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See detailInsight into the development of a carbonate platform through a multi-disciplinary approach - A case study from the Upper Devonian slope deposits of Mount Freikofel (Carnic Alps, Austria/Italy)
Pas, Damien ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Suttner, Thomas et al

in International Journal of Earth Sciences (2014), 103

The development and behavior of Million year-scaled depositional sequences recorded within Palaeozoic carbonate platform has remained poorly examined. Therefore, the understanding of palaeoenvironmental ... [more ▼]

The development and behavior of Million year-scaled depositional sequences recorded within Palaeozoic carbonate platform has remained poorly examined. Therefore, the understanding of palaeoenvironmental changes that occur in geological past is still limited. We herein undertake a multi-disciplinary approach (sedimentology, conodont biostratigraphy, magnetic susceptibility and geochemistry) of a long-term succession in the Carnic Alps which offers new insights into the peculiar evolution of one of the best example of Palaeozoic carbonate platform in Europe. The Freikofel section, located in the central part of the Carnic Alps represents an outstanding succession in a fore-reef setting, extending from the latest Givetian (indet. falsiovalis conodont Zones) to the early Famennian (Lower crepida conodont Zone). Sedimentological analysis allowed to propose a sedimentary model dominated by distal slope and fore-reef slope deposits. The most distal setting is characterized by an autochthonous pelagic sedimentation showing local occurrence of thin-bedded turbiditic deposits. In the fore-reef slope, in a more proximal setting, there is an accumulation of various autochthonous and allochthonous fine- to coarse-grained sediments originated from the interplay of gravity-flow currents derived from the shallow-water and deeper-water area. The temporal evolution of microfacies in the Freikofel section evolves in two main steps corresponding to the Freikofel (Unit 1) and the Pal (Unit 2) Limestones. Distal slope to fore-reef lithologies and associate changes are from base to top of the section: (U1) thick bedded litho- and bioclastic breccia beds with local fining upward sequence and fine-grained mudstone intercalations corresponding, in the fore-reef setting, to the dismantlement of the Eifelian – Frasnian carbonate platform during the early to late Frasnian time (falsiovalis to rhenana superzones) with one of the causes being the Late Givetian major rift pulse; (U2) occurrence of thin-bedded red nodular and cephalopod-bearing limestones with local lithoclastic grainstone intercalations corresponding to a significant deepening of the area and the progressive withdrawal of sedimentary influxes toward the basin, in relation with late Frasnian sea-level rise. Magnetic susceptibility and geochemical analyses were also performed along the Freikofel section and demonstrate the inherent-parallel link existing between variation in magnetic susceptibility values and proxy for terrestrial input. Interpretation of magnetic susceptibility in term of palaeoenvironmental processes reflect that even though distality remains the major parameter influencing magnetic susceptibility values, carbonate production and water agitation also play an important role. [less ▲]

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See detailDEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE EARLY FRASNIAN TO EARLY FAMENNIAN SLOPE DEPOSITS OF MOUNT FREIKOFEL (CARNIC ALPS, AUSTRIA/ITALY)
Pas, Damien ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; suttner, Thomas et al

in 14 ième ASF 2013 (Association des Sédimentologistes Français) (2013, November)

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See detailSedimentary development of a continuous Middle Devonian to Mississippian section from the fore-reef fringe of the Brilon Reef Complex (Rheinisches Scheifergebirge, germany)
Pas, Damien ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Cornet, Pierre et al

in Facies (2013), 59

The Brilon-reef complex is one of the biggest Devonian carbonate buildups (~80 km²) of the Rheinisches Schiefergebirge. The Burgberg section is located in the south-eastern fore-reef area of the Brilon ... [more ▼]

The Brilon-reef complex is one of the biggest Devonian carbonate buildups (~80 km²) of the Rheinisches Schiefergebirge. The Burgberg section is located in the south-eastern fore-reef area of the Brilon reef-complex and exposes a succession of strata (117 m thick) which extend from the Middle Givetian (middle varcus conodont Zone) to the Viséan (bilineatus conodont Zone). Field and microfacies observations led to the definition of nine microfacies which are integrated into a sedimentary model divided into off-reef, intermediate fore-reef and proximal fore-reef sedimentary domains (SD). The off-reef domain (SD1) is the most distal setting observed and is characterized by fine-grained sediments, dominated by pelagic biota and the local occurrence of gravity-flow deposits. The intermediate fore-reef (SD2) is characterized by a mixture of biota and sediments coming from both, deeper-water and shallow-water sources and is influenced by storm and gravity-flow currents. In this domain Renalcis mound-like structures developed locally. Finally, the proximal fore-reef (SD3) corresponds to the most proximal setting which is strongly influenced by gravity-flow currents derived from the Brilon reef-complex. The temporal evolution of microfacies in the fore-reef setting of the Burgberg section show five main palaeoenvironmental trends influenced by the onset, general development, and demise/drowning of the Brilon reef-complex. Fore-reef to off-reef lithologies and their temporal changes are from the base to the top of the section: (U1) - fine-grained sediments with large reef debris, corresponding to the initial development of the reef building upon submarine volcanoclastic deposits during the Middle Givetian (middle varcus Zone) and first export of reef debris in the fore-reef setting; (U2) - high increase of reef-derived material in the fore-reef area, corresponding to a significant progradation of the reef from the Middle Givetian to the Early Frasnian (maximum extension of the Brilon reef-complex to the south, disparilis to the falsiovalis conodont biozones); (U3) - progressive decrease of shallow-water derived material and increase of fine-grained sediments and deep-water biota into the fore-reef setting, corresponding to the stepwise withdrawal of the reef influence; from the Middle to the Late Frasnian (jamieae conodont Zone); (U4) - development of a submarine rise characterized by nodular and cephalopod-bearing limestones extending from the Late Frasnian to the Late Famennian corresponding to the demise and drowning of the Brilon reef-complex as a result of the Late Frasnian Kellwasser events (upper rhenana and triangularis conodont biozones); (U5) - significant deepening of the Burgberg area starting in the Late Famennian, directly followed by an aggrading trend marked by pelagic shales overlying the nodular limestone deposits. [less ▲]

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See detailSedimentary development and correlation of Mid-Late Devonian fore-reef deposits from Central Europe
Pas, Damien ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Cornet, Pierre et al

Conference (2012, September 12)

INTRODUCTION: Despite the interest for the reconstruction of environmental changes over a long period of time, long-term successions have been relatively poorly investigated using a mutli-disciplinary ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Despite the interest for the reconstruction of environmental changes over a long period of time, long-term successions have been relatively poorly investigated using a mutli-disciplinary approach compared to short-term intervals such as Kačák, Taghanic, punctata, Kellwasser and Hangenberg events. Recently, BOULVAIN et al. (2010) compared two km-thick Eifelian-Frasnian sections from Belgium and Czeck Republic using magnetic susceptibility (SM) technique. Regardless the very different background of palaeogeography, sedimentary rate, facies and local sea-level changes history, a remarkable similarity in the MS trends can be observed between these two sections. These similarities brought questions on the nature of the long-term forcing parameters that were active at the inter-regional scale. In order to get a better understanding of the factors responsible of the inter-regional forcing, a detailed records of microfacies observations, MS measurements, selected trace and major elemental concentrations and conodonts biostratigraphy have been performed on two Middle to Upper Devonian successions from Germany (Sauerland, Burgberg) and Austria (Carnics Alps, Freikofel). CONODONT BIOSTRATIGRAPHY: In the Burgberg section, conodont biostratigraphy allowed us to confirm that the studied section extend from the Middle Givetian to the Lower Carboniferous. In the Freikofel section, it allowed to precisely identify the Eifelian-Givetian and the Frasnian-Famennian boundaries. SEDIMENTOLOGY: The field and microfacies observations allowed us to reconstruct the sedimentary environment and to highlight several major variations of this environment. In the Middle Devonian, both sections are mainly characterized by fore-reef sediments. In the Burgberg section, those fore-reef sediments, mainly correspond to bioclastic grainstone and rudstone related to gravity flow deposits derived from the shallow-water area. In the Freikofel section, the fore-reef area is dominated by breccia sediments suggesting a strong debris flow influence. Through the Upper Devonian the sedimentary setting evolves to an off-reef pelagic environment in both sections and even a basinal setting in the Burgberg section. Sediments are then dominated by thin-bedded and nodular limestone. In this Upper Devonian part, locally both sections, debris coming from the shallow-water area are still observed (suggestion: Even in the Upper Devonian, occasionally debris deriving from shallow water areas has been observed in both sections. MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY AND GEOCHEMISTRY: The mean MS values for the Burgberg and Freikofel sections are respectively 1,88x10-8m³/kg and 7,72x10-9m³/kg. Compared to the MSmarine standard of 5.5x10-8m³/kg defined by ELLWOOD et al. (2011) on the basis of ~11,000 marine rocks samples, our values are low, mostly in the Freikofel section, which could indicate a low terrestrial influx seaward during the Middle and Upper Devonian. Regarding the magnetic susceptibility curves from these two sections, several large-scaled trends can be highlighted. The evolution curves of some selected clastic input proxies such as Zr, Si, Al, Ti, Sr display similar large-scaled trends. This indicates that clastic input proxies and MS are inherently linked and MS techniques can thus be used here as a proxi for changes in source or amount or type of weathering (RIQUIER et al. 2010). Most of the long-term MS variations occurring in both sections are interpreted as being related to second order eustatic variations (T-R Cycles). Through this multi-disciplinary investigation, we would like to get a better idea on the causes of long-term trends in MS variations and to document the sedimentary changes in response to these long-term variations. Further aim is to develop the application of MS techniques as a correlation tools. BOULVAIN, F., DA SILVA, A-C., MABILLE, C., HLADIL, J., GERSL, M., KOPTIKOVA, L., SCHONABL P., 2010. Magnetic susceptibility correlation of km-thick Eifelian-Frasnian sections (Ardennes and Moravia). Geologica Belgica, 13/4, 309-318. ELLWOOD, B.B., ALGEO, T.J., EL HASSANI, A., TOMKIN, J.H., ROWE, H.D., 2011. Defining the timing and duration of Kačák Interval within the Eifelian/Givetian boundary GSSP, Mech Irdane, Morocco, using geochemical and magnetic susceptibility patterns. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 304, 74-84. RIQUIER, L., AVERBUCH, O., DEVLEESCHOUWER, X., TRIBOVILLARD, N., 2010. Diagenetic versus detrital origin of the magnetic susceptibility variations in some carbonate Frasnian-Famennian boundary sections from Northern Africa and Western Europe: implications for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 99, 57-73. [less ▲]

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See detailMulti-disciplinary research on long-term Middle to Upper Devonian fore-reef successions from Germany and Austria
Pas, Damien ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Cornet, Pierre et al

in Kido, Erika; Suttner, Thomas; Werer, Piller (Eds.) et al Berichte des Institutes für Erdwissenschaften, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz (2012, June)

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