References of "Darses, Francoise"
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See detailLa graphique de l'intention: Transfert et appropriation d'intentions graphiques en collaboration.
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Darses, Françoise; Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in Interfaces Numériques (2013), 2(2), 489-508

Cet article traite de la passation graphique d'une intention et révèle, par l'intermédiaire d'expérimentations ciblées, quels composants graphiques soutiennent particulièrement bien ou mal cette passation ... [more ▼]

Cet article traite de la passation graphique d'une intention et révèle, par l'intermédiaire d'expérimentations ciblées, quels composants graphiques soutiennent particulièrement bien ou mal cette passation. Les résultats suggèrent d'apporter une attention toute particulière, que l'on soit concepteur-collaborateur ou développeur d'interfaces de soutien à la collaboration distante, aux courbes dites "principales". Celles-ci semblent effectivement être garantes d'une intention graphique potentiellement mieux transmise et mieux capturée - l'essence graphique d'une collaboration distante efficace. [less ▲]

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See detailInvisible computer for collaborative design : evaluation of a multimodal sketch-based environment
Defays, Aurore ULg; Safin, Stéphane ULg; Darses, Françoise et al

in Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation (2012), Supplement 1

In the areas of design, especially in architectural design, collaboration has become an important challenge. The specialization of skills increase, work teams are more and more extensive and the ... [more ▼]

In the areas of design, especially in architectural design, collaboration has become an important challenge. The specialization of skills increase, work teams are more and more extensive and the geographic distance between them increases too. The economic and ecological stakes related to remote collaboration are an evidence. This context involves the need to support most efficiently possible remote working meetings. We present the Distributed Collaborative Digital Studio (DSDC), a tool designed to recreate, in distant situations, the context of copresence meetings. This shared environment is created in the “invisible computer” approach. The idea is that the tool should disappear from user’s consciousness. Indeed, creative design activities require some fluidity in their process. Therefore, any involuntary interruption created by the system can potentially brake creativity. In this perspective, we investigate specifically the “invisibility” of our environment. To do this, we propose a framework for the operationalization of the concept and a methodology to test the system invisibility. This methodology was applied through a case study consisting of a corpus of 12 hours of remote collaborative design sessions with the DSDC. We highlight the learning effects while using our system, conclude on its effectiveness and discuss our methodology. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat do strokes teach us about collaborative design ?
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Darses, Francoise; Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2012), 7467

Understanding collaborative design goes far beyond analyzing group dynamics, tasks allocations or negotiation during decision-making processes. In this paper, we focused on the collaborative sketching ... [more ▼]

Understanding collaborative design goes far beyond analyzing group dynamics, tasks allocations or negotiation during decision-making processes. In this paper, we focused on the collaborative sketching process, during which the intentions of designers are supported by their sketches and by specific strokes.Twelve professional designers attended an experimental design session, where they were asked to express, share, capture or interpret sketches. A qualitative and quantitative fine-grained analysis of strokes teach us (i) how designers tend to deal with representations that are not theirs; (ii) what main graphical key-features constitute the inner nature of the shared information and (iii) how and when can this graphic essence be shared with collaborators. [less ▲]

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See detailINTERPRETATIONS COLLABORATIVES : Usages et implications du Studio Digital Collaboratif en situation de conception architecturale
Lecourtois, Caroline; Ben Rajeb, Samia ULg; Guena, François et al

in Actes de SCAN 2010 : Séminaire de Conception Architecturale Numérique (2010, December)

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See detailQUELLES TRANSFORMATIONS DU TRAVAIL COLLABORATIF ARCHITECTURAL INDUITES PAR L’UTILISATION DU « STUDIO DIGITAL COLLABORATIF » ?
Honigman, Ambre; Mayeur, Anaïs; Darses, Françoise et al

in 45ème Congrès de la Société d’Ergonomie de Langue Française (2010, September)

Cet article présente un pronostic des transformations du travail collaboratif architectural qui pourraient être induites par l’utilisation du Studio Digital Collaboratif (SDC). Ce dispositif permet à ... [more ▼]

Cet article présente un pronostic des transformations du travail collaboratif architectural qui pourraient être induites par l’utilisation du Studio Digital Collaboratif (SDC). Ce dispositif permet à l’architecte de collaborer avec d’autres protagonistes du projet, en dessinant, en annotant et en manipulant des esquisses « à distance » et « en coprésence » à l’aide d’un stylo électronique et d’un bureau digital connecté à internet. Dans le cadre de notre étude, l’environnement SDC a, pour la première fois, été implanté dans un contexte professionnel, à savoir dans un important cabinet d’architecture. En nous basant sur les méthodologies de l’observation et de l’entretien semi-dirigé, nous avons analysé les modes actuels de collaboration à distance en architecture (sans utilisation du SDC), de même que les transformations du travail induites par l’introduction du système. Les résultats ont montré que, malgré une utilisation peu fréquente, le SDC répond à une réelle utilité et présente des avantages certains, différents selon que son utilisation ait lieu en coprésence ou à distance. [less ▲]

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See detailAn Anthropo-based Standpoint on Mediating Objects: Evolution and Extension of Industrial Design Practices.
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Darses, Françoise; Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in Gero, John (Ed.) Design Computing and Cognition '10 (2010)

This paper questions the new uses of design tools and representations in the industrial field. A two months in situ observation of real industrial practices shows (i) how strongly CAD (Computer-Aided ... [more ▼]

This paper questions the new uses of design tools and representations in the industrial field. A two months in situ observation of real industrial practices shows (i) how strongly CAD (Computer-Aided Design) tools are integrated in work practices, in preliminary design phases as well, and (ii) how design actors sometimes deviate this tool from its initial objectives to use it in complement of sketches’ contributions. A multi-layered study built on an anthropo-based approach helps us to deepen the “mediating objects” analysis. It also suggests considering the complementarities of design tools instead of their differences in order to propose another kind of design support tool. [less ▲]

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See detailEvolution des pratiques en conception: une approche ergonomique compréhensive des objets médiateurs
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Darses, Françoise; Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in Proceedings of the Ergonomie et Informatique Avancée Conference (2010)

Cet article examine l’évolution et la modulation des usages des « objets médiateurs » en design industriel depuis l’avènement des outils de CAO (Conception Assistée par Ordinateur). Ces outils ont ... [more ▼]

Cet article examine l’évolution et la modulation des usages des « objets médiateurs » en design industriel depuis l’avènement des outils de CAO (Conception Assistée par Ordinateur). Ces outils ont longtemps été étudiés en regard des avantages et inconvénients que leur utilisation constituait pour le processus de conception, et toujours en comparaison des outils dits « traditionnels » (dessins à main levée, maquettes) [9 ; 5]. L’article suggère d’étudier plutôt ces outils, médiateurs de l’activité de conception, pour leur complémentarité qui apparaît parfois très en amont du processus de conception (dès la phase conceptuelle). Les bases théoriques qui structurent l’ensemble de l’intervention sont présentées et discutées à la lumière de cette suggestion tout comme les principaux résultats d’une intervention in situ, pour une objectivation des nouvelles pratiques « métier ». [less ▲]

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See detailIs there anything to expect from 3D views in sketching support tools ?
Darses, Françoise; Mayeur, Anaïs; Elsen, Catherine ULg et al

in Gero, John S.; Goel, Ashok K. (Eds.) Design Computing and Cognition '08 : Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Design Computing and Cognition. (2008)

This paper describes a research project which aims at studying the ergonomic and cognitive value of EsQUIsE, a freehand design environment for architects. This sketch-based modeling software is ... [more ▼]

This paper describes a research project which aims at studying the ergonomic and cognitive value of EsQUIsE, a freehand design environment for architects. This sketch-based modeling software is implemented on a Tablet PC. The EsQUIsE software provides architects with the possibility to generate automatically 3D views from the freehand drawings. The first part of the paper deals with the usability of such a digital environment for sketching, and especially the use of the drawing areas. The second part of the paper is dedicated to the analysis of how 3D views are generated and used for exploring alternative solutions. Although in interviews architects rate 3D highly, in fact they do not produce a large volume of 3D sketches. Issues about visual and spatial reasoning in design are thus highlighted. Finally, the benefit of such a tool for creativity is questioned. [less ▲]

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