Combining flux estimation techniques to improve characterization of groundwater–surface-water interaction in the Zenne River, Belgium
; ; et al
in Hydrogeology Journal (2014)
The management of urban rivers which drain contaminated groundwater is suffering from high uncertainties regarding reliable quantification of groundwater fluxes. Independent techniques are combined for ... [more ▼]
The management of urban rivers which drain contaminated groundwater is suffering from high uncertainties regarding reliable quantification of groundwater fluxes. Independent techniques are combined for estimating these fluxes towards the Zenne River, Belgium. Measured hydraulic gradients, temperature gradients in conjunction with a 1D-heat and fluid transport model, direct flux measurement with the finite volume point dilution method (FVPDM), and a numerical groundwater flow model are applied, to estimate vertical and horizontal groundwaterfluxes and groundwater–surface-water interaction. Hydraulic gradient analysis, the temperature-based method, and the groundwaterflow model yielded average verticalfluxes of–61,–45 and–40 mm/d, respectively. The negative sign indicates upwardflow to the river. Changes in exchangefluxes are sensitive to precipitation but the river remained gaining during the examined period. The FVPDM, compared to the groundwaterflow model, results in two very high estimates of the horizontal Darcyfluxes (2,600 and 500 mm/d), depending on the depth of application. The obtained results allow an evaluation of the temporal and spatial variability of estimated fluxes, thereby helping to curtail possible consequences of pollution of the Zenne River as final receptor, and contribute to the setup of a suitable remediation plan for the contaminated study site. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg)
Flux-based Risk Assessement of the impact of Contaminants on Water resources and ECOsystems
Jamin, Pierre ; ; et al
Report (2012)Detailed reference viewed: 51 (12 ULg)
Flux-based risk assessment of the impact of contamnants on water ressources and ecosystems - FRAC-WECO.
Jamin, Pierre ; ; et al
Report (2012)Detailed reference viewed: 52 (10 ULg)
Groundwater quality assessment of one former industrial site in Belgium using a TRIAD-like approach.
; Debacker, Virginie ; Joaquim-Justo, Célia et al
in Environmental Pollution (2011), 159(10), 2461-2466
Contaminated industrial sites are important sources of pollution and may result in ecotoxicological effects on terrestrial, aquatic and groundwater ecosystems. An effect-based approach to evaluate and ... [more ▼]
Contaminated industrial sites are important sources of pollution and may result in ecotoxicological effects on terrestrial, aquatic and groundwater ecosystems. An effect-based approach to evaluate and assess pollution-induced degradation due to contaminated groundwater was carried out in this study. The new concept, referred to as “Groundwater Quality TRIAD-like” (GwQT) approach, is adapted from classical TRIAD approaches. GwQT is based on measurements of chemical concentrations, laboratory toxicity tests and physico-chemical analyses. These components are combined in the GwQT using qualitative and quantitative (using zero to one subindices)integration approaches. The TRIAD approach is applied for the first time on groundwater from one former industrial site located in Belgium. This approach will allow the classification of sites into categories according to the degree of contaminant-induced degradation. This new concept is a starting point for groundwater characterization and is open for improvement and adjustment. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 52 (18 ULg)