References of "Bousbaine, Antonia"
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See detailRelations entre nos villes et nos campagnes: quelle place pour l'agriculture?
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Nous sommes aujourd'hui confrontés à une urbanisation soutenue de nos campagnes et par voie de conséquences à une diminution drastique du nombre d’exploitations agricoles.Un tournant s'opère dans nos ... [more ▼]

Nous sommes aujourd'hui confrontés à une urbanisation soutenue de nos campagnes et par voie de conséquences à une diminution drastique du nombre d’exploitations agricoles.Un tournant s'opère dans nos sociétés où l'on se doit de faire des choix cruciaux dans nos façons d'appréhender les relations entre nos villes et nos campagnes. Ces choix passent inévitablement par la prise en considération de notre agriculture, qui force est de constater est à bout de souffle.Souhaitons-nous continuer dans le "tout chimique" ou allons-nous réellement devenir consomm 'acteur, en reconsidérant la place de l'agriculture au sein de nos territoires? Ce qui passera par un changement de nos modes de productions, qui se doivent de devenir plus durables, en renouant avec une agriculture à taille humaine qui nourrit sa population [less ▲]

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See detailWhat can agricultural land use planning contribute to food production and food policy
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege

in International Journal of Avian & Wildlife Biology (2017), Vol 2 issue 1

Food Security and Food Sovereignty are two of the most important issues facing Food Policy. Maintaining productive farmland and sustainable farms as well as providing adequate volumes of foodstuffs have ... [more ▼]

Food Security and Food Sovereignty are two of the most important issues facing Food Policy. Maintaining productive farmland and sustainable farms as well as providing adequate volumes of foodstuffs have led to measures to protect farmland and farm activities in many countries. These include land use planning with agricultural zones and in some jurisdictions legislation to ‘protect’ agriculture in agricultural reserves. Are these tools adequate to maintain sustainable agricultures particularly around major urban and metropolitan centers. Agricultural zones and agricultural reserves in many jurisdictions have continued to experience removal of farmland in order to permit different types of urban development (e.g. residential development and industrial parks). An emerging response to this has been the integration of strategic development planning for agriculture in certain jurisdictions (e.g. the province of Quebec (Canada)), because this approach can integrate the necessary parameters to enable the development of sustainable agricultures, including how to respond to opportunities as well as adapting to emerging stressors. This approach also ideally requires the integration of farmers and their families as actors and participants in the strategic development planning process. [less ▲]

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See detailNourrir autrement les populations: la Ceinture Aliment Terre de Liège
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

De plus en plus de consommateurs se tournent vers les circuits courts, la Ceinture Aliment Terre de Liège, tente de "reconnecter" les consommateurs aux producteurs en s'appuyant sur ce qui existe déjà et ... [more ▼]

De plus en plus de consommateurs se tournent vers les circuits courts, la Ceinture Aliment Terre de Liège, tente de "reconnecter" les consommateurs aux producteurs en s'appuyant sur ce qui existe déjà et qui permet de "nourrir" la population de façon locale. Le projet phare de cette plateforme de mise en réseau: les Compagnons de la Terre (coopérative à finalité sociale), teste un modèle innovant en agroécologie afin d'essaimer dans toute la province. [less ▲]

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See detailLa montée d'une agriculture urbaine en Belgique: nourrir les populations en investissant deux grandes villes: Bruxelles-Capitale et Liège
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege; bryant, christopher; Jonet, christian

Conference (2017, May 11)

The loss of farms is problematic in Belgium, particularly in Wallonia (68% loss between 1980 and 2015) and in the Brussels-Capital Region and access to land is a real challenge for farmers to deal when ... [more ▼]

The loss of farms is problematic in Belgium, particularly in Wallonia (68% loss between 1980 and 2015) and in the Brussels-Capital Region and access to land is a real challenge for farmers to deal when setting up their farms. Recently, however, there has been a real increase in awareness of the importance of agricultural activity and land on the part of public authorities and especially of citizens who are trying to regain control of their food. These citizens are looking for a healthier and safer food in the face of the shortage of agricultural land in a densely populated country. The smallest interstices of the cities are occupied to set up innovative agricultural projects such as in Brussels and Liège where vegetable gardens and a Food Land Belt is developing to feed the populations of the cities. These agri-urban projects are the work of the citizens themselves, who take the initiative themselves to realize these innovative actions by pooling their knowledge and tools centered on new agricultural production models. We highlight the actions taken by certain segments of the population in the cities of Brussels and Liège where food, social and environmental issues have become a concern for consumers who invest in the green spaces left vacant compared to what is being done in other countries such as Canada or France, for more than a decade. [less ▲]

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See detailTendances générales de l'agriculture à Courcelles: vers quel avenir?
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

L'évolution de l'agriculture dans une commune du Hainaut : Courcelles, pointe du doigt les pertes significatives de cette agriculture, cependant la diversification pourrait constituer une solution, avec ... [more ▼]

L'évolution de l'agriculture dans une commune du Hainaut : Courcelles, pointe du doigt les pertes significatives de cette agriculture, cependant la diversification pourrait constituer une solution, avec la mise en place de la ceinture Aliment Terre de Charleroi Métropole [less ▲]

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See detailThe Food-Belt (Ceinture Aliment-Terre), an innovative system for feeding the population
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege

Conference (2016, July 19)

Food supply is increasingly central to many questions, including both environmental and social issues; interest in the sustainability of food production systems is continually increasing. Many consumers ... [more ▼]

Food supply is increasingly central to many questions, including both environmental and social issues; interest in the sustainability of food production systems is continually increasing. Many consumers have become very critical of the practices of modern productivist agriculture, inherited after World War II in order to defeat the "scourge of hunger" and supported later by different government policies. These practices have been increasingly rejected in rich countries by consumers more favorable towards local agriculture that also contributes to better product traceability, a key factor for many consumers. This trend also favors certain agronomic advances to mitigate the negative externalities of these productivist agricultural practices, notably negative environmental impacts and their implications for public health. In relation to this, some innovative systems have been set up, putting into practice the sustainability of agricultural practices such as the Ceinture Aliment-Terre of Liège, where since 2012 a healthier agriculture has developed through agroecology. The networks have encouraged the development of an alternative model, that is ecologically intensive, focused on short circuits, made up of diversified "micro-farms" which also give new life to conventional farms, involving the development of a very extensive model focused on a type of bio-grazing, through the purchase and development of their products through short circuits. This innovative model is also innovative from the productivity and social points of view. To demonstrate the innovative nature of food production in the Ceinture Aliment-Terre of Liège, we propose a comparative analysis with several other 'green' belts in the world: ex. London and Ottawa where other functions of these spaces have become more important than the food production function and others where the food issue has always been crucial (e.g. Toronto and Paris). [less ▲]

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See detailL'evolution de l'agriculture à Courcelles et pistes de solution
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

Comme dans le reste de la Wallonie Courcelles, commune de la périphérie de Charleroi connait une diminution non des moindres du nombre de ces exploitations agricoles depuis 1990, pas loin de 70% en 20 ans ... [more ▼]

Comme dans le reste de la Wallonie Courcelles, commune de la périphérie de Charleroi connait une diminution non des moindres du nombre de ces exploitations agricoles depuis 1990, pas loin de 70% en 20 ans , des pistes pourraient cependant se mettre en place à travers un réseau Aliment terre... [less ▲]

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See detailThe roles of governments and other actors in adaptation to climate change and variability: The examples of agriculture and coastal communities
bryant, Christopher; Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege; Akkari, Chérine et al

in Aims Environmental Science (2016), Vol3 issue 3

There is little question now about the reality of climate change and the importance of adaptation of human activities in reducing the negative impacts of climate change and variability (CCV) as well as ... [more ▼]

There is little question now about the reality of climate change and the importance of adaptation of human activities in reducing the negative impacts of climate change and variability (CCV) as well as the reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions in mitigating this unprecedented phenomenon. This article focuses on adaptation and the adaptive capacity of actors (decision takers) of all sorts to adopt appropriate strategies and increase their adaptive capacity to cope with CCV by focusing on two types of human activity —agriculture and agricultural territories and coastal communities, both of which have very important roles to play in human society. Given the recent high profile given to the outcomes of COP21 and particularly the potential transfer of significant funding from developed to developing countries to support their battle against CCV, the emphasis has shifted again to the role of governments in this battle. We argue that governments have important roles to play both in developed and developing countries, but supporting funding of initiatives and for developing pertinent action plans is probably the least of our worries! Funding can be important but alone does not solve the challenges, it is what is accomplished with funding that is all important, and this requires the development of effective and pertinent adaptive capacities on the part of the different actors involved in what becomes a co -construction process. We argue that the roles of governments and other actors (collective as well as individual citizens and the activities that they are involved in) need to be better understood in order for this to happen. This is illustratedby research of different types on agriculture and coastal communities [less ▲]

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See detail5. Action research: an essential approach for constructing the development of sustainable urban agricultural systems.
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege; Bryant, christopher

in Challenge in Sustainability (2016), 4 (1)

How can research contribute more directly to promoting and leading to sustainable solutions and projects? This article suggests that one of the most important research approaches capable of achieving this ... [more ▼]

How can research contribute more directly to promoting and leading to sustainable solutions and projects? This article suggests that one of the most important research approaches capable of achieving this is the Action Research approach. This involves the researcher taking on a number of roles when working with other actors (e.g. citizens, farmers, local elected officials, citizen associations, government representatives. . . with the specific set of actors depending upon the nature of the subject being investigated and for which solutions are sought). The roles that the researcher can play involve providing appropriate information to the other actors, providing counseling to them, organizing and animating meetings with the actors, and accompanying the whole process involving all the actors. These roles are essentially played out by the researcher when the other actors request the researcher to assume whichever roles they consider to be significant. The fundamental notion is that through this process the actors appropriate the sustainable solutions as their own, and the researcher helps them achieve this. This article is based on: a) a synthesis of pertinent research using the Action Research approach (specifically in relation to sustainable agricultural systems in periurban territories), and b) specific research undertaken by the two co-authors of the article, all in the context of periurban agricultural systems during the last 8 years, as well as on some of their publications. The necessary characteristics of Action Research and the researchers involved are identified, namely: a) patience; b) an emphasis on process; and c) an emphasis on participation on the part of multiple actors [less ▲]

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See detailles agricultures urbaines et périurbaines des villes du nord et du sud : une conceptualisation des dynamiques et des défis
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege; Nguendo -Yongsi, Blaise; Bryant, Christopher

Scientific conference (2015, June 11)

According to the United Nations Organization, the world's population is expected to increase by more than 3 billion by 2050. This increase will take place directly on the space adjacent to the cities, A ... [more ▼]

According to the United Nations Organization, the world's population is expected to increase by more than 3 billion by 2050. This increase will take place directly on the space adjacent to the cities, A peri-urban area where agricultural activity is often dominated. Although the city and its neighboring countryside have always maintained good neighborly relations, it should be remembered that the horticultural belt has long been a source of nourishment for its city and that, as different researchers have pointed out, the master market gardener has played a fundamental role between the city and the countryside. The market gardener was "rural by his work" and "urban by his habitat and his corporate organization". Today, it is incontestable that this configuration has been upset. In the countries of the North as well as in the South, the inexorable progress of the city has nibbled away at the agricultural areas that are constantly receding. This has led to the loss of 32 million hectares over the period 2000/2001 to 2010/2011, according to a report of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Moreover, new relationships are born in these so-called peri-urban spaces, where new functions have been added to that which until recently dominated, i.e. agricultural production. Some researchers speak of "agriculture in the city's countryside" or of "urban countrysides". Indeed, the city and its various functions take root in the countryside and the simple dichotomy between rural and urban areas has tended to disappear around cities of the North, where peri-urbanization continues its work, and in the countries of the south it has accelerated. Agriculture thus has been regaining its original function of "nourishing its city", thus creating ties that had become somewhat reduced. In the countries of the North and the South, many initiatives are emerging in this urban fringe, where each segment of the population tries to take maximum advantage of the opportunities that can arise there. In relation to this, the problem is how the new modes of production of this agriculture (or rather of these agricultures) are apprehended in the countries of the North and of the South. Because of the numerous crises in the agricultural world in northern countries, today more than ever urban dwellers are more likely to want a healthy diet and to know the origins known. Examples abound in northern countries such as France, Canada, Switzerland (Food Guilds), and Belgium with its Solidarity Purchasing Groups for Peasant Agriculture. The challenges and issues associated with all these trends are the focus of this presentation. [less ▲]

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See detailLe leadership dans la recherche partenariale dans la perspective du développement durable.
bryant, Christopher; Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege

Conference (2015, May)

Climate change resilience (CC) calls for actions to build and improve resilience that needs to be integrated into a holistic thinking and strategic planning process to give these actions the importance ... [more ▼]

Climate change resilience (CC) calls for actions to build and improve resilience that needs to be integrated into a holistic thinking and strategic planning process to give these actions the importance they deserve. In this context, we have the right to ask ourselves: who can take initiatives to launch these processes? Who is in a position to take the lead in launching more targeted actions? Leadership is not confined to people who are at the top of a hierarchy, ex. the mayor, the elected representatives, ... Such processes have been initiated in many jurisdictions across Canada by actors not associated with local or regional governments. In the context of sustainable development, leadership requires "leaders" to recognize the need to empower other actors, including citizens, to assume the leadership of other actions and processes within a particular strategic orientation – reinforce resilience to CC. This reasoning is based on the principles of sustainable development which requires recognition of the contribution of each actor / group of actors and an understanding of the interests of each person involved. It is important to empower as many people as possible and not to focus on elected officials and professional staff – hence the construction of decentralized leadership and, ultimately, new governance. [less ▲]

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See detail2. La cohabitation des populations agricoles et non-agricoles, face aux nouvelles dynamiques économiques des espaces périurbains.
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege; bryant, christopher

Scientific conference (2015, April 16)

With the diffuse urbanization in rural and peri-urban areas in the spheres of urban influence and the modern transformations of agriculture, we must note that over the past two decades there has been an ... [more ▼]

With the diffuse urbanization in rural and peri-urban areas in the spheres of urban influence and the modern transformations of agriculture, we must note that over the past two decades there has been an increased recognition of the complexity of the dynamics of rural and peri-urban communities. Although no study has really been undertaken in Wallonia in the southern part of the territory, we will focus our discussion on it. The peri-urban communes of the Grand Charleroi will constitute more specifically our field of study. It should be noted that an airport was built and expanded in 2008, covering an area of 1245 ha, to accommodate more than 3 million passengers, in the commune of Gosselies, where until recently farming participated in the economy of the region. This agriculture, which was losing its dynamism, also made it possible to feed a significant part of the agglomeration of Charleroi. Agricultural activity is now threatened by the inexorable progress of industrial activities and private construction. The agricultural population was predominant, and family-based agriculture was very present, but since the expropriation of agricultural land for the establishment of the airport and the installation of industrial parks like the Aéropole, a change took place, pushing agricultural activity to the background with industrial activities prevailing but also the installation of urban populations, who were arriving to enjoy the landscape amenities and real economic opportunities. The de-structuring of farms, and even their eventual disappearance, is one of the consequences, but especially agriculture has also had to cope with the neorurals, who in many cases do not understand agriculture, which does not correspond to what they have in their "imaginary" "rural" environment. Not only have the composition of populations in these environments undergone significant changes – an increase in the non-agricultural population with varying values and motivations and at the same time often a decrease in the agricultural population. This dynamic raises the problem of the cohabitation between the agricultural and non-agricultural populations of these environments and the roles of "traditional" land-use planning in the management of this coexistence. The objective of this presentation is to explore the implications of the real complexity of the rural and peri-urban communities in this territory of Belgium for the spatial planning of these areas as well as the complexity of the agricultural population and its production. This complexity leads us to consider the contribution of appropriate governance processes for rural and peri-urban communities. The discussion is framed by a conceptualization of the problematic based on the experiences in several countries in Western Europe and North America, but above all it will be supported by the results of field research in the southern part of Belgium: The urban area of Charleroi and its suburbs – which represent the peri-urban municipalities, according to the typology in Belgium, where a defense "committee" of young farmers has recently been set up to repel a new "industrial park" directly built on their working tools: agricultural land. This presentation will allow us to analyze the relationships that exist between the different segments of the population but also the transformations of farms, their evolution over time and the involvement of public authorities in order to revitalize a formerly industrial region surrounded by its agricultural suburbs. [less ▲]

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See detailles défis des communautés cotières pour réhausser la résilience et leur capacité à faire face aux intempériesclimatiques
Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege; bryant, christopher

in VertigO : la Revue Electronique en Sciences de l'Environnement (2015), hors série 23(novembre),

The purpose of this article is to present the challenges coastal communities face in increasing their level of resilience and capacity to adapt to climatic disturbances. The emphasis is on the need to ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this article is to present the challenges coastal communities face in increasing their level of resilience and capacity to adapt to climatic disturbances. The emphasis is on the need to integrate these two elements in a holistic process of reflection and long ¬term strategic planning. This is necessary to avoid the marginalization of the issue of climate change and variability (CVC) compared to other issues facing these communities (e.g. the maintenance and development of employment and services for the population). We use the concepts of strategic planning for and by the community, which involves the mobilization and participation of all legitimate segments of interest in the community in all phases of strategic planning: building a future vision, the identification of strategic orientations (including potentially one focused on resilience and adaptive capacity) ; the identification of the types of possible and desirable actions in this type of orientation …). We make reference to coastal zones in Quebec, New Brunswick and Western Europe. The results demonstrate. the importance first of appropriating the issue of CVC as a recurrent phenomenon and the mobilization of all segments of interest in a community regardless of whether certain segments are themselves directly affected by this phenomenon or not. In conclusion, we emphasize the importance of effective communication at each step and of building a culture of community solidarity which can be in itself a strategic orientation. [less ▲]

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See detail1. Actor Dynamics and Sustainable Development: Emerging Roles of Researchers
Bryant, Christopher; Bousbaine, Antonia ULiege

in revue canadienne de géographie tropicale (2014), Vol 1(N° 2 1-5), 1-5

The challenges facing sustainable development are essentially human-based; human society has mainly created or exacerbated many human problems such as poverty and food security as well as natural ... [more ▼]

The challenges facing sustainable development are essentially human-based; human society has mainly created or exacerbated many human problems such as poverty and food security as well as natural environment problems, such as climate change and climate extremes. In addition, the eventual solutions must be elaborated and put into place by various actors. Thus it is essential to have a thorough understanding of actor dynamics … the interests of different actors, interactions between them and the initiatives that they engage in. A framework is presented to help any observer and researcher in any cultural or territorial context to understand the challenges facing the involvement of actors and human society in general in any search for sustainable development, and this is so for the countries of the North and the South. We then explore how a better understanding of actor dynamics support those researchers who wish to make a substantial contribution to resolving these challenges and helping populations move closer towards a sustainable future for their communities and environments. It is argued that one of the most pertinent ways for researchers to do this is through the various research approaches termed action research; it is argued that with patience and playing out the roles of counselor, facilitator, and provider of strategic information, action research, particularly Participatory Action Research (PAR) can achieve significant progress towards a sustainable future. [less ▲]

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