References of "Boulard, Aurore"
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See detailRécits de vie d’adolescents. Humeur dépressive et figures parentales
Poudat, Céline; Boulard, Aurore ULg

in 4ème Congrès Mondial de Linguistique Française (2014, July 22)

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See detailAre expectancies and peers involved in the relation between depressive mood, anxiety and cannabis use in adolescence?
Schmits, Emilie ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

Poster (2014, July 15)

Background: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among teenagers and depression is one of the most common psychopathologies in adolescence. The specific symptom of depressive mood is present in ... [more ▼]

Background: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among teenagers and depression is one of the most common psychopathologies in adolescence. The specific symptom of depressive mood is present in 30% to 40% of adolescents in regular school settings. Links between cannabis use and depression have been highlighted, especially in adolescence. But questions remain about the strength of the association between lifetime cannabis use, depressive mood and anxiety, and about the mechanism underpinning the link. Aim: The aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between depressive mood and lifetime cannabis use in adolescents, particularly through the mediating role of anxiety and cannabis use effect expectancies, and the moderating role of peer cannabis use. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 1,246 Belgian teenagers aged 16–17 years. ANOVA, chi-square, logistic regressions and mediation/moderation analyses were carried out to model lifetime cannabis use. Results: Depressive mood was positively correlated with lifetime cannabis use. Social anxiety, trait-anxiety and cognitive impairment effect expectancies mediated the effect of depression on lifetime cannabis use. The direct effect of depression on lifetime cannabis use increased when mediators were introduced into the relation, revealing their suppressive effects. The number of peer cannabis users moderated this model. Conclusion: Findings are discussed in terms of potential risk factors (depressive mood) or protective factors (anxiety and expectancies) for lifetime cannabis use, including the self-medication hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailStudies of early interactions among infants aged 4 to 6 months furtherly diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder and their developmental trajectories and outcome at 4 years old.
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Wolff, Marion; Morange-Majoux, Françoise et al

Poster (2014, July 14)

The purpose of this study is to observe and analyze the social skills of infants aged 4 to 6 months later diagnosed with autism. Through the family films collected, we compared 28 children later diagnosed ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to observe and analyze the social skills of infants aged 4 to 6 months later diagnosed with autism. Through the family films collected, we compared 28 children later diagnosed with autism to 28 typically developing children strictly matched on chronological age and sex. To do this, we used the social behavior assessment scale (SBAS). This scale measures the behavior of the infant (turning his head, looking, smile, vocalize ...) in response to 5 parental stimuli (1.calling by her / his name, 2.saying peek-a-boo, a vocal sound 3.Producing , 4.filmed in silent 5.simultaneous interactions with one or more persons). Then we analyzed the responses behaviors of these children with the software "the observer". Results show evidence that, contrary to infants with typical development, infants later diagnosed as autistic made less visual contact, smile or vocalize less in response to parental stimuli. However, even if the responses of autistic children are statistically different in quantity (compared to the control group), responses to parental stimuli are still present. In a second step, we studied the developmental trajectories of children with autism. Our hypothesis was that children with a low score at the SBAS would have a lower global development score than the children with a high score at the SBAS at 3 years old. Our results validate our hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration du récit de vie d’adolescents
Poudat, Céline; Boulard, Aurore ULg

in Née, Emilie; Daube, Jean-Michel; Valette, Mathieu (Eds.) et al Proceedings-actes des 12èmes journées d'analyse statistique de données textuelles (2014, June 05)

The present paper follows on from the research we presented in previous JADT (Boulard, Poudat, Gauthier 2012). We still focus on the development of narrative competence (Habermas et Bluck 2000) in ... [more ▼]

The present paper follows on from the research we presented in previous JADT (Boulard, Poudat, Gauthier 2012). We still focus on the development of narrative competence (Habermas et Bluck 2000) in children and adolescents. Although children develop narrative skills, life narratives only emerge in adolescence. On the basis of a corpus made of spontaneous oral speech, we had empirically demonstrated that pre-adolescents aged of 12 had developed stabilized narrative skills enabling them to produce life narratives. Here, we propose a first exploration of the overall structure of adolescent life stories, thanks to a corpus of 268 oral self narratives completed with a questionnaire. [less ▲]

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See detailLa psychopathologie à la lumière des histoires de vie : Etude de la fonction narrative d’adolescents obèses et dépressifs.
Jadin, Aurore ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

in Née, Emilie; Daube, Jean-Michel; Valette, Mathieu (Eds.) et al Proceedings-Actes des 12èmes journées internationales d'analyse statistique de données textuelles (2014, June 05)

Obesity in adolescence is a complex chronic illness with havy consequences in short, medium and long terms, both in terms of physical health and mental health, disturbing the body and identity of these ... [more ▼]

Obesity in adolescence is a complex chronic illness with havy consequences in short, medium and long terms, both in terms of physical health and mental health, disturbing the body and identity of these youngs (High Authority of Health, 2011; Nietsen and Bruwier, 2007). The literature mentions depression as a pathology associated with obesity. Some researchers consider obesity as a cause of depressive symptoms while others researchers see depression like a risk factor for excessive weight gain (Blaine, 2008). Depression in adolescence has been the subject of epidemiological studies for some years. In adolescents, the prevalence rates vary from 5 to 7 % for major depressive episode (MDE) with a prevalence of 2 girls for one boy (Alvin and Marcelli, 2005). The specific symptoms of depressed mood are present in 30-40 % of schooled adolescents (Boulard et al., 2012). During adolescence, the individual acquires the ability to link the various elements of one’s life and build a coherent life story. The adolescent will write one’s story in a personal context. According to Habermas et al. (2008), both the form and the content of life stories show how the individual integrates the lived experiences in a coherent whole. Based on the statistical analysis of textual data, we compared the life stories of 28 obese adolescents, depressed schooled adolescents, depressed hospitalized adolescents and control ones. The first results show specific structures and particular contents depending on these groups. The use of pronouns, temporal markers and the reported events differ by groups. Beyond clinical results, this research also highlights the interest of statistical analysis of textual data (ADT) to improve the understanding of adolescent’s psychopathology. [less ▲]

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See detail« De l’humeur dépressive à la dépression chez l’adolescent : quels symptômes ? » 
Boulard, Aurore ULg

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

La dépression à l’adolescence fait depuis quelques années l’objet d’études épidémiologiques. Chez les adolescents, les taux de prévalence varient de 5 à 7% pour l’épisode dépressif majeur (EDM) et touche ... [more ▼]

La dépression à l’adolescence fait depuis quelques années l’objet d’études épidémiologiques. Chez les adolescents, les taux de prévalence varient de 5 à 7% pour l’épisode dépressif majeur (EDM) et touche deux fois plus de filles que de garçons. Selon une estimation, deux tiers d’entre eux ne seraient pas médicalement et/ou psychologiquement soignés. Pourtant les conséquences de ces épisodes dépressifs sont nombreuses et graves: troubles du caractère, échecs scolaires, conduites suicidaires. Elle peut également devenir récurrente et chronique (Evans, 2005), particulièrement lorsque le premier épisode dépressif se déclenche pendant la période de l’adolescence. Bien que des traitements efficaces (psychothérapies, antidépresseurs) soient disponibles, seulement 10% des patients déprimés reçoivent des soins optimaux. Ce manque de traitement peut s’expliquer par un manque de connaissances concernant le repérage et le traitement de la dépression particulièrement à l’adolescence où les symptômes indicateurs de la dépression se confondent avec le « mal de vivre » caractéristique de ce stade du développement (Marcotte, 1995). Une autre difficulté dans le diagnostic de la dépression à cet âge réside dans la difficulté de s’identifier à un jeune dépressif. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration du récit de vie chez les adolescents: A la croisée du qualitatif et du quantitatif
Boulard, Aurore ULg

Scientific conference (2014, January 27)

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See detailEtudes des propriétés psychométriques de la CES-D sur un échantillon d'adolescents francophones scolarisés
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Born, Michel ULg

in L'Encéphale (2014), 40(2), 123-128

L’objectif de cet article est d’étudier et valider la version francaise de l’échelle de dépression Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) mise au point par Radloff (en 1977) dans une ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de cet article est d’étudier et valider la version francaise de l’échelle de dépression Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) mise au point par Radloff (en 1977) dans une population d’adolescents scolarisés. [less ▲]

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See detailThe experience of chronic illness and psychoptathology across life stories : the case of haemophilic boys and depressive hospitalized adolescents
Jadin, Aurore ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

Poster (2013, September 04)

The aim of this study is to examine and compare how hemophilic adolescents and depressive hospitalized adolescents tell their own stories, how they build their identities in spite of the treatment ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to examine and compare how hemophilic adolescents and depressive hospitalized adolescents tell their own stories, how they build their identities in spite of the treatment constraints and how they involve themselves in different relationships. During an individual semi-structured interview, based on Mc Adams’ works, each teenager’s narrative was collected. Various measurements were taken. The discursive analysis and software were used to analyze the data base. First results show hemophilic boys speak about their disease spontaneously but they don’t identify only to it while depressive hospitalized adolescents define themselves exclusively by their mental disorder. Another report is that, opposed to depressive hospitalized adolescents, hemophilic boys invest hobbies, relationships with peers’ as much as non depressive adolescents even if those can feel different and sometimes restrained. [less ▲]

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See detailThe development of children's and preadolescent's narratives
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Poudat, Céline; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2013, September 04)

The aim of this study is to explore the development of children’s narratives in three different contexts that are favorable to the production of (self-)narratives: (i) at home with parent(s), (ii) at ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to explore the development of children’s narratives in three different contexts that are favorable to the production of (self-)narratives: (i) at home with parent(s), (ii) at school with peers and (iii) with a researcher in psychology. 136 children aged from 3 to 13 have been recorded 50 minutes in each situation. Once transcribed, the data were morphosyntactically annotated and processed using multivariate exploratory techniques, including Correspondence Analysis, Principal Component and Classification Analysis. The results we obtained first demonstrated that contextual indicators were more significant than age in narrative production: conversations with parents were significantly more interactive whereas interactions between children turned out to be more regressive (i.e. simplified vocabulary, demonstrative pronouns). The situation with the psychologist was the one leading to the more elaborate narratives, as children seem to show greater language control with unfamiliar adults. However, age naturally impacts the linguistic complexity of narratives, both on the lexical and morphosyntactic levels. The results we obtained enabled us to observe a gradation in the complexity of textual productions, setting the roots of the future self-narratives the subjects will be able to develop later, during adolescence. Thus, the findings show different and significant aspects of the development of narratives and self-narratives in children’s speech, considering age and context. Last but not least, they also suggest the relevance of the application of text statistics methods to clinical psychology. [less ▲]

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See detailThe experience of chronic illness and psychopathology across the life stories: The case of hemophilic boys, obese adolescents and depressive hospitalized adolescents.
Jadin, Aurore ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

Poster (2013, May 28)

During an individual semi-structured interview, based on Mc Adams’ wor ks, each teenager’s life story was collected. Different measures were taken. CESD was used to identified depre ssed adolescents among ... [more ▼]

During an individual semi-structured interview, based on Mc Adams’ wor ks, each teenager’s life story was collected. Different measures were taken. CESD was used to identified depre ssed adolescents among sample. In all, we interviewed 66 adolescents. Each personal narrative was then retr anscribed and encoded. Finally, discursive analysis and textual data analysis softwares were used to examine the data base [less ▲]

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See detailParents-relais. Intervenir par l'entremise des parents
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Parthoens, Christophe ULg

Scientific conference (2012, November 27)

Cette conférence avait pour objectif de présenter le premier groupe de mamans ayant suivis le programme "Ces années incroyables". Cette intervention est née d'une collaboration entre l'université de Liège ... [more ▼]

Cette conférence avait pour objectif de présenter le premier groupe de mamans ayant suivis le programme "Ces années incroyables". Cette intervention est née d'une collaboration entre l'université de Liège (Aurore Boulard) et l'AMO Reliance (Christophe Parthoens). [less ▲]

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See detailCooccurrences des personnes dans le discours de l'enfant: une approche statistique de la consturction de l'identité
Poudat, Céline; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

in Corpus (2012), 11

À partir de l’enregistrement de discours spontanés d’enfants âgés de 3 à 8 ans dans trois conditions (psychologue, groupe, parents), l’objectif de cette recherche sera d’appréhender le développement du ... [more ▼]

À partir de l’enregistrement de discours spontanés d’enfants âgés de 3 à 8 ans dans trois conditions (psychologue, groupe, parents), l’objectif de cette recherche sera d’appréhender le développement du rapport que l’enfant entretient avec lui-même et les autres en observant la distribution et les utilisations particulières des formes personnelles chez l’enfant. Pour qualifier ces emplois, nous examinerons le détail des cooccurrents des pronoms pour chaque catégorie considérée. La situation de groupe s’étant avérée particulièrement concluante, nous lui consacrerons la dernière partie de nos explorations en nous concentrant sur l’asymétrie cooccurrentielle du couple moi-je dans la continuité de nos travaux autour de l’asymétrie de la relation coocurrentielle (Luong et al. 2010) en insistant sur leurs résonances dans le développement de l’identité chez l’enfant. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychologie du développement
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Born, Michel ULg

Book published by De Boeck - 2ème éd. (2012)

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See detailDes mots pour se dire: Développement de la fonction narrative chez l'enfant.
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Poudat, Céline; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg

in Dister, Anne; Longrée, Dominique; Purnelle, Gérald (Eds.) Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Textual Data Statistical Analysis (2012, June)

The present study is based on a corpus made of spontaneous oral speech: 136 children aged from 3 to 13 have been recorded in three different environments that are favorable to the production of self ... [more ▼]

The present study is based on a corpus made of spontaneous oral speech: 136 children aged from 3 to 13 have been recorded in three different environments that are favorable to the production of self-narratives. Using linguistic annotations and tried and tested text statistics methods, we have been able to show different aspects of the development of narratives and self-narratives in children speeches, including the impact of age and environment on the construction of narratives. The results we obtained are significant, and we hope we succeeded in demonstrating how relevant text statistics methods are when applied to clinical psychology. [less ▲]

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See detailCooccurrences des personnes dans le discours de l'enfant: une approche statistique de la construction de l'identité
Poudat, Céline; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Boulard, Aurore ULg

Conference (2012, February 08)

L’acquisition de la représentation du temps nous donne, avec le développement du langage, accès à la narrativité. Ces histoires que nous racontons aux enfants leur permettent d’accéder au monde de la ... [more ▼]

L’acquisition de la représentation du temps nous donne, avec le développement du langage, accès à la narrativité. Ces histoires que nous racontons aux enfants leur permettent d’accéder au monde de la signification. Peu à peu l’enfant s’approprie sa propre histoire en même temps qu’il constitue son identité. Le concept de self narrative (Denett, 1991), matérialisé dans le discours par l’utilisation des pronoms personnels, est un premier produit de cette évolution. Il est donc intéressant de connaître la manière dont se construit ce récit qui deviendra autobiographique à l’adolescence. [less ▲]

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See detailQuand l'enfant dit "Je"
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg

in Enfance : Psychologie, Pédagogie, Neuropsychiatrie, Sociologie (2012), 64(2), 233-246

L’analyse statistique d’un corpus constitué de 309 discours d’enfants a permis d’observer l’évolution de l’utilisation des pronoms personnels « moi » et « je » et de mettre en évidence certaines ... [more ▼]

L’analyse statistique d’un corpus constitué de 309 discours d’enfants a permis d’observer l’évolution de l’utilisation des pronoms personnels « moi » et « je » et de mettre en évidence certaines variations d’utilisation en fonction de l’âge (entre 3 et 10 ans) et des conditions de production discursive. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial context in school: Its relation to adolescents' depressive mood
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg et al

in Journal of Adolescence (2012), 35(1), 143-152

This study examined the impact of various school-related factors on adolescents’ depressive mood, including prosocial behavior, verbal aggression, and relationships with teachers. The data used in this ... [more ▼]

This study examined the impact of various school-related factors on adolescents’ depressive mood, including prosocial behavior, verbal aggression, and relationships with teachers. The data used in this study were collected in the context of a larger survey on victimization in secondary schools from the French Community of Belgium. Participants were 2896 secondary school students (1520 males; 1376 females) aged 12–18 years. Results showed that for both genders, the three strongest predictors of depressive mood were age, feeling of exclusion, and verbal aggression. This study focusing on school-related predictors of depressive mood confirmed the importance of the social context in school as a predictor of depression in both girls and boys. [less ▲]

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