References of "Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre"
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See detailDélinquance des adolescents et maturation pubertaire analysées au travers du timing pubertaire perçu
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

The impact of pubertal development on the psychological and social functioning of the teenager arouses a particular interest; the most recent research shows the existence of complex relationships between ... [more ▼]

The impact of pubertal development on the psychological and social functioning of the teenager arouses a particular interest; the most recent research shows the existence of complex relationships between pubertal development and the manifestation of internalized and externalized disorders. Two predominant hypothesis are used for explain influence of pubertal timing on problem behaviors : the maturational deviance theory and the stage termination (early timing) theory. The deviance theory claims that the borderline or abnormal pubertal timing, whether early or late, causes difficulties for adolescent adaptation. The early timing theory suggests that early pubertal timing and the consequent early physical maturation put adolescents at greater risk of adjustment problems because early pubertal maturation interferes with normal progression through the developmental tasks of adolescence. Our study is interested specifically in the links between delinquency during adolescence and pubertal maturation in a population of 141 boys aged between 12 and 18. We measured the pubertal variable starting from the perceived pubertal timing (PPT), which evaluates the teenagers' perception of their pubertal maturation, compared with that of their peers, to understand its impact on various dimensions of the functioning of teenagers: the self-perception (scale of Harter), aggressiveness (scale of Buss and Perry), association with peers and self-reported delinquency (attacks on property and individuals). We began with univariate analyses in order to determine the variables associated with early or late pubertal timing through comparison of scores obtained in those subjects with reference to average maturers. Subsequently, multivariate analyses were used in an attempt to sort out which among the studied factors could be predictor or a determinant of delinquency in relation to pubertal timing. Therefore, stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed. Statistical analyses were run with the SAS software, version 9.1.Our results support the thesis of precocity, the teenagers with an advanced PPT present scores of delinquency and aggressiveness significantly higher than teenagers with a standard PPT. However, the sub-group of teenagers with delayed PPT present raw scores of self-revealed delinquency which are higher than those of teenagers with a standard PPT. These teenagers can be characterized by a significantly higher hostility than the teenagers with a standard PPT. This cognitive dimension of aggressiveness, as evaluated by Buss and Perry, characterizes the functioning of the teenagers with the delayed PPT, who also present poorer self-esteem and dissatisfaction with their physical appearance. On the basis of this assessment, an analysis of multiple regression within each type of PPT aimed at identifying the variables likely to explain the delinquency of teenagers according to their PPT. The results show that the physical factor of aggressiveness is common to the three types of PPT. It is associated with the affiliation with delinquent peers for those teenagers with advanced and normal PPT, whereas for those teenagers with delayed PPT, it interacts with the factor of hostility, which is specific to them. Association with delinquent peers recognized as a major risk factor and predictive for the self-revealed delinquency of teenagers in general does not intervene for these boys who perceive their pubertal development late, compared to the others. The delinquency of teenagers with a delayed PPT cannot be explained by the factors that are considered in the general population, their social functioning and the socialization of these teenagers with delayed puberty is different from that of the other teenagers, as is their implication in delinquency, which is not explained by a kind of socialization with delinquent peers. These results confirm the importance of integrating the puberty variable into research on delinquency, but also at the level of intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailChanges in pubertal timing: Past views, Recast issues
Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre ULg; Domine, Françoise; Glowacz, Fabienne ULg et al

in Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre; Carel, Jean-Claude; Christen, Yves (Eds.) Brain Crosstalk in Puberty in Adolescence (2015)

Abstract The aim of this article is to review some common opinions on changes in pubertal timing and shed new light both on the indicators used in assessing pubertal timing and the underlying mechanisms ... [more ▼]

Abstract The aim of this article is to review some common opinions on changes in pubertal timing and shed new light both on the indicators used in assessing pubertal timing and the underlying mechanisms. While emphasis is usually on advancement in timing of female puberty, it appears that timing also changes in males, both towards earliness for the initial pubertal stages and towards lateness for the final stages. Such findings suggest that the environmental influences on pubertal timing are more complex than initially thought. Moreover, self-evaluated pubertal timing versus peers provides information that is not always consistent with observations at physical examination, suggesting that both perspectives should be considered, especially when studying the correlation between pubertal timing and psychosocial aspects. The mechanisms of changes in pubertal timing may involve both central neuroendocrine control and peripheral effects in tissues targeted by gonadal steroids. Though energy availability is certainly a clue to the mechanism of pubertal development, changes in the control of both energy balance and control of reproduction may vary under the influence of common determinants such as endocrine-disrupting chemicals. These effects can take place right before puberty as well as much earlier, during fetal and neonatal life. Finally, environmental factors can interact with genetic factors in determining changes in pubertal timing. Therefore, the variance in pubertal timing is no longer to be considered under the absolutely separate control of environmental and genetic determinants.  [less ▲]

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See detailSexually dimorphic effect of gestational exposure to BPA on DNA methylation pattern in the rat placenta
FUDVOYE, Julie ULg; Dehan, Pierre ULg; Trooskens, Gheert et al

Conference (2014, October 27)

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See detailMacroprolactinome pédiatrique sporadique associé à une mutation germinale AIP R304Q: Rémission quatre ans après l'interruption d'un traitement par Cabergoline.
VALDES SOCIN, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Potorac, Iulia ULg; Janin, N et al

in Abstract book - Annales d'Endocrinologie : 31ème Congrès de la Société Françaose d'Endocrinologie, Lyon 5-8 novembre 2014 (2014, October)

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See detailPubertal timing after neonatal diethylstilbestrol exposure in female rats: Neuroendocrine vs peripheral effects and additive role of prenatal food restriction.
Franssen, Delphine ULg; Ioannou, Yiannis S.; Alvarez-Real, Alexandra et al

in Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.) (2014), (44), 63-72

We studied the effects of neonatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) on pubertal timing in female rats. We examined associated neuroendocrine changes and effects of prenatal food restriction. Age at ... [more ▼]

We studied the effects of neonatal exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) on pubertal timing in female rats. We examined associated neuroendocrine changes and effects of prenatal food restriction. Age at vaginal opening was advanced after exposure to 10mug/kg/d of DES and delayed after 1mug/kg/d (subcutaneous injections). Using this lower dose, pulsatile GnRH secretion was slower at 25 days of age. Both doses reduced KiSS1 mRNA levels at 15 days of age. Using functional Kisspeptin promoter assay, 1 or 10muM DES reduced or increased KISS1 transcription, respectively. Leptin stimulatory effect on GnRH secretion in vitro (15 days of age) was reduced after prenatal food restriction and neonatal DES exposure (higher dose), both effects being cumulative. Thus, alterations in pubertal timing by DES neonatally are not unequivocally toward precocity, the level of exposure being critical. We provide evidence of neuroendocrine disruption and interaction with prenatal food availability. [less ▲]

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See detailNormal minipuberty in a patient with DAX-1 mutation: additional evidence of a differential role for DAX-1 during development?
FUDVOYE, Julie ULg; BOURGUIGNON, Jean-Pierre ULg; PARENT, Anne-Simone ULg

Poster (2014, March)

Classically, mutations in the DAX-1 gene cause an adrenal hypoplasia congenita associated with adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. However, mini-puberty onset seems to be normal in ... [more ▼]

Classically, mutations in the DAX-1 gene cause an adrenal hypoplasia congenita associated with adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. However, mini-puberty onset seems to be normal in those patients suggesting a normal function of the pituitary-gonadal axis during the perinatal period. [less ▲]

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See detailLA PERTURBATION ENDOCRINIENNE : entre enjeux de recherche, enjeux de santé publique et enjeux de pratique quotidienne
FUDVOYE, Julie ULg; Franssen, Delphine ULg; Naveau, Elise ULg et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2014)

Epidemiological and experimental data highlight the fetal and early postnatal life as critical periods for the effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), since exposure to EDCs during these periods ... [more ▼]

Epidemiological and experimental data highlight the fetal and early postnatal life as critical periods for the effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs), since exposure to EDCs during these periods can predispose to disease later in life. EDCs’ effects include disorders of the reproductive system throughout life (abnormalities of sexual differentiation, infertility or subfertility and some neoplasia) and disorders of energy balance (obesity and metabolic syndrome). They could also influence the development of the cerebral cortex. However, the demonstration of the involvement of a single EDC remains difficult in human since we are virtually exposed to a mixture of several ubiquitous EDCs which are variably persistent in the environment and the body and have lifelong consequences. Moreover, since their dose-response relationship can be non-monotonic, setting a threshold dose for EDCs effects has become meaningless. Pregnant women, newborns and young children appear to be mostly at risk. However, the role of the physician remains difficult and raises several questions: how can we formulate justified, applicable and updated recommendations that are not counterproductive or alarmist…in a society that has to take the necessary steps to regulate production and protect the population? [less ▲]

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See detailEndocrine-disrupting chemicals and human growth and maturation: a focus on early critical windows of exposure.
FUDVOYE, Julie ULg; Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre ULg; Parent, Anne-Simone ULg

in Vitamins and hormones (2014), 94

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are exogenous substances that interfere with hormone synthesis, metabolism, or action. In addition, some of them could cause epigenetic alterations of DNA that can be ... [more ▼]

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are exogenous substances that interfere with hormone synthesis, metabolism, or action. In addition, some of them could cause epigenetic alterations of DNA that can be transmitted to the following generations. Because the developing organism is highly dependent on sex steroids and thyroid hormones for its maturation, the fetus and the child are very sensitive to any alteration of their hormonal environment. An additional concern about that early period of life comes from the shaping of the homeostatic mechanisms that takes place also at that time with involvement of epigenetic mechanisms along with the concept of fetal origin of health and disease. In this chapter, we will review the studies reporting effects of EDCs on human development. Using a translational approach, we will review animal studies that can shed light on some mechanisms of action of EDCs on the developing organism. We will focus on the major hormone-dependent stages of development: fetal growth, sexual differentiation, puberty, brain development, and energy balance. We will also discuss the possible epigenetic effects of EDCs on human development. [less ▲]

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See detailLongitudinal assessment of progress in reasoning capacity and relation with self-estimation of knowledge base
Collard, Anne ULg; Mélot, France ULg; Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education (2014)

The aim of the study was to investigate progress in reasoning capacity and knowledge base appraisal in a longitudinal analysis of data from summative evaluation throughout a medical problem-based learning ... [more ▼]

The aim of the study was to investigate progress in reasoning capacity and knowledge base appraisal in a longitudinal analysis of data from summative evaluation throughout a medical problem-based learning curriculum. The scores in multidisciplinary discussion of a clinical case and multiple choice questionnaires (MCQs) were studied longitudinally for 213 students from years 2 to 5. The capacity of core knowledge delimitation was calculated as the difference between the levels of average ascertainment degrees given for correct and incorrect answers at MCQ. For both multidisciplinary discussion of a clinical case evaluation and self-estimation of core knowledge, the capacity increases throughout the curriculum. The reasoning capacity assessed through multidisciplinary discussion of a clinical case is positively correlated with MCQ scores and the capacity to discriminate the mastered core knowledge. In conclusion, this study indicates that self-estimation of core knowledge is associated with an increase in reasoning performance through a well-organised knowledge base. Since that ability is related to success or failure, it is suggested that student awareness about delimitation of mastered core knowledge is considered as part of learning. [less ▲]

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See detailEndocrine Disruptors: A Most Relevant Issue for the Pediatric Endocrinologist.
BOURGUIGNON, Jean-Pierre ULg; Soder, Olle

in Hormone Research in Paediatrics (2013)

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