References of "Born, Michel"
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See detailAdolescent delinquent behaviours as attempts of group social integration and well-being through social acceptance?
Born, Michel ULg; Cattelino, Elena; Gavray, Claire ULg et al

in Carneiro, Roberto; Carneiro, Maria Ana (Eds.) Youth, Offense and Well-Being . Can Science Enlighten Policy? (2015)

Large surveys in Western countries give pictures of adolescent well-being related to delinquency and group affiliation. The belonging to a particular country, city or neighbourhood with their social ... [more ▼]

Large surveys in Western countries give pictures of adolescent well-being related to delinquency and group affiliation. The belonging to a particular country, city or neighbourhood with their social structure influences the probability to have delinquent activities in group increasing or decreasing the risk of marginalisation, the sensibility to deviant values and the well-being related to peers’ acceptance. A general process would exist by which, firstly adolescents oppose themselves to the parents’ authority and seek for acceptance among their peers. This leads to a spiral when the youth tries to resolve his cognitive dissonance between the immoral acts he is invited to commit with his friends and his personal value system learned in his family, school and other institutions. In adolescence, the influence of peers can be positive or negative; it can be “protective peer-contagion” with positive response to normative talk or “deviant peer-contagion” with positive response to deviant talk or behaviour. At the micro level, well-adjusted peers are able to resist the influence of deviant peers. The participation to non-homogenous mixed groups seems to facilitate more normative talks. This leads to the hypothesis that the progressive extension to differentiated groups when adolescence is going through will strengthen their ties with conventional norms and contribute to their well-being. [less ▲]

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See detailAway from Delinquency and Crime: Resilience and Protective Factors
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Born, Michel ULg

in Morizot, Julien; Kazemian, Lila (Eds.) The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior . Theory, Research and Practical Applications (2015)

Delinquent and criminal behaviors are often the result of adverse conditions in the family and the neighborhood, or of affiliations with delinquent peers. However, case studies as well as large surveys ... [more ▼]

Delinquent and criminal behaviors are often the result of adverse conditions in the family and the neighborhood, or of affiliations with delinquent peers. However, case studies as well as large surveys have shown that even in adverse conditions, many children and adolescents do not engage in delinquency; they are “resilient.” In the explanation of criminal and antisocial behaviors, resilient individuals are those who have succeeded in overcoming at-risk circumstances. Resilience is also regarded as the process through which a person adjusts to at-risk situations in a successful manner. Promotive and protective factors stem from the community, family, school, peers, and individuals, and the configurations of these factors are important. In addition, protective factors are not universal. Risk factors and consequently, protective and resilience processes, may be different for children, adolescents, and adults, as well as for males and females. Finally, it is useful to distinguish primary resilience (i.e., as a preventive force in the onset of delinquency) from secondary resilience, which refers to a return to a crime-free life after a period of serious offending activity. [less ▲]

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See detailAdolescent Risk Behaviours and Protective Factors Against Peer Influence
Cattelino, Elena; Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Born, Michel ULg et al

in Journal of Adolescence (2014), 37(8), 1353-1362

This study examined the relationships between protective factors and involvement in risk behaviour of Italian adolescents with friends involved in risk. Protective factors were drawn from models of peers ... [more ▼]

This study examined the relationships between protective factors and involvement in risk behaviour of Italian adolescents with friends involved in risk. Protective factors were drawn from models of peers and from individual skills (perceived regulatory self-efficacy, intolerant attitudes about deviance) and orientation (to health, school, religion). The data are from two waves, 1 year apart, of a questionnaire survey of adolescents in northwestern Italy. Participants were 908 adolescents (42% boys) ages 14–16 years. Results of a hierarchical regression revealed that religiosity is a protective factor and that friends’ models for conventional behaviours and positive attitude about health can mitigate the influence of deviant friends on adolescent risk behaviour 1 year later, even after controlling for prior levels of risk behaviour. Possible implications of this study suggest the importance of implementing preventive interventions by involving the peer group, especially at about 16 years, and working with heterogeneous (deviant and nondeviant) groups. [less ▲]

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See detailParticipation among Youth, Women and migrants : findings from the Wallonia-Brussels Federation of Belgium
Gavray, Claire ULg; Born, Michel ULg; Fournier, Bernard

in Barrett, Martyn; Zani, Bruna (Eds.) Politic and Civic Engagement : Multidisciplinary perspectives (2014)

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See detail"If it helps, i'll carry on" : Factors supporting the Participation of Native and Immigrants Youth in Belgium and Germany
Born, Michel ULg; Marzana, Daniela; Alfieri, Sara et al

in Journal of psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied (2014), 148

This article is looking into some factors for Civic Participation and the intention to continue to participate among local (Study I) and immigrant (Study II) young people living in Belgium and Germany ... [more ▼]

This article is looking into some factors for Civic Participation and the intention to continue to participate among local (Study I) and immigrant (Study II) young people living in Belgium and Germany. The results provide the same results in the immigrant and in the native group. Once observable demographic factors are controlled, many of the differences found in other researches (immigrant youth less committed or subjected to other paths of participation) disappear. Applicative repercussions are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychologie de la délinquance
Born, Michel ULg; Glowacz, Fabienne ULg

Book published by De Boeck - Edition revue et augmentée (2014)

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See detailConduites externalisées et délinquance à l’adolescence : un développement bio-psycho-social
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Born, Michel ULg

in Claes, Michel; Lannegrand-Willems, Lyda (Eds.) La psychologie de l'adolescence (2014)

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See detailComment comprendre l'influence au sein de groupes d'adolescents: Conflit sociocognitif ou apprentissage social?
Mathys, Cécile ULg; Vitaro, Frank; Born, Michel ULg

in Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science = Revue Canadienne des Sciences du Comportement (2014), 46(2), 289-230

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See detailEtudes des propriétés psychométriques de la CES-D sur un échantillon d'adolescents francophones scolarisés
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Gauthier, Jean-Marie ULg; Born, Michel ULg

in L'Encéphale (2014), 40(2), 123-128

L’objectif de cet article est d’étudier et valider la version francaise de l’échelle de dépression Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) mise au point par Radloff (en 1977) dans une ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de cet article est d’étudier et valider la version francaise de l’échelle de dépression Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) mise au point par Radloff (en 1977) dans une population d’adolescents scolarisés. [less ▲]

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See detailRacines développementales et processus psychologiques de la délinquance juvénile violente
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Born, Michel ULg

in Cusson, Maurice; Guay, Stéphane; Proulx, Jean (Eds.) et al Traité des violences criminelles. Les questions posées par la violence et les réponses de la science (2013)

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See detailFinding the Roots of Adolescent Aggressive Behavior: A Test of Three Developmental Pathways
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Véronneau, Marie-Hélène; Boët, Sylvie et al

in International Journal of Behavioral Development (2013), 37(4), 319-331

Aggressive behaviors in adolescence often originate in early development. This study tested three longitudinal pathways starting in early childhood, in a sample of 325 Belgian participants (162 girls ... [more ▼]

Aggressive behaviors in adolescence often originate in early development. This study tested three longitudinal pathways starting in early childhood, in a sample of 325 Belgian participants (162 girls) assessed every 1 or 2 years from birth through age 14. Structural equation models supported the “mother early dissatisfaction” pathway toward adolescent aggression, but neither the “cognitive functioning” nor the “early aggressive behavior” pathway gained clear support. Mother’s early dissatisfaction with her child was the starting point of a series of negative perceptions of the child, which predicted physical and social aggression in adolescence. Children’s cognitive functioning and early aggression level were weakly correlated with mother’s perceptions. This finding suggests that explaining normative development to parents may improve mothers’ perceptions of their early experience as a mother, of their child, and of their subsequent interactions, which may reduce their child’s future aggressive behaviors. [less ▲]

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See detailStyle de vie de consommateurs de drogue conduisant à la délinquance
Born, Michel ULg; Pirenne, Chantal; Schmits, Emilie ULg et al

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique [= RICPTS] (2013), LXVI

Par des entretiens qualitatifs qui ont pu être menés dans une dizaine de communes belges auprès de personnes ayant accepté de se prêter à un entretien, nous pouvons examiner le lien entre le style de vie ... [more ▼]

Par des entretiens qualitatifs qui ont pu être menés dans une dizaine de communes belges auprès de personnes ayant accepté de se prêter à un entretien, nous pouvons examiner le lien entre le style de vie, la consommation de drogue et la délinquance autorévélée. Par la méthode boule de neige auprès d’usagers de centres ambulatoires d’aide aux toxicomanes et par la méthode de rencontres aléatoires dans des espaces publics, un échantillon de 106 personnes reconnaissant avoir été ou être encore consommateur de drogues illicites a été rencontré. Par l’analyse qualitative, il sera possible de comprendre comment la consommation et la délinquance s’imbriquent chez certaines personnes et structurent leur temps et leur mode de vie. Contrairement aux idées reçues que les consommateurs deviennent délinquants, se marginalisent et aggravent leur toxicomanie, les entretiens permettent de mieux comprendre toutes les nuances individuelles des styles de vie et en particulier le maintien sur une période de vie assez prolongée, de consommations modérées ne conduisant pas à l’exclusion sociale. [less ▲]

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See detailDeviancy training process and normative training process in experimental groups of delinquent male adolescents.
Mathys, Cécile ULg; Hyde, Luke; Shaw, Daniel et al

in Aggressive Behavior (2013), 39

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See detailDo adolescent child abusers, peer abusers, and non-sex offenders have different personnality profiles ?
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Born, Michel ULg

in European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (2013), 22

The aim of this study was to identify two sub-populations of sex offenders based on the age of the victims and on the age difference between the abuser and the victim (child sexual abusers versus peer ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to identify two sub-populations of sex offenders based on the age of the victims and on the age difference between the abuser and the victim (child sexual abusers versus peer sexual abusers), and to and compare the personality characteristics of these two subgroups with those of juvenile non-sex offenders. Method : The group was composed of 67 adolescent offenders aged 13-18 years old who were adjudicated for sexual offences or non-sexual offences : 20 non-sex offenders (JNSOs), 26 child sexual abusers (CAs), and 21 peer sexual abusers (PAs). The Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI) was administered to all participants. The mean scores and clinical cutoffs on the MACI scales were compared across the three samples. Results: Compared to PAs, CAs were more submissive and conforming, and they experienced more anxious feelings. PAs scored higher on the unruly and forceful personality scales, on social insensitivity and on delinquent predisposition. PAs also reported higher scores on substance-abuse proneness, impulsive propensities, and antisocial functioning than CAs, but their scores were similar to those of JNSOs. Conclusions: Our results show clear similarities between PAs and JNSOs in terms of personality and clinical characteristics, especially with regard to antisocial personality traits. CAs did not display the personality characteristics typical of PAs and JNSOs which predisposed them to delinquent activities. These results raise questions as to whether juvenile sex offenders should be treated within the same institutions as non-sex offenders, and whether the same treatment programs should be implemented for all types of juvenile sex offenders. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychologie du développement
Boulard, Aurore ULg; Born, Michel ULg

Book published by De Boeck - 2ème éd. (2012)

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See detailFinding the roots of adolescent violence: A test of two developmental pathways
Veronneau, Marie-Helene; Glowacz, Fabienne ULg; Born, Michel ULg

Poster (2012, August)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (2 ULg)