References of "Cossement, Damien"
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See detailStainless steel grafting of hyperbranched polymer brushes with an antibacterial activity: synthesis, characterization and properties
Ignatova, Milena; Voccia, Samuel; Gabriel, Sabine et al

in Langmuir (2009), 25(2), 891-902

Two strategies were used for the preparation of hyperbranched polymer brushes with a high density of functional groups: (a) the cathodic electrografting of stainless steel by poly[2-(2-chloropropionate ... [more ▼]

Two strategies were used for the preparation of hyperbranched polymer brushes with a high density of functional groups: (a) the cathodic electrografting of stainless steel by poly[2-(2-chloropropionate)ethyl acrylate] [poly(cPEA)], which was used as a macroinitiator for the atom transfer radical polymerization of an inimer, 2-(2-bromopropionate)ethyl acrylate in the presence or absence of heptadecafluorodecyl acrylate, (b) the grafting of preformed hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine) onto poly(N-succinimidyl acrylate) previously electrografted onto stainless steel. The hyperbranched polymer, which contained either bromides or amines, was quaternized because the accordingly formed quaternary ammonium or pyridinium groups are known for antibacterial properties. The structure, chemical composition, and morphology of the quaternized and nonquaternized hyperbranched polymer brushes were characterized by ATR-FTIR reflectance, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and atomic force microscopy. The peeling test confirmed that the grafted hyperbranched polymer films adhered much more strongly to stainless steel than the nongrafted solvent-cast films. The quaternized hyperbranched polymer brushes were more effective in preventing both protein adsorption and bacterial adhesion than quaternary ammonium containing poly(cPEA) primary films, more likely because of the higher hydrophilicity and density of cationic groups. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of adherent hydrophilic polypyrrole coatings onto (semi)conducting surfaces
Gabriel, Sabine ULg; Cecius, Michaël ULg; Fleury-Frenette, Karl ULg et al

in Chemistry of Materials (2007), 19(9), 2364-2371

Hydrophilic and adherent polypyrrole coatings were prepared by a two-step electrochemical method. First, alpha-pyrrole, omega-acrylate polyethylene oxide (Py-PEO-A) dual macromonomer was synthesized by ... [more ▼]

Hydrophilic and adherent polypyrrole coatings were prepared by a two-step electrochemical method. First, alpha-pyrrole, omega-acrylate polyethylene oxide (Py-PEO-A) dual macromonomer was synthesized by anionic polymerization and electrografted onto (semi)conducting substrates by cathodic polymerization of the acrylic end-group. The obtained adherent coating is hydrophilic and thus swells in water and bears a pyrrole ring, a precursor of the conducting polymer. In a second step, the coating is anodically polarized in a mixture of Py and Py-PEO to give the hydrophilic and adherent polypyrrole. Properties such as morphology, adherence, electroactivity, and hydrophilicity of these coatings were investigated by conventional methods and compared to those of pure polypyrrole coatings. These novel coatings exhibit efficient protein adsorption repellency and are thus good candidates for applications in biomaterials and biosensors. [less ▲]

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See detailCombination of electrografting and atom-transfer radical polymerization for making the stainless steel surface antibacterial and protein antiadhesive
Ignatova, Miléna; Voccia, Samuel; Gilbert, Bernard ULg et al

in Langmuir (2006), 22(1), 255-262

A two-step "grafting from" method has been successfully carried out, which is based on the electrografting of polyacrylate chains containing an initiator for the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP ... [more ▼]

A two-step "grafting from" method has been successfully carried out, which is based on the electrografting of polyacrylate chains containing an initiator for the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of 2-(tert-butylamino)ethyl methacrylate (TBAEMA) or copolymerization of TBAEMA with either monomethyl ether of poly(ethylene oxide) methacrylate (PEOMA) or acrylic acid (AA) or styrene. The chemisorption of this type of polymer brushes onto stainless steel surfaces has potential in orthopaedic surgery. These films have been characterized by ATR-FTIR, Raman spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and measurement of contact angles of water. The polymer formed in solution by ATRP and that one detached on purpose from the surface have been analyzed by size exclusion chromathography (SEC) and H-1 NMR spectroscopy. The strong adherence of the films onto stainless steel has been assessed by peeling tests. AFM analysis has shown that addition of hydrophilic comonomers to the grafted chains decreases the surface roughness. According to dynamic quartz crystal microbalance experiments, proteins (e.g., fibrinogen) are more effectively repelled whenever copolymer brushes contain neutral hydrophilic (PEOMA) co-units rather than negatively charged groups (PAA salt). Moreover, a 2- to 3-fold decrease in the fibrinogen adsorption is observed when TBAEMA is copolymerized with either PEOMA or AA rather than homopolymerized or copolymerized with styrene. Compared to the bare stainless steel surface, brushes of polyTBAEMA, poly (TBAEMA-co-PEOMA) and poly(TBAEMA-co-AA) decrease the bacteria adhesion by 3 to 4 orders of magnitude as revealed by Gram-positive bacteria S. aureus adhesion tests. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of copolymer brushes endowed with adhesion to stainless steel surfaces and antibacterial properties by controlled nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization
Ignatova, Miléna; Voccia, Samuel; Gilbert, Bernard ULg et al

in Langmuir (2004), 20(24), 10718-10726

Novel copolymer brushes have been synthesized by a two-step "grafting from" method that consists of the electrografting of poly(2-phenyl-2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidin-1-yloxy)-ethylacrylate) onto ... [more ▼]

Novel copolymer brushes have been synthesized by a two-step "grafting from" method that consists of the electrografting of poly(2-phenyl-2-(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-piperidin-1-yloxy)-ethylacrylate) onto stainless steel, followed by the nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization of 2-(dimethylamino ethyl)acrylate and styrene or n-butyl acrylate, initiated from the electrografted polyacrylate chains. The grafted copolymers were quaternized in order to endow them with antibacterial properties. Peeling tests have confirmed the strong adhesion of the grafted copolymer onto the stainless steel substrate. Quartz crystal microbalance experiments have proven that fibrinogen adhesion is lower on the hydrophilic quaternized films compared to the nonionic counterpart. Such quaternized copolymers exhibit significant antibacterial activity against the Gram-positive bacteria S. aureus and the Gram-negative bacteria E. coli. [less ▲]

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