References of "CHIAP, Patrice"
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See detailTriphenylphosphonium salts of 1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxides related to diazoxide targeting mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channels
Constant-Urban, C.; Charif, M.; Goffin, Eric ULg et al

in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters (2013), 23

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See detailOptimization of the liquid chromatography enantioseparation of chiral acidic compounds using cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) as chiral selector and polar organic mobile phases.
Dossou, K. S. S.; Farcas, Elena ULg; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2012), 1234

The LC enantioseparation of chiral acidic and zwitterionic drugs selected as model compounds was optimized using chlorine containing cellulose based chiral stationary phases and polar organic mobile ... [more ▼]

The LC enantioseparation of chiral acidic and zwitterionic drugs selected as model compounds was optimized using chlorine containing cellulose based chiral stationary phases and polar organic mobile phases. The main solvent of the mobile phase was acetonitrile, the temperature was settled at 25 degrees C and a stationary phase with cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) as chiral selector (3-Cl-4-Me-PC) was selected. In the screening step, the nature and concentration of both acidic and basic additives were found to have a significant effect on retention, selectivity and resolution. Acetic acid (AcA) was selected as acidic additive for the optimization step since it could lead to the enantioseparation of more acidic compounds than trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) and formic acid (FA), while among the three basic additives tested, diethylamine (DEA) most often gave better results with respect to enantioresolution and selectivity than butylamine (BuA) and triethylamine (TEA). The optimization was performed using a central composite face-centered design with two factors, namely the concentration of acetic acid (0.1-0.3%) and the concentration of DEA (0.01-0.1%) in the mobile phase. On the basis of the results obtained in the screening and optimization steps, a strategy for the rapid development of methods for the enantioseparation of acidic or neutral compounds was proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailCurcumin-cyclodextrin complexes potentiate gemcitabine effects in an orthotopic mouse model of lung cancer.
Rocks, Natacha ULg; Bekaert, Sandrine ULg; Coia, I et al

in British Journal of Cancer (2012), 107(7), 1083-92

Background:Overall clinical outcome for advanced lung cancer remains very disappointing despite recent advances in treatment. Curcumin has been reported as potentially active against cancer.Methods:Owing ... [more ▼]

Background:Overall clinical outcome for advanced lung cancer remains very disappointing despite recent advances in treatment. Curcumin has been reported as potentially active against cancer.Methods:Owing to poor curcumin solubility, we have used cyclodextrins (CD) as an excipient allowing a considerable increase of aqueous solubility and bioavailability of curcumin. The effects of solubilised curcumin have been evaluated in cell cultures as well as in an in vivo orthotopic lung tumour mouse model.Results:Cell proliferation was reduced while apoptosis rates were increased when lung epithelial tumour cells were cultured in the presence of curcumin-CD complexes. For in vivo experiments, cells were grafted into lungs of C57Bl/6 mice treated by an oral administration of a non-soluble form of curcumin, CDs alone or curcumin-CD complexes, combined or not with gemcitabine. The size of orthotopically implanted lung tumours was reduced upon curcumin complex administration as compared with treatments with placebo or non-solubilised curcumin. Moreover, curcumin potentiated the gemcitabine-mediated antitumour effects.Conclusion:Our data demonstrate that curcumin, when given orally in a CD-solubilised form, reduces lung tumour size in vivo. In vitro experiments show impaired tumour cell proliferation and increased cell apoptosis. Moreover, our data underline a potential additive effect of curcumin with gemcitabine thus providing an efficient therapeutic option for antilung cancer therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailImpurity fingerprints for the identification of counterfeit medicines - a feasibility study
Sacré, Pierre-Yves ULg; Deconinck, Eric; Daszykowski, Michal et al

Poster (2011, September)

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See detailOptimization of micro-HPLC peak focusing for the detection and quantification of low hepcidin concentrations.
Mansion, François ULg; Chiap, Patrice ULg; Houbart, Virginie ULg et al

in Journal of Separation Science (2011), 34(15), 1820-1827

Micro-high-performance liquid chromatography is a miniaturized, economic and ecological chromatographic system allowing the use of reduced size chromatographic columns. Coupled with electrospray ... [more ▼]

Micro-high-performance liquid chromatography is a miniaturized, economic and ecological chromatographic system allowing the use of reduced size chromatographic columns. Coupled with electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry, this technique can be used to detect and quantify low concentrations of peptides. In this study, hepcidin was used as the model compound and analysed using octadecylsilica stationary phase by means of a gradient elution mode at a flow rate of 4 muL/min. Several parameters were studied to optimize peak focusing. Using the methodology of experimental design, the mobile-phase gradient conditions and the sample composition were optimized in order to maximize the sensitivity and minimize retention time. Stability of the target peptide in solution was also demonstrated. [less ▲]

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See detailImpurity fingerprints for the identification of counterfeit medicines - a feasibility study
Sacré, Pierre-Yves ULg; deconinck, Eric; Daszykowski, Michal et al

Poster (2011, June 22)

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See detailDetection of counterfeit Viagra by Raman microspectroscopy imaging and multivariate analysis
Sacré, Pierre-Yves ULg; Deconinck, Eric; Saerens, Lien et al

Conference (2011, May 13)

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See detailDetection of counterfeit Viagra® by Raman Microspectroscopy imaging and multivariate analysis.
Sacré, Pierre-Yves ULg; Deconinck, Eric; Saerens, Lien et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2011), 56

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-UV method for the detection and quantification of erectile dysfunction drugs and some of their analogues found in counterfeit medicines
Sacré, Pierre-Yves ULg; Deconinck, Eric; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (2011), 1218

Pharmaceutical counterfeiting is a permanently growing problem. Control laboratories are constantly analysing counterfeit medicines. In industrialised countries, one of the main counterfeited class of ... [more ▼]

Pharmaceutical counterfeiting is a permanently growing problem. Control laboratories are constantly analysing counterfeit medicines. In industrialised countries, one of the main counterfeited class of medicines are erectile dysfunction drugs. This paper describes the development and validation of a fast method to detect and quantify the three authorised phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors and five analogues. The method is based on the use of a sub-2 microns polar-embedded column with a gradient using acetonitrile as organic modifier and 10 mM ammonium formate buffer (pH 3.5) as aqueous component of the mobile phase. The separation was achieved in less than 4.5 min. The method has also been compared to the registered HPLC method for the assay of Viagra® which was considered as the reference method. The method is also compatible with on-line coupling mass spectrometry and will significantly reduce analysis times and solvent consumption. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of chlorine containing cellulose-based chiral stationary phases for the LC enantioseparation of basic pharmaceuticals using polar non-aqueous mobile phases.
Dossou, Katina S. S.; CHIAP, Patrice ULg; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Separation Science (2011), 34(6), 617-22

The discrimination ability of three cellulose-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs) was evaluated towards the enantiomers of basic drugs, using ACN as the main solvent in polar organic mobile phases. The ... [more ▼]

The discrimination ability of three cellulose-based chiral stationary phases (CSPs) was evaluated towards the enantiomers of basic drugs, using ACN as the main solvent in polar organic mobile phases. The study was focused on CSPs containing cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) (3-Cl-4-MePC), cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) (4-Cl-3-MePC) or cellulose tris(3,5-dichlorophenylcarbamate) (3,5-diClPC) as the chiral selector. The behaviour of these CSPs was studied systematically in order to investigate the influence of the presence and position of the chlorine substituents on the phenylcarbamate moieties on the retention and resolution of the enantiomers. The evaluation was made with three different generic mobile phases, namely ACN/0.1%DEA/0.1% TFA (DEA, diethylamine), ACN/0.1%DEA/0.2% FA and ACN/0.1%DEA/0.2%AcA, deduced from the previous study. The nature of the acidic additive and of the chiral selector was found to be particularly important for the retention and enantioresolution of these basic compounds. High-resolution values could be obtained for most studied enantiomers with these CSPs, clearly demonstrating the interest of using them in combination with polar organic mobile phases. However, significant differences in enantioresolution between the CSPs have been observed for many compounds, indicating that these phases seem to be quite complementary. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a LC method for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-ropivacaine in a pharmaceutical formulation using a recently commercialized cellulose-based chiral stationary phase and polar non-aqueous mobile phase.
Dossou, Katina Sourou Sylvestre; CHIAP, Patrice ULg; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2011), 54(4), 687-93

Ropivacaine is the first enantiomerically pure long-acting local anaesthetic used for surgical anaesthesia and post-operative pain relief. A liquid chromatographic (LC) method using acetonitrile as the ... [more ▼]

Ropivacaine is the first enantiomerically pure long-acting local anaesthetic used for surgical anaesthesia and post-operative pain relief. A liquid chromatographic (LC) method using acetonitrile as the main solvent and cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) coated on silica as chiral stationary phase was successfully developed and applied for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-ropivacaine in a pharmaceutical formulation (Naropin((R))). The key role played by the acidic additive (trifluoroacetic acid or formic acid) in the enantioseparation of basic drugs in these LC systems was demonstrated by the reversal of ropivacaine enantiomers elution order observed when both acids were compared. In order to elute the enantiomeric impurity (R-ropivacaine) before S-ropivacaine, formic acid (FA) was selected. The temperature and the percentages of acidic additive and hexane in the mobile phase were found to significantly influence the retention and resolution of these enantiomers. The optimized mobile phase consisted of ACN/0.1% DEA/0.2% FA/5% hexane (v/v/v/v). The temperature was set at 35 degrees C to avoid the interference from a peak system related to the presence of water in the sample on ropivacaine enantiomers. The LC method was then fully validated applying the strategy based on total measurement error and accuracy profiles. The accuracy profile obtained by linear regression after square root transformation was selected, the acceptance limits being settled at +/-10% for the intended use of this analytical method. The relative bias was lower than 1.5%, while the RSD values for repeatability and intermediate precision were both below 1.0%. The limit of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) were found to be about 0.2 and 1.0 mug/mL, respectively, corresponding to 0.02 and 0.1% of the enantiomeric impurity in S-ropivacaine. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of enantiomeric purity of S-amlodipine by chiral LC with emphasis on reversal of enantiomer elution order.
Dossou, Katina ULg; Edorh, P. A.; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Journal of Separation Science (2011), 34

An LC method was developed and prevalidated for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-amlodipine in polar organic solvent chromatography using a chlorine-containing cellulose-based chiral stationary ... [more ▼]

An LC method was developed and prevalidated for the enantiomeric purity determination of S-amlodipine in polar organic solvent chromatography using a chlorine-containing cellulose-based chiral stationary phase (CSP). The concentration of formic acid (FA) (0.01-0.2%) in the mobile phase containing acetonitrile as the main solvent was found to influence the elution order of amlodipine enantiomers as well as the enantioresolution. A reversal of the enantiomer elution order of amlodipine was only observed with chiral stationary phases with both electron-withdrawing (chloro) and electron-donating groups (methyl) on the phenyl moieties of the chiral selector, namely cellulose tris(3-chloro-4-methylphenylcarbamate) and cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate). The highest enantioresolution (R(s) : 4.1) value was obtained at the lowest FA concentration (0.01%) using cellulose tris(4-chloro-3-methylphenylcarbamate) as the chiral selector and the enantiomeric impurity, R-amlodipine, eluted first under these conditions. Therefore, the mobile phase selected for the prevalidation of the method consisted of ACN/0.1% DEA/0.01% FA and the temperature was set at 25 degrees C. The method was prevalidated by means of the strategy based on the total measurement error and the accuracy profile. The method was found to be selective and the limit of quantification was found to be about 0.05% for R-amlodipine, while the limit of detection was close to 0.02%. [less ▲]

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See detailPre-study and in-study validation of a SPE-LC-MS-MS method for the determination of 5-S-cysteinyldopa, a melanoma biomarker, in human plasma.
Martin, Gaelle; Mansion, François ULg; Houbart, Virginie ULg et al

in Talanta (2011), 84(2), 280-6

The incidence of malignant melanoma has increased over the past decades, particularly in Caucasian population. This disease presents defavourable prognosis in terms of survey, especially when detection ... [more ▼]

The incidence of malignant melanoma has increased over the past decades, particularly in Caucasian population. This disease presents defavourable prognosis in terms of survey, especially when detection occurs at the metastatic phase. Reliable analytical methods for biomarker determination are thus an interesting tool in pathology detection and follow-up. In this context, a method using SPE-LC-ESI-MS-MS for the determination of 5-S-cysteinyldopa (5-SCD) in human plasma was optimized. The presence of matrix effect was investigated in details while 5-SCD stability was studied according to FDA requirements for the validation of bioanalytical methods. Pre-study and in-study validations of the entire method were then successfully performed by applying the approach based on total measurement error and accuracy profiles over a concentration ranges from 1.6 to 200 ng/ml. Good results with respect to accuracy, trueness and precision were obtained. The maximum risk of observing future measurements falling outside the acceptance limits during routine analysis was also estimated. [less ▲]

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See detailImpurity fingerprints for the identification of counterfeit medicines - a feasibility study
Sacré, Pierre-Yves ULg; Deconinck, Eric; Daszykowski, Michal et al

in Analytica Chimica Acta (2011), 701

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See detailGeneric systems for the enantioseparation of basic drugs in NACE using single-isomer anionic CDs
Rousseau, Anne ULg; Gillotin, Florian; Chiap, Patrice ULg et al

in Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biomedical Analysis (2011), 54

The enantioseparation of ten basic drugs was evaluated in NACE systems using heptakis(2-O-methyl-3-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-CD (HMAS-β-CD). For this purpose, a D-optimal design with 21 experimental points ... [more ▼]

The enantioseparation of ten basic drugs was evaluated in NACE systems using heptakis(2-O-methyl-3-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-CD (HMAS-β-CD). For this purpose, a D-optimal design with 21 experimental points was applied. Four antifungal agents (econazole, isoconazole, miconazole, sulconazole), three local anesthetics (bupivacaine, mepivacaine and prilocaine), two sympathomimetics (salbutamol and terbutaline) and one β-blocker (carvedilol) were selected as basic model analytes. The influence on the enantiomeric resolution of anionic CD and BGE anion concentrations as well as the BGE anion nature was investigated. For all studied analytes, the enantiomeric resolution was shown to be significantly influenced by the CD concentration. Based on the observed results, a generic NACE system was recommended, namely 20 mM HMAS-β-CD and 10 mM ammonium camphorSO3- in methanol acidified with 0.75 M formic acid. Moreover, this NACE system was compared to previous conditions with heptakis(2,3-di-O-methyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-CD (HDMS-β-CD) or heptakis(2,3-di-O-acetyl-6-O-sulfo)-β-CD (HDAS-β-CD). Finally, two generic systems using either HDAS-β-CD or HMAS-β-CD were proposed and evaluated for the enantioseparation of ketamine and norketamine after incubation of ketamine in phenobarbital-induced male rat liver microsomes systems. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison and combination of spectroscopic techniques for the detection of counterfeit medicines
Sacré, Pierre-Yves ULg; Deconinck, Eric; De Beer, Thomas et al

Poster (2010, September 23)

During this study, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) and Raman spectroscopy were applied to 55 samples of counterfeit and imitations of Viagra® and 39 ... [more ▼]

During this study, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), near infrared spectroscopy (NIR) and Raman spectroscopy were applied to 55 samples of counterfeit and imitations of Viagra® and 39 samples of counterfeit and imitations of Cialis®. The aim of the study was to investigate which of these techniques and associations of them were the best for discriminating genuine from counterfeit and imitation samples. Only the regions between 1800-400 cm-1 and 7000-4000 cm-1 were used for FT-IR and NIR spectroscopy respectively. Partial Least Square analysis has been used to allow the detection of counterfeit and imitation tablets. It is shown that for the Viagra® samples, the best results were provided by a combination of FT-IR and NIR spectroscopy. On the other hand, the best results for the Cialis® samples were provided by the combination of NIR and Raman spectroscopy (1400-1190 cm-1). These techniques permitted a clear discrimination between genuine and counterfeit or imitation samples but also the distinction of clusters among illegal samples. This might be interesting for forensic investigations by authorities. [less ▲]

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