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See detailControlled synthesis of an ABC miktoarm star-shaped copolymer by sequential ring-opening polymerization of ethylene oxide, benzyl beta-malolactonate, and epsilon-caprolactone
Rieger, Jutta ULg; Coulembier, Olivier; Dubois, Philippe ULg et al

in Macromolecules (2005), 38(26), 10650-10657

This paper reports on the synthesis of an amphiphilic miktoarm ABC star-shaped copolymer, s[(PEO)(PMLABz)(PCL)], consisting of biocompatible/bioresorbable arms. Indeed, PEO is a hydrophilic biocompatible ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on the synthesis of an amphiphilic miktoarm ABC star-shaped copolymer, s[(PEO)(PMLABz)(PCL)], consisting of biocompatible/bioresorbable arms. Indeed, PEO is a hydrophilic biocompatible poly(ethylene oxide) arm, PMLABz is a poly(benzyl beta-malolactonate) arm precursor of a pH-sensitive bioresorbable poly(beta-malic acid) block, and PCL is a hydrophobic bioresorbable poly(epsilon-caprolactone) arm. Each constitutive arm was prepared by ring-opening polymerization. A double-headed PEO macroinitiator [PEO-(OH)-COO-K+] was first prepared by selective hydrolysis of the alpha-lactone (2-oxepanone) end group of PEO chains end-capped by a omega-methoxy group. The anionic polymerization of benzyl beta-malolactonate (MLABz) was selectively initiated by the alpha-potassium carboxylate end group of PEO in the presence of 18-crown-6 ether. The polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) was initiated by the hydroxyl group left at the junction of the two blocks of the as-prepared PEO-b-PMLABz diblock copolymer, in the presence of tin(II) bis(2-ethylhexanoate) (Sn(Oct)(2)). The macroinitiator, the intermediate diblock, and the final miktoarm. star-shaped copolymer were analyzed by H-1 NMR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography. [less ▲]

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