References of "Cambier, Carole"
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See detailCan beta2-adrenoceptor agonists, anticholinergic drugs, and theophylline contribute to the control of pulmonary inflammation and emphysema in COPD?
Zhang, Wen-Hui; Zhang, Yong; Cui, Yong-Yao et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2012), 26(1), 118-134

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a global epidemic disease with an increased morbidity and mortality in the world. Inflammatory process progresses and contributes to irreversible ... [more ▼]

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has become a global epidemic disease with an increased morbidity and mortality in the world. Inflammatory process progresses and contributes to irreversible airflow limitation. However, there is no available therapy to better control the inflammatory progression and therefore to reduce the exacerbations and mortality. Thus, the development of efficient anti-inflammatory therapies is a priority for patients with COPD. beta(2) -Adrenoceptor agonists and anticholinergic agents are widely used as first line drugs in management of COPD because of their efficient bronchodilator properties. At present, many studies in vitro and some data obtained in laboratory animals reveal the potential anti-inflammatory effects of these bronchodilators but their protective role against chronic inflammation and the development of emphysema in patients with COPD remains to be investigated. The anti-inflammatory effects of theophylline at low doses have also been identified. Beneficial interactions between glucocorticoids and bronchodilators have been reported, and signaling pathways explaining these synergistic effects begin to be understood, especially for theophylline. Recent data demonstrating interactions between anticholinergics with beta(2) -adrenoceptor agonists aiming to better control the pulmonary inflammation and the development of emphysema in animal models of COPD justify the priority to investigate the interactive effects of a tritherapy associating corticoids with the two main categories of bronchodilators. [less ▲]

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See detailSystematic review of efficacy of nutraceuticals to alleviate clinical signs of osteoarthritis.
Vandeweerd, Jean-Michel ULg; Coisnon, C.; Clegg, P. et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2012), 26(3), 448-56

BACKGROUND: Various treatments of osteoarthritis (OA) have been described, including use of nutraceuticals. OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the literature about the effects of nutraceuticals on ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Various treatments of osteoarthritis (OA) have been described, including use of nutraceuticals. OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the literature about the effects of nutraceuticals on clinical signs of pain or abnormal locomotion in horses, dogs, and cats, and to discuss methodological aspects of trials and systematic reviews. METHODS: A systematic search of controlled trials evaluating the impact of nutraceuticals on OA in horses, dogs, and cats was performed, using Medline, CAB Abstracts, and Google Scholar. Scientific evidence was evaluated by means of criteria proposed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and a scoring system adapted from both the CONsolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement and recommendations for assessing trials by the Center of Evidence Based Medicine of Oxford. RESULTS: Twenty-two papers were selected and reviewed, with 5 studies performed in horses, 16 in dogs, and 1 in cats. The strength of evidence was low for all nutraceuticals except for omega-3 fatty acid in dogs. There were limited numbers of rigorous randomized controlled trials and of participants in clinical trials. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: The evidence of efficacy of nutraceuticals is poor, with the exception of diets supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids in dogs. Greater access to systematic reviews must be part of the objectives of the veterinary science in the future. Their reporting would be improved by internationally agreed-upon criteria for standards and guidelines. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding veterinary practitioners' decision-making process: implications for veterinary medical education
Vandeweerd, Jean-Michel ULg; Vandeweerd, Solene; Gustin, Catherine et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medical Education (2012), 39(2), 142-151

Understanding how veterinary practitioners make clinical decisions, and how they use scientific information to inform their decisions, is important to optimize animal care, client satisfaction, and ... [more ▼]

Understanding how veterinary practitioners make clinical decisions, and how they use scientific information to inform their decisions, is important to optimize animal care, client satisfaction, and veterinary education. We aimed to develop an understanding of private practitioners' process of decision making. On the basis of a grounded-theory qualitative approach, we conducted a telephone survey and semi-structured face-to-face interviews. We identified a decision-making framework consisting of two possible processes to make decisions, five steps in the management of a clinical case, and three influencing factors. To inform their decision, veterinary surgeons rarely take the evidence-based medicine (EBM) approach. They consult first-opinion colleagues, specialists, laboratories, and the Internet rather than scientific databases and peer-reviewed literature, mainly because of limited time. Most interviewees suggested the development of educational interventions to better develop decision-making skills in veterinary schools. Adequate information and EBM tools are needed to optimize the time spent in query and assessment of scientific information, and practitioners need to be trained in their use. [less ▲]

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See detailUsefulness of a Vancomycin pretreatment when challenging chickens in order to evaluate anti-Salmonella preparations
Marcq, Christopher ULg; Cambier, Carole ULg; Thewis, André ULg et al

in Ceylan, Necmettin; Ciftci, Ibrahim; Adabi, Shahram (Eds.) 18th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition: Proceedings (2011, October)

For many years, Salmonella infection models have been developed in chickens with the aim to study the effects of prophylactic or therapeutic measures on the colonization of the gut. However, although the ... [more ▼]

For many years, Salmonella infection models have been developed in chickens with the aim to study the effects of prophylactic or therapeutic measures on the colonization of the gut. However, although the literature includes numerous challenge models, few studies investigated the infection rates among the inoculated population. We have implemented an antibiotic pretreatment of the chickens (vancomycin hydrochloride, 25 mg/bird) as an infection promoter. Indeed, vancomycin affects the normal gut microflora and releases sites for Salmonella at the intestinal epithelium. Two experiments were undertaken and a presence/absence cloacal swab method was used to evaluate cecal colonization. In the first experiment, birds were orally inoculated with Salmonella Typhimurium at 21 days of age. Three inoculum doses (3 × 103, 3 × 106, 3 × 109 cfu/bird) and an uninfected control were compared according to whether or not vancomycin had been used. Higher levels of Salmonella colonization (more than 70 %) were achieved in the gut by pretreating birds with vancomycin before inoculation (P < 0.05). In the second experiment, chicks were inoculated at 7 days of age with 108 cfu/bird after a vancomycin pretreatment, leading to an infection rate of 87.5 %. In conclusion, vancomycin promotes efficiently the percentage of colonized birds in the challenged population, with either young animals or olders. [less ▲]

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See detailProphylactic effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and luteolin on airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation in cats with experimentally-induced asthma.
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Cambier, Carole ULg; Chandler, T. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2010)

The aim of this study was to assess the preventive effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega3 PUFA) and luteolin supplementation on allergen-induced inflammation in eight Ascaris suum (AS ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to assess the preventive effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega3 PUFA) and luteolin supplementation on allergen-induced inflammation in eight Ascaris suum (AS)-sensitised cats. Airway responsiveness (AR) tests were performed and venous blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) collected before and following a single (AS-stimulated) allergen exposure, as well as at the end of a 4-week treatment period, which was followed by a second AS-challenge. The omega6/omega3 fatty acid ratio in erythrocyte membranes, BALF cytology, AR to carbachol, and BALF lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)), an endogenous inhibitor of inflammation, were assessed at each time point. Compared to respective unstimulated values, AS-challenged cats exhibited a significant rise in BALF eosinophil percentage and there was a trend to increased BALF total cell counts, increased AR and reduced BALF LXA(4) concentrations. The significant decrease in the blood omega6/omega3 ratio seen after supplementation demonstrated that omega3 PUFA were efficiently absorbed. No changes in BALF cytology were found between untreated and treated AS-stimulated cats, but BALF LXA(4) levels were significantly elevated and AR significantly decreased following supplement intake. The study suggests that omega3-luteolin supplementation may have some beneficial effects on AR through a LXA(4)-dependent pathway in cats with experimentally-induced asthma. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional response to inhaled salbutamol and/or ipratropium bromide in Ascaris suum-sensitised cats with allergen-induced bronchospasms
Leemans, Jérôme; Kirschvink, N.; Clercx, Cécile ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2010)

Knowledge about the use of inhaled bronchodilators in cats with so-called 'feline asthma' is limited and relies on the experience of clinicians treating these patients. A randomised controlled four-way ... [more ▼]

Knowledge about the use of inhaled bronchodilators in cats with so-called 'feline asthma' is limited and relies on the experience of clinicians treating these patients. A randomised controlled four-way crossover study was therefore designed to compare the effects of salbutamol (SAL, 100 μg), ipratropium bromide (IB, 20 μg) and a combination of both (SAL/IB, 100 μg/20 μg), delivered through a pressurised metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) connected to a spacing chamber, on allergen-induced bronchospasms in five Ascaris suum (AS)-sensitised cats. Four AS bronchial provocation challenges were carried out at 1 week intervals, followed by one of four treatment protocols: SAL, IB, SAL/IB or control (untreated). Enhanced pause (Penh), an estimator of airflow limitation measured by barometric whole-body plethysmography, was repeatedly assessed within 120 min following the administration of each treatment protocol. Responses to inhaled medications were evaluated by calculating the area under the time-response curves (AUC) from 0 to 60 or 120 min after drug administration (AUC(0-60), AUC(0-120)), as well as the times required for half-recovery (T(50%)) or for returning to nearly basal conditions (T(20%)). No significant differences were found among the four study groups, with reference to the mean AUC(0-60), T(20%) and T(50%) values of Penh (P>0.05). Mean AUC(0-120) values of Penh were similar between the bronchodilators tested, but were significantly lower than those in the untreated group. It was concluded that inhalation of SAL, IB and SAL/IB via pMDI failed to improve most Penh-derived parameters, which suggested that these bronchodilators were of limited efficacy in reversing allergen-induced bronchospasm in cats. However, further studies using a larger number of animals are warranted to investigate if different drugs or delivery devices or higher dosages may be more effective [less ▲]

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See detailPenetration of enrofloxacin into the nasal secretions and relationship between nasal secretions and plasma enrofloxacin concentrations after intramuscular administration in healthy pigs
Bimazubute, M.; Cambier, Carole ULg; Baert, K. et al

in Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2010), 33(2), 183-188

The pharmacokinetic behaviour of enrofloxacin (ENRO) in plasma and nasal secretions of healthy pigs was investigated, after a single-dose intramuscular administration of 2.5 mg/kg body weight of the drug ... [more ▼]

The pharmacokinetic behaviour of enrofloxacin (ENRO) in plasma and nasal secretions of healthy pigs was investigated, after a single-dose intramuscular administration of 2.5 mg/kg body weight of the drug. Blood samples and nasal secretions were collected at predetermined times after drug administration. Concentrations of ENRO and its active metabolite ciprofloxacin (CIPRO) were determined in plasma and nasal secretions by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). CIPRO was not detected probably because we investigated young weaned pigs. The data collected in 12 pigs for ENRO were subjected to noncompartmental analysis. In plasma, the maximum concentration of drug (C-max), the time at which this maximum concentration of drug (T-max) was reached, the elimination half-life (t(beta)(1/2)) and the area under the concentration vs. time curve (AUC) were, respectively, 694.7 ng/mL, 1.0 h, 9.3 h and 8903.2 ng h/mL. In nasal secretions, Cmax, Tmax, t(beta)(1/2) and AUC were, respectively, 871.4 ng/mL, 2.0 h, 12.5 h and 11 198.5 ng.h/mL. In a second experiment conducted in 10 piglets, the relationship between concentrations of ENRO measured in the plasma and the nasal secretions has been determined following single-dose intramuscular administration of 2.5, 10 or 20 mg/kg body weight of the drug. It has been demonstrated that, among several variables, i.e., (1) the dose administered, (2) the time between intramuscular injection and blood sampling, (3) the age, (4) the sex, (5) the animal body weight and (6) the plasma concentration of the drug, only the latter influenced significantly the ENRO concentration in nasal secretions. Practically, using a generalized linear mixed model, ENRO concentrations in the nasal secretions (mu g/mL) can be predicted taking into account the ENRO concentrations in plasma (mu g/mL), according to the following equation: ENROnasal secretion 1.94 ENROplasma - 0.24. [less ▲]

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See detailA pilot study comparing the antispasmodic effects of inhaled salmeterol, salbutamol and ipratropium bromide using different aerosoldevices on muscarinic bronchoconstriction in healthy cats
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Kirschvink, Nathalie; Bernaerts, Frederique ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2009), 180

This study compared the duration and magnitude of the antispasmodic effects of salmeterol SLM), salbutamol (SAL), ipratropium bromide (IB) and the combination of SAL and IB (SAL/IB) against carbachol ... [more ▼]

This study compared the duration and magnitude of the antispasmodic effects of salmeterol SLM), salbutamol (SAL), ipratropium bromide (IB) and the combination of SAL and IB (SAL/IB) against carbachol-induced bronchoconstriction in healthy cats, and investigated the gain in efficacy using a two or fourfold increase in drug dosages. The drug regimens used were: (1) LM 25 lg, SAL 100 lg, IB 20 lg and SAL/IB 100 lg/20 lg for bronchodilators delivered by a metered-dose inhaler (MDI); (2) SAL 3.75 mg and IB 62.5 lg for nebulised (NEB) medications. To monitor the bronchodilator effect, airway responsiveness was assessed at different time points using barometric whole-body plethysmography and calculation of the concentration of inhaled carbachol inducing a 300% increase of baseline Penh (enhanced pause), an estimator of airflow limitation Maximum C-Penh300 was recorded 15 min after NEB SAL, IB MDI, NEB IB and 1 h after SAL MDI and 4 h after SLM MDI, respectively. C-Penh300 was significantly different from control values (without treatment) up to 24 h for SLM MDI, 8 h for IB MDI and 4 h for other drugs. In terms of efficacy, SAL/IB MDI showed a synergistic antispasmodic effect at 15 min, 4 h and 8 h after administration. A fourfold increase of the initial dose of IB MDI and NEB IB significantly increased C-Penh300. Despite a fourfold dose increase, SLM displayed the weakest degree of bronchoprotection compared to other bronchodilators. The study provides evidence that inhaled bronchodilators are efficient at preventing muscarinic-induced bronchospasm in healthy cats and that SAL and IB appear to be short-acting bronchodilators in contrast to SLM. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Effect of Colic on Oxygen Extraction in Horses
Cambier, Carole ULg; Wierinckx, Maude ULg; Grulke, Sigrid ULg et al

in Veterinary Journal (2008), 175(1), 102-107

Blood oxygen transport and oxygen extraction were assessed in horses with colic. A gravity score (GS) ranging from 1 to 3 was attributed to each colic case with healthy horses used as controls. Jugular ... [more ▼]

Blood oxygen transport and oxygen extraction were assessed in horses with colic. A gravity score (GS) ranging from 1 to 3 was attributed to each colic case with healthy horses used as controls. Jugular venous and carotid arterial blood samples were collected and concentrations of 2,3-diphosphoglycerate, adenosine triphosphate, inorganic phosphate and chloride were determined. pH and partial pressures of carbon dioxide (PCO(2)), and oxygen (PO(2)) were also measured. Oxygen equilibrium curves (OEC) were constructed under standard conditions and oxygen extraction ratios calculated. Haemoglobin oxygen affinity measured under standard conditions (P50(std)) was unchanged in colic horses compared with healthy controls. Horses with the highest GS, i.e. 3 had lower blood pH values than healthy animals. Arterial and venous partial pressures of oxygen at 50% haemoglobin saturation (P50(a) and P50(v)) were significantly higher in horses suffering from colic (GS=3) than in healthy horses. The oxygen extraction ratio was also significantly increased in colic horses with a GS of 3. A rise in the oxygen extraction ratio detected in the most severely affected animals seemed to reflect the compensatory properties of the oxygen transport system where extraction of oxygen from the blood increases when systemic oxygen delivery decreases, as might be anticipated in horses with colic. [less ▲]

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See detailClinical and functional responses to inhaled albuterol, ipratropium bromide and combination of both in ascaris suum-sensitized cats with allergen-induced bronchospasm
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Kirschvink, N.; Cambier, Carole ULg et al

in Proceedings: 26th Annual Symposium of the Veterinary and Comparative Respiratory Society (2008)

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See detailOral and inhaled corticosteroïds decreased eosinophilic airway inflammation and bronchial reactivity in ascaris suum-sensitized and challenged cats
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Kirschvink, N.; Cambier, Carole ULg et al

in Proceedings: 26th Annual Symposium of the Veterinary and Comparative Respiratory Society (2008)

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See detailDietary supplementation with an omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and luteolin combination in cats
Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Cambier, Carole ULg; Chandler, T. et al

in Proceedings: 26th Annual Symposium of the Veterinary and Comparative Respiratory Society (2008)

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See detailEffect of exercise and training on oxygen transport in healthy standardbred horses
Kirschvink, Nathalie; Cambier, Carole ULg; de Moffarts, Brieuc et al

in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine (2007), 21

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See detailInhaled fluticasone reduces bronchial responsiveness and airway inflammation in cats with mild chronic bronchitis
Kirschvink, N; Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Delvaux, François et al

in Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery (2006), 8(1), 45-54

This study investigated the effect of inhaled fluticasone on lower airway inflammation and bronchial responsiveness (BR) to inhaled carbachol in cats with very mild, chronic bronchitis (n = 5) that were ... [more ▼]

This study investigated the effect of inhaled fluticasone on lower airway inflammation and bronchial responsiveness (BR) to inhaled carbachol in cats with very mild, chronic bronchitis (n = 5) that were compared with healthy cats serving as controls (n = 6). Chest radiographs, BR tests performed non-invasively by barometric whole body plethysmography (BWBP) and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were performed before and after treatment. BR was quantified by calculating the concentration of carbachol inducing bronchoconstriction (C-Penh300%), defined as a 300% increase of baseline Penh, an index of bronchoconstriction obtained by BWBP. BAL fluid was analyzed cytologically and the oxidant marker 8-iso-PGF2α was determined. At test 1, healthy cats and cats with bronchitis were untreated, whereas for test 2 inhalant fluticasone (250 μg once daily) was administrated for 2 consecutive weeks to cats with bronchitis. Control cats remained untreated. Inhaled fluticasone induced a significant increase in C-Penh300% and a significant decrease of BAL fluid total cells, macrophages, neutrophils and 8-iso-PGF2α in cats with bronchitis, whilst untreated control cats did not show significant changes over time. This study shows that a 2-week fluticasone treatment significantly reduced lower airway inflammation in very mild bronchitis. BR could be successfully monitored in cats using BWPB and decreased significantly in response to inhaled fluticasone. 8-Iso-PGF2α in BAL fluid was responsive to treatment and appeared as a sensitive biomarker of lower airway inflammation in cats. [less ▲]

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See detailTolerance study in broiler chickens after the oral administration of doxycycline with the drinking water
Cambier, Carole ULg; Marlier, Didier ULg; De Busser, J

in Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics (2006)

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See detailEfficacy of ceftiofur and flunixin in the early treatment of bronchopneumonia in weaners
Halloy, D. J.; Cambier, Carole ULg; Gustin, Pascal ULg

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2006), 158(9), 291-296

Three groups of five pigs were inoculated intratracheally with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharides, and 24 hours later with 10 x 10(9) colony-forming units of a non-toxigenic strain of Pasteurella ... [more ▼]

Three groups of five pigs were inoculated intratracheally with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharides, and 24 hours later with 10 x 10(9) colony-forming units of a non-toxigenic strain of Pasteurella multocida type A; a fourth group was left uninoculated as controls. The three inoculated groups received either no treatment (positive controls), or were treated with 3 mg/kg ceftiofur intramuscularly once a day for five consecutive days, either alone or combined with 2 mg/kg flunixin intramuscularly once a day for three consecutive days. The sustained coughing and hyperthermia recorded in the positive controls disappeared after two days and three days of treatments, respectively, in the treated animals, and the reductions in daily weight gain and changes in breathing pattern observed in the controls were not observed in the treated animals. There were no significant differences between the pigs treated with ceftiofur alone or ceftiofur combined with flunixin. In the positive controls, the number of inflammatory cells in samples of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid continued to increase up to 15 days after inoculation, whereas in the treated animals there were similar increases at six days but the numbers had decreased to baseline levels after 15 days. Similarly, in the treated animals the volume of the lung lesions was significantly less than in the control animals, but the inclusion of flunixin in the treatment regimen had no significant additional effect [less ▲]

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See detailBlood-oxygen binding in healthy Standardbred horses
Cambier, Carole ULg; Di Passio, N.; Clerbaux, T. et al

in Veterinary Journal (2005), 169(2), 251-256

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of regulating factors on the oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) under standard conditions and then to calculate the oxygen extraction between arterial and ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of regulating factors on the oxygen equilibrium curve (OEC) under standard conditions and then to calculate the oxygen extraction between arterial and jugular venous blood in healthy Standardbred horses. The results were compared to those previously obtained in humans and cattle, using the same experimental method. The partial oxygen pressure at 50% saturation of haemoglobin, measured under standard conditions (standard P50), was 24.8 +/- 2.0 (SD of mean) mm Hg. This value was similar to the cattle standard P50 (25.0 +/- 1.4 mm Hg, SD of mean) but lower than the human standard P50 (26.6 +/- 1.2 mmHg, SD of mean) previously reported using the same experimental method. The effects of regulating factors on the standard OEC were also determined, and a major effect of pH and temperature was noted. In contrast, partial carbon dioxide pressure played only a minor role in horses, compared to cattle and humans. No significant correlation was found between phosphate and chloride concentrations and standard P50. (c) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of intravenous infusions of sodium bicarbonate on blood oxygen binding in calves with diarrhoea
Cambier, Carole ULg; Clerbaux, Thierry; Detry, Bruno et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (2005), 156(22), 706-710

Twelve diarrhoeic calves were treated intravenously with an isotonic solution containing sodium bicarbonate, and their oxygen equilibrium curves (OECs) were calculated under standard conditions and ... [more ▼]

Twelve diarrhoeic calves were treated intravenously with an isotonic solution containing sodium bicarbonate, and their oxygen equilibrium curves (OECs) were calculated under standard conditions and compared with those of a group of healthy calves. The relationships between the OECs for arterial and venous blood and the oxygen extraction ratio were investigated. in the diarrhoeic calves, the affinity of haemoglobin for oxygen, measured under standard conditions, was increased compared with the healthy animals. During the infusion, the standard partial oxygen pressure at 50 per cent saturation of haemoglobin (P50) values stayed below the values recorded in the healthy animals. At the end of the infusion the mean standard P50 of the diarrhoeic calves was lower than before the infusion. The combined effects of all the regulating factors on blood oxygen binding resulted in the OECS of the arterial and jugular venous blood of the diarrhoeic calves remaining unchanged compared with the healthy calves. However, the administration of the infusion decreased the P50 of both the arterial and venous blood to below the value recorded in the healthy calves. oxygen extraction by the tissues was impaired in the diarrhoeic calves throughout the infusion, and they remained dehydrated and depressed until 120 minutes after the infusion began [less ▲]

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