged as a complement to classical risk analysis, and it aims at exploring its ability of nurturing risk and vulnerability governance actions. An analysis of the literature on vulnerability analysis allows us to formulate a threefold critique: first, vulnerability analysis has been treated separately in the natural and the technological hazards fields. This separation prevents vulnerability to unleash the full range of its potential, as it constraints appraisals into artificial categories and thus already closes down the outcomes of the analysis. Second, vulnerability analysis focused on assessment tools that are mainly quantitative, whereas qualitative appraisal is a key to assessing vulnerability in a comprehensive way and to informing policy-making. Third, a systematic literature review of case studies reporting on participatory approaches to vulnerability analysis allows us to argue that participation has been important to address the above, but it remains too closed down in its approach and would benefit from embracing a more open, encompassing perspective. Therefore, we suggest rethinking vulnerability analysis as one part of a dynamic process between opening-up and closing-down strategies, in order to support a vulnerability governance framework. [less ▲]

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See detailLe futur du vieillissement de la population en Wallonie. Rapport final de l’Atelier scénario du 2 avril 2014
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg

Report (2014)

Ce présent document qui s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet européen PACITA, traite de la problématique du vieillissement et de la technologie en Wallonie, Belgique. Il fait état des politiques nationales ... [more ▼]

Ce présent document qui s’inscrit dans le cadre du projet européen PACITA, traite de la problématique du vieillissement et de la technologie en Wallonie, Belgique. Il fait état des politiques nationales et pratiques régionales en la matière et présente les résultats issus de l’Atelier scénario organisé en avril dernier avec plusieurs parties prenantes (stakeholders) du secteur. Il fera l’objet d’une analyse comparative approfondie avec les autres pays membres participants. Les résultats finaux seront présentés aux représentants de la Commission européenne et plusieurs membres du Parlement européen le 25 novembre 2014 à Bruxelles [less ▲]

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See detailAuf dem Weg zu einer neuen institutionellen Technologiefolgenabschätzung. TA in der Wallonie
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg

in Decker, Michael; Bellucci, Sergio; Bröchler, Stephan (Eds.) et al Technilfolgenabschätzung im politischen System (2014, July)

Seit den offensiven Flämischen Technologie-Förderprogrammen in den achtziger Jahren, hat sich der technologische Graben zwischen dem Norden Belgiens und der von Deindustrialisierung stark betroffenen ... [more ▼]

Seit den offensiven Flämischen Technologie-Förderprogrammen in den achtziger Jahren, hat sich der technologische Graben zwischen dem Norden Belgiens und der von Deindustrialisierung stark betroffenen Wallonie weiter entwickelt. Hinzu kommt, dass Flandern im Jahre 2000 eine para-parlamentarische TA Institution eingeführt hat. Ein solches Unterfangen befand sich bis vor kurzem nicht auf der politischen Agenda der Wallonischen Entscheidungsträger. Zwischen 1994 und 2002 missglückte ein erstes TA Experiment, das sich sehr stark an das Baden-Württembergische Regional-TA Modell anlehnte. Zu diesem Zeitpunkt waren die Wallonischen Institutionen noch sehr jung und vor allem mit der Staatsreform befasst. Außerdem war das Interesse der traditionellen Sozialpartner (sprich Arbeitgeber- und Arbeitnehmerverbände) für TA nur bedingt vorhanden und der Bezug zur parlamentarischen Arbeit sehr begrenzt. Wir werden historisch nachverfolgen, wie es zu einer gemeinsamen Regierungserklärung des sozialistischen Ministers für Wirtschaft, Kleinunternehmen, Außenhandel und Neue Technologien sowie Hochschulwesen Jean-Claude Marcourt und des Grünen-Ministers für nachhaltige Entwicklung, öffentliche Ämter, Energie, Wohnungswesen und Forschung Jean-Marc Nollet kam, welche die Gründung eines Instituts für TA vorsieht. Diese ist teilweise zurückzuführen auf eine prospektive Aktionsforschung an der Universität Lüttich aus dem Jahr 2008 die ein weites Spektrum von Innovationsakteuren zu ihrer Haltung gegenüber institutionalisierter TA in der Wallonie befragt hat. Bei der Vorstellung dieser Studie, haben sich eine Reihe von Regionalabgeordneten für die Schaffung eines Instituts für TA ausgesprochen und wenig später eine parlamentarische Resolution verabschiedet. Wir werden auf die organisatorischen und programmatischen Aspekte, wie sie in den Regierungsplänen vorgesehen sind, eingehen. Die Originalität des Wallonischen Projekts ist u.a. der besondere Fokus auf wirtschaftliche Missionen. Mit dem ökonomischen Sektor als Adressaten soll u.a. die Wallonische Wirtschaft in strategischen Technologiebereichen unterstützt werden. Dabei wird viel Hoffnung in das Management von sozial-technologischen Kontroversen und in Wissenschaftskommunikation gesteckt. Neu ist auch der Ansatz, die Tradition der belgischen Sozialkonsultation auf gewisse Stakeholder-Gruppen auszuweiten und die Ambition partizipatorische Methoden zu nutzen, die im Wallonischen Kontext noch wenig verbreitet sind. Das aktuelle Projekt ist jedoch nicht frei von gegenwärtigen politischen Spannungen. Diese hängen sehr stark von parteipolitischen Ansichten sowie unterschiedlichen Positionen der zuständigen Ministerkabinette zur Staatsreform ab. Ferner gilt es auf die Eigenheiten eines solchen Instituts einzugehen und dessen formelle und informelle Adressaten sowie die Verbindung zu weiteren wissenschaftlichen, politischen und administrativen sowie zivilgesellschaftlichen Akteuren zu erläutern. Zuletzt werden wir auf die Besonderheiten der belgischen politischen Institutionen eingehen um besondere Risiken und Herausforderungen einer jungen TA Institution zu skizzieren. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnology Assessment and Science, Technology and Innovation Policy as Dancing Partners
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2014, February 18)

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See detailAs Above, so Below: Narrative Salience and Side Effects of National Innovation Systems
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in Critical Policy Studies (2014), accepté à publication

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See detailScience and Technology as Sites of Struggle in New Political Economies: Insights from Latin American Bioeconomy
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2013, December 09)

Increasingly, science and technology (S&T) are used as key strategic resources to address the social and economic challenges of our time (Tyfield 2012). This paper is part of my broader research program ... [more ▼]

Increasingly, science and technology (S&T) are used as key strategic resources to address the social and economic challenges of our time (Tyfield 2012). This paper is part of my broader research program, which takes S&T as sites of struggle, where (geo)political and socio-economic issues interact, and studies them in three new political economies: bioeconomy, new manufacturing economy and smart security economy. It identifies two global dynamics that are at stake in the strategic construction and use of S&T: (1) proliferating varieties of neoliberalism (Harvey 2005, Mirowski and Plehwe 2009) and (2) shifting asymmetric dependency relations (Vernengo 2006, Metcalfe and Ramlogan 2008). My main goal is to analyze and understand developments in S&T domains as co-evolving with these two key global dynamics. For this paper, I will focus on one S&T site of struggles, biotechnologies/bioeconomy in Argentina, which will allow me to look at the reconfiguring of center-periphery relations and neoliberal enactments. Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, I explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and I aim to figure out how the neoliberal “globalized privatization regime” (Mirowski and Sent 2008) unfolded in a peripheral location. My case points at two inherent contradictions with such a regime’s main tenets, namely that it needs a weak antitrust policy and a hyper-restrictive system of intellectual property. I conclude that it is not enough to postulate that the neoliberal globalized privatization regime will just expand to the South as it did in Northern countries. Rather, combined with the commercialization of science, peripherality creates protest, activism and local regulation. Lastly, further implications for the theorization and circulation of bioeconomy (Birch and Tyfield 2013) beyond the “charmed circle” of OECD countries (Delvenne and Thoreau 2012) will be drawn. [less ▲]

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See detailThe co-production of genetically modified soy and Argentina
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2013, December 05)

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See detailFlanders Ahead... Wallonia Behind (But Catching Up). The Identity Politics of Science, Technology, and Innovation in Belgium
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg; Charlier, Nathan ULg; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg et al

Conference (2013, October 18)

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are ... [more ▼]

Drawing on a documentary analysis of two socio-economic policy programs, one Flemish (“Vlaanderen In Actie”), the other Walloon (“Marshall Plans”), and a discourse analysis of how these programs are received in one Flemish and one Francophone quality newspaper, this paper illustrates how Flanders and Wallonia both seek to become top-performing knowledge-based economies (KBEs). The paper discerns a number of discursive repertoires, such as “Catching up,” which policy actors draw on to legitimize or question the transformation of Flanders and Wallonia into KBEs. The “Catching up” repertoire places Flanders resolutely ahead of Wallonia in the global race towards knowledge, excellence, and growth, but suggests that Wallonia may, in due course, overtake Flanders as a top competitive region. Given the expectations and/or fears that “Catching up” evokes among Flemish and Walloon policy actors, the repertoire serves these actors as a flexible discursive resource to make sense of, and shape, their collective futures, and thus their identities. The primary aim of the paper is to underline the simultaneity of, and the interplay between, globalizing forces and particularizing tendencies, as Flanders and Wallonia develop with a global KBE in nation- or region-specific ways. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnology Assessment and neoliberal policies as dancing partners : critical insights in the new spirit of Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2013, October 11)

In this paper we explore the tension surrounding two interrelated sets of science, technology and innovation (STI) policies that evolved together in Europe since the 1980s onward. On the one hand, we ... [more ▼]

In this paper we explore the tension surrounding two interrelated sets of science, technology and innovation (STI) policies that evolved together in Europe since the 1980s onward. On the one hand, we focus on the expanding process of neoliberal policies unconditionally supporting STI as strategic resources to generate growth and competitiveness. On the other hand, we link this process with policy decisions to institutionalize Technology Assessment processes and activities to frame and anticipate the potential side effects of STI in newly emerging strategic science regimes. TA and neoliberal STI policies coevolved as “dancing partners” (Rip 1992), relatively independent and closely interacting at the same time. We inquire into the experimental, transforming character of Technology Assessment (TA) by linking its emergence and development to the broader institutional setting of which it is a part. Our analysis brings a macro-sociological and political sensitivity to bear on TA. Rather than conceiving of TA as a mere management tool or governance technique, we suggest that TA processes enact, as well as counteract, dominant innovation policies. Conversely, we look at recent TA de-institutionalization processes in Flanders and Denmark to offer some reflections on the future of TA. Based on our previous researches and on participatory observation in a European FP7 project aimed at expanding TA institutions in Europe, we question TA’s ability to exert its critical capacities if it is to survive only as an instrument aligned with recent policy discourses, such as responsible research and innovation, that emerged in the aftermath of Lisbon’s strategy. [less ▲]

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See detailLe voyage politique du Technology Assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Scientific conference (2013, October 05)

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See detailLe long chemin de la Wallonie
Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg

in PACITA: Un regard européen sur TA-SWISS (2013)

La Région wallonne en Belgique s'efforce depuis des années de mettre en place une institution d'évaluation des choix technologiques. Son élan est ralenti, non pas par des doutes quant à l'utilité d ... [more ▼]

La Région wallonne en Belgique s'efforce depuis des années de mettre en place une institution d'évaluation des choix technologiques. Son élan est ralenti, non pas par des doutes quant à l'utilité d'une telle institution, mais par les réalités politiques régionales. [less ▲]

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See detailBiotechnology, Controversy, and Policy: Challenges of the Bioeconomy in Latin America
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Hendrickx, Kim ULg

Book published by Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science (2013)

This special issue explores cases from Latin American countries, studied in comparison to global trends in the arenas of public participation, scientific knowledge production, regulation and governance ... [more ▼]

This special issue explores cases from Latin American countries, studied in comparison to global trends in the arenas of public participation, scientific knowledge production, regulation and governance. The authors demonstrate the complexity of these cases, both in terms of regional differences and the different spaces of public, policy, and scientific knowledge production into which such innovations are inserted. The articles are based on rich empirical data collected in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Paraguay. Authors show that the top-down circulation of policy narratives on biotechnology is challenged, complemented and even partly undermined by local bottom-up dynamics. Conversely, articles also focus on those grassroots dynamics and the ways they are influenced and conditioned by macro-sociological and political economic factors. Lastly, a great deal of attention is paid to the ways states and national actors actively contribute to their own insertion in globalized markets where bioengineered living resources are increasingly tasked with solving the most pressing economic and social issues. We believe that this collection of works challenges scholars, intellectuals, policy-makers and relevant stakeholders to open up their views of biotechnology as a dynamic construct that interacts with local situations in a variety of ways. From a more distanced perspective, the aggregated findings of the contributors to this special issue suggest that the important tasks for scholarly work on bioeconomy today become (1) to observe and critically assess the de-localization and re-localization of the concept of bioeconomy in Latin America where biological resources have become increasingly strategic over the last decades; (2) to analyze the bioeconomy as a site of struggles among countries and/or social groups who articulate strategic visions as part of narrating activities. [less ▲]

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See detailThe “soy-ization” of Argentina: dynamics of the “globalized” privatization regime in a peripheral context
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Vasen, Federico; Vara, Ana Maria

in Technology in Society (2013), 35(2),

Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, we explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and we aim to figure out how the ... [more ▼]

Based on extensive fieldwork conducted with actors from public, private and associative sectors, we explore the expansion of genetically modified soy in Argentina and we aim to figure out how the neoliberal “globalized privatization regime” unfolded in a peripheral location. Our case points at two inherent contradictions with such a regime’s main tenets, namely that it needs a weak antitrust policy (thus leading to a market situation dominated by a monopoly of transnational companies) and a hyper-restrictive system of intellectual property. We highlight the participation of two groups of local actors in the regime. The first group is aligned with the globalized privatization regime agendas, while the second is involved in protest and regulatory actions focusing on the health, environment and safety issues related to the GM soy complex. To a different extent, both groups share a local agenda of resistance and an anti-imperialist imaginary. Both have national development objectives of Argentina in their ideological roots, although their conceptions of “development” are different (industrial development vs. protection of peasants’ life and the environment). We conclude that it is not enough to postulate that the neoliberal globalized privatization regime will just expand to the South as it did in Northern countries. Rather, combined with the commercialization of science, peripherality creates protest, activism and local regulation. [less ▲]

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