References of "Capella, Quentin"
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See detailAphid honeydew: An arrestant and a contact kairomone for Episyrphus balteatus (Diptera: Syrphidae) larvae and adults
Leroy, Pascal; Almohamad, Raki; Attia, Sabrine et al

in European Journal of Entomology (2014), 111(2), 237-242

Predator searching efficiency increases in response to a variety of environmental cues associated with its prey. The sugary excretion of aphids (honeydew) has been found to act as a prey-associated cue ... [more ▼]

Predator searching efficiency increases in response to a variety of environmental cues associated with its prey. The sugary excretion of aphids (honeydew) has been found to act as a prey-associated cue for many aphid natural enemies. In the present study, the honeydew excreted by Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) was identified as an arrestant and a contact kairomone for young larvae and adults of a common predatory hoverfly, Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer) (Diptera: Syrphidae). First and second instar larvae increased their foraging behaviour in the honeydew-treated area. When plants were sprayed with crude honeydew, the speed of movement of female E. balteatus was significantly higher than in controls, resulting in a longer period of time spent on treated plants and laying eggs. We conclude that the honeydew excreted by A. pisum induces searching behaviour and acts as and arrestant not only for adults but also for young E. balteatus larvae. [less ▲]

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See detailA semiochemical enhancing the attractiveness of aphidophagous predators in potato crops
Leroy, Pascal ULg; Vandereycken, Axel ULg; Sabri, Ahmed ULg et al

Poster (2011, May 24)

Aphids are major pests of crops worldwide and the use of pesticides has led to resistant populations. The integration of aphid natural enemies in integrated management programs could be an option, but ... [more ▼]

Aphids are major pests of crops worldwide and the use of pesticides has led to resistant populations. The integration of aphid natural enemies in integrated management programs could be an option, but their efficacy is often limited by their quick dispersal from the ecosystem where they are released. Here, using wind-tunnel and field experiments, we have demonstrated that 3-Methyl-2-butenal acts as an efficient attractant and ovipositional stimulant for the hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer) (Diptera: Syrphidae), enhancing its efficiency as biological control agent in crop fields. Wind-tunnel assays allowed determining that a minimal dose of 250 µg of 3-Methyl-2-butenal is required to attract the hoverflies over a distance of 2.5 m while a minimal dose of 500 µg is needed to induce the oviposition. Both attraction and oviposition increased proportionally to the tested doses showing that hoverflies are able to regulate their oviposition according to the chemical stimuli from their environment. In field experiments, both Syrphidae and Chrysopidae were strongly attracted by the 3-Methyl-2-butenal at a dose of 10 mg which also induces the oviposition of these two aphid predators in potato crops. This study also highlighted that hoverflies are the most abundant aphid predators found in natural environment. Against aphids, the use of this semiochemical could certainly enhance the efficiency of natural enemies. Furthermore, the use of the chemical cue 3-Methyl-2-butenal could provide a novel approach to control aphids in field and greenhouse systems. [less ▲]

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See detailAphid-host plant interactions: Does aphid honeydew exactly reflect the host plant amino acid composition?
Leroy, Pascal ULg; Wathelet, Bernard ULg; Sabri, Ahmed ULg et al

in Arthropod-Plant Interactions (2011), 5

Plants provide aphids with unbalanced and low concentrations of amino acids. Likely, intracellular symbionts improve the aphid nutrition by participating to the synthesis of essential amino acids. To ... [more ▼]

Plants provide aphids with unbalanced and low concentrations of amino acids. Likely, intracellular symbionts improve the aphid nutrition by participating to the synthesis of essential amino acids. To compare the aphid amino acid uptakes from the host plant and the aphids amino acid excretion into the honeydew, host plant exudates (phloem + xylem) from infested and uninfested Vicia faba L. plants were compared to the honeydew produced by two aphid species (Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris and Megoura viciae Buckton) feeding on V. faba. Our results show that an aphid infestation modifies the amino acid composition of the infested broad bean plant since the global concentration of amino acids significantly increased into the host plant in response to aphid infestations. Specifically, the concentrations of two amino acids glutamine and asparagine were strongly enhanced. The amino acid profiles from honeydews were similar for the two aphid species, but the concentrations found into the honeydews were generally lower than those measured in the exudates of infested plants (aphids uptakes). This work also highlights that aphids take large amounts of amino acids into the host plant, especially glutamine and asparagine which are converted into glutamic and aspartic acids but also into other essential amino acids. The amino acid profiles differed between the host plant exudates and the aphid excretion product. Finally, this study highlights that the pea aphid - a “specialist” for the V. faba host plant - induced more important modifications into the host plant amino acid composition than the “generalist” aphid M. viciae. [less ▲]

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See detailAn introduction device for the aphidophagous hoverfly Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer) (Diptera: Syrphidae)
Leroy, Pascal ULg; Verheggen, François ULg; Capella, Quentin et al

in Biological Control (2010), 54(3), 181-188

Augmentative biocontrol constitutes a safe option to reduce pest populations through the enhancement of natural enemies’ activity. In this context, the aphidophagous syrphid Episyrphus baltetaus (De Geer ... [more ▼]

Augmentative biocontrol constitutes a safe option to reduce pest populations through the enhancement of natural enemies’ activity. In this context, the aphidophagous syrphid Episyrphus baltetaus (De Geer) (Diptera: Syrphidae) is a promising candidate for aphid biological control: larvae of this syrphid attack and consume a wide range of aphid species and are found on many vegetable crops. Because natural populations of beneficial insects are not always sufficient to regulate the pest infestations, this work has focused on the conception of a biological control device containing syrphid eggs which ones can easily be introduced in fields or greenhouses. Using semiochemicals [E-(β)-farnesene, R-(+)-limonene and (Z)-3-hexenol], honeydews and “artificial honeydews” (10% or 30% aqueous solutions of sucrose, fructose and glucose), the syrphid oviposition was artificially induced on an inert surface. Specifically, E-(β)-farnesene and concentrated mono-sugars (30%) were identified as the most efficient ovipositional stimulants. To test and validate the biological control device described above, laboratory and field experiments were performed: a plastic lamella covered with syrphid eggs was suspended on aphid infested plants in order to measure the efficiency of the device. The results obtained were promising since populations of 500 aphids were eliminated in ten days when 15 syrphid eggs were introduced. The use of such a biological control device could certainly contribute to the biological control to reduce the aphid infestations. [less ▲]

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See detailBiological control using Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer) (Diptera: Syrphidae)
Leroy, Pascal ULg; Verheggen, François ULg; Capella, Quentin et al

Poster (2010, May 18)

Augmentative biocontrol constitutes a safe way to reduce pest populations through the enhancement of natural enemies’ activity. In this context, the aphidophagous syrphid Episyrphus baltetaus (De Geer ... [more ▼]

Augmentative biocontrol constitutes a safe way to reduce pest populations through the enhancement of natural enemies’ activity. In this context, the aphidophagous syrphid Episyrphus baltetaus (De Geer) (Diptera: Syrphidae) is a promising candidate for aphid biological control: larvae of this syrphid attack and consume a wide range of aphid species and are found on many vegetable crops. Because natural populations of beneficials are not always sufficient to regulate the pest infestations, this work has focused on the conception of a biological control device containing syrphid eggs which can easily be introduced in fields or greenhouses. Using semiochemicals [E-(β)-farnesene, R-(+)-limonene and (Z)-3-hexenol], honeydews and “artificial honeydews” (10% or 30% aqueous solutions of sucrose, fructose and glucose), the syrphid oviposition was artificially induced on an inert surface. To test and validate the biological control device described above, laboratory and field experiments were performed: a plastic lamella covered with syrphid eggs was suspended on aphid infested plants in order to measure the efficiency of the device. The results obtained were promising since populations of 500 aphids were eliminated in ten days when 15 syrphid eggs were introduced. The use of such a biological control device could certainly contribute to aphid biological control strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailL’impact du miellat de puceron au niveau des relations tritrophiques entre les plantes-hôtes, les insectes ravageurs et leurs ennemis naturels
Leroy, Pascal ULg; Capella, Quentin; Haubruge, Eric ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2009), 13(2), 325-334

Tritrophic relations between plants, phytophagous insects and beneficials are based on the presence of chemical cues in the environment. In this context, honeydew (the aphid excretory product), rich in ... [more ▼]

Tritrophic relations between plants, phytophagous insects and beneficials are based on the presence of chemical cues in the environment. In this context, honeydew (the aphid excretory product), rich in sugars and amino-acids, constitutes a nutritional resource for beneficials but also acts as a volatile and a contact kairomone. On one hand, honeydew volatile chemicals cues guide beneficials to a food source, hosts or preys but also stimulate particular behaviors : searching, preys/hosts locations and attacks. On the other hand, a contact with honeydew induces the oviposition especially for syrphids (Episyrphus balteatus, …). The use of an artificial honeydew could be a way for enhancing the biological control efficiency in fields by increasing the number of beneficials but also the predation and parasitic rates. [less ▲]

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See detailPerception of aphid infested tomato plant volatiles by the predator Episyrphus balteatus
Verheggen, François ULg; Arnaud, Ludovic; Capella, Quentin et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailPerception of aphid infested tomato plant volatiles by the predator Episyrphus balteatus
Verheggen, François ULg; Arnaud, Ludovic; Capella, Quentin et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2005)

In a tritrophic interaction including tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller), the herbivore Myzus persicae (Sulzer) and the predator Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer), the perception of the tomato ... [more ▼]

In a tritrophic interaction including tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentum Miller), the herbivore Myzus persicae (Sulzer) and the predator Episyrphus balteatus (De Geer), the perception of the tomato plants produced volatile organic compounds (VOC) by Episyrphus balteatus is investigated. In a first step, an odour sampling device has been set up aiming the headspace collection of the tomato plant VOC and their adsorption on Tenax adsorbent cartridges (Supelco®). Following desorption is held using a thermodesorption injector (Gerstel®) coupled with GC-MS. Intact and aphid infested plants are studied for their VOC emissions, as well as the comparison of the VOC emission of different tomato cultivars. These VOC consist mainly in mono- and sesquiterpenes (such as - and -pinene ; -humulene ; …) as well as in C6-volatiles like hexenal in case of infestation by herbivores Once the tomato plants VOC identified and quantified, they are tested for their perception by Episyrphus balteatus using electroantennography (EAG). Accordingly, an EAG device has been installed and configured for the study of VOC using Diptera antennas. The monoterpenes limonene and linalool showed high EAG activity whereas other terpenes like cymene seem to be inactive. [less ▲]

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