How to manage an isolated elevated PTH?
; CAVALIER, Etienne ;
in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2015), 76(2), 134-141
The aim of this article is to discuss the diagnostic approach of an increased serum PTH concentration in a normocalcemic, normophosphatemicpatient. Detection of this biological presentation is frequent in ... [more ▼]
The aim of this article is to discuss the diagnostic approach of an increased serum PTH concentration in a normocalcemic, normophosphatemicpatient. Detection of this biological presentation is frequent in routine practice all the more that PTH reference values established in vitamin Dreplete subjects with a normal renal function are used by the clinical laboratories. The first step in this diagnostic approach will be to rule out acause of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). Among these, the most frequent are vitamin D deficiency, very low calcium intake, impairedrenal function, malabsorptions, drugs interfering with calcium/bone metabolism, such as lithium salts and antiresorptive osteoporosis therapies,hypercalciuria due to a renal calcium leak. If no cause of SHPT are evidenced, the diagnosis of normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism(PHPT) should be considered. A calcium load test is a very useful tool for this diagnosis if it shows that serum PTH is not sufficiently decreasedwhen calcemia rises frankly above the upper normal limit. In a normocalcemic patient with hypercalciuria and a high serum PTH concentration,a thiazide challenge test may help to differentiate SHPT due to a renal calcium leak from normocalcemic PHPT. Beyond the discussion of thisdiagnostic [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 23 (4 ULg)
Vitamin D and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT)
; ; CAVALIER, Etienne et al
in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2012), 73(3), 165-169
Vitamin D deficiency and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are two common conditions, especially in postmenopausal women. Vitamin D deficiency is said to be even more frequent in PHPT patients than in ... [more ▼]
Vitamin D deficiency and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are two common conditions, especially in postmenopausal women. Vitamin D deficiency is said to be even more frequent in PHPT patients than in the general population due to an accelerated conversion of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) into calcitriol or 24-hydroxylated compounds. Although several studies have reported worsening of PHPT phenotype (larger tumours, higher parathyroid hormone [PTH] levels, more severe bone disease) when vitamin D deficiency coexists whereas vitamin D supplementation in PHPT patients with a serum calcium level less than 3 mmol/L has been shown to be safe (no increase in serum or urinary calcium) and to decrease serum PTH concentration, many physicians are afraid to give vitamin D to already hypercalcemic PHPT patients. It is possible that, in some patients, a persistent vitamin D deficiency induces, in the long-term, an autonomous secretion of PTH (i.e. tertiary hyperparathyroidism). The mechanism by which this could occur is unclear however. Finally, as many, otherwise normal, subjects with vitamin D insufficiency may have an increased serum PTH level we believe that those with vitamin D insufficiency should be excluded from a reference population for serum PTH levels. By doing that, we found that the upper normal limit for serum PTH was 25–30% lower than in the whole population. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 ULg)
When should we measure vitamin D concentration in clinical pratice?
; ; et al
in Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. Supplementum (2012), 72(suppl 243), 129-135
The many recently published data on vitamin D have raised much interest in the medical community. One of the consequences has been a great increase in the prescription of vitamin D concentration ... [more ▼]
The many recently published data on vitamin D have raised much interest in the medical community. One of the consequences has been a great increase in the prescription of vitamin D concentration measurements in clinical practice. It must be reminded that only the measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration is indicated to evaluate vitamin D status. Furthermore, since vitamin D insuffi ciency is so common, since treatment is inexpensive and has a large safety margin, and since we already have much data suggesting that besides its classic effects on bone and mineral metabolism, vitamin D may potentially be helpful for the prevention/management of several diseases, perhaps should it be prescribed to everyone without prior testing? In our opinion, there are however groups of patients in whom estimation of vitamin D status is legitimate and may be recommended. This includes patients in whom a “ reasonably ” evidence-based target concentration (i.e., based on randomized clinical trials when possible) should be achieved and/or maintained such as patients with rickets/osteomalacia, osteoporosis, chronic kidney disease and kidney transplant recipients, malabsorption, primary hyperparathyroidism, granulomatous disease, and those receiving treatments potentially inducing bone loss. Other patients in whom vitamin D concentration may be measured are those with symptoms compatible with a severe vitamin D defi ciency or excess persisting without explanation such as those with diffuse pain, or elderly individuals who fall, or those receiving treatments which modify vitamin D metabolism such as some anti-convulsants. Measurement of Vitamin D concentrations should also be part of any exploration of calcium/phosphorus metabolism which includes measurement of serum calcium, phosphate and PTH. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 51 (10 ULg)
Measurement uncertainty for the analysis of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D: response to Stepman and Thienpont
Cavalier, Etienne ; Delanaye, Pierre ; et al
in Osteoporosis International (2010), 21Detailed reference viewed: 55 (2 ULg)
Measurements of Vitamin D Do Not Necessarily Reflect What You Give to Your Patients
Cavalier, Etienne ; ;
in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2008, September), 23Detailed reference viewed: 33 (3 ULg)
Serum vitamin D measurement may not reflect what you give to your patients.
Cavalier, Etienne ; ; et al
in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2008), 23(11), 1864-5Detailed reference viewed: 59 (7 ULg)
Actualite sur les effets de la vitamine D et l'evaluation du statut vitaminique D.
; ; et al
in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2008), 69(6), 501-10
Knowledge about vitamin D has greatly improved during the last few years. Vitamin D cannot any more be considered as exclusively necessary to prevent ricket/osteomalacia. Its role in the prevention of ... [more ▼]
Knowledge about vitamin D has greatly improved during the last few years. Vitamin D cannot any more be considered as exclusively necessary to prevent ricket/osteomalacia. Its role in the prevention of some osteoporotic fractures in the elderly (in association with calcium nutrition) is now well demonstrated and many epidemiologic and laboratory data argue for a role in the prevention of several diseases or anomalies (cancer, auto-immune diseases, cardiovascular events, sarcopenia...). A few intervention studies confirming some of these effects also exist. Vitamin D status can easily be assessed by measuring serum 25 hydroxy vitamin D (25OHD) level. However, many experts have claimed that the population-based reference values for 25OHD are too low and that the cut-off value below which vitamin D insufficiency can be present is somewhere between 20 and 40ng/mL with a clear tendency to target values above 30ng/mL (75nmol/L). The main consequences are that vitamin D insufficiency is highly frequent whereas the currently recommended supplementation doses are not sufficient. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 518 (8 ULg)
Effects of long-term strontium ranelate treatment on the risk of nonvertebral and vertebral fractures in postmenopausal osteoporosis: Results of a five-year, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.
Reginster, Jean-Yves ; ; et al
in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2008), 58(6), 1687-95
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess the effect of strontium ranelate on nonvertebral and vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis in a 5-year, double-blind, placebo ... [more ▼]
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess the effect of strontium ranelate on nonvertebral and vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis in a 5-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: A total of 5,091 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were randomized to receive either strontium ranelate at 2 gm/day or placebo for 5 years. The main efficacy criterion was the incidence of nonvertebral fractures. In addition, incidence of hip fractures was assessed, by post hoc analysis, in the subset of 1,128 patients who were at high risk of fractures (age 74 years or older with lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density T scores -2.4 or less). The incidence of new vertebral fractures was assessed, using the semiquantitative method described by Genant, in the 3,646 patients in whom spinal radiography (a nonmandatory procedure) was performed during the course of the study. Fracture data were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier survival method. RESULTS: Of the 5,091 patients, 2,714 (53%) completed the study up to 5 years. The risk of nonvertebral fracture was reduced by 15% in the strontium ranelate group compared with the placebo group (relative risk 0.85 [95% confidence interval 0.73-0.99]). The risk of hip fracture was decreased by 43% (relative risk 0.57 [95% confidence interval 0.33-0.97]), and the risk of vertebral fracture was decreased by 24% (relative risk 0.76 [95% CI 0.65-0.88]) in the strontium ranelate group. After 5 years, the safety profile of strontium ranelate remained unchanged compared with the 3-year findings. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis with strontium ranelate results in a sustained reduction in the incidence of osteoporotic nonvertebral fractures, including hip fractures, and vertebral fractures over 5 years. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)