References of "Coyette, Jean"
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See detailThe Division and Cell Wall Gene Cluster of Enterococcus Hirae S185
Duez, Colette ULg; Thamm, Iris ULg; Sapunaric, Frédéric ULg et al

in DNA Sequence : The Journal of DNA Sequencing & Mapping (1998), 9(3), 149-161

A chromosomal 10355-bp segment of Enterococcus hirae S185 contains nine orfs which occur in the same order as the MraW-, FtsL-, PBP3-, MraY-, MurD-, MurG-, FtsQ-, FtsA- and FtsZ-encoding genes of the ... [more ▼]

A chromosomal 10355-bp segment of Enterococcus hirae S185 contains nine orfs which occur in the same order as the MraW-, FtsL-, PBP3-, MraY-, MurD-, MurG-, FtsQ-, FtsA- and FtsZ-encoding genes of the division and cell wall clusters of Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. The E. hirae DNA segment lacks the genes which in E. coli encode the ligases Ddl, MurC, MurE and MurF and the integral membrane protein FtsW. The encoded E. hirae and E. coli proteins share 25% to 50% identity except FtsL and FtsQ (approximately = 14% identity). [less ▲]

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See detailInstrinct Resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics at the level of the enzyme sites. Many challenges, some achievements
Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Charlier, P.; Coyette, Jean et al

in Wiedemann, B.; Guysen, Jean-Marie; Spitzy, K. H. (Eds.) et al Symposium Mechanisms of resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics : Proceedings (1983)

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See detailThe penicillin-binding proteins in Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790
Coyette, Jean; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg; Fontana, Roberta

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1980), 110(2), 445-456

Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790 possesses seven membrane-bound penicillin-binding proteins. They have been characterized with respect to their apparent molecular weights, relative abundance, specificity ... [more ▼]

Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790 possesses seven membrane-bound penicillin-binding proteins. They have been characterized with respect to their apparent molecular weights, relative abundance, specificity profiles for 15 different beta-lactam antibiotics and stability under various conditions. In water and at 37 degrees C, all the native penicillin-binding proteins have half-lives longer than 20 h except protein 3b (half-life of about 600 min) and protein 4 (half-life of about 175 min). The short-lived 80 000-Mr protein 4 is spontaneously converted into a 73 000-Mr water-soluble, penicillin-binding protein 4. Similarly, the short-lived 82 000-Mr protein 3b seems to be the protein from which the 72 000-Mr water-soluble protein X spontaneously originates during incubation of the membranes. Release of both proteins 4 and X from the membrane is maximal under alkaline conditions; it is not inhibited by various protease inhibitors. After exposure to trypsin, the 43 000-Mr membrane-bound penicillin binding protein 6 (a DD-carboxypeptidase) gives to a 30 000-Mr water-soluble protein 6. Like the parent protein, protein 6 exhibits both DD-carboxypeptidase activity and penicillin-binding ability. With proteins 6 and 6, low dose levels of p-chloromercuribenzoate prevent both enzyme activity and combination with penicillin, thus strongly suggesting that a thiol group is involved in the enzyme active center. We have shown previously [Coyette et al. in Eur. J. Biochem. 88, 297--305 (1978) and 75, 231--239 (1977)] that the DD-carboxypeptidase protein 6 fragments the benzylpenicillin molecule with formation of phenylacetylglycine. Breakdown of the complex formed between [14C]benzylpenicillin and 14 000-Mr membrane-bound protein 1 is also 'enzyme-catalysed'. Most likely, however, the released product is penicilloate. With all the other penicillin-binding proteins whose molecular weights are intermediate between those of proteins 1 and 6, breakdown of the complexes formed with [14C]benzylpenicillin results from proteolysis and is not due to the release of the bound metabolite. None of the penicillin-binding proteins behaves, by itself, as a lethal target for beta-lactam antibiotic action on the living cells. [less ▲]

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See detailPréparation enzymatique de peptides du type (L)meso-diaminopimélyl(L)-D-Ala[14C]: par réactions d'échange entre les peptides correspondants non radioactifs et la D-alanine [14C]
Arminjon, François; Guinand, Micheline; Michel, Georges et al

in Biochimie (1976), 58(10), 1167-1172

Membrane bound LD-transpeptidase of Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790 was used to catalyse transpeptidation reactions between non radioactive peptide donors of the general type: L-Ala-D-Glu (L)meso-A2pm(L ... [more ▼]

Membrane bound LD-transpeptidase of Streptococcus faecalis ATCC 9790 was used to catalyse transpeptidation reactions between non radioactive peptide donors of the general type: L-Ala-D-Glu (L)meso-A2pm(L)-D-Ala and D-(14C) alanine acceptor. The presence of one or two amide residues on the carboxyl groups of glutamic acid and meso-diaminopimelic acid increases the transfer reactions and subsequently the yield in radioactive peptides L-Ala-D-Glu (L)meso-A2pm(L)-D-(14C) Ala. [less ▲]

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See detailSensitivity to ampicillin and cephalothin of enzymes involved in wall peptide crosslinking in Escherichia coli K12, strain 44
Nguyen-Distèche, Martine ULg; Pollock, Jerry J.; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in European Journal of Biochemistry (1974), 41(3), 457-463

After extraction of the membranes of Escherichia coli K12 strain 44 by Brij-36T, each of the four enzyme activities (natural transpeptidase, unnatural transpeptidase, carboxypeptidase and endopeptidase ... [more ▼]

After extraction of the membranes of Escherichia coli K12 strain 44 by Brij-36T, each of the four enzyme activities (natural transpeptidase, unnatural transpeptidase, carboxypeptidase and endopeptidase) of the wall peptide crosslinking system, occurs in two forms characterized by large differences in their sensitivity to ampicillin (but much smaller differences in their sensitivity to cephalothin). The fractionation of the enzyme activities into two groups of low and high sensitivity to ampicillin is achieved essentially by chromatography of the membrane extract on DEAE-cellulose. [less ▲]

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