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See detailPhysical education and leisure: What’s the link?
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, June 27)

All around the world, practitioners and researchers point out that people are becoming less and less physically active and adopt more and more sedentary behaviours. Such changes in the Human lifestyle ... [more ▼]

All around the world, practitioners and researchers point out that people are becoming less and less physically active and adopt more and more sedentary behaviours. Such changes in the Human lifestyle could have dramatic consequences as pointed out by the ‘Designed to move’ movement (Morris, 2013). To fight against that irresistible evolution, the need of a multisectorial approach is illustrated by the complexity of the socio-ecological model (Sallis et al., 2006). It underlines the large array of variables that play in the physical activity that someone is able to integrate into his/her life. Nevertheless, school has been identified as one major pillar of the promotion of an active lifestyle (van Sluijs et al., 2007). According to the knowledge and specific competences that they acquire during their studies, physical education (PE) teachers are considered as the potential cornerstones of such action (Tappe & Burgeson, 2004). While it was traditionally focused on the development of the youth’s physical, motor, and social competences of the students, since two decades, PE is increasingly more associated to the preparation of physically educated citizens. It means that what the students learn during their PE lessons should be useful outside the school and for a lifelong term. This concept is become a determining pedagogical principle: the physical literacy (Whitehead, 2013). In parallel, PE teachers are now requested to play a role on the health of their students despite if few evidence confirm that they can be successful in influencing the future behaviours of the children/adolescents to who they teach (Green, 2014). New pedagogical approaches are proposed nowadays in order to increase the effectiveness of the PE teachers’ intervention. This is linked to another pedagogical principle: accountability. Leisure activities enter progressively in the PE curriculum. Students benefit of more experiences that they could operate in their community. This requires more partnerships between school and leisure actors in order to implement original projects. Students must learn to become autonomous and smart decision makers able to identify the way to integrate PA in their leisure. [less ▲]

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See detailImplementing new technologies in PE : The arduous path of a group of teachers
Cloes, Marc ULg; Renier, Damien

Conference (2016, June 11)

Nowadays, adolescents are totally integrated into the digital generation. Tablets, smartphones, and other apps belong to their normal life while most of their teachers sometimes try yet to discover what a ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, adolescents are totally integrated into the digital generation. Tablets, smartphones, and other apps belong to their normal life while most of their teachers sometimes try yet to discover what a computer is. In physical education, several authors showed that new tools can be used during practical lessons in a way to improve the learning environment and motivation of the students. As the videotape recorder in the past, current technologies represent resources that have to be adapted to the teaching strategies and not considered as miraculous tools that will solve all problems. On the other hand, one has to consider that youth are particularly attracted by digital tools that offers a growing range of possibilities to stimulate students’ critical thinking, autonomy, and involvement. This study aimed to help a group of PE teachers to use new technologies in their classes. Considering that his colleagues and he (grades 10-12) were not effective in using new technologies, one PE teacher from a secondary school invited us to propose a series of activities in order to let them identifying a way to take benefit from available ICTs. An interactive process has been implemented in order to put the teachers in the center of their development. A four steps approach was designed: (1) identification of the perceived benefits of ICTs and of the available tools, selection of one objective and one tool (4 teachers/5); (2) organization of a focus group to identify a practical way to use the selected tool (2/3); (3) preparation of a model lesson (3/3); follow up after 6 months (3/3). For several reasons, even if interesting projects of lessons were developed, they did not have been implemented. The study underlines the difficulties that PE teachers can meet when trying to innovate. [less ▲]

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See detailPromote physical activity and reduce ageism across generations: effects of an intergenerational program
Mouton, Alexandre ULg; Heldenbergh, Corentin ULg; Flamion, Allison ULg et al

Conference (2016, June 09)

Introduction From early to later age populations, regular physical activity (PA) could be considered as a key behaviour to struggle against the major health, mental, social and economic issues of the 21st ... [more ▼]

Introduction From early to later age populations, regular physical activity (PA) could be considered as a key behaviour to struggle against the major health, mental, social and economic issues of the 21st century (Rippe & Angelopoulos, 2010). Among PA interventions, international scientific statements recommend an emerging approach targeting specific intergenerational dyads, such as grandparent-grandchild pairs (Marcus et al., 2006). Besides, Ory and colleagues (2003) underlined that intergenerational interactions could also combat aging stereotypes across generations. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of an intergenerational PA program on PA behaviours and aging stereotypes of grandparent-grandchild pairs. Methods Intergenerational grandparent-grandchild pairs were recruited in two Belgian municipalities. Those two groups took part in a three-month intergenerational intervention, adapted from a previous intervention (Mouton, Renier & Cloes, 2015) and including one weekly session of PA. Assessments were performed before (T0), during (process analysis) and after the intervention (T1). Grandparents PA was assessed with the QAPPA and the SF-36 questionnaires and with a battery of physical fitness test (SFT). The UCLA loneliness scale was also administrated to seniors. Grandchildren PA was evaluated with a seven items Likert scale. Relationship quality and ageism stereotypes between generations were assessed using a combination of existing validated instruments. Results and conclusions The intergenerational groups were composed of 14 dyads of grandparent (65±3.2 years)-grandchild (8.8±2.3 years) in one municipality and 6 dyads of grandparent (64±4.5 years)-grandchild (7.7±1.3 years) in the second. By its combination of physical and psychosocial objectives, the results of this study are expected to provide a significant and original contribution to the research field. If intergenerational PA has the potential to reduce ageism, it could pave the way to interdisciplinary interventions among physical education professionals. [less ▲]

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See detailEducation of instructors of a physical activity program for cancer patients and survivors: planning and evaluation of a poster presentation session
Rompen, Jérôme ULg; Korycki, Marta ULg; Ortmans, Sabine et al

Poster (2016, June)

Introduction The Belgian Foundation against Cancer proposes an adapted physical activity (APA) program for cancer patients and survivors, called Raviva (http://www.cancer.be/raviva-bouger-pour-se-sentir ... [more ▼]

Introduction The Belgian Foundation against Cancer proposes an adapted physical activity (APA) program for cancer patients and survivors, called Raviva (http://www.cancer.be/raviva-bouger-pour-se-sentir-mieux).The activities are supervised by instructors with inconstant trainings and experiences. Contrary to other countries, Belgian APA instructors do not necessarily need to follow specific education programs such those proposed by the ACSM (Schmitz et al., 2010).We were involved in the implementation of a specific training day for in-service Raviva instructors. As it is the case in sport coaches’ education (Erickson et al., 2008), interacting with colleagues seemed to be an appropriate method to improve APA instructors’ skills. Therefore, interactive methods were proposed to be used in order to increase the participants’ interest. The aim of this paper was to describe and analyse a poster presentation session as well as to identify good practices. Methods As part of the training day, the poster presentation session consisted to create groups of 4 to 5 persons and to ask them to imagine and share solutions to specific problems linked with psycho-emotional aspects of the instruction process with Raviva groups. Three methods were used to collect the data: interviews of the organizers (n=4), a questionnaire for all trainees (n=35) and participant observation. Results Examples of good practices were listed and exchanged between the participants. All trainees considered that the poster presentation session was interesting and most of them (94%) reported that appropriate themes were discussed. Moreover, 88.2% of the participants mentioned that they were able to share their experiences. Three expressed negative opinions about the organization. These opinions were supported by all organizers as well as by the observation. Conclusions This educational tool seems to be interesting. However, organizers should plan enough time for such activity. Moreover, the time allocation between each part of the session should be better prepared and controlled. [less ▲]

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See detailBrain breaks in the classroom. An example of implementation in Belgium
Cloes, Marc ULg; Cloes, Stéphanie

Conference (2016, May 26)

School is identified as the main pillar of the fight against sedentariness in youth. Several models of active schools have been described in the literature and, under the umbrella of the school policy ... [more ▼]

School is identified as the main pillar of the fight against sedentariness in youth. Several models of active schools have been described in the literature and, under the umbrella of the school policy enhancing physical activity (PA), five main dimensions can be identified (Physical education, Active transportation, Life environment, Sport at school, PA in the classroom). This underlines that, if the PE teacher is considered as the corner stone of the PA promotion at school, (s)he is not alone to create the conditions aiming to permit to the children to reach the PA level recommended daily. Integrating more PA in the classroom seems to be a promising approach for children lifestyle as well as for their overall learning. Worldwide, initiatives are proposed in order to convince classroom teachers to integrate more often PA in their educational activities. Nowadays, it seems determining to share experiences in order to identify good practices and solutions to the current problems that teachers can encountered on the field. The goal of this presentation is to illustrate two concrete examples of projects implemented in primary schools in Wallonia, Belgium. We will describe the teaching context as well as the main findings provided by a systematic data analysis conducted during these experiments. The first study focused on three classes proposing Brain Breaks (BB) videos during a 10 weeks period. The attitude of the pupils and the teaching staff opinions were analyzed. In the second study, varied PA breaks (BB video, games, and video developed by the pupils) were proposed during periods of two to four weeks. Data from participant observation and questionnaires were used. In both studies, findings support the planning of PA during classroom. Even if more controlled research designs would be necessary in order to determine the evidence of the results, we can state that practitioners and children involved in the projects showed really positive reactions about these opportunities to be more active. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse du niveau de connaissance des règles du basket-ball: Comparaison entre différents types d’acteurs sportifs
Dubru, Gilles ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg; Dauby, Lionel et al

Conference (2016, May 20)

Le règlement en basket-ball est très complexe. Il exige beaucoup d’interprétations et une bonne connaissance des nombreuses règles. Leur méconnaissance est considérée comme une origine possible des ... [more ▼]

Le règlement en basket-ball est très complexe. Il exige beaucoup d’interprétations et une bonne connaissance des nombreuses règles. Leur méconnaissance est considérée comme une origine possible des contestations des décisions arbitrales. Il s’avère donc intéressant de déterminer le niveau de maitrise des règles chez les acteurs du basket-ball. Peu de données existent à ce sujet et, parallèlement, très peu de formations sont organisées pour apprendre le règlement. Cette étude a pour objectif d’interroger les différents acteurs de ce sport par rapport à leurs connaissances du règlement, via un questionnaire pratique et rapide validé par des experts. Les résultats de ce travail montrent l’ignorance et la mauvaise interprétation des règles, surtout chez les sujets n’ayant reçu aucune formation spécifique dans la discipline. Ces résultats sont le point de départ d’autres études sur la problématique évoquée. [less ▲]

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See detailVers une ‘école qui bouge’ : identification des initiatives visant à promouvoir l’activité physique dans l’enseignement primaire
Cloes, Marc ULg; Dell'Amico, Vincent; Delfosse, Catherine ULg et al

Poster (2016, May 19)

L’école représente un des piliers essentiels de la promotion de l’activité physique mais il apparaît que nombre d’établissements ne sont pas conscients des actions qu’ils pourraient aisément mettre en ... [more ▼]

L’école représente un des piliers essentiels de la promotion de l’activité physique mais il apparaît que nombre d’établissements ne sont pas conscients des actions qu’ils pourraient aisément mettre en place dans cette perspective. Nous avons conçu un site internet présentant notamment des exemples d’initiatives de promotion d’activité physique et des recommandations pour la santé. Huit écoles primaires en ont reçu une copie et, pendant une période de 5 semaines, ont été invitées à y publier un minimum de 12 initiatives propres. Des contacts réguliers ont été établis entre les chercheurs et les praticiens. L’objet de cette recherche consiste à analyser l’exploitation du site par ces derniers. A la fin de l’étude, 4 écoles déclarent vouloir continuer à exploiter les données du site l’année suivante et 4 ont l’intention de s’inspirer des actions échangées à l’issue de l’expérience. Sept établissements estiment qu’il serait judicieux d’utiliser leur site comme un moyen de propagande. [less ▲]

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See detailElaboration et validation d’un questionnaire sur les règles en basket-ball
Van Hoye, Martin; Cloes, Marc ULg; Dauby, Lionel et al

Conference (2016, May 19)

Le règlement en basket-ball est très complexe. Il exige beaucoup d’interprétations et une bonne connaissance des nombreuses règles. Leur méconnaissance est considérée comme une origine possible des ... [more ▼]

Le règlement en basket-ball est très complexe. Il exige beaucoup d’interprétations et une bonne connaissance des nombreuses règles. Leur méconnaissance est considérée comme une origine possible des contestations des décisions arbitrales. Il s’avère donc intéressant de déterminer le niveau de maitrise des règles chez les acteurs du basket-ball. Pour ce faire, il est nécessaire de disposer d’un outil permettant d’interroger aussi bien les joueurs, les entraineurs, les arbitres que toute autre personne gravitant autour de ce sport. Nous avons dès lors décidé de créer un questionnaire sur base d’interviews réalisées auprès d’experts et de le tester grâce à la collaboration de 18 étudiants en Sciences de la Motricité spécialistes du basket-ball. Tant la participation des experts que les informations collectées lors de l’étude pilote soulignent l’intérêt de l’instrument que nous avons développé (rapidité d’utilisation, clarté, caractère discriminant des réponses). [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de la transition entre l'enseignement secondaire et l'enseignement supérieur chez des sportifs de haut niveau
Theunissen, Catherine ULg; Bolaers, Nathan; Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, May 19)

La transition entre les études secondaires et supérieures représente une période charnière pour les sportifs de haut niveau qui s’engagent dans un double projet de vie, sportif et scolaire. La présente ... [more ▼]

La transition entre les études secondaires et supérieures représente une période charnière pour les sportifs de haut niveau qui s’engagent dans un double projet de vie, sportif et scolaire. La présente étude analyse le ressenti de 103 jeunes, reconnus officiellement par la Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles (Belgique), à propos de cette période critique. Les résultats montrent que 11% ont abandonné leur pratique sportive pour se consacrer à leurs études, 73% pensent que les aménagements sont mieux organisés dans le secondaire que dans le supérieur, avec de fortes disparités en fonction des établissements scolaires. Étonnamment, 43% mentionnent ne pas avoir reçu d’informations concernant les aménagements possibles. Une diminution de 27% du nombre de statuts octroyés après cette année de transition est également observée. Un projet basé sur la continuité des démarches et des aménagements semble nécessaire pour aider ces étudiants-sportifs à mener à bien leur double vie. [less ▲]

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See detailVers une ‘école qui bouge’ : identification des initiatives visant à promouvoir l’activité physique dans l’enseignement primaire
Lombard, Gilles ULg; Dell'Amico, Vincent; Delfosse, Catherine ULg et al

Conference (2016, May 18)

L’école est un pilier majeur de la lutte contre la sédentarité (Guinhouya, 2010). L’objectif de cette étude consiste à identifier les initiatives proposées dans les écoles primaires pour promouvoir ... [more ▼]

L’école est un pilier majeur de la lutte contre la sédentarité (Guinhouya, 2010). L’objectif de cette étude consiste à identifier les initiatives proposées dans les écoles primaires pour promouvoir l’activité physique. Durant 5 semaines, 8 écoles ont accepté de décrire leurs actions en la matière sur un site internet. Au total, 53 articles ont été retenus. Ils ont été classés selon 5 dimensions de l’activité physique en milieu scolaire, inspirées d’une étude précédente (Snyers et al., 2014). Il apparait que la majorité des activités publiées sont des activités physiques et sportives artistiques alors que les déplacements actifs, par exemple, s’avèrent nettement moins bien représentés. Par ailleurs, la place de l’activité physique dans le projet d’établissement est sous-représentée par rapport à ce qui se fait concrètement sur le terrain dans 6 écoles sur 8. Diverses dispositions pourraient être prises pour aider les écoles à multiplier leurs actions en faveur de l’activité physique. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de l'implantation d'une approche de formation interactive à destination des entraîneurs de football
Theunissen, Catherine ULg; Lombard, Gilles ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, May 18)

Les méthodes qui aident à la formation des entraîneurs sont en perpétuelle remise en question. Intéressée par les méthodes interactives diffusées par l’Association Canadienne des Entraîneurs (ACE ... [more ▼]

Les méthodes qui aident à la formation des entraîneurs sont en perpétuelle remise en question. Intéressée par les méthodes interactives diffusées par l’Association Canadienne des Entraîneurs (ACE), l’Association des Clubs Francophones de Football (Belgique) a choisi de tester la mise en place d’une approche similaire au sein de sa formation des cadres. Pour évaluer la pertinence du projet, plusieurs sources de données ont été utilisées : questionnaires pré- et post-formation pour les candidats, interviews et questionnaires de perception de séances pour les formateurs ainsi que des observations de terrain. Les résultats montrent que les formateurs ne semblent pas complètement à l’aise dans leur nouveau rôle de modérateur et délaissent les outils interactifs lorsqu’ils rencontrent un obstacle. De leur côté, les candidats sont séduits par ces nouvelles méthodes et jugent les résultats des travaux de meilleure qualité. Des adaptations concrètes sont proposées pour améliorer le système. [less ▲]

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See detailPhysical activity: an unknown concept
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, April 29)

Physical educators do not have necesseraly good representations about physical activity and sedentariness. During the presentation, participants will be involved in an interactive process aiming to ... [more ▼]

Physical educators do not have necesseraly good representations about physical activity and sedentariness. During the presentation, participants will be involved in an interactive process aiming to underline the main concepts that they should use in order to become effective agents of physical activity promotion. [less ▲]

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See detailIntérêt d’un modèle de compétition adapté aux enfants en athlétisme : le Kid’s Athletics
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg; Wuillaume, Sandrine; Cloes, Marc ULg

Poster (2016, February 27)

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See detailL’enseignement de l’éducation physique en Belgique francophone : une lente transition vers la littératie physique et un ancrage sociétal
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, February 25)

A la fin des années 90’, les autorités en charge de l’Education dans l’actuelle Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles ont attribué à l’éducation physique la mission de développer trois domaines de compétences ... [more ▼]

A la fin des années 90’, les autorités en charge de l’Education dans l’actuelle Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles ont attribué à l’éducation physique la mission de développer trois domaines de compétences (condition physique, habiletés gestuelles, coopération socio-motrice) pour poursuivre en parallèle quatre finalités (santé, sécurité, expression-communication, éducation sportive). Si les textes officiels semblaient encourager le développement d’un cours d’éducation physique où le sport cédait un peu de terrain à l’activité physique au sens large, force est de constater que, dans les faits, les séances sont restées essentiellement construites par rapport à la pratique de disciplines sportives (dont le choix tend par ailleurs à s’élargir et à se diversifier). Depuis quelques années, sous l’impulsion des formateurs d’enseignants, on constate toutefois une modification très progressive des mentalités. De plus en plus d’initiatives sont ainsi mises en place sur le terrain dans la perspective d’amener les élèves à devenir des citoyens responsables … de leur corps tout au long de leur vie. Cette évolution en faveur de la littératie physique s’accompagne par ailleurs de démarches visant à souligner l’ancrage sociétal de la discipline dont l’apport concret doit impérativement être mis en exergue : le cours d’éducation physique qui présente des liens directs avec ce qui se passe en dehors des murs de l’école. Le professeur d’éducation physique est ainsi de plus en plus présenté comme le potentiel coordinateur de la promotion d’un style de vie actif au sein des établissements scolaires. [less ▲]

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See detailVers un nouvel ancrage sociétal du cours d’éducation physique
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, February 24)

Since two decades, a growing number of publications underlines the increase of the sedentariness of the society and, in parallel, that of the number of overweight people. It has been demonstrated that ... [more ▼]

Since two decades, a growing number of publications underlines the increase of the sedentariness of the society and, in parallel, that of the number of overweight people. It has been demonstrated that these evolutions will have negative consequences on the health of the citizen at mid and long terms. School is identified as one of the main pillars of the promotion of a physically active lifestyle. By the competences that they acquire during their studies, physical educaiton teachers are considered as the potential corner stone of actions to be implemented in order to allow youth to become citizen responsible of their body and to learn how to use it longlife. That implies reinforcing application of principles that physical educators know very well but that are not necessary integrated systematically in the professional practice. Beforehand to the action on the gym, it means that specific appraoches of teachers education (pre- and in-service) have to be implemented. The presentation proposes to review the current developments and will emphasize the share of good practices in teaching as well as in teacher education. [less ▲]

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See detailBouger plus: Retour vers le futur
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, February 22)

Bouger plus est un projet visant à encourager la pratique de l'activité physique chez les seniors. Il est né dans le cadre d'une collaboration entre le Service Intervention et Gestion en Activités ... [more ▼]

Bouger plus est un projet visant à encourager la pratique de l'activité physique chez les seniors. Il est né dans le cadre d'une collaboration entre le Service Intervention et Gestion en Activités physiques et sportives de l'Université de Liège, d'une part, la Commune d'Esneux, d'autre part. Après avoir analysé les caractéristiques des habitudes des habitants de la la commune en matière d'activité physique, des interventions ont été implantées auprès d'un public cible particulier: les seniors. Ceux-ci sont considérés comme des personnes de 50 ans et plus. L'exposé retracera les différentes étapes de cette collaboration fructueuse puisque, six ans après le lancement de cette initiative citoyenne, des cycles d'activités sont toujours proposés et rencontrent d'ailleurs toujours plus de succès. Une réflexion sera menée à propos de l'évolution en cours du concept et des options qui se présentent pour la pérennisation de ce projet. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy is it necessary to change the physical activity representations in women?
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2015, December 14)

Various (inter)national organizations and institutions expend a great deal of effort on fighting against the dramatic grow of the sedentariness of the modern society. In consumer magazines as well as in ... [more ▼]

Various (inter)national organizations and institutions expend a great deal of effort on fighting against the dramatic grow of the sedentariness of the modern society. In consumer magazines as well as in prestigious scientific journals, number of publications emphasize the interest that each of us can withdraw from a regular active lifestyle. So, nowadays, in the Western countries, everyone is supposed to know that physical activity is one of the ingredients of a healthy lifestyle. Nevertheless, it is clear that the population seems to paradoxically misunderstand the concept of physical activity. Moreover, in terms of sedentariness, the female audience is considered as particularly at risk and requires specific attention. According to the socioecological models, physical activity behaviors are influenced by a large array of variables belonging to the person itself as well as for its social, built, natural environments, and policies. In parallel, the transtheoretical model of health behavior change emphasizes that a person who changes his/her behavior goes through five stages (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance). Following that theory, the starting point of the change process consists of the awareness of the individual about the behavior. This stage refers to the individual factors linked to psychological, cognitive and emotional aspects (knowledge about PA, expected benefits, motivation, perceived pleasure …) that can be related to the people’s representations about PA. A representation can be defined as a mental phenomenon that corresponds to a more or less conscientious, organized and consistent set of cognitive and affective elements concerning one particular object. The goal of this paper is to underline the interest of the analysis of the representations about PA in a way to understand the reasons of reluctance, motivation and/or blockages demonstrated by individuals - and by women in particular - in their changing process. Study on such topic could become a key aspect in the search for useful tools in the habits transformation. In fact, despite representations’ central role, very few studies focusing on this variable have been published in the literature. This is especially surprising as it was demonstrated that representations about PA have a bigger influence on the lifestyle modification than concrete environmental variables do. When considering representations about PA, we consider five elements: definition, believes about the impacts, knowledge of the recommendations, self-evaluation, and identification of the change strategies). These questions will be the focus of the paper. Data will support and illustrate their legitimacy in the physical activity promotion. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging the representations for an active lifestyle in women
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2015, December 13)

Representations are a key factor in the development of a physically active lifestyle. In women, it is fundamental to verify if there are not wrong represnetations about physical activity because that ... [more ▼]

Representations are a key factor in the development of a physically active lifestyle. In women, it is fundamental to verify if there are not wrong represnetations about physical activity because that could be an important barrier to any change. This workshop will propose several activities aiming to show how it is possible to increase the awareness of people about what is physical activity and how to accept to reach the international recommendations. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparing physically educated citizens in PE Expectations and practices
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2015, December 04)

Since the end of the 80’s, physical education (PE) is a right for any citizen. Nevertheless, this school subject experienced a crisis expressed by a certain marginalization, a reduction of the curriculum ... [more ▼]

Since the end of the 80’s, physical education (PE) is a right for any citizen. Nevertheless, this school subject experienced a crisis expressed by a certain marginalization, a reduction of the curriculum time allocation, some questioning about the subject status, repeated decreases of material, human and financial resources as well as presence of inadequacies in facility and equipment supply, or a low remuneration of teachers. However, since two decades, the growing recognition of the benefits that society could get out one physically active lifestyle for health leads to a shift in the PE priorities. All around the world, PE teachers have to adapt their programs and teaching strategies in order to prepare physically educated citizens. It seems now essential to propose contents that will be more transferable in the out of school life. PE teachers are now expected to be the corner stones of the promotion of a healthy lifestyle that their students should acquire for their whole life. This attractive vision is not well supported by the literature, mainly when considering the long term effects. Reasons of that lack of achievement have been underlined and solutions are now proposed and implemented. Teachers are recommended to be models, update their knowledge, do networking, become project managers, and behave like real professionals. Moreover, they should foster students’ play and pleasure, achievement and learning, movement, interactions, and autonomy. Physical literacy and accountability became two major guiding principles of PE teaching. PE teachers’ education should rely now on pedagogical cases, communities of practice and action researches. A growing number of examples of good practices is available. In parallel, researchers implement studies aiming to analyse the effects of these initiatives. Using technology like computers, video, tablets, Web-based applications … is considered as a promising approach. [less ▲]

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See detailSéance de renforcement musculaire utilisant des objets du quotidien
Dubru, Gilles ULg; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Revue de l'Education Physique (2015), 55(1), 43-56

Les professeurs d’éducation physique proposent régulièrement des leçons portant sur le renforcement musculaire faisant partie des compétences à acquérir par les élèves (domaine de la condition physique ... [more ▼]

Les professeurs d’éducation physique proposent régulièrement des leçons portant sur le renforcement musculaire faisant partie des compétences à acquérir par les élèves (domaine de la condition physique). En revanche, il n'est pas nécessairement fréquent que ces séances visent à expliquer aux élèves comment ils peuvent exploiter ce qu'ils apprennent à l'école lorsqu'ils sont chez eux. Cet article illustre une approche susceptible de combler ce manque. [less ▲]

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