References of "Broonen, Jean-Paul"
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See detailDes intentions aux actes : la volition en conseil d'orientation
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in L'Orientation Scolaire et Professionnelle (in press)

A model limited to motivation construct to explain the way from setting a vocational goal to its achievement cannot claim to give an account of how to overcome regulatory problems during goal striving. A ... [more ▼]

A model limited to motivation construct to explain the way from setting a vocational goal to its achievement cannot claim to give an account of how to overcome regulatory problems during goal striving. A model linking volition to motivation is needed. In particular, implementation intentions have been proved to be effective in helping the initiation of goal striving, shielding goal pursuit from unwelcome influences, and disengagement from not successful courses of action. It is proposed to extend the application of this volitional cognitive tool to career counselling. [less ▲]

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See detailLa volition est-elle un chaînon manquant de la prise en charge du patient lombalgique ?
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg; Marty, M.; Legout, V. et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2011), 78(1), 238-41

Patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain are typically prescribed a regimen of regular physical exercises to improve pain and function, increase workability, and prevent pain recurrence. However ... [more ▼]

Patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain are typically prescribed a regimen of regular physical exercises to improve pain and function, increase workability, and prevent pain recurrence. However, adherence to home exercise programs is often partial at best. Patients often fail to translate their intention to exercise (motivation) into action (implementation). Volition is the mental activity by which intentions are implemented. In this review, we argue that volition may be crucial to the successful rehabilitation of patients with low back pain. Obstacles to the implementation of intentions are described, as well as factors that promote implementation, most notably the conscious formation of implementation intentions. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a questionnaire assessing volitional competencies to enhance the performance of physical activities in chronic low back pain patients.
Mathy, Céline ULg; Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg; Henrotin, Yves ULg et al

in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders (2011), 12

BACKGROUND: Motivation has long been emphasized as the most important determinant of action. However, there is a substantial gap between people's goals and their attainment. Patients may be motivated and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Motivation has long been emphasized as the most important determinant of action. However, there is a substantial gap between people's goals and their attainment. Patients may be motivated and yet unable to take action if their volitional competencies are insufficient. One of the important tasks of volition is goal-maintenance. Research has stressed the importance of a volitional tool, the implementation intentions. Implementation intentions indicate where, when, and how the action leading to the goal will be performed. Forming implementation intentions favours the execution of goal-directed efforts, and reinforces the relationship between intentions and behaviours. Results from various studies clearly suggest that volitional competencies and implementation intentions could play a role in low back pain (LBP) patients. However, there is at present no questionnaire allowing assessing the capacity of implementation intentions of physical activities in LBP patients. METHODS/DESIGN: This study will develop such a questionnaire, using a 3-step approach. A first qualitative step to build categories and generate items; 30 patients suffering chronic LBP will be invited to participate in semi-structured interviews; verbatim and derived items will then be submitted to a panel of experts, using a Delphi method; a second quantitative step to examine the properties of items, and determine the factorial structure of the questionnaire; 100 patients suffering chronic LBP will be recruited to respond to this phase; and third, preliminary psychometric analyses (item-scale correlations, construct validity, reliability); 180 chronic LBP patients will be recruited for this phase of the study. The relationships between implementation intentions and variables affecting physical activity on chronic LBP patients, i.e. pain, physical capacities, fear-avoidance beliefs, kinesiophobia, work status, and level of physical activity will be considered. DISCUSSION: Developing a questionnaire to assess implementation intentions would allow investigating the role of these intentions in the transition from acute to chronic LBP. The results of this study should contribute to the understanding of the psychological processes at stake in the development of chronic LBP, and in particular to the identification of factors eventually favouring patients' participation in and adherence to active physical treatments. [less ▲]

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See detailIs volition the missing link in the management of low back pain?
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg; Marty, Marc; Legout, Virgine et al

in Joint Bone Spine (2011), 78

Patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain are typically prescribed a regimen of regular physical exercises to improve pain and function, increase workability, and prevent pain recurrence. However ... [more ▼]

Patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain are typically prescribed a regimen of regular physical exercises to improve pain and function, increase workability, and prevent pain recurrence. However, adherence to home exercise programs is often partial at best. Patients often fail to translate their intention to exercise (motivation) into action (implementation). Volition is the mental activity by which intentions are implemented. In this review, we argue that volition may be crucial to the successful rehabilitation of patients with low back pain. Obstacles to the implementation of intentions are described, as well as factors that promote implementation, most notably the conscious formation of implementation intentions. [less ▲]

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See detailTheory of planned behaviour (TPB), implementation intentions (IMIs) from unwanted inner states, study intentions and behaviours, and academic performance: An integrative model
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Mrowinski; Kyrios, M.; Voudouris, N. (Eds.) Abstracts of the International Congress of Applied Psychology (2010)

Intention is considered as a key determinant of behaviour in goal theories and theories of attitude-behaviour relations (e.g., Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)). However, the intention-behavior relation ... [more ▼]

Intention is considered as a key determinant of behaviour in goal theories and theories of attitude-behaviour relations (e.g., Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)). However, the intention-behavior relation is relatively weak, largely a consequence of people having good intentions but failing to act on them. A distinction must be made between forming an intention, a motivational process, and implementing it, a volitional one. Volition addresses the regulation of behavior after the intention has been formed. Problems of goal implementation involve action initiation or ongoing goal striving from getting derailed. Implementation Intentions (IMIs) are a specific volitional tool which consists of specifying an anticipated cue (‘If’ component) as a condition for initiating or protecting goal-directed responses (‘then’ component). These kinds of intentions lead to more frequent goal attainment compared to setting mere goal intentions. In the health domain, IMIs were specifically proved to increase the likelihood of realizing intentions when shielding ongoing goal pursuits from disruptive inner states. In the present field of research, it was investigated in the academic domain whether some inner states, which could impair study, could be specified in the ‘if’ component of IMIs and linked to an effective shielding response in the ‘then’ part. These intentions were also assumed to trigger not only motivational control actions, but also intentions of learning behaviours and to mediate the effects of the classical variables of the TPB on academic performance. 207 freshmen students completed longitudinal questionnaires and Structural Equation Modelling was employed (Lisrel; Robust Maximum Likelihood Method). IMIs geared at controlling interfering motivational inner states enhanced the rate of actions protecting goalstriving and triggered intentions of learning strategies, which were positive antecedents of study behaviors. IMIs totally mediated the effect of classical variables of TPB. The whole model increased the amount of explained variance of academic performance above the contribution of the constructs of the TPB (R2 =.35). In the academic domain, use of unwanted motivational inner states as initiators of goal-shielding responses through IMIs maximizes the effects of simple intentions to make good marks. IMIs are also a self-regulating tool capable of inducing intentions and behaviors of applying learning strategies, which are positive antecedents of academic performance. [less ▲]

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See detailL'intenzione di perseguire i propi obiettivi e la percezione di controllo
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Nauta, Laura; Soresi, Salvatore (Eds.) Sfide e nuovi orizzonti per l'orientamento (2010)

Career construction theory (Savickas, 2002) assumes that subjective lack of career control over one's vocational future in an increasingly changing society can be addressed by diverse interventions ... [more ▼]

Career construction theory (Savickas, 2002) assumes that subjective lack of career control over one's vocational future in an increasingly changing society can be addressed by diverse interventions. Helping self-regulation strategies is part of these interventions. This paper proposes to introduce in vocational counselling a self-regulation strategy that has been proved to enhance the level of academic performance (Broonen, 2006), namely the conscious production of implementation intentions (Gollwitzer, 1993) in goal-directed behaviour. Career control should be facilitated by stating these specific intentions that specify what, when, and how to seek relevant vocational information. [less ▲]

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See detailVolition and the theory of planned behaviour: How to fill the gap between intention and performance?
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Dubois, Daniel (Ed.) Computig Anticipatory Systems - Casys'09 - Ninth International Conference (2010)

This study evaluated the contribution of implementation intentions over the constructs of the theory of planned behaviour in testing a confirmatory model explaining the relationships between antecedents ... [more ▼]

This study evaluated the contribution of implementation intentions over the constructs of the theory of planned behaviour in testing a confirmatory model explaining the relationships between antecedents of academic achievement for university students. It was found that the effects of intention to perform and its classic antecedents on exams performance were mediated by implementation intentions with a considerable increase of amount of explained variance above the contribution of the constructs of planned behaviour theory. This paper is organized as follows. We first introduce the construct of intention, particularly in the context of the well documented model of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB). The limitation of this model will be explained and a basic distinction it does not consider will be pointed to: forming an intention vs. implementing it. Then we present the Heckhausen and Gollwitzer's Action Phases Model (APM) and the construct of implementation intention. The results of experimental and correlational researches on the predictive power of this construct, especially in the educational domain, will be discussed. Thirdly, we propose an integrative model which fills the gap between TPB and performance by introducing implementation intentions from unwanted inner states. Fourthly, we give the results of an experimental research aiming in testing this model conducted in an educational settings and using a confirmatory design (Structural Equation Modelling). In the end, we insist on the implication of these results for students. [less ▲]

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See detailVolition and planned behaviour theory: How to fill the gap between intention and performance?
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

Conference (2009, August 06)

This study evaluated the contribution of implementation intentions over the constructs of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in testing a confirmatory model explaining the relationships between ... [more ▼]

This study evaluated the contribution of implementation intentions over the constructs of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in testing a confirmatory model explaining the relationships between antecedents of academic achievement for university students. It was found that the effects of intention to perform and its classic antecedents on exams performance were mediated by implementation intentions with a considerable increase of amount of explained variance above the contribution of the constructs of TPB. [less ▲]

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See detailLe passé et l'avenir du concept de volition pour la psychologie de l'éducation et de la formation
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale (2007), (74), 3-17

Some basic stages of history of psychology are reviewed to understand the revival for the twenty last years of the concept of volition, distinct from the motivation one, at the same time in North-American ... [more ▼]

Some basic stages of history of psychology are reviewed to understand the revival for the twenty last years of the concept of volition, distinct from the motivation one, at the same time in North-American and European psychology up to become a primary construct in goal-directed behaviours explanation, particularly when goal is difficult to reach. Various studies are reviewed that testify to the importance of this construct especially in educational and adult training psychology. [less ▲]

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See detailMotivation et volition: une distinction incontournable
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Education-Formation (2006), 284(December), 62-71

Firstly, in this paper the historical analysis of volition as a specific construct in front of motivation and conation is developed. From the middle of the eighties volition is focused in empirical ... [more ▼]

Firstly, in this paper the historical analysis of volition as a specific construct in front of motivation and conation is developed. From the middle of the eighties volition is focused in empirical literature as a central concept in goal-directed learning behaviours, especially when goals are difficult to reach. Secondly, limits of motivation (values, expectations) to explain reaching complex learning goals which imply overcoming internal or external obstacles are heightened and volition (action control strategies and implementation intentions) is proved to basically contribute to initiate goal-directed actions and bring them to a successful conclusion. [less ▲]

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See detailMotivation, volition et performances universitaires chez des étudiants de première année en sciences psychologiques
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

Poster (2006)

A model explaining college performance is proposed where motivation, volition, and study strategies are combined as predictors. Mastery-approach goals are positive predictors and avoidance-goals negative ... [more ▼]

A model explaining college performance is proposed where motivation, volition, and study strategies are combined as predictors. Mastery-approach goals are positive predictors and avoidance-goals negative predictors of volitional control intentions of effort. These intentions are positive predictors of endorsement of study strategies intentions. The last ones and intentions of voltional control of effort are positive antecedents of corresponding behaviours, which positively predict exam performances [less ▲]

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See detailCommentary to Dr. Gerhart Rott's key lecture
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Rott, Gerhart (Ed.) Cognition, motivation and emotion : Dynamics in the academic environment: Fedora Psyche Conference in Lisbon, 2002 (2005)

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See detailCognition, motivation and emotion : Dynamics in the academic environment : Fedora Psyche Conference in Lisbon, 2002
Rott, Gerhart; Figueiredo Dias, Graça; Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

Book published by Fedora (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 130 (1 ULg)
See detailCognitive and emotional antecedents and consequences of achievement goals in 1st year university students
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Rott, G. (Ed.) Cognition, motivation and emotion : dynamics in the academic environment : Fedora Psyche Conference in Lisbon, 2002 (2005)

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See detailStructure des orientations de buts d'accomplissement chez des étudiants de première année universitaire
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Cahiers Internationaux de Psychologie Sociale (2004), 63

This research tests by 207 psychological and educational sciences students a model on achievement goals (mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and work ... [more ▼]

This research tests by 207 psychological and educational sciences students a model on achievement goals (mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and work avoidance). Factorial validity, reliability (internal consistency), concurrent validity (anxiety-test, intrinsic motivation, and extrinsic motivation), and criterion-related validity (self-regulation of effort) are in favour of the hypothesized five oblique structure. Similarities and differences with the ressults from American studies are discussed, especially in a cultural view. [less ▲]

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See detailExtending the theory of planned behavior as a model of cognitive and motivational influences on academic performance
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Dubois, Daniel (Ed.) Computing anticipatory systems : Casys 4th international conference, Liège, Belgium, 7-12 August (2001)

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See detailRapport d'atelier: Pratique d'orientation et représentation des études et des professions
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg; Rozet, A.; Degrüne, A.

in Conseil général des Etudes; Orientation Universitaire; Guidance Etude (Eds.) et al Journée de l'Orientation. Réflexion sur le processus d'orientation et analyse des fondements des pratiques de l'orientation; valeurs sociales et vision politique sous-jacentes. Actes (2000)

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See detailPsychological models to explain/predict first year university students’success. The profile of the University of Piraeus’ student: his/her difficulties and expectations Edinburgh: Heriot-Watt University.
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg; Kounenou, Kalliopi

in Dane, Margaret (Ed.) VIIth FEDORA Congress FEDORA 2000 Fit for the future: Managing a changing world (2000, August)

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See detailLe conseil multiculturel dans les universités européennes : quelles compétences et quelles formations ?
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

in Slavors, Monica; Broonen, Jean-Paul; Wahlström, Majken (Eds.) The new millenium : A skills challenge for higher education, the counsellor's responsability for facilitating equality and diversity in a European diversity (2000)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)