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See detailMorphological and molecular characterization of planktonic cyanobacteria from Belgium and Luxembourg
Willame, R.; Boutte, C.; Grubisic, Stana ULg et al

in Journal of Phycology (2006), 42(6), 1312-1332

For the first time in Belgium and Luxembourg, the diversity and taxonomy of 95 cyanobacterial strains isolated from freshwater blooms were assessed by the comparison of phenotypes and partial 16S rRNA ... [more ▼]

For the first time in Belgium and Luxembourg, the diversity and taxonomy of 95 cyanobacterial strains isolated from freshwater blooms were assessed by the comparison of phenotypes and partial 16S rRNA gene sequences. The results showed the high diversity of nanoplanktonic, picoplanktonic, and benthic-periphytic cyanobacteria accompanying the main bloom-forming taxa. Indeed, besides 15 morphotypes of bloom-forming taxa, seven non-bloom-forming planktonic morphotypes and 11 morphotypes from benthic-periphytic taxa were isolated in culture from the plankton samples of 35 water bodies. The bloom-forming strains belonged to the genera Microcystis, Woronichinia, Planktothrix, Anabaena, and Aphanizomenon, whereas the other strains isolated from the same samples were assigned to the nanoplanktonic Aphanocapsa, Aphanothece, Snowella, and Pseudanabaena; to the picoplanktonic Cyanobium; and to the benthic periphytic Geitlerinema, Komvophoron, Leptolyngbya, Lyngbya, Phormidium, Calothrix, Nostoc, and Trichormus. The results supported both the polyphyletism of genera such as Aphanocapsa, Aphanothece, Leptolyngbya, Geitlerinema, Anabaena, and Aphanizomenon as well as the validity of genera such as Microcystis, Planktothrix, and Pseudanabaena with gas vesicles and cells constricted at the cross wall. The results obtained showed the close relationship between Snowella and Woronichinia for which very few sequences exist. The first sequence of Komvophoron appeared poorly related to other available cyanobacterial sequences. Although in a few cases a good agreement existed between phenotypic and genotypic features, there was generally a discrepancy. Strains with identical morphotypes show small differences in the 16S rRNA sequences, which might be related to the different chemical properties of their habitats. The results showed the importance of the polyphasic approach in order to improve the taxonomy of cyanobacteria. [less ▲]

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See detailTesting of primers for the study of cyanobacterial molecular diversity by DGGE
Boutte, C.; Grubisic, Stana ULg; Balthasart, Pierre ULg et al

in Journal of Microbiological Methods (2006), 65(3), 542-550

Denaturing Gradient Gel electrophoresis (DGGE) is a PCR-based technique which is widely used in the study of microbial communities. Here, the use of the three specific 16S rRNA cyanobacterial specific ... [more ▼]

Denaturing Gradient Gel electrophoresis (DGGE) is a PCR-based technique which is widely used in the study of microbial communities. Here, the use of the three specific 16S rRNA cyanobacterial specific primers CYA359F, CYA781R(a) and CYA781R(b) on the assessment of the molecular diversity of cyanobacterial communities is examined. Assignments of the reverse primers CYA781R(a) and CYA781R(b) with cyanobacterial strain sequences showed that the former preferentially targets filamentous cyanobacteria whereas the latter targets unicellular cyanobacteria. The influence of the GC clamp position on the forward Or on reverse primer and the use of the two reverse primers separately or in equimolar mixture were investigated. Three environmental samples were subjected to amplification with 6 combinations of primers. The 6 banding patterns as well as the sequences of the bands extracted were analysed and compared. In addition, to assess the effect of the position of the GC clamp, the melting profiles of the sequences of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae PMC9707 and Synechococcus sp. MH305 were determined, with the GC clamp in the 3' or 5' position. Results showed that the use of two separate amplifications allowed a more complete study of the molecular diversity of the cyanobacterial community investigated. Furthermore, similar richness and identical phylogenctic assignments of extracted bands were obtained irrespective of the positioning of the GC clamp. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDistinction Between Cultivated And Wild Chicory Gene Pools Using Aflp Markers
Van Cutsem, P.; Du Jardin, Patrick ULg; Boutte, C. et al

in Theoretical & Applied Genetics = Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik (2003), 107(4),

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