References of "Cabaraux, Jean-François"
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See detailProceedings of the 3rd FARAH-Day 2016
Bayrou, Calixte ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Delguste, Catherine ULg et al

Book published by Presses de la Faculté de Médecine vétérinaire de l'Université de Liège (2016)

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See detailEvaluation of chemical composition of 6 available by-products in the North of Morocco
El Otmani, Samira ULg; Ayadi, Mohamed; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 12th International Conference on Goats (2016, September)

In the northern region of Morocco, goat breeding is the dominant activity of farmers. This livestock plays a major economic role in the contribution of more than 70% of household income. His diet is based ... [more ▼]

In the northern region of Morocco, goat breeding is the dominant activity of farmers. This livestock plays a major economic role in the contribution of more than 70% of household income. His diet is based essentially on forest rangelands characterized by a variable feed offer. Therefore, it is necessary to diversify and improve its feed calendar to reduce overgrazing and increase livestock productivity. This work aims to characterize the chemical composition of agricultural by-products to be introduced in the diet of goat herd. The studied by-products was residues of watermelon, melon, zucchini, tomato, sunflower and peanut. These samples were collected in the different places in the region of the north of Morocco. In the laboratory, they were dried in oven at 60°C and subsequently ground and sieved to 1 mm diameter. The studied composition parameters were dry matter, ash, total nitrogen and fat. The chemical composition of these samples was determined by the methods of AOAC (1997). The means and the standard error of means were calculated using SAS software. From results, dry matter of by-products varies from 16.4% in watermelon residues and 96.7% in sunflower residues. The sunflower residues has a low mineral content of 3% while the melon residue contains 26.5% of mineral matter. The nitrogenous matter ranges from 2.6% in sunflower residue to 19.5% in watermelon residues. The highest fat content was recorded in melon residues (5.1%). Sunflower residue is lower in fat (1.4%). In conclusion, sunflower and peanut residues drier than the other by-products and contain less mineral matter, fat and nitrogenous matter. These by-products represent a free feed that can take their place in feed calendar in the northern region of Morocco for the goat population. However, to introduce them in the diet, it is necessary to evaluate their nutritional values. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the method and the period of oil extraction on chemical composition of olive cake in northern of Morocco
El Otmani, Samira ULg; Ayadi, Mohamed; Chentouf, Mouad et al

in Bayrou, Calixte; Cabaraux, Jean-François; Delguste, Catherine (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the 3rd FARAH Day (2016)

In the northern of Morocco, goat population is the most dominant. His diet is based on forest rangelands. Therefore, it is necessary to diversify and improve its feed calendar. Olive cake is by-product of ... [more ▼]

In the northern of Morocco, goat population is the most dominant. His diet is based on forest rangelands. Therefore, it is necessary to diversify and improve its feed calendar. Olive cake is by-product of oil extraction that widely available in the region with important production. It can be a feed resource of ruminant. This resource is produced by three methods and for limited period. This work aims to determine the effect of different oil extraction method and period on the chemical composition of olive cake in northern of Morocco. Twenty-seven samples of olive cake were collected from 3 mills by each extraction method (mechanical pressure, centrifugation 2 and 3 phases) during three periods (November, December and January). The chemical composition (dry matter, fat, mineral matter, crude protein and fibers) of the collected samples was determined by AOAC methods (1997). The extraction method had a significant effect on all parameters of the chemical composition with the exception of the fat and crude protein (P<0.05). The olive cake obtained by centrifugation 2 phases method had lower dry matter and fibers. The period had no effect on chemical composition, which eases the introduction of olive cake in the diet of ruminants. The olive cake of 2 phases is the most suitable for feed but has a reduced shelf life, which requires the development of a suitable conservation mode. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomass production and use of silvopastoral areas in northern Morocco
Chebli, Youssef ULg; Chentouf, M.; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Goats (2016) (2016)

In Rif Mountain of Morocco, sylvopastoral systems satisfy the diverse needs of local population and represent the most important feed sources for goats. This system is under pressure due to climate change ... [more ▼]

In Rif Mountain of Morocco, sylvopastoral systems satisfy the diverse needs of local population and represent the most important feed sources for goats. This system is under pressure due to climate change and overgrazing. For a sustainable and integrated development of this area, it is essential to establish a resource assessment. This study aims to evaluate the pastoral production (biomass) and investigate the use of pasture in Rif Mountain (Loubar) exclusively used by goat herds. For biomass production, we used the method of the reference module. The surveys, on using pasture by breeders, were realized during the biomass evaluation period. The pastoral shrubs, mainly Cistus crispus, Cistus monspeliensis, Lavendula stoeches and Pistacia lentiscus, represent the most palatable species selected by goats. Breeders use pasture throughout the year, except on rainy days where they resort to limbing. The pasture was characterized by a poor floristic diversity (65 species) dominated by shrubs. The biomass produced was estimated at 373 kg dry matter per hectare composed for 63% by shrubs. For biomass production, significant differences were observed depending on the season and according to sampling sites. The continuous use of the same pasture for a long time can explain the low production estimated and appearance of unpalatable species, such as Arisarum vulgare, Daphne gnidium and Ranunculus sardous. In fact, due to the bad operating practices of pastoral resources, sylvopastoral areas will be less available and of lower quality. The reasonable use of these resources, including a reduction in grazing pressure, should be developed to ensure a better productivity and sustainability. [less ▲]

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See detailThe assessment of grazing intensity in northern Morocco, using new techniques
Chebli, Youssef ULg; Chentouf, M.; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

Conference (2016)

In Rif Mountain of Morocco, forest rangelands provide goods and services, which satisfy the diverse needs of local population. These silvopastoral areas represent the most important feed sources for goats ... [more ▼]

In Rif Mountain of Morocco, forest rangelands provide goods and services, which satisfy the diverse needs of local population. These silvopastoral areas represent the most important feed sources for goats. Goats are exclusively conducted in extensive farming systems in which most nutrients from forest pastures. Grazing is associated with daily activities significantly different from those of animals in confinement, such as grazing behavior and distance. The assessment of grazing intensity is important for making adequate management decisions on rangelands. Currently, new techniques have been proposed to characterize the feeding behavior of goats on rangelands and throughout the day. These measures are now determined mainly by GPS collars and IceTag, which are used to monitor activity, location and movement of goat in grazing areas. The aim was to characterise their spatio-temporal movement and activities depending on the season (spring and summer), i.e. the variation in grazing intensities, daily trajectories of the herds, the number of steps, time spent standing and lying. This study was conducted in a forest rangeland (Derdara) in western of Rif Mountain. 8 Goats were fitted by GPS collars (attached around the animal’s necks) and IceTags (attached to a rear leg of goat) during three days. Grazing area was estimated to 151 ha with a perimeter of 10 km. Grazing time and covered distance were estimated to 9 vs 12 hours and 6.9 vs 9.2 km per day, respectively in spring and summer. The short duration of grazing during spring compare to summer can be explained by the high forage supply, coinciding with the vegetative peak of pastoral species. In summer, goats are exhausted due to high temperature which limits their movement in altitude. In spring, 62.4% of animal activity is devoted to grazing, against 68.7% in summer. During dry season (summer) goats move more compared to the spring (6600 vs 4400 steps per day, respectively in summer and spring), which was confirmed by GPS collars results. The study also revealed that the goats consumed mainly of palatable vegetation at ground level. Pasture area, itinerary and covered distance of goats varies depending on the season. The intersection of several parameters of pastoral assessment with the study of feeding behavior of goats on rangelands by using new techniques, could be useful in future to a better management of herd in time and space. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomass production and use of silvopastoral areas in northern Morocco: A case study of western Rif
Chebli, Youssef ULg; Chentouf, M.; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3nd FARAH Day, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2016) (2016)

In northern Morocco, silvopastoral areas provide diverse needs for local population and livestock. These pasture represent the most important feed sources for goats in Rif Mountain. This study aims to ... [more ▼]

In northern Morocco, silvopastoral areas provide diverse needs for local population and livestock. These pasture represent the most important feed sources for goats in Rif Mountain. This study aims to evaluate biomass production and investigate the use of a silvopastoral area in two representative pastoral areas (Derdara and Loubare) exclusively used by goatherds. For biomass production, we used the method of the reference module. The surveys, on using pasture by breeders, were realized during the biomass evaluation period. The pastoral shrubs, mainly Arbustus unedo, Cistus crispus, Cistus monspeliensis, Erica arborea, Lavendula stoeches and Mentha pulegium, are the main diet of goats. Breeders use pasture throughout the year, except on rainy days where they resort to limbing. The pasture was characterized by an average level of diversity of pastoral flora in Derdara (94 species) and poor floristic diversity in Loubare (65 species) dominated by shrubs . The phytomass productions at Derdara and Loubare were estimated at respectively 1867 kg and 373 kg for dry matter per hectare. The continuous use of pastoral resources and lack of pasture management has considerably reduced the palatable pasture species and has allowed the appearance of low pastoral value species. Statistically significant differences were observed depending on season, with a maximum in the spring and a minimum in the winter, and according to sampling sites are differentiating by intensity of canopy cover. Management actions and use of silvopastoral resources, including a reduction in grazing pressure, should be developed to ensure better productivity and sustainability of these resources. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of new technology to estimate the grazing behavior of goats in northern morocco
Chebli, Youssef ULg; Chentouf, M.; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3nd FARAH Day, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2016) (2016)

In northern Morocco, goats are exclusively or partially conducted in extensive farming systems in which most nutrients from forest pastures. Grazing is associated with daily activities significantly ... [more ▼]

In northern Morocco, goats are exclusively or partially conducted in extensive farming systems in which most nutrients from forest pastures. Grazing is associated with daily activities significantly different from those of animals in confinement, such as grazing behavior and distance. Currently, new techniques have been proposed to characterize the feeding behavior of goats on rangelands and throughout the day. These measures are now determined mainly by GPS collars and IceTag, which are used to monitor activity,location and movement in grazing areas. This study was conducted in two representative pastures (Derdara and Loubare) in western Rif. The study concerned the characterization of movement of goats on a silvopastoral pasture through using new technology. GPS collars have allowed us to estimate a distance travelled at 8 km for 10 hours of grazing per day. With IceTag (attached to a rear leg of goat), we estimated the number of steps and time spent standing, lying , and active. IceTags and GPS collars data was used simultaneously to estimate times spent grazing/eating, as well as other behaviors. The study also revealed that the goats consumed mainly of palatable vegetation at ground level. The intersection of several parameters of pastoral assessment with the study of feeding behavior of goats on rangelands will allow us in future to manage better the herd in time and space. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomass production and use of silvopastoral areas in the Rif Mountains of Morocco
Chebli, Youssef ULg; Chentouf, Mouad; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Casasus, I.; Lombardi, G. (Eds.) Mountain pastures and livestock farming facing uncertainty: environmental, technical and socio-economic challenges (2016)

In Northern Morocco, the forest rangelands provide goods and services, which satisfy the diverse needs of local population. These silvopastoral areas represent the most important feed sources for goats in ... [more ▼]

In Northern Morocco, the forest rangelands provide goods and services, which satisfy the diverse needs of local population. These silvopastoral areas represent the most important feed sources for goats in the Rif Mountain. This study aims to evaluate the biomass production and investigate the use of a silvopastoral area (Derdara) exclusively used by goatherds. For biomass production, we used the method of the reference module. A survey on using pasture by breeders was realized during the biomass evaluation period. The pastoral shrubs, mainly Arbutus unedo, Cistus crispus, Cistus monspeliensis, Erica arborea, Lavandula stoeches and Mentha pulegium, represent the fundamental diet for goats. Breeders use pasture throughout the year, except on rainy days where they resort to limbing. The pasture was characterized by a diversity average level of pastoral flora (94 species) dominated by shrubs. The biomass produced was estimated at 1867 kg dry matter per hectare composed for 74% by shrubs. Significant differences were observed concerning the intensity of the canopy cover, depending on the season and according to sampling sites. The continuous use of the same pasture for a long time, can explain the appearance of low pastoral value species in the study area, such as Arisarum vulgare, Daphne gnidium and Ranunculus sardous. The reasonable use of silvopastoral resources, including a reduction in grazing pressure, should be developed to ensure better productivity and sustainability of these resources. [less ▲]

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See detailProduction pastorale et laitière au niveau d’un élevage extensif au nord du Maroc
Chebli, Youssef ULg; El Otmani, Samira ULg; Hilal, Btissam et al

in Napoléone, M.; Ben Salem, H.; Boutonnet, J. P. (Eds.) et al The value chains of Mediterranean sheep and goat products. Organisation of the industry, marketing strategies, feeding and production systems (2016)

In Northern Morocco, silvopastoral area was a free fodder resource that contributes to regular feeding of goat. The study was conducted in extensive farming of dairy goat (Bouzahri pasture). The objective ... [more ▼]

In Northern Morocco, silvopastoral area was a free fodder resource that contributes to regular feeding of goat. The study was conducted in extensive farming of dairy goat (Bouzahri pasture). The objective is to estimate a pastoral contribution of pasture and its effect on production and milk quality. Biomass, floristic diversity and nutritional value were determined. A total of seventy pastoral species were recorded. The biomass production is estimated to 4963 kg DM/ha, composed of 89% by Calicotome villosa, Cistus crispus, Erica arborea, Inula viscosa, Lavandula stoechas, Olea europea and Pistacia lentiscus. Calicotome villosa has the highest energy and protein (PDI) levels with 0.62 UFL/kg DM, 0.52 UFV/kg DM and 52 g/kg DM of protein. The forage supply is estimated to 2250 FU/ha of energy and 72.6 kg/ha of PDIN, is evaluated at 450 euro/ha. In extensive farming, milk production is estimated to 55 kg/lactation/goat against 51 kg/lactation/goat in intensive farming (control). Goats feeding on pasture allows to reduce alimentary charge and better milk production that remains low qualitatively. Supplementation, to improve quality of milk products, is necessary. [less ▲]

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See detailHet signalement van paardachtigen
Gérardy, Cécile; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg

Book published by BCP-CBC (2016)

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See detailLe signalement des équidés
Gérardy, Cécile; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg

Book published by BCP-CBC (2016)

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See detailProceedings of the 2nd FARAH-Day / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (University of Liege - Belgium)
Bayrou, Calixte ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Delguste, Catherine ULg et al

Book published by Presses de la Faculté de Médecine vétérinaire de l’Université de Liège (2015)

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See detailInfluence of sugar beet pulp on feeding behavior, growth performance, carcass quality and gut health of fattening pigs.
Laitat, Martine ULg; Antoine, Nadine ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2015), 19(1), 20-31

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See detailEtude de l’évolution de la végétation pastorale et forestière dans le nord du Maroc entre 1984 et 2011
Chebli, Youssef ULg; Chentouf, M.; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2015)

L'objectif de cette étude est d’étudier l’évolution de la végétation pastorale et forestière dans le nord du Maroc, entre 1984 et 2011, par l’utilisation de la télédétection et du système d’information ... [more ▼]

L'objectif de cette étude est d’étudier l’évolution de la végétation pastorale et forestière dans le nord du Maroc, entre 1984 et 2011, par l’utilisation de la télédétection et du système d’information géographique. La classification supervisée a été utilisé pour les images satellitaires Landsat, la méthode de la détection du changement entre les deux cartes thématiques a été appliquée. En 1984, l’espace forestier et pastorale a été estimé à 36,5 % du territoire, contre 31,5 % en 2011. Le recul, du couvert végétal, peut être expliqué par plusieurs facteurs, tel que l’augmentation de la population, le surpâturage et la mise en culture. Des zones d’augmentation du couvert végétal ont été remarquées, suite à la création de réserves naturelle et la mise en œuvre de projet de reboisement. Le constat de l’état des lieux actuel de la forêt est malheureusement inquiétant. Le recours à l’élaboration d’un système d’information géographique capable d’intégrer les modèles de prédiction à des sources de données aussi variées que les images satellites est une nécessité. [less ▲]

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See detailForest and pastoral areas change: A case study of northern Morocco (1984- 2014)
Chebli, Youssef ULg; Chentouf; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg

in Proceedings of the 2nd FARAH Day, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2015) (2015)

Land cover and land use change has become a central component in current strategies for managing natural resources and in environmental change monitoring. This study aims to investigate the trend ... [more ▼]

Land cover and land use change has become a central component in current strategies for managing natural resources and in environmental change monitoring. This study aims to investigate the trend evolution of forest and pastoral areas in Rif Mountain, between 1984 and 2014, on Landsat imageries using remote sensing and GIS techniques. The forest and pastoral areas declined from about 4548 km² in 1984 to about 3588 km² by 2014, while the non-forest and non-pastoral areas increased by some 7,7% from 7912 km² in 1984 to about 8872 km² by 2014. Deforestation, expansion of agricultural lands, increase of rural population, overgrazing have been identified as the main factors that contribute to the forest and pastoral areas degradation. To ensure the sustainability of pastoral and forest resources, management and protection actions should be undertaken. [less ▲]

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See detailMeat composition and quality of young growing Belgian Blue bulls offered a fattening diet with selenium enriched cereals
Mehdi, Youcef ULg; Clinquart, Antoine ULg; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Canadian Journal of Animal Science (2015), 95(3), 465-473

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of selenium (Se) enrichment of cereals on Belgian Blue bulls performance, on meat quality and chemical composition. Twenty three bulls were used in ... [more ▼]

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of selenium (Se) enrichment of cereals on Belgian Blue bulls performance, on meat quality and chemical composition. Twenty three bulls were used in the present study. Twelve bulls were offered a control diet containing Se at a basal concentration of 58 µg kg-1 of dry matter (DM) and the other 11 bulls given a diet containing 173 µg kg-1DM of Se by means of Se enriched spelt and barley. The Se enrichment of the diet did not affect either the growth performance, the slaughter data or meat quality (p>0.05). There were no effects of Se on tenderness, oxydative rancidity and water losses. However, there were some effects of Se enrichment on the meat chemical composition. The ether extract was decreased from 2.1 to 1.7% DM (p<0.05). There were also significant Se enrichment (p < 0.001) in Longissimus thoracis muscle (177 vs 477 ng g1-DM) and organs: liver (474 vs 1126 ng g1-DM) and kidney (4956 vs 5655 ng g1-DM), Under such condition, the human consumption of a piece of such meat or liver can cover a large part of the recommended daily Se intake estimated between 30 to 57%. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of a high-fibre diet on ammonia and greenhouse gas emissions from gestating sows and fattening pigs
Philippe, François-Xavier ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Wavreille, José et al

in Atmospheric Environment (2015), 109

This study aims to measure under barn conditions the emissions of NH3, N2O, CH4 and CO2 associated with gestating sows (trial 1) and fattening pigs (trial 2) fed either a control diet (CTD) based on ... [more ▼]

This study aims to measure under barn conditions the emissions of NH3, N2O, CH4 and CO2 associated with gestating sows (trial 1) and fattening pigs (trial 2) fed either a control diet (CTD) based on cereals or a high-fibre diet (HFD) based on sugar beet pulp (SBP). Three successive batches of 10 Belgian Landrace gestating sows were used for trial 1. Two successive batches of 24 Pi etrain Belgian Landrace fattening pigs were used for trial 2. Animals were kept on slatted floor. The gas emissions were measured by infrared photoacoustic detection and expressed per day and per livestock unit, equals to 500 kg body weight. Similar trends were observed for both animal types. With HFD, the NH3 emissions were reduced (27.2 vs. 36.5 g for the gestating sows, P < 0.001; 23.2 vs. 45.0 g for the fattening pigs, P < 0.001) but the CH4 emissions were increased (41.5 vs. 21.0 g for gestating sows, P < 0.001; 37.9 vs. 27.2 g for fattening pigs, P < 0.001). The fibre content of the diet had not significant impact on N2O emissions (around 1.4 g for gestating sows and 2.1 g for fattening pigs, P > 0.05), and on CO2 emissions (around 6.0 kg for gestating sows and 9.1 kg for fattening pigs, P > 0.05). Most of manure parameters did not statistically differ regarding the treatment. Reproductive performance and body condition of the sows were not affected by the diet. However, growth performance and carcass traits of the HFD-fed fattening pigs were deteriorated compared to CTD. [less ▲]

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See detailProceedings of the 1st FARAH-Day Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (University of Liege - Belgium)
Bayrou, Calixte ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Delguste, Catherine ULg et al

Book published by Presses de la Faculté de Médecine vétérinaire de l’Université de Liège (2014)

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See detailAssessment and spatial characterization of pastoral resources in northern Morocco
Chebli, Youssef ULg; Chentouf, Mouad; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg

in Proceedings of the 1st FARAH Day, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2014) (2014)

Rangelands represent the most important feed sources for goats in the Northern Morocco. Land cover and land use change has become a central component in current strategies for managing natural resources ... [more ▼]

Rangelands represent the most important feed sources for goats in the Northern Morocco. Land cover and land use change has become a central component in current strategies for managing natural resources and in environmental change monitoring. For a sustainable and integrated development of pastoral and forest resources, it is essential to establish a resource assessment system. The first step of this system will be to discover the trend of development of forest areas in Rif Mountain between 1984 and 2011 from satellite images and create a pastoral map of Chefchaouen region by using remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS). [less ▲]

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See detailSelenium status in cattle herds in Wallonia (Belgium): overview and health management
Mehdi, Youcef ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg et al

in Veterinary World (2014), 7(12), 1144-1149

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