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See detailHPLC-DAD IDENTIFICATION OF SOME FLAVONOIDS FROM THE LEAVES AND AERIAL PARTS OF BRYONIA ALBA L. SPECIES SPONTANEOUS IN THE ROMANIAN FLORA
Ielciu, Irina-Ioana ULg; Păltinean, Ramona; Cieckiewicz, Ewa ULg et al

Poster (2015, October 14)

Bryonia alba L. is a climbing species, spontaneous in the Romanian flora, which can be found throughout the whole country [1]. It is known for its cytotoxic, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory ... [more ▼]

Bryonia alba L. is a climbing species, spontaneous in the Romanian flora, which can be found throughout the whole country [1]. It is known for its cytotoxic, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-rheumatic, laxative-purgative and smooth muscle relaxant proprieties, being used both in traditional medicine and in homeopathy [2]. The main objective of this study consists in the evaluation of the flavonoid profile of this species. The vegetal material was harvested from the spontaneous flora of Cluj county (Romania). The vegetal extracts were obtained by ultrasonication, in methanol. Analysis of flavonoids was performed by a HPLC-DAD method and revealed mainly the presence of C-glycosides, of which saponarine was found as the main compound. Quantification of saponarin was also performed, using the HPLC method, on samples collected at different periods of time. Variation of the quantity of saponarine according to harvested samples was determined. Further analysis are under process in order to investigate the structure of these flavonoids and the pharmacological effects of the Bryonia alba L. plant extracts. References: 1. *** Flora Europea, vol. 2, Cambridge, Univ. Press. Cambridge London-New York Melbourne, 1979, p. 298-299 2. Demarque D, Jouanny J, Poitevin B, Saint Jean Y. Pharmacologie et matière médicale homéopathique, 3ième edition, France, CEDH, 2007. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation and identification of potential antimalarial compounds from endemic plants of Reunion Island
Bordignon, Annélise ULg; Cieckiewicz, Ewa ULg; Jansen, Olivia ULg et al

Poster (2015, July 16)

Malaria is known as the most important parasitic disease around the world with 584 000 malaria deaths worldwide in 2013 [1]. Due to the problem of increased parasite resistance, natural products from ... [more ▼]

Malaria is known as the most important parasitic disease around the world with 584 000 malaria deaths worldwide in 2013 [1]. Due to the problem of increased parasite resistance, natural products from endemic plants of Reunion Island, hot spot of promising biodiversity, could represent an important source of new antimalarial drugs. The aim of this thesis research focuses on the evaluation of potential antiplasmodial activity of medicinal plants from Reunion Island. A global screening of plants extracts from Reunion Island was performed on Plasmodium falciparum 3D7 chloroquine-sensitive strain revealed by colorimetric method as described in previous reports [2]. Monimia rotundifolia was then selected due to its promising in vitro activity against Plasmodium. Bioguided fractionation was realized using Prep HPLC techniques and led to the isolation of aporphine-type alkaloids from Monimia rotundifolia leaves dichloromethane extract. Further investigations are in process to confirm the antiplasmodial activities of these alkaloids and to determine their structures. References: [1] WHO, World Malaria report 2014. [2] Jansen O. et al., Evaluation of 13 selected medicinal plants from Burkina Faso for their antiplasmodial properties. J Ethnopharmacol 2010, 130:143-150. [less ▲]

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See detailSemisynthesis and in Vitro Photodynamic Activity Evaluations of Halogenated and Glycosylated Derivatives of Pheophorbide a
Cieckiewicz, Ewa ULg; Mathieu, Véronique; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in European Journal of Organic Chemistry (2015), 2015(27), 6061--6074

The present work focuses on the semisynthesis of halogenated and glycosylated derivatives of pheophorbide a (Pha). Because of the low reaction yields enocuntered en route to halogenated derivatives, we ... [more ▼]

The present work focuses on the semisynthesis of halogenated and glycosylated derivatives of pheophorbide a (Pha). Because of the low reaction yields enocuntered en route to halogenated derivatives, we then focused only on the semisynthesis of glycosylated derivatives of Pha with the aim at enhancing the Pha specificity for cancer cells by introducing β-galactose moieties expected to bind gal-1. We applied LC-SPE-NMR/MS, to facilitate the direct identification of glycosylated derivatives. The transposition of these analytical methods to a preparative scale facilitated the isolation of glycosylated compounds in quantities sufficient to evaluate in vitro photodynamic efficacies. The in vitro growth inhibitory activity of semisynthesized compounds was then evaluated using the MTT colorimetric assay in the presence and absence of light. However, this pharmacological evaluation method seems to be unable to efficiently yield information about carbohydrate effects in relation to possible compound specificities for gal-1 overexpressed by B16F10 cancer cells. [less ▲]

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See detailAntrocarines A-F, antiplasmodial ergostane steroids from the stem bark of Antrocaryon klaineanum.
Douanla, Pascal D.; Tabopda, Turibio Kuiate; Tchinda, Alembert T. et al

in Phytochemistry (2015), 117

During a study on the chemistry and biological activity of Antrocaryon klaineanum Pierre, six new sterols including 4,24(28)-ergostadiene-6alpha,7alpha-diol (1), 6alpha-methoxy-4,24(28)-ergostadiene ... [more ▼]

During a study on the chemistry and biological activity of Antrocaryon klaineanum Pierre, six new sterols including 4,24(28)-ergostadiene-6alpha,7alpha-diol (1), 6alpha-methoxy-4,24(28)-ergostadiene-7alpha,20S-diol (2), 6alpha-methoxy-4,24(28)-ergostadien-7alpha-ol (3), 20S-hydroxy-24(28)-ergosten-3-one (4), 7alpha-hydroxy-4,24(28)-ergostadien-3-one (5), and 24(28)-ergostene-3beta,6alpha-diol (6) were characterized by physical and spectroscopic means. The known steroids 7 and 8 were also isolated. The crude extract and the isolated compounds were evaluated for their ability to inhibit the 3D7 strain of Plasmodium falciparum. Compounds 2, 3, and 8 showed potent activity while that of the crude extract was moderate. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo new aromadendrane sesquiterpenes from the stem bark of Alafia multiflora
Tchinda Tiabou, Alembert ULg; Tsala, David E.; Nnanga, Nga et al

in Natural Product Communications (2014), 9(12), 1673-1675

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See detailChemical analyses of the seeds from Prunella vulgaris: A chemotaxonomic approach
Paul, Aman ULg; Frederich, Michel ULg; Cieckiewicz, Ewa ULg et al

Poster (2014, April)

Common self-heal (Prunella vulgaris) plants are traditionally sown along the border of crops to enhance the biodiversity. Besides enhancing the biodiversity, they can also be a source of interesting ... [more ▼]

Common self-heal (Prunella vulgaris) plants are traditionally sown along the border of crops to enhance the biodiversity. Besides enhancing the biodiversity, they can also be a source of interesting compounds which could be important for food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. The seeds of Common self-heal were investigated for proteins, fatty acid compositions and polyphenolic compounds. The protein content was analyzed according to Dumas method, the extraction of oil was done using a cold extraction technique employing 2:1 chloroform/methanol as solvent, the fatty acid composition was determined using the gas chromatography and the amount of polyphenolic compounds were estimated using the method as described in European Pharmacopoeia, 8th edition. Common self-heal seeds can be of great commercial importance. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential anticancer activity of young Carpinus betulus leaves
Cieckiewicz, Ewa ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg; Gras, T et al

in Planta Medica (2012, August), 78(11), 1178

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See detailPotential anticancer activity of young Carpinus betulus leaves.
Cieckiewicz, Ewa ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg; Gras, T. et al

in Phytomedicine : International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology (2012), 19(3/4), 278-284

As part of our continuing research for anticancer compounds from the Walloon Region forest, EtOAc extract from Carpinus betulus leaves was phytochemically studied, leading to the bioguided isolation of ... [more ▼]

As part of our continuing research for anticancer compounds from the Walloon Region forest, EtOAc extract from Carpinus betulus leaves was phytochemically studied, leading to the bioguided isolation of pheophorbide a, which is responsible of anticancer properties of C. betulus young leaves. This compound was identified using nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrophotometric data and comparison with a commercial standard. Evaluation of the growth inhibitory activities of pheophorbide a using MTT colorimetric assay and phase-contrast microscopy in various human cancer cell lines confirmed the photoactivable properties of this compound. Our research showed, for the first time, the presence of pheophorbide a, a chlorophyll derived compound, which we quantified in high quantities in young leaves of C. betulus. This is in contrast with the literature which generally describes pheophorbide a as a catabolic product of chlorophyll, then preferentially present in old leaves. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Vitro Anticancer Potential of Tree Extracts from the Walloon Region Forest.
Frederich, Michel ULg; Marcowycz, Aline; Cieckiewicz, Ewa ULg et al

in Planta Medica (2009), 75(15), 1634-1637

Forty-eight extracts from 16 common Belgian trees from the Walloon Region forest were evaluated for IN VITRO growth inhibitory activity against the human LoVo colon cancer, PC3 prostate cancer, and U373 ... [more ▼]

Forty-eight extracts from 16 common Belgian trees from the Walloon Region forest were evaluated for IN VITRO growth inhibitory activity against the human LoVo colon cancer, PC3 prostate cancer, and U373 glioblastoma cell lines. Our study was performed with the aim of selecting plant candidates in order to later isolate new anticancer compounds from an easily affordable tree material. Extracts from ALNUS GLUTINOSA (stem bark), CARPINUS BETULUS (leaves and stem bark), CASTANEA SATIVA (stem bark), FAGUS SYLVATICA (leaves), ILEX AQUIFOLIUM (leaves), LARIX DECIDUA (leaves), QUERCUS PETRAEA (stem bark), and QUERCUS ROBUR (leaves) showed for the first time potent IN VITRO growth inhibitory activity and could become easily affordable sources of potential new anticancer agents. Root extracts from ROBINIA PSEUDOACACIA, already known for containing cytotoxic lectins, also showed interesting activity. [less ▲]

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