References of "Charlet, Jeanne de Chantal"
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See detailEvidence for cross-talk between the LH receptor and LH during implantation in mice
Gridelet, Virginie ULg; Tsampalas, Marie; Berndt, Sarah et al

in Reproduction, Fertility and Development (2013), 25

The present study investigated the first interaction that occurs between the blastocyst and endometrium during implantation. Given the ethical objections to studying implantation in humans, a mouse model ... [more ▼]

The present study investigated the first interaction that occurs between the blastocyst and endometrium during implantation. Given the ethical objections to studying implantation in humans, a mouse model was used to study the dialogue between luteinising hormone (LH) and luteinising hormone receptor (LHCGR). Several studies performed on LHCGR-knockout mice have generated controversy regarding the importance of the dialogue between LH and LHCGR during implantation. There has been no demonstration of a bioactive LH-like signal produced by the murine blastocyst. The first aim of the present study was to examine and quantify, using radioimmunoassay, the generation of a bioactive LH signal by the murine blastocyst. We went on to examine and quantify endometrial Lhcgr expression to validate the mouse model. Expression of LHCGR in mouse uteri was demonstrated using immunohistochemistry and western blot analysis. To quantify the expression of Lh in the mouse blastocyst and Lhcgr in the endometrium, reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real-time quantitative (q) RT-PCR were performed. The results demonstrate that Lhcgr expression in BALB/c mouse endometrial epithelium is increased at the time of implantation and indicate that LHCGR may contribute to the implantation process. In support of this hypothesis, we identified a bioactive LH signal at the time of murine blastocyst implantation. [less ▲]

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See detailDialogue between Blastocyst hCG and Endometrial LH/hCG Receptor: Which Role in Implantation?
PERRIER d'HAUTERIVE, Sophie ULg; Berndt, Sarah ULg; Tsampalas, Marie ULg et al

in Gynecologic & Obstetric Investigation (2007), 64(3), 156-60

The specific interaction of blastocyst-derived human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and endometrial LH/hCG-R constitutes a fundamental component of the molecular dialogue at the materno-fetal interface ... [more ▼]

The specific interaction of blastocyst-derived human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and endometrial LH/hCG-R constitutes a fundamental component of the molecular dialogue at the materno-fetal interface. From our observations and studies from other groups, hCG was indeed shown to play a significant role in implantation and tolerance of the embryo, decidual differentiation and remodeling, as well as in placentation. The profile pattern of LH/hCG-R expression by endometrial epithelium correlates with the theoretical timing of the implantation window. Studies are currently being conducted in assisted medical procreation and in an animal model of implantation to establish the index of LH/hCG-R expression as a new biomarker of uterine receptivity for embryo implantation. [less ▲]

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See detailDu nouveau à l'interface materno-foetale: rôle du couple hCG/récepteur LH-hCG dans l'implantation embryonnaire
PERRIER d'HAUTERIVE, Sophie ULg; Charlet, Jeanne de Chantal ULg; Dubois, Michel ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2006), 61(10), 705-12

Implantation of the embryo into the maternal endometrium represents a unique biological process, combining an immunological (tolerance of an allograft) and biological (adhesion of two epitheliums) paradox ... [more ▼]

Implantation of the embryo into the maternal endometrium represents a unique biological process, combining an immunological (tolerance of an allograft) and biological (adhesion of two epitheliums) paradox. The success of implantation depends on a receptive endometrium, a functionally normal blastocyst and a synchronized cross-talk between embryonic and maternal tissues. Though sexual steroids control the process, a cascade of growth factors or cytokines are the prime paracrine mediators of the dialogue at the maternal-embryonic interface. HCG is one of the molecules most precociously produced by the embryo and is the most specific marker of its presence. HCG is a luteotropic factor which relays the inadequate support provided by the reduced rates of LH, but also influences the pregnancy on a paracrine mode by a local action on implantation process, probably by interacting with its receptor, the LH/hCG-R that we have evidenced on endometrial epithelium. We demonstrate that embryo actively participate into its implantation, tolerance and placentation. [less ▲]

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See detailHuman chorionic gonadotropin and growth factors at the embryonic-endometrial interface control leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) secretion by human endometrial epithelium
PERRIER d'HAUTERIVE, Sophie ULg; Charlet, Jeanne de Chantal ULg; Berndt, Sarah ULg et al

in Human Reproduction (2004), 19(11), 2633-2643

BACKGROUND: The elucidation of the molecular mechanisms by which the embryo contributes to its implantation is an area of extensive research. The main objective of this study was to investigate the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The elucidation of the molecular mechanisms by which the embryo contributes to its implantation is an area of extensive research. The main objective of this study was to investigate the pattern of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion by human endometrial epithelium, and their regulation by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and other growth factors present at the embryonic-endometrial interface. METHODS: Endometrial epithelial cells (EEC) were isolated from biopsies collected at both proliferative and secretory phases of fertile women. RESULTS: HCG (1-50 IU/ml) increased LIF secretion by EEC cultures derived from follicular phase (up to 285+/-75%) or from secretory phase (up to 212+/-16%). In contrast, hCG reduced IL-6 secretion by EEC in both phases. The hCG/LH receptor gene was transcribed by EEC as evidenced by RT-PCR. Insulin-like growth factors 1 and 2 increased LIF secretion by EEC. Transforming growth factor beta1 stimulated LIF and reduced IL-6 secretion. CONCLUSIONS: Through hCG, the blastocyst may be involved in the control of its implantation (via an increase of proimplantatory LIF) and tolerance (via an inhibition of proinflammatory IL-6). Other growth factors present at the embryonic-endometrial interface are also involved in the control of LIF and IL-6 endometrial secretion. [less ▲]

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See detailLa fenetre implantatoire
Perrier D'Hauterive, Sophie ULg; Charlet, Jeanne de Chantal ULg; Goffin, Frédéric ULg et al

in Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction (2002), 31(5), 440-55

BACKGROUND: Embryo implantation is a complex event involving apposition followed by adhesion of the blastocyst to the maternal endometrium, and finally invasion of this endometrium. Though implantation ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Embryo implantation is a complex event involving apposition followed by adhesion of the blastocyst to the maternal endometrium, and finally invasion of this endometrium. Though implantation could occur in any human tissue, the endometrium is the only tissue where embryo implantation cannot occur except during a restricted period called the implantation window. During this window, the endometrium is highly receptive to the embryo. MATERIAL: and methods. We reviewed the literature concerning the different factors involved in improved endometrial receptivity and implantation. RESULTS: Maternal - embryo crosstalk is favored by the implantation window. Endometrial receptivity results from the acquisition of ligands or receptors facilitating apposition, then adhesion of the embryo, or from the loss of components preventing it. The molecular basis of the implantation window remains to be defined. CONCLUSION: Despite progress in assisted reproduction technologies, the lack of control of implantation remains a major obstacle to successful pregnancy. It is of prime importance to determine the characteristic features of a receptive endometrium and, among the many markers proposed by in vitro studies, to analyze in humans those demonstrated by knock-out experiments to play a crucial role in mice. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of neurotensin-related peptides in human thymic epithelial cell membranes and relationship with MHC class I molecules
Vanneste, Yves; Ntodou-Thomé, Agnès; Vandersmissen, Eric et al

in Journal of Neuroimmunology (1997), 76

This study shows the expression at the cell surface of human thymic epithelial cells (TEC) of a neurotensin (NT)-like immunoreactivity. NT radio-immunoassay (RIA) revealed that cultured human TEC contain ... [more ▼]

This study shows the expression at the cell surface of human thymic epithelial cells (TEC) of a neurotensin (NT)-like immunoreactivity. NT radio-immunoassay (RIA) revealed that cultured human TEC contain ± 5 ng immunoreactive (ir) NT/106 cells, of which 5% is associated with plasma cell membranes. HPLC analysis of NT-ir present in human TEC showed a major peak of NT-ir corresponding to NT1–13. NT-ir was not detected in the supernatant of human TEC cultures. Using an affinity column prepared with a anti-MHC class I monoclonal antibody, NT-ir-related peptides were retained on the column and eluted together with MHC class I-related proteins. According to the elution time on HPLC of these peptides, they correspond to intact NT1–13, as well as to smaller fragments of NT1–13. [less ▲]

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