References of "Chai, Yoke Chin"
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See detailA computational model for cell/ECM growth on 3D surfaces using the level set method: a bone tissue engineering case study
Guyot, Yann ULg; papantoniou, Ioannis; Chai, Yoke Chin et al

in Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology (2014)

Three dimensional (3D) open porous scaffolds are commonly used in tissue engineering (TE) applications to provide an initial template for cell attachment and subsequent cell growth and construct ... [more ▼]

Three dimensional (3D) open porous scaffolds are commonly used in tissue engineering (TE) applications to provide an initial template for cell attachment and subsequent cell growth and construct development. The macroscopic geometry of the scaffold is key in determining the kinetics of cell growth and thus in vitro ‘tissue’ formation. In this study we developed a computational framework based on the level set methodology to predict curvature-dependent growth of the cell/extracellular matrix domain within TE constructs. Scaffolds with various geometries (hexagonal, square, triangular) and pore sizes (500 and 1000 µm) were produced in house by additive manufacturing, seeded with human periosteum-derived cells and cultured under static conditions for 14 days. Using the projected tissue area as an output measure, the comparison between the experimental and the numerical results demonstrated a good qualitative and quantitative behavior of the framework. The model in its current form is able to provide important spatio-temporal information on final shape and speed of pore-filling of tissue engineered constructs by cells and extracellular matrix during static culture. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo ectopic bone formation by devitalized mineralized stem cell carriers produced under mineralizing culture condition.
Chai, Yoke Chin; Geris, Liesbet ULg; Bolander, Johanna et al

in BioResearch open access (2014), 3(6), 265-77

Functionalization of tissue engineering scaffolds with in vitro-generated bone-like extracellular matrix (ECM) represents an effective biomimetic approach to promote osteogenic differentiation of stem ... [more ▼]

Functionalization of tissue engineering scaffolds with in vitro-generated bone-like extracellular matrix (ECM) represents an effective biomimetic approach to promote osteogenic differentiation of stem cells in vitro. However, the bone-forming capacity of these constructs (seeded with or without cells) is so far not apparent. In this study, we aimed at developing a mineralizing culture condition to biofunctionalize three-dimensional (3D) porous scaffolds with highly mineralized ECM in order to produce devitalized, osteoinductive mineralized carriers for human periosteal-derived progenitors (hPDCs). For this, three medium formulations [i.e., growth medium only (BM1), with ascorbic acid (BM2), and with ascorbic acid and dexamethasone (BM3)] supplemented with calcium (Ca(2+)) and phosphate (PO4 (3-)) ions simultaneously as mineralizing source were investigated. The results showed that, besides the significant impacts on enhancing cell proliferation (the highest in BM3 condition), the formulated mineralizing media differentially regulated the osteochondro-related gene markers in a medium-dependent manner (e.g., significant upregulation of BMP2, bone sialoprotein, osteocalcin, and Wnt5a in BM2 condition). This has resulted in distinguished cell populations that were identifiable by specific gene signatures as demonstrated by the principle component analysis. Through devitalization, mineralized carriers with apatite crystal structures unique to each medium condition (by X-ray diffraction and SEM analysis) were obtained. Quantitatively, BM3 condition produced carriers with the highest mineral and collagen contents as well as human-specific VEGF proteins, followed by BM2 and BM1 conditions. Encouragingly, all mineralized carriers (after reseeded with hPDCs) induced bone formation after 8 weeks of subcutaneous implantation in nude mice models, with BM2-carriers inducing the highest bone volume, and the lowest in the BM3 condition (as quantitated by nano-computed tomography [nano-CT]). Histological analysis revealed different bone formation patterns, either bone ossicles containing bone marrow surrounding the scaffold struts (in BM2) or bone apposition directly on the struts' surface (in BM1 and BM3). In conclusion, we have presented experimental data on the feasibility to produce devitalized osteoinductive mineralized carriers by functionalizing 3D porous scaffolds with an in vitro cell-made mineralized matrix under the mineralizing culture conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing local Ca2+ concentrations in calcium phosphate scaffolds by computational modelling
Manhas, Varun ULg; Guyot, Yann ULg; Chai, Yoke Chin et al

Poster (2013, October 24)

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See detailModeling cell/matrix growth in three dimensional scaffolds under dynamic culture conditions
Guyot, Yann ULg; Papantoniou, Ioannis; Chai, Yoke Chin et al

Conference (2013, October)

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See detailA MODEL FOR CELL/MATRIX GROWTH ON 3D SURFACES: A COUPLING OF LEVEL SET METHOD AND BRINKMAN EQUATION
Guyot, Yann ULg; Papantoniou, Ioannis; Chai, Yoke Chin et al

Conference (2013, September 11)

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See detailMULTIPHYSICS MODELING OF CELL/MATRIX GROWTH ON 3D STRUCTURES.
Guyot, Yann ULg; Papantoniou, Ioannis; Chai, Yoke Chin et al

Conference (2013, August 26)

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See detailA MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR CELL/MATRIX GROWTH ON 3D SURFACES USING THE LEVEL SET METHOD.
Guyot, Yann ULg; Papantoniou, Ioannis; Chai, Yoke Chin et al

Conference (2013, April 03)

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See detailIn vitro and in vivo comparative study of material properties crucial for reverse engineering of calcium phosphate scaffolds
Chai, Yoke Chin; Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Bertels, Jeroen et al

Conference (2013)

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See detailMathematical Level-Set Modelling of Cell Growth on 3D Surfaces
Guyot, Yann ULg; Papatoniou, Ioannis; Chai, Yoke Chin et al

Poster (2012, September)

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See detailEctopic bone formation by 3D porous calcium phosphate-Ti6Al4V hybrids produced by perfusion electrodeposition.
Chai, Yoke Chin; Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Roberts, Scott J. et al

in Biomaterials (2012), 33(16), 4044-58

Successful clinical repair of non-healing skeletal defects requires the use of bone substitutes with robust bone inductivity and excellent biomechanical stability. Thus, three-dimensionally functionalised ... [more ▼]

Successful clinical repair of non-healing skeletal defects requires the use of bone substitutes with robust bone inductivity and excellent biomechanical stability. Thus, three-dimensionally functionalised porous calcium phosphate-Ti6Al4V (CaP-Ti) hybrids were produced by perfusion electrodeposition, and the in vitro and in vivo biological performances were evaluated using human periosteum derived cells (hPDCs). By applying various current densities at the optimised deposition conditions, CaP coatings with sub-micrometer to nano-scale porous crystalline structures and different ion dissolution kinetics were deposited on the porous Ti6Al4V scaffolds. These distinctive physicochemical properties caused a significant impact on in vitro proliferation, osteogenic differentiation, and matrix mineralisation of hPDCs. This includes a potential role of hPDCs in mediating osteoclastogenesis for the resorption of CaP coatings, as indicated by a significant down-regulation of osteoprotegerin (OPG) gene expression and by the histological observation of abundant multi-nucleated giant cells near to the coatings. By subcutaneous implantation, the produced hybrids induced ectopic bone formation, which was highly dependent on the physicochemical properties of the CaP coating (including the Ca(2+) dissolution kinetics and coating surface topography), in a cell density-dependent manner. This study provided further insight on stem cell-CaP biomaterial interactions, and the feasibility to produced bone reparative units that are predictively osteoinductive in vivo by perfusion electrodeposition technology. [less ▲]

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See detailCalcium phosphate scaffolds customizations for bone tissue engineering applications
Carlier, Aurélie ULg; Chai, Yoke Chin; Theys, Tina et al

Poster (2011, November 18)

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See detailAn integrative model based approach to optimize calcium phosphate scaffold-stem cell combinations
Carlier, Aurélie ULg; Chai, Yoke Chin; Theys, Tina et al

Poster (2011, June 07)

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See detailOptimization of calcium phosphate scaffold-cell combinations using an integrative model based approach
Carlier, Aurélie ULg; Chai, Yoke Chin; Theys, Tina et al

in International Conference on Tissue Engineering (ECCOMAS) - proceedings (2011, June 03)

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See detailThe use of micro-CT to correlate in-vitro cell behaviour with the surface roughness of Ti6Al4V scaffolds for tissue engineering
Pyka, Grzegorz; Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Chai, Yoke Chin et al

in Abstract book SkyScan User Meeting 2011 (2011)

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See detailComputational modelling of calcium mediated bone regeneration
Carlier, Aurélie ULg; Chai, Yoke Chin; Theys, Tina et al

Poster (2010, November 26)

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See detailA mathematical model of calcium ion influence on the activity of osteogenic cells
Carlier, Aurélie ULg; Chai, Yoke Chin; Theys, Tina et al

Poster (2010, November 19)

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