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See detailOptimization of the liquid chromatography enantioseparation of chiral acidic compounds using cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) as chiral selector and polar organic mobile phases.
Dossou, K. S. S.; Farcas, Elena ULg; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2012), 1234

The LC enantioseparation of chiral acidic and zwitterionic drugs selected as model compounds was optimized using chlorine containing cellulose based chiral stationary phases and polar organic mobile ... [more ▼]

The LC enantioseparation of chiral acidic and zwitterionic drugs selected as model compounds was optimized using chlorine containing cellulose based chiral stationary phases and polar organic mobile phases. The main solvent of the mobile phase was acetonitrile, the temperature was settled at 25 degrees C and a stationary phase with cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) as chiral selector (3-Cl-4-Me-PC) was selected. In the screening step, the nature and concentration of both acidic and basic additives were found to have a significant effect on retention, selectivity and resolution. Acetic acid (AcA) was selected as acidic additive for the optimization step since it could lead to the enantioseparation of more acidic compounds than trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) and formic acid (FA), while among the three basic additives tested, diethylamine (DEA) most often gave better results with respect to enantioresolution and selectivity than butylamine (BuA) and triethylamine (TEA). The optimization was performed using a central composite face-centered design with two factors, namely the concentration of acetic acid (0.1-0.3%) and the concentration of DEA (0.01-0.1%) in the mobile phase. On the basis of the results obtained in the screening and optimization steps, a strategy for the rapid development of methods for the enantioseparation of acidic or neutral compounds was proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of enantiomeric purity of S-amlodipine by chiral LC with emphasis on reversal of enantiomer elution order.
Dossou, Katina Sourou Sylvestre ULg; Edorh, P. A.; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Journal of Separation Science (2011), 34

An LC method was developed and prevalidated for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-amlodipine in polar organic solvent chromatography using a chlorine-containing cellulose-based chiral stationary ... [more ▼]

An LC method was developed and prevalidated for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-amlodipine in polar organic solvent chromatography using a chlorine-containing cellulose-based chiral stationary phase (CSP). The concentration of formic acid (FA) (0.01-0.2%) in the mobile phase containing acetonitrile as the main solvent was found to influence the elution order of amlodipine enantiomers as well as the enantioresolution. A reversal of the enantiomer elution order of amlodipine was only observed with chiral stationary phases with both electron-withdrawing (chloro) and electron-donating groups (methyl) on the phenyl moieties of the chiral selector, namely cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) and cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate). The highest enantioresolution (R(s) : 4.1) value was obtained at the lowest FA concentration (0.01%) using cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) as the chiral selector and the enantiomeric impurity, R-amlodipine, eluted first under these conditions. Therefore, the mobile phase selected for the prevalidation of the method consisted of ACN/0.1% DEA/0.01% FA and the temperature was set at 25 degrees C. The method was prevalidated by means of the strategy based on the total measurement error and the accuracy profile. The method was found to be selective and the limit of quantification was found to be about 0.05% for R-amlodipine, while the limit of detection was close to 0.02%. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of enantioseparation techniques on the development and use of chiral drugs - Preface
Chankvetadze, B.; Crommen, Jacques ULg

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2002), 27(3-4), 355-355

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