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See detailCrystal structure of the catalytic domain of MMP-16/MT3-MMP: Characterization of MT-MMP specific features
Lang, R.; Braun, M.; Sounni, Nor Eddine ULg et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (2004), 336(1), 213-225

Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) have attracted strong attention, because four of them can activate a key player in the tumor scenario, proMMP-2/progelatinase A. In addition to this ... [more ▼]

Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases (MT-MMPs) have attracted strong attention, because four of them can activate a key player in the tumor scenario, proMMP-2/progelatinase A. In addition to this indirect effect on the cellular environment, these MT-MMPs degrade extracellular matrix proteins, and their overproduction is associated with tumor growth. We have solved the structure of the catalytic domain (cd) of MT3-MMP/MMP-16 in complex with the hydroxamic acid inhibitor batimastat. CdMT3-MMP exhibits a classical MMP-fold with similarity to MT1-MMP. Nevertheless, it also shows unique properties such as a modified MT-specific loop and a closed S1' specificity pocket, which might help to design specific inhibitors. Some MT-MMP-specific features, derived from the crystal structures of MT-1-MMP determined previously and MT3-MMP, and revealed in recent mutagenesis experiments, explain the impaired interaction of the MT-MMPs with TIMP-1. Docking experiments with proMMP-2 show some exposed loops including the MT-loop of cdMT3-MMP involved in the interaction with the proMMP-2 prodomain in the activation encounter complex. This model might help to understand the experimentally proven importance of the MT-loop for the activation of proMMP-2. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailMulti- Sensor 3D Image Fusion and Interactive Search
Ross, William; Waxman, Allen M.; Streilein, William et al

Conference (2000, July)

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See detailMulti-Sensor Image Fusion: 3D Visualization and Search Agents
Waxman, Allen M.; Ross, William; Streilein, William et al

Conference (2000, June)

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See detailAn Interactive Mining Tool Utilizing an Extension of Fuzzy ARTMAP for Efficient Exploitation and Enhanced Visualization of Multi-sensor Imagery
Streilein, William; Waxman, Allen M.; Ross, William et al

Conference (2000, May)

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See detailMulti- sensor Image Fusion for Efficient Color 3D Site Visualization and Rapid Analysis Utilizing Search Acceleration Algorithms
Ross, William; Waxman, Allen M.; Streilein, William et al

Conference (2000, May)

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See detailFused Multi-Sensor Image Mining for Feature Foundation Data
Streilein, William; Waxman, Allen M.; Ross et al

Conference (2000)

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See detailThe Complete Genome Sequence Of The Gram-Positive Bacterium Bacillus Subtilis
Kunst, F.; Ogasawara, N.; Moszer, I. et al

in Nature (1997), 390(6657), 249-256

Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are ... [more ▼]

Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family containing 77 putative ATP-binding transport proteins. In addition, a large proportion of the genetic capacity is devoted to the utilization of a variety of carbon sources, including many plant-derived molecules. The identification of five signal peptidase genes, as well as several genes for components of the secretion apparatus, is important given the capacity of Bacillus strains to secrete large amounts of industrially important enzymes. Many of the genes are involved in the synthesis of secondary metabolites, including antibiotics, that are more typically associated with Streptomyces species. The genome contains at least ten prophages or remnants of prophages, indicating that bacteriophage infection has played an important evolutionary role in horizontal gene transfer, in particular in the propagation of bacterial pathogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasurements of mediator cascades during adult respiratory distress syndrome
Lamy, Maurice ULg; Deby-Dupont, G.; Deby, C. et al

in Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (1992)

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See detailArachidonic acid and cyclooxygenase metabolism in acute lung injury
Lamy, Maurice ULg; Deby-Dupont, G.; Deby, C. et al

in Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (1992)

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See detailInteractions between follicular dendritic cells and lymphoid cells.
Heinen, Ernst ULg; Braun, M.; Louis, Edouard ULg et al

in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (1988), 237

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See detailInfluence of immunoglobulin isotypes and lymphoid cell phenotype on the transfer of immune complexes to follicular dendritic cells.
Braun, M.; Heinen, Ernst ULg; Cormann, N. et al

in Cellular Immunology (1987), 107(1), 99-106

Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are located only inside lymph follicles and are characterized mainly by their capacity to retain high amounts of immune complexes by their Fc or C3b receptors. In this ... [more ▼]

Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are located only inside lymph follicles and are characterized mainly by their capacity to retain high amounts of immune complexes by their Fc or C3b receptors. In this work, we examine the influence of immunoglobulin isotypes and the subset of lymphoid cells (B or T) upon the transfer of immune complexes from lymphocytes to FDC. FDC isolated from mice lymph nodes by enzymatic digestion are able to fix, through Fc receptors, gold-labeled immune complexes presented by lymphoid cells. As demonstrated by electron microscopy, this transfer requires the establishment of close contacts between both cell types. Using different cell selection techniques we show that B lymphoid cells take up immune complexes more efficiently than do T lymphoid cells and transfer a larger number of them to FDC. This transfer mechanism is dependent on the immunoglobulin isotype: immune complexes constituted of IgG2a, IgG2b, and IgG1 isotypes are better transferred to FDC than those constituted of IgG3 and IgM. [less ▲]

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See detailThromboxane and prostacyclin release in adult respiratory distress syndrome
Deby, Ginette ULg; Braun, M.; Lamy, Maurice ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (1987), 13

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See detailRetention of immune complexes by murine lymph node or spleen follicular dendritic cells. Role of antibody isotype.
Heinen, Ernst ULg; Coulie, P.; Van Snick, J. et al

in Scandinavian Journal of Immunology (1986), 24(3), 327-34

Using monoclonal anti-trinitrophenyl (TNP) antibodies complexed to TNP-myoglobin-coated gold particles, we analysed at the ultrastructural level the retention by follicular dendritic cells (FDC) of immune ... [more ▼]

Using monoclonal anti-trinitrophenyl (TNP) antibodies complexed to TNP-myoglobin-coated gold particles, we analysed at the ultrastructural level the retention by follicular dendritic cells (FDC) of immune complexes containing various antibody isotypes. Gold-labelled immune complexes were injected subcutaneously or intravenously into naive mice and, after 24 h, germinal centres of draining lymph nodes or spleen were examined by electron microscopy. FDC generally retained complexes containing IgG2a and IgG2b better than those formed with IgG1 or IgG3. IgM was rarely retained. FDC isolated from lymph nodes or spleens were incubated in vitro with gold-labelled complexes in a serum-free medium. IgG2a and IgG2b complexes were also retained in vitro in large quantities by FDC; IgG1 and IgG3 complexes were retained in smaller quantities or in highly variable quantities compared with IgG2; IgM complexes were rarely seen on FDC. There was no difference between FDC isolated from lymph nodes or from spleen with respect to the Ig isotypes required for Fc-mediated retention of immune complexes. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation of follicular dendritic cells from human tonsils and adenoids. VI. Analysis of prostaglandin secretion.
Heinen, Ernst ULg; Cormann, N.; Braun, M. et al

in Annales de l'Institut Pasteur. Immunologie (1986), 137D(3), 369-82

Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are able to fix high amounts of immune complexes by C3b or Fc receptors without endocytosis and for long periods of time. In order to determine the function of this ... [more ▼]

Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are able to fix high amounts of immune complexes by C3b or Fc receptors without endocytosis and for long periods of time. In order to determine the function of this retention, we analysed the secretion of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) by FDC in vitro; indeed, it is well-known that immune complex fixation on cells may induce PGE2 production. FDC were isolated by enzymic digestion of lymph follicles dissected under the biomicroscope from human tonsils or adenoids. Isolated FDC appeared as spherical clusters where they enveloped lymphoid cells with their cytoplasmic extensions. Tests were performed in synthetic culture media or in media supplemented with foetal calf serum. PGE2 production in FDC suspensions was compared to that of lymphocyte or macrophage-enriched populations prepared from the same human tonsils. In all experimental conditions, FDC and macrophage-enriched cell populations produced high levels of PGE2, inversely to lymphoid cell populations. This secretion was inhibited by indomethacin. At the ultrastructural level, we also showed that 3H-arachidonic acid was metabolized in cell membranes of all three cell types. The PGE2 produced in the culture media, according to our experimental conditions, do not influence cell proliferation, as assessed by 3H-thymidine incorporation tests on phytohaemagglutinin-stimulated lymphocytes. [less ▲]

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See detailTransfer of immune complexes from lymphocytes to follicular dendritic cells.
Heinen, Ernst ULg; Braun, M.; Coulie, P. G. et al

in European Journal of Immunology (1986), 16(2), 167-72

Antigens in the form of immune complexes are retained on the membranes of follicular dendritic cells (FDC) for long periods of time. To examine how immune complexes reach germinal centers, where FDC are ... [more ▼]

Antigens in the form of immune complexes are retained on the membranes of follicular dendritic cells (FDC) for long periods of time. To examine how immune complexes reach germinal centers, where FDC are located, we injected mice with anti-2,4-dinitrophenyl (DNP) antibodies complexed to DNP-myoglobin-coated gold particles. The distribution of the particles in spleens or draining lymph nodes was then determined with the electron microscope. The vast majority of the particles were cell bound. Shortly after injection they were phagocytized by macrophages or fixed on lymphocytes. The latter were found even in the corona of lymph follicles but not in germinal centers. Already 30 min after injection, FDC in contact with the corona were faintly positive but were negative in the center. FDC precursor cells were occasionally observed but in too small a number to account for the transport of immune complexes to the germinal centers. Twenty-four hours after injection colloidal gold particles were found in phagolysosomes of macrophages or on cytoplasmic extensions of FDC in all parts of the germinal centers. Experiments performed on isolated FDC showed that they are not only able to take up free immune complexes but are also able to adsorb immune complexes from pulsed lymphocytes. These results strengthen the idea that lymphoid cells binding immune complexes by their Fc receptors may transport these complexes inside germinal centers. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence de la cellule folliculaire dendritique sur la survie des lymphocytes in vitro.
Cormann, N.; Heinen, Ernst ULg; Kinet-Denoel, C. et al

in Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société de Biologie et de ses Filiales (1986), 180(2), 218-23

To study the role of follicular dendritic cells (FDC) in germinal centers, we tried to keep them alive in vitro by culturing entire lymphoid follicles. Ultrastructural studies of those cultures in ... [more ▼]

To study the role of follicular dendritic cells (FDC) in germinal centers, we tried to keep them alive in vitro by culturing entire lymphoid follicles. Ultrastructural studies of those cultures in different conditions of culture technique, medium and temperature have been made. In any considered conditions living FDC were not found in the cultures after the 7th day. But during that period, only lymphocytes in close contact with the cytoplasmic processes of FDC survived. FDC seem thus to exert a positive action on lymphocyte survival in vitro. Moreover, FDC and lymphocytes appeared associated in situ in clusters similar to those obtained after isolation of FDC (Lilet-Leclercq et al., J. Immunol. Meth., 1984, 59, 235). [less ▲]

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See detailBiochemical patways of acute lung injury
Lamy, Maurice ULg; Deby, Ginette ULg; Pincemail, Joël ULg et al

in Bulletin Européen de Physiopathologie Respiratoire (1985), 21

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See detailImmunoreactive trypsin in the adult respiratory distress syndrome
Deby, Ginette ULg; Haas, M.; Pincemail, Joël ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (1984), 10

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See detailComplement activation in patients at risk of developing the adult respiratory distress syndrome.
Duchateau, J.; Haas, M.; Schreyen, H. et al

in American Review of Respiratory Disease (1984), 130(6), 1058-64

In this prospective study of 50 patients, 36 of whom developed the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), early and intense complement activation was demonstrated. These patients were at risk of the ... [more ▼]

In this prospective study of 50 patients, 36 of whom developed the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), early and intense complement activation was demonstrated. These patients were at risk of the ARDS because of multiple injuries, major abdominal surgery, acute pancreatitis, severe burns, or disseminated intravascular coagulation. Abnormal C3 consumption (as measured by the C3d/C3 ratio) and elevated plasma C5a-like activity (as measured by a leukocyte aggregation assay) were associated with, respectively, 84 and 86% of cases of ARDS. Both tests were more sensitive indicators of complement consumption than were assays of total hemolytic complement activity (CH50) or total C3. The C3d/C3 ratio showed a close, inverse correlation with CH50 in 47 healthy subjects, and was increased in 12 control patients after minor surgery. The C5a-like activity was found only in patients at risk of ARDS; it was highly associated with clinical conditions that predispose to the ARDS, but it cannot be considered as a real predictor of ARDS occurrence in these patients. Sequential samples from both sides of the pulmonary circulation showed initial pulmonary clearance followed by the release of C5a-like activity. No simultaneous changes in C3 levels were found, suggesting the possible presence of modulating factors. These observations suggest that other factors (e.g., hypoxia and metabolic cascades) may influence the development of ARDS. [less ▲]

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