References of "D'Argembeau, Arnaud"
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See detail1 Conjoint influence of mind-wandering and sleepiness on task performance
Stawarczyk, David ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performance (in press)

Recent research suggests that sleepiness and mind-wandering—the experience of thoughts that are both stimulus-independent and task-unrelated—frequently co-occur and are both associated with poorer ... [more ▼]

Recent research suggests that sleepiness and mind-wandering—the experience of thoughts that are both stimulus-independent and task-unrelated—frequently co-occur and are both associated with poorer cognitive functioning. Whether these two phenomena have distinguishable effects on task performance remains unknown, however. To investigate this question, we employed the online experience sampling of mind-wandering episodes and subjective sleepiness during a laboratory task (the Sustained Attention to Response Task; SART), and also assessed mind-wandering frequency and sleep-related disturbances in daily life using self-report questionnaires. The results revealed that the tendency to experience mind-wandering episodes during the SART and daily life was associated with higher levels of daytime sleepiness and sleep-related disturbances. Importantly, however, mind-wandering and sleepiness were independent predictors of SART performance at both the within- and between-individuals levels. These findings demonstrate that, although mind-wandering and sleepiness frequently co-occur, these two phenomena have distinguishable and additive effects on task performance. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of personal goals in future-oriented mental time travel
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Michaelian, K.; Klein, S. B.; Szpunar, K. K. (Eds.) Seeing the future: Theoretical perspectives on future-oriented mental time travel (in press)

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See detailProjecting the self into the future in individuals with schizophrenia: a preliminary cross-sectional study.
Raffard, Stephane; Bortolon, Catherine; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg et al

in Memory (2016), 24(6), 826-837

The ability to project oneself into the future contributes to development and maintenance of a coherent sense of identity. If recent research has revealed that schizophrenia is associated with ... [more ▼]

The ability to project oneself into the future contributes to development and maintenance of a coherent sense of identity. If recent research has revealed that schizophrenia is associated with difficulties envisioning the future, little is known about patients' future self-representations. In this study, 27 participants with schizophrenia and 26 healthy controls were asked to simulate mental representations of plausible and highly significant future events (self-defining future projections, SDFPs) that they anticipate to happen in their personal future. Main results showed that schizophrenia patients had difficulties in reflecting on the broader meaning and implications of imagined future events. In addition, and contrary to our hypothesis, a large majority of SDFPs in schizophrenia patients were positive events, including achievements, relationship, and leisure contents. Interestingly, patients and controls did not differ on the perceived probability that these events will occur in the future. Our results suggest that schizophrenia patients have an exaggerated positive perception of their future selves. Together, these findings lend support to the idea that past and future self-defining representations have both similar and distinct characteristics in schizophrenia. [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-continuity across time in schizophrenia: an exploration of phenomenological and narrative continuity in the past and future
Allé, M. C.; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Schneider, P. et al

in Comprehensive Psychiatry (2016), 69

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See detailProcrastination, consideration of future consequences, and episodic future thinking
Rebetez, Marie My Lien; Barsics, Catherine ULg; Rochat, Lucien et al

in Consciousness & Cognition (2016), 42

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See detailThe role of personal goals in autonoetic experience when imagining future events
Lehner, Edith; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Consciousness & Cognition (2016), 42

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See detailLa pensée future épisodique : entre simulation et contexte autobiographique
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Revue de Neuropsychologie (2016), 8

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See detailNetworks of prospective thoughts: the organisational role of emotion and its impact on well-being
Demblon, Julie ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Cognition & Emotion (2016), 30

Recent research has shown that many prospective thoughts are organised in networks of related events, but the relational dimensions that contribute to the formation of such networks are not fully ... [more ▼]

Recent research has shown that many prospective thoughts are organised in networks of related events, but the relational dimensions that contribute to the formation of such networks are not fully understood. Here, we investigated the organisational role of emotion by using cues of different valence for eliciting event networks. We found that manipulating the emotional valence of cues influenced the characteristics of events within networks, and that members of a network were more similar to each other on affective components than they were to members of other networks. Furthermore, a substantial proportion of events within networks were part of thematic clusters and cluster membership significantly modulated the impact of represented events on current well-being, in part through an intensification of the emotion felt when thinking about these events. These findings demonstrate that emotion contributes to the organisation of future thoughts in networks that can affect people’s well-being. [less ▲]

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See detailNeural correlates of event clusters in past and future thoughts: How the brain integrates specific episodes with autobiographical knowledge
Demblon, Julie ULg; Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in NeuroImage (2016), 127

When remembering the past or envisioning the future, events often come to mind in organized sequences or stories rather than in isolation from one another. The aim of the present fMRI study was to ... [more ▼]

When remembering the past or envisioning the future, events often come to mind in organized sequences or stories rather than in isolation from one another. The aim of the present fMRI study was to investigate the neural correlates of such event clusters. Participants were asked to consider pairs of specific past or future events: in one condition, the two events were part of the same event cluster (i.e., they were thematically and/or causally related to each other), whereas in another condition the two events only shared a surface feature (i.e., their location); a third condition was also included, in which the two events were unrelated to each other. The results showed that the processing of past and future events that were part of a same cluster was associated with higher activation in the medial prefrontal cortex (PFC), rostrolateral PFC, and left lateral temporal and parietal regions, compared to the two other conditions. Furthermore, functional connectivity analyses revealed an increased coupling between these cortical regions. These findings suggest that largely similar processes are involved in organizing events in clusters for the past and the future. The medial and rostrolateral PFC might play a pivotal role in mediating the integration of specific events with conceptual autobiographical knowledge ‘stored’ in more posterior regions. Through this integrative process, this set of brain regions might contribute to the attribution of an overarching meaning to representations of specific past and future events, by contextualizing them with respect to personal goals and general knowledge about one's life story. [less ▲]

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See detailAn ALE meta-analysis on the neural correlates of personal goal processing during episodic future thoughts and mind-wandering
Stawarczyk, David ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2015, May 28)

The ability to project oneself into the future is a multi-determined mental faculty that depends on various cognitive processes supported by an extended set of brain regions. The aim of the present study ... [more ▼]

The ability to project oneself into the future is a multi-determined mental faculty that depends on various cognitive processes supported by an extended set of brain regions. The aim of the present study was to examine a crucial component of future thinking—personal goal processing—and to determine its neural correlates during both experimentally directed mental time travel towards the future and mind-wandering, a form of spontaneous thoughts characterized by a prospective bias towards upcoming events. To address this question, we performed three distinct ALE meta-analyses of brain imaging studies on episodic future thinking, mind-wandering, and personal goal processing. We then examined the commonalities and differences in brain activity between these three areas of research. The results showed that the three domains activated a common set of brain regions within the default network including the posterior inferior parietal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, lateral temporal lobe, and, most notably, the medial prefrontal cortex. Differences in activation were also observed, and the medial prefrontal cortex was more activated during personal goal processing than the other two domains. These findings suggest that the medial prefrontal cortex mediates the processing of personal goals during both episodic future thinking and mind-wandering. [less ▲]

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See detailNeural correlates of personal goal processing during episodic future thinking and mind-wandering: an ALE meta-analysis
Stawarczyk, David ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Human Brain Mapping (2015), 36(8), 2928-2947

The ability to imagine the future is a complex mental faculty that depends on an ensemble of cognitive processes supported by an extended set of brain regions. Our aim here was to shed light on one key ... [more ▼]

The ability to imagine the future is a complex mental faculty that depends on an ensemble of cognitive processes supported by an extended set of brain regions. Our aim here was to shed light on one key component of future thinking—personal goal processing—and to determine its neural correlates during both directed and spontaneous forms of thoughts. To address this question, we performed separate ALE meta-analyses of neuroimaging studies of episodic future thinking, mind-wandering, and personal goal processing, and then investigated the commonalities and differences in brain activity between these three domains. The results showed that the three domains activated a common set of brain regions within the default network and, most notably, the medial prefrontal cortex. This finding suggests that the medial prefrontal cortex mediates the processing of personal goals during both episodic future thinking and mind-wandering. Differences in activation were also observed, and notably regions supporting cognitive control processes (the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex) were recruited to a lesser extent during mind-wandering than experimentally directed future thinking, suggesting that different kinds of self-generated thoughts may recruit varying levels of attentional control abilities. [less ▲]

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See detailLa pensée future épisodique : représentation et fonction.
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2015, March 26)

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See detailThe role of personal goals in episodic future thought
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2015, March 14)

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See detailKnowledge structures involved in episodic future thinking
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Feeney, A.; Thompson, V. A. (Eds.) Reasoning as memory (2015)

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See detailSelf-knowledge
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg

in Toga, A. W. (Ed.) Brain mapping: An encyclopedic reference, Vol. 3 (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (7 ULg)