References of "Degeimbre, Robert"
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See detailMechanical and durability properties of concrete using contaminated recycled aggregates
Debieb, Farid; Kenaï, Saïd; Courard, Luc ULg et al

in Cement & Concrete Composites (2010), 32(6), 421-426

The degradation of concrete structures due to chlorides and sulphates penetration is of obvious importance in civil engineering as having major impact on structural durability. In this paper, the results ... [more ▼]

The degradation of concrete structures due to chlorides and sulphates penetration is of obvious importance in civil engineering as having major impact on structural durability. In this paper, the results of an investigation on the effect of contaminated crushed concrete aggregates on mechanical properties and durability of recycled concrete are presented. Natural aggregates concrete (NC) slabs were cured in water, sea water, chloride solutions or sulphate solutions and then crushed to obtain virgin and contaminated (polluted) recycled aggregates. The properties of natural (NA) and recycled aggregates (RA) and the mechanical properties and durability performances of a new concrete made from 100% of RA are analysed. The results show that contaminated RA are much sensitive to chlorides than sulphates and are rapidly leached when soaked into water. Significant differences were observed between the properties of original and new concrete and the results clearly show the necessity of taking these contaminations into account. [less ▲]

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See detailRoller Compacted Concrete with contaminated recycled aggregates
Courard, Luc ULg; Debieb, Farid; Kenai, Saïd et al

in Construction & Building Materials (2009), 23

Recycling waste building materials from construction and demolition (C&D) sites is increasingly investigated for economical and environmental reasons. Roller compacted concrete (RCC) is a special dry ... [more ▼]

Recycling waste building materials from construction and demolition (C&D) sites is increasingly investigated for economical and environmental reasons. Roller compacted concrete (RCC) is a special dry concrete mix; laid down and compacted like a soil, it is especially used for the construction of massive structures like dams or large horizontal surfaces like road foundation. In this paper, natural concrete slabs were cured in water, sea water, chloride solutions or sulphate solutions and then crushed to obtain virgin and contaminated (polluted) recycled aggregates. The aim of this research is the total replacement (100% coarse and fine) of natural aggregates (NA) by recycled concrete aggregates (RA) in the composition of a roller compacted concrete. The natural and recycled aggregates are characterised and compared. The mechanical properties and durability performances of concrete with contaminated RA are analysed. The experimental results showed that the polluted RA are much richer in chlorides than in sulphates and are leached if they are soaked in water. Significant differences were observed between the properties of original and new concrete and the results demonstrated the need of taking these contaminations into account. [less ▲]

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See detailMix stability as a criterion for optimizing the granular composition to improve concrete durability – an application
Willem, Xavier; Courard, Luc ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg et al

in Marchand, J.; Bissonnette, B.; Gagné, R. (Eds.) et al Advances in Concrete through Science and Engineering (2006, September)

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See detailUse of municipal solid waste incineration residues in concrete pavement setts
Courard, Luc ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg et al

in Proceedings of CONMAT'05 and Midness Symposium (2005)

Valorisation of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Residues - excluding ashes - is a positive advance in sustainable development : saving natural resources, decrease of wastes volume stored, reduction of ... [more ▼]

Valorisation of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Residues - excluding ashes - is a positive advance in sustainable development : saving natural resources, decrease of wastes volume stored, reduction of energy consumption. If good conditions of incineration can be ensured and post-combustion treatments are realised, solid residues are in the form of granular materials usable in construction and civil engineering. Application for the fabrication of concrete pavement has been developed. Mechanical and physical performances of municipal solid waste incineration residues let us to replace a part of the granular skeleton and to obtain similar behaviour than for reference granular composition : splitting resistance, water absorption and resistance to abrasion are optimised. Leaching behaviour is also verified in order to avoid detrimental effect on the environment. Example of application is presented in “sleeping policeman” technique and durability of the structure is explained. [less ▲]

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See detailSome effects of limestone fillers as a partial substitute for cement in mortar composition
Courard, Luc ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg et al

in Banthia, N. (Ed.) Third International Conference on construction materials: performance, innovations and structural implications (2005)

Limestone filler is a raw material that is already used in several applications like paints, bricks, bituminous mixes, … Moreover, and particularly in Belgium, classical additions like fly ashes and blast ... [more ▼]

Limestone filler is a raw material that is already used in several applications like paints, bricks, bituminous mixes, … Moreover, and particularly in Belgium, classical additions like fly ashes and blast furnace slags become rare. There is a need for new additions that could have a positive effect on the properties of the fresh and hardened cementitous composites. Substitution of limestone filler in Portland cement and blast furnace slag cement has been realized between 15 and 30% in mass. In addition to the characterization of the powder itself – specific mass, specific surface and laser granulometry – the problem of the water demand has been analysed: it seems that it remains constant with the substitution rate. Electric conductivity has also been performed in order to study the evolution of the “dormant” period. Tests on hardened mortars concerned the mechanical properties, the evolution of the porosity and the durability. The K factor indicates a higher value and the porosity seems to be better in the case of blast furnace slags cements, partially due to a very low diameter of the slags particles. Oxygen permeability doesn’t seem to be influenced by the filler while capillary absorption increases with substitution rate. Finally, chloride penetration, sulphate resistance and carbonation rate show quite interesting behaviours, leading to the conclusion that this material needs again more investigations in order to define optimum application conditions in cementitous matrixes [less ▲]

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See detailA capillary action test for the investigation of adhesion in repair technology
Courard, Luc ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg

in Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering (2003), 30(6), 1101-1110

When repair material is laid down on a concrete substrate, the porosity of concrete allows it to penetrate the substrate, increasing the probability of physical interactions, and subsequently increasing ... [more ▼]

When repair material is laid down on a concrete substrate, the porosity of concrete allows it to penetrate the substrate, increasing the probability of physical interactions, and subsequently increasing adhesion. Water absorption by immersion or usual capillary action tests do not provide enough information to understand what happens when contact occurs between the concrete substrate and the cement slurries used as a bonding layer. An adaptation of the capillary action test is presented; this is based on a continuous measurement of mass change of the sample. Major differences according to the type of surface preparation are pointed out: absorption rates as well as mass changes are greater for polished concrete substrates than for sandblasted ones. Centrifuged solutions of cement slurries modified with plasticizers and superplasticizers are used for water replacement in the adapted capillary action test. Results clearly show the influence of these admixtures: the greater the adhesion tension, the greater the wetting of the concrete substrate. Determination of these thermodynamic characteristics and performance of an adapted capillary action test provide a better understanding of the mechanisms of interface creation and promotion of adhesion. [less ▲]

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See detailAlkali-silica reactivity with pessimum content on Devonian aggregates from the Belgian Arden massive
Merriaux, K.; Lecomte, A.; Degeimbre, Robert ULg et al

in Magazine of Concrete Research (2003), 55(5), 429-437

Tests of alkali-silica reactivity were conducted on Devonian aggregates from the Belgian Arden massive. These are 'Bastogne sandstones' of the metamorphosed Mirwart layer consisting of the silica rich ... [more ▼]

Tests of alkali-silica reactivity were conducted on Devonian aggregates from the Belgian Arden massive. These are 'Bastogne sandstones' of the metamorphosed Mirwart layer consisting of the silica rich psammite rock family Petrography analysis reveals the presence of wavy extinction quartz and small size silica elements known to be potentially reactive to the alkalis in the base medium of concretes. Two accelerated tests were conducted according to the RILEM TC-106 and the French Standard NF P 18-590; they confirmed the strong reactive character of the sands,from these materials. The reaction is strongest in the presence of certain percentage of non-reactive sand. For this reason, the aggregates arc, described as being potentially reactive with pessimum content'. Their use in structures concretes must therefore be considered with the particular precaution of using cements that are low in free alkalis, and if necessary, with the addition of slag, fly ash or silica fume, all of which are known to reduce alkali silica reactivity. Verification of the dimensional stability of tat-get formulae must also be conducted on concrete test pieces. [less ▲]

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See detailDurability of mortars modified with metakaolin
Courard, Luc ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg; Schouterden, M. et al

in Cement & Concrete Research (2003), 33(9), 1473-1479

Results of an investigation to determine the effects of metakaolin additions on transport properties of mortars are reported. Comparisons are made to ordinary Portland cement (OPC) to determine the ... [more ▼]

Results of an investigation to determine the effects of metakaolin additions on transport properties of mortars are reported. Comparisons are made to ordinary Portland cement (OPC) to determine the influence of addition and replacement percentage. Cement is replaced on a mass basis of 5-20% for metakaolin. A mixture with natural kaolin is also studied. The transport properties and chemical behaviors are analyzed by means of chloride diffusion tests and sulfate immersion. Obserdvations after more than 100 days are used to prescribe mixtures that reduce the rate of chloride diffusion and sulfate degradation. For metakaolin, the optimum seems to be between 10% and 15% with regard to inhibition effect on chloride diffusion and sulfate attack. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of environment on Repair Materials: Results of a Five-Year Research Project
Courard, Luc ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg et al

in Sixth Canmet/ACI International Conference on Durability of Concrete (2003)

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See detailRecognition of Quality and Conformity of Concrete Repair Products and Protection Systems/ Belgian and European experiences
Courard, Luc ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg et al

in Vaysburd, Alex (Ed.) Bridging the Concrete Repair Industry into a New Era of Sustainable Development (2003)

Recognition of product quality and conformity supposes the existence of two elements: a users’ requirements document and a certification system for product conformity with this document. The document is ... [more ▼]

Recognition of product quality and conformity supposes the existence of two elements: a users’ requirements document and a certification system for product conformity with this document. The document is generally drawn up by a group representing all the interested parties (public and private users, producers, certification or monitoring bodies, testing laboratories, experts …). Depending on circumstances, the document appears as the norm approved in a certain country or as a normative document (approval guide, technical prescriptions,…) recognised by the various interested parties. The certification body is a public or private body which has the competence, independence and impartiality to certify that a duly identified product conforms to a normative document. The certification body works within a certification system that also includes inspection bodies and testing laboratories. In certain cases, the certification body is approved by a competent national authority. In Belgium, the Ministry of Communication and Infrastructures approves certification or inspection bodies and also testing laboratories for building activities. [less ▲]

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See detailAdhesion of Self-Compacting Concrete on Old Concrete Structures
Courard, Luc ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg et al

in Seidler, Peter (Ed.) Industrial Floors 03 (2003)

The repair of concrete deck slabs or balcony needs a special composition of concrete, and self-Compacting Concrete (SCC) is advantageously used for such repair operation. The rheology of the material is ... [more ▼]

The repair of concrete deck slabs or balcony needs a special composition of concrete, and self-Compacting Concrete (SCC) is advantageously used for such repair operation. The rheology of the material is of prime importance and needs to be adapted to ensure the penetration of SCC beneath the concrete plate structure as well as the adhesion to the old concrete substrate. Several materials have been used and characterised by means of a physical, chemical and mechanical test program. A test procedure is proposed to assess the efficiency and quality of the repair technique and material. Analysis of the interface between concrete substrate and SCC is given on the basis of a pull-off test and microscopical observations. [less ▲]

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See detailHygro-thermal application conditions and adhesion
Courard, Luc ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg et al

in Seidler, Peter (Ed.) Industrial Floors 03 (2003)

Coatings are designed to protect concrete against environmental aggression. Water is one of the aggressive parameters able to deteriorate the concrete structure. The objectives of this paper are to ... [more ▼]

Coatings are designed to protect concrete against environmental aggression. Water is one of the aggressive parameters able to deteriorate the concrete structure. The objectives of this paper are to present the effects of water (i) during application of coating on the concrete substrate and (ii) pull-off test. Semi-permanent moisty state produced by absorption from the uncoated face, total immersion or diffusion of water from the back face of the substrate are analysed. Water vapour diffusion and influence of hydrophobic treatment are also investigated. A classification based on increasing influence of the tests and application conditions on adhesion is proposed and clearly points out the negative effect of capillary action from the uncoated face. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of municipal solid waste incineration residues in the precasting of concrete paving
Courard, Luc ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg et al

in Materials and Structures (2002), 35(250), 365-372

Valorisation of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Residues - excluding ashes - is a positive advance in sustainable development: saving natural resources, decrease in wastes volume stored, reduction of ... [more ▼]

Valorisation of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Residues - excluding ashes - is a positive advance in sustainable development: saving natural resources, decrease in wastes volume stored, reduction of energy consumption. If good conditions of incineration can be ensured and post-combustion treatments are realised, solid residues are in the form of granular materials usable in construction and civil engineering. Uses in road structures are classical; application for the precasting of paving is quite new and interesting due to the quantity of recycled materials. Mechanical and physical performances of municipal solid waste incineration residues let us to replace a part of the granular skeleton and to obtain similar behaviour as with reference granular composition: splitting resistance, water absorption and resistance to abrasion are optimised. Leaching behaviour is also verified in order to avoid detrimental effect on the environment; it is shown that post-combustion treatments and compacting energy combined with vibration are essential for a good quality product fabrication. [less ▲]

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See detailRepairing Concrete with Self Compacting Concrete: Testing Methodology Assessment
Courard, Luc ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg et al

in Shah, S. P. (Ed.) Self-Consolidating Concrete (2002)

The repair of concrete deck slabs or balcony needs a special composition of concrete and self-compacting concrete (SCS) is advantageously used for such repair operation in comparison with patch repair or ... [more ▼]

The repair of concrete deck slabs or balcony needs a special composition of concrete and self-compacting concrete (SCS) is advantageously used for such repair operation in comparison with patch repair or gunite. Two compositions of concrete (classical and SCC concretes) and two repair mortars are tested according to a new testing procedure. The penetration of SCC beneath the concrete plate structure but also the adhesion to the old concrete substrate are analysed. The rheology of the material is measured by means of usual tests and rheometer. The different materials have been characterised through physical, chemical and mechanical test program. Two types of applications (vertical and horizontal) are presented and commented. Analysis of the interface between concrete substrate and SCC is given on the base of pull-off test and microscopical observations. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of sunshine/rain cycles on the behaviour of repairing systems
Courard, Luc ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg; Darimont, Anne ULg et al

in Ohama, Y.; Puterman, M. (Eds.) Adhesion between polymers and concrete (1999)

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See detailAnalysis of the resistance to water of the interface between concrete and repairing systems: experimental approach
Courard, Luc ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg; Wiertz, Jean et al

in Concrete under severe conditions 2 (1998)

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See detailThe behaviour of coatings on concrete supports in relation with different forms of water attack
Courard, Luc ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg; Wiertz, Jean

in Concrete under severe conditions 2 (1998)

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See detailInfluence of the composition of the repairing mortars on adherence
Courard, Luc ULg; Wiertz, Jean; Darimont, Anne ULg et al

in Van Gemert, Dionys (Ed.) Proceedings of the VIIIth International Congress on Polymers in Concrete (1995)

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See detailInfluence of the operating conditions and humidity on adherence of repair mortars
Courard, Luc ULg; Wiertz, Jean; Darimont, Anne ULg et al

in Van Gemert, Dionys (Ed.) Proceedings of the VIIIth International Congress on Polymers in Concrete (1995)

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See detailCompatibility between fibers and modified bitumen
Courard, Luc ULg; Rigo, Jean-Marie ULg; Degeimbre, Robert ULg et al

in Rigo, Jean-Marie; Degeimbre, Robert (Eds.) Reflective cracking in pavements - Assessment and control (1989)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)