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See detailCross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaire on lateral elbow tendinopathy for French-speaking patients
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; DELVAUX, François ULg; SCHAUS, Jean ULg et al

in Journal of Hand Therapy (2016), 29(4), 496-504

Background: The lateral elbow tendinopathy is a common injury in tennis players and physical workers. The Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaire was specifically designed to measure ... [more ▼]

Background: The lateral elbow tendinopathy is a common injury in tennis players and physical workers. The Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaire was specifically designed to measure pain and functional limitations in patients with lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). First developed in English, this questionnaire has since been translated into several languages. Objectives: The aims of the study were to translate and cross-culturally adapt the PRTEE questionnaire into French and to evaluate the reliability and validity of this translated version of the questionnaire (PRTEE-F). Methods: The PRTEE was translated and cross-culturally adapted into French according to international guidelines. To assess the reliability and validity of the PRTEE-F, 115 participants were asked twice to fill in the PRTEE-F, and once the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (DASH) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Internal consistency (using Cronbach’s alpha), test-retest reliability (using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC), Standard Error of Measurement (SEM) and Minimal Detectable Change (MDC)), and convergent and divergent validity (using the Spearman’s correlation coefficients respectively with the DASH and with some sub scales of the SF-36) were assessed. Results: The PRTEE was translated into French without any problems. PRTEE-F showed a good test-retest reliability for the overall score (ICC 0.86) and for each item (ICC 0.8-0.96) and a high internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.98). The correlation analyses revealed high correlation coefficients between PRTEE-F and DASH (convergent validity) and, as expected, a low or moderate correlation with the divergent subscales of the SF-36 (discriminant validity). There was no floor or ceiling effect. Conclusions: The PRTEE questionnaire was successfully cross-culturally adapted into French. The PRTEE-F is reliable and valid for evaluating French-speaking patients with lateral elbow tendinopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailValidity and reliability of the French translation of the VISA-A questionnaire for Achilles tendinopathy
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Oppong-Kyei, Julian et al

in Disability & Rehabilitation (2016), 38(26), 2593-2599

Purpose The Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment – Achilles tendinopathy questionnaire (VISA-A) evaluates the clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to translate the VISA ... [more ▼]

Purpose The Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment – Achilles tendinopathy questionnaire (VISA-A) evaluates the clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to translate the VISA-A into French and to study the reliability and validity of this French version, the VISA-AF. Method The VISA-A was translated into French to produce the VISA-AF using a validated methodology in six steps. Thereafter, several psychometric properties of this French version such as test–retest reliability, internal consistency, construct validity and floor and ceiling effects were evaluated. Therefore, we recruited 116 subjects, distributed into 3 groups: pathological patients (n¼31), at-risk athletes (n¼63) and healthy people (n¼22). Results The final version of the VISAAF was approved by an expert committee. On a scale ranging from 0 to 100, the average scores of the VISA-AF obtained were 59 (± 18) for the pathological group, 99 (± 1) for the healthy group and 94 (± 7) for the at-risk group. The VISA-AF shows excellent reliability, low correlations with the discriminant subscales of the SF-36 and moderate correlations with the convergent subscales of the SF-36. Conclusions The French version of the VISA-A is equivalent to its original version and is a reliable and valid questionnaire for French-speaking patients with Achilles tendinopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailRécupération musculaire après plastie LCA : conséquences sur le retour au sport
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Abstract Book des XVIIIèmes RENCONTRES ISOCINETIQUES MEDIMEX / ROTSCHILD (2016, November)

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See detailLa pubalgie - Rééducation post-chirurgicale
Delvaux, François ULg; DANIEL, Christophe ULg; NAMUROIS, Marie-Hélène ULg et al

Conference (2016, October 22)

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See detailAdaptation interculturelles du questionnaire "Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation" pour les patients francophones
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; DELVAUX, François ULg; SCHAUS, Jean ULg et al

in 9ème Congrès commun SFMES - SFTS (2016, September)

Contexte: L’épicondylite latérale est une blessure commune chez les joueurs de tennis et les travailleurs physiques pour qui il existe un questionnaire en anglais qui en évalue la sévérité. Le ... [more ▼]

Contexte: L’épicondylite latérale est une blessure commune chez les joueurs de tennis et les travailleurs physiques pour qui il existe un questionnaire en anglais qui en évalue la sévérité. Le questionnaire « Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation » (PRTEE) mesure la douleur et l’incapacité fonctionnelle du coude chez les patients souffrant d’une épicondylite latérale. Le questionnaire a déjà été traduit en suédois, en turc, en québécois, en italien, en néerlandais et en grec. Objectifs : Le but de cette étude est de traduire et de réaliser une adaptation interculturelle du questionnaire PRTEE en français et d’en évaluer sa fiabilité et sa validité. Matériel et Méthodes : Le PRTEE a été adapté interculturellement en français selon les lignes directrices internationales. Les participants (n=115) ont rempli le PRTEE-F, deux fois avec un intervalle de 30 minutes, le questionnaire Disabilities of Arm, Soulier and Hand (DASH), et le Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) pour évaluer la fiabilité et la validité du PRTEE-F. La cohérence interne (avec l’alpha de Cronbach), la fidélité test-retest (avec la corrélation intra-classe (ICC)) et la validité de construit (avec le coefficient de corrélation de Spearman). Résultats : Le PRTEE-F montre une fidélité test-retest bonne pour le score total (ICC 0,83) et pour les différents items (ICC 0,71-0,9). La traduction française possède une cohérence interne élevée (0,98). La corrélation entre le PRTEE-F et le DASH est forte pour le score total (rs=0,92, p<0.001), pour le sous-total symptomatique (rs=0,86, p<0.001) et fonctionnel (rs=0,93, p<0.001). Le PRTEE-F possède une corrélation forte avec une partie des sous-échelles convergentes du SF-36 (PF, RP et BP). Il y a une corrélation faible ou modérée avec les sous-échelles divergentes du SF-36 (REm, MH, SF et VT). Il n’y a pas d’effet plancher et plafond. Conclusion : La version française du questionnaire PRTEE a été adaptée interculturellement avec succès, et cette étude a montré que le PRTEE-F est fiable et valide pour évaluer les patients francophones souffrant d’une épicondylite latérale. [less ▲]

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See detailTraduction inter-culturelle et validation du Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale (AKPS) en français
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Bornheim, Stephen ULg; Remy, Gaël et al

in 9ème Congrès commun SFMES - SFTS (2016, September)

Introduction : Le syndrome fémoro-patellaire est l'un des problèmes de genou les plus répandus qui se caractérise par une douleur antérieure du genou dans des activités mettant en charge l'articulation ... [more ▼]

Introduction : Le syndrome fémoro-patellaire est l'un des problèmes de genou les plus répandus qui se caractérise par une douleur antérieure du genou dans des activités mettant en charge l'articulation fémoro-patellaire. Le Kuala Anterior Knee Pain Scale (Kujala AKPS) est un questionnaire utilisé pour évaluer les symptômes subjectifs, tels que les limitations fonctionnelles et la douleur antérieure du genou. Le questionnaire a déjà été traduit et validé en portugais brésilien, en persan, en chinois, en turque, et en néerlandais. Le but de cette étude est de traduire ce questionnaire en français afin d'en évaluer sa fiabilité et sa validité. Matériel et méthode : La traduction et l’adaptation interculturelle du questionnaire a été adaptée selon les recommandations internationales qui se présentent en 6 étapes : traduction initiale, synthèse des traductions, traduction de retour vers la langue d’origine, comité d'experts, test de la version pré-finale et approbation du comité experts. Une fois la version française obtenue, les participants (n=101) ont remplis 2 fois le Kujula AKPS avec un intervalle de 7 jours, et le Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) afin d'en évaluer les propriétés psychométriques (la cohérence interne, la fidélité test-retest et la validité de construit). Résultats : Le Kujula AKPS montre une fidélité test-retest élevée pour le score total (ICC 0,97). La traduction française possède une cohérence interne élevée (0,87). Le Kujula AKPS possède une corrélation forte avec une partie des sous-échelles convergentes du SF-36 (PF, RP et BP). Il y a une corrélation faible ou modérée avec les sous-échelles divergentes du SF-36 (MH, SF et VT). Il n’y a pas d’effet plancher et plafond. Conclusion : La version française du questionnaire Kujula AKPS étant compréhensible, semble avoir une bonne adaptation interculturelle. Cette étude a démontré que le Kujula AKPS-F est fiable et valide pour les patients francophones souffrant d'un syndrome rotulien. [less ▲]

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See detailValidity and reliability of the French translation of the Patient-Related Tennis Elbow Evaluation Questionnaire
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; DELVAUX, François ULg; SCHAUS, Jean ULg et al

in Crossing borders through sport science (2016, July)

Background: The lateral elbow tendinopathy is a common injury in tennis players and physical workers. The Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaire was created to measure pain and ... [more ▼]

Background: The lateral elbow tendinopathy is a common injury in tennis players and physical workers. The Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation (PRTEE) questionnaire was created to measure pain and functional disabilities specifically reported in patient with lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). Developed in English, this questionnaire has since then been translated into several languages but not in French. Objectives: The aims of the study were to translate and cross-culturally adapt the PRTEE questionnaire into French and to evaluate the reliability and validity of this new version of the questionnaire (PRTEE-F). Methods: The PRTEE was cross-culturally adapted into French according to the international guidelines. To assess the reliability and validity of the PRTEE-F, 115 participants filled in the PRTEE-F twice, and the Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (DASH) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) once. Internal consistency (with Cronbach’s alpha), test-retest reliability (with intra-class correlation (ICC)), convergent and divergent validity (by calculating the Spearman’s correlation coefficients with the DASH and some sub scales of the SF-36, respectively) were assessed. Results: The PRTEE was translated in French without problem. PRTEE-F showed a good test-retest reliability for the overall score (ICC 0.83) and for each items (ICC 0.71-0.9) and a high internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.98). The correlation analyses revealed high correlation coefficients between PRTEE-F and DASH (good convergent validity) and, as expected, a low or moderate correlations with the divergent subscales of the SF-36 (discriminant validity). There was no floor or ceiling effect. Conclusions: The PRTEE questionnaire was successfully cross-culturally adapted into French the PRTEE-F is reliable and valid for evaluating the French-speaking patient with lateral elbow tendinopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-cultural adaptation and validation of the victorian institute of sport assessment-patella questionnaire for French-speaking patients with patellar tendinopathy
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Oppong-Kyei, Julian et al

in Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (2016), 46(5), 384-393

Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment–Patellar tendinopathy questionnaire (VISA-P), originally developed in English, assesses the severity of ... [more ▼]

Study Design Clinical measurement study. Background The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment–Patellar tendinopathy questionnaire (VISA-P), originally developed in English, assesses the severity of patellar tendinopathy symptoms. No French version of the questionnaire exists. Objectives The aim of our study was to translate the VISA-P in French and verify its psychometric properties. Methods The translation and cultural adaptation were performed according to international recommendations in six steps: initial translation, translation merging, back translation to the original language, expert committee to reach a pre-final version, test of the pre-final version, and expert committee appraisal of a final version. Afterwards, the psychometric properties the final French version (VISA-PF) were assessed in 92 subjects, divided into three groups: pathological subjects (n = 28), asymptomatic subjects (n = 22) and sports-risk subjects (n = 42). Results All members of the expert committee agreed with the final version. On a scale ranging from 0 to 100 (asymptomatic subject), the average scores of the VISA-PF obtained were 53 (± 17) for the pathological group, 99 (± 2) for the healthy group and 86 (± 14) for the sports-risk group. The test-retest reliability of the VISA-PF was excellent and good internal consistency. Correlations between the VISA-PF and diverging validity of the SF-36 were low and the correlation coefficient values measured between the VISA-PF scores and converged items of the SF-36 were higher. Conclusion The VISA-PF is understandable, valid and suitable for French-speaking patients with patellar tendinopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailMuscular and functional tridimensional analysis after hamstring strain
Paulus, Julien ULg; DELVAUX, François ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2016, April), 52(2), 263

Introduction The muscle injury, and more especially the hamstring strain, account for a large proportion of explosive top athletes injuries [1-3]. The subsequent down-time period has some sports and ... [more ▼]

Introduction The muscle injury, and more especially the hamstring strain, account for a large proportion of explosive top athletes injuries [1-3]. The subsequent down-time period has some sports and financial negatives consequences for the athlete, his team and/or his club [4, 5]. Despite the rehabilitation before return to play and prevention program, hamstring reinjury rates are still high (26% of all injuries) [6] and it's commonly accepted that a second injury is more severe than a first episode [2]. A more functional test could help the clinician in the return to play process decision to reduce the muscle injuries hamstring relapse. Purpose The aim of our methodology is to analyze, after medical clearance to resume sports activities, for athletes who suffered from grade II/III hamstring muscle strain, the biomechanics of the lower limbs during an explosive jump task. Method After (7,3±0,7 weeks) a grade II or III hamstring muscle tear, eight men (25±5,9 years), without past lower limb major injury, performed: - an isokinetic test (knee maximal flexion-extension in concentric at 60°.s-1 and 240°.s-1 and knee maximal flexion in eccentric at 30°.s-1); - a tridimensional biomechanics analysis of (bipodal and unipodal) squat jump and counter movement jump with Codamotion® system and Kistler® multicomponent force plates. Results A muscular lateral strength imbalance (±10% with p-value < 0,02) has been identified on the hamstring in concentric and eccentric by means of isokinetic testing, with the healthy side stronger than the pathologic. The main statistical significant outcome in the biomechanics analysis is the lower knee angle (±12% with p-value < 0,02) at the low point before the concentric pushing phase of the unipodal CMJ for the healthy leg than to the other one whereas there's no difference between both legs in an equivalent healthy population. Discussion & conclusion The tridimensional analysis appears to be complementary, not redundant, with the isokinetic strength testing due to the different nature of their informations obtained. It could be integrated in the return to play process decision expected the potentially interesting information about the player's biomechanics that it provides. References 1. Ekstrand, J., M. Hagglund, and M. Walden, Epidemiology of muscle injuries in professional football (soccer). Am J Sports Med, 2011. 39(6): p. 1226-32. 2. Ekstrand, J., M. Hagglund, and M. Walden, Injury incidence and injury patterns in professional football: the UEFA injury study. Br J Sports Med, 2011. 45(7): p. 553-8. 3. Lopez, V., Jr., et al., Profile of an American amateur rugby union sevens series. Am J Sports Med, 2012. 40(1): p. 179-84. 4. Price, R.J., et al., The Football Association medical research programme: an audit of injuries in academy youth football. Br J Sports Med, 2004. 38(4): p. 466-71. 5. Verrall, G.M., et al., Assessment of player performance following return to sport after hamstring muscle strain injury. J Sci Med Sport, 2006. 9(1-2): p. 87-90. 6. Brooks, J.H., et al., Incidence, risk, and prevention of hamstring muscle injuries in professional rugby union. Am J Sports Med, 2006. 34(8): p. 1297-306. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptation transculturelle et validation des questionnaires VISA-P et VISA-A en français
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Oppong-Kyei, Julian et al

in Science & Sports (2016), 31(2), 65-72

Objectives Patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies remain very common musculoskeletal disorders in athletes. The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment – Patellar and – Achilles (VISA-P and VISA-A ... [more ▼]

Objectives Patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies remain very common musculoskeletal disorders in athletes. The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment – Patellar and – Achilles (VISA-P and VISA-A), English questionnaires developed respectively to assess the severity of patellar and calcaneal tendinopathies. The purpose of our study was to validate a French version of these questionnaires. Materials and methods The French translation and intercultural adaptation of the VISA-P and the VISA-A are made according to international recommendations. For these adaptations, 92 (VISA-P) and 116 (VISA-A) subjects were recruited and divided into 3 groups (pathological, asymptotic and sporting risk), in order to test these psychometric properties. All these subjects also had to answer to the MOS SF-36 for the validity of construct. Results The mean VISA-PF scores were 99 for the healthy people, 53 for patients with patellar tendinopathy and 86 for the athletes. The VISA-PF shows excellent reliability with an inter-class correlation coefficient of 0.99. The internal consistency was 0.9 (Cronbach's alpha). The VISA-PF shows low correlations with the divergent sub-scales of the SF-36 and moderate correlations with the convergent sub-scales of the SF-36. The mean VISA-AF scores were 99 in the healthy group, 59 in the pathological group, and 94 in the group of athletes. The VISA-AF shows excellent reliability with an inter-class correlation coefficient of 0.99. The internal consistency was 0.92 (Cronbach's alpha). The VISA-AF shows low correlations with the divergent sub-scales of the SF-36 and moderate correlations with the convergent sub-scales of the SF-36. No floor and ceiling effects were detected during the evaluation of the two questionnaires. Conclusion The French versions of the VISA-P and VISA-A questionnaires are therefore French comprehensible adaptation, reliable and adapted to French-speaking patients suffering from patellar or calcaneal tendinopathies. [less ▲]

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See detailTraumatologie du joueur de tennis
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Schaus, Jean; Delvaux, François ULg et al

in Journal de Traumatologie du Sport (2016), 33(1), 43-47

Tennis is a racquet sport with approximately 10 million licensees and 26 million unaffiliated players in Europe. Tennis injuries represent 21%of those generated by rackets sports. Tennis players are ... [more ▼]

Tennis is a racquet sport with approximately 10 million licensees and 26 million unaffiliated players in Europe. Tennis injuries represent 21%of those generated by rackets sports. Tennis players are subject to traumatic and microtraumatic pathologies. This epidemiological review oftennis-related injuries addresses their type and locations, the cause and time of absence, the demographic and gender differences, as well as theinfluence of technique of play and type of field on their impact. [less ▲]

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See detailTraumatologie du rugby à VII
KAUX, Jean-François ULg; Julia, Marc; Delvaux, François ULg et al

in Science & Sports (2016), 31(1), 1-5

Aims. — To estimate the risk of injury in rugby sevens.News. — The rugby sevens is an increasingly popular sport since the creation of the IRB SevensWorld Series in 2000 and its introduction as an Olympic ... [more ▼]

Aims. — To estimate the risk of injury in rugby sevens.News. — The rugby sevens is an increasingly popular sport since the creation of the IRB SevensWorld Series in 2000 and its introduction as an Olympic sport in 2016. Despite its strong simi-larities to rugby union, it remains a different sport with higher game intensity, causing a moresignificant number of injuries. The average incidence of injury in rugby sevens is 249.27 for1000 hours of play against 102.25 for 1000 hours of rugby union matches.Conclusion. — This epidemiological review of injuries among the rugby sevens refers to theirlocation and their nature, the causes, the position of players, the type of field, as well as thedowntime of practice following trauma. [less ▲]

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See detailPrévention et prophylaxie dans les gestes et les performances
Delvaux, François ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

Learning material (2016)

Ce module de formation abordé au niveau MS Entraîneur est un parfait complément au module CG2_Th4_Mod_2 « Prévention des blessures du geste sportif ». Au niveau MS Educateur l’accent a été mis sur les ... [more ▼]

Ce module de formation abordé au niveau MS Entraîneur est un parfait complément au module CG2_Th4_Mod_2 « Prévention des blessures du geste sportif ». Au niveau MS Educateur l’accent a été mis sur les principaux facteurs de risque pouvant entraîner une blessure. Il s’agissait de principes généraux. Le module dont il est question s’attachera davantage à définir et à proposer un processus réflexif pour l’entraîneur mettant en relation la prise de conscience d'un risque de blessure constaté ou pressenti avec son organisation et son intervention dans l’entraînement du geste sportif ; autrement dit de la « prophylaxie » spécifique aux phases d’entraînement et de compétition. [less ▲]

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See detailPrévention des blessures du geste sportif
Delvaux, François ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

Learning material (2016)

L’activité sportive, qu’elle soit pratiquée par des athlètes de haut niveau ou plus modestement à un degré amateur, génère un nombre important de blessures. Afin d’agir efficacement de manière préventive ... [more ▼]

L’activité sportive, qu’elle soit pratiquée par des athlètes de haut niveau ou plus modestement à un degré amateur, génère un nombre important de blessures. Afin d’agir efficacement de manière préventive, l’entraîneur doit d’abord être capable d’identifier les facteurs qui pourraient prédisposer ou déclencher la lésion. Ensuite, il pourra, le cas échéant, proposer une action sur ces différents facteurs de risque, ce qui devrait réduire l’incidence et/ou la sévérité des blessures. Dans ce module, nous décrirons les différents facteurs de risque de blessure communs à une majorité de sports. Le moniteur sportif éducateur pourra donc transposer à sa propre discipline les éléments les plus importants et proposer une action à visée préventive. [less ▲]

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See detailCross-Cultural Adaptation And Validation Of The VISA-A Questionnaire In French
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; DELVAUX, François ULg; Oppong-Kyei, Julian et al

Poster (2015, October 08)

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See detailVISA-PF: A Cross-Cultural Adaptation And Validation Of The VISA-P Questionnaire In French
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Oppong-Kyei, Julian et al

Poster (2015, October 08)

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See detailInfluence du Kinésiotape® sur les performances musculaires des ischio-jambiers
BAUVIR, Philippe ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Pondant, Laurent et al

in Journal de Traumatologie du Sport (2015), 32(3), 110-115

Objective The aim of this controlled, randomized, and double-blind study was to determine whether Kinesiotape® placed on healthy hamstrings could influence the isokinetic performances of this muscle group ... [more ▼]

Objective The aim of this controlled, randomized, and double-blind study was to determine whether Kinesiotape® placed on healthy hamstrings could influence the isokinetic performances of this muscle group and of its antagonist, the quadriceps. Methods Twelve healthy men, aged 18–30 years, were subjected to an isokinetic evaluation in 3 different conditions (without Kinesiotape®, placebo Kinesiotape® to hamstrings, facilitation Kinesiotape® to hamstrings) in randomized order. The 3 sessions assessed peak torque (N.m), work (J) and angle to peak torque (°) in concentric 60 and 240°/s for hamstrings and quadriceps, and in eccentric 30°/s for hamstrings. Results Isokinetic performances in the 3 different conditions were not significantly different (P>0.05) in particular for the hamstrings concentric and eccentric peak torques. Only the angle to peak torque for hamstrings in eccentric 30°/s was modified when comparing placebo Kinesiotape® with no Kinesiotape® condition (P<0.05). Conclusion Kinesiotape® intervention in healthy subjects’ hamstrings did not influence neither the strength of this muscular group nor the performances of its antagonist, the quadriceps. [less ▲]

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