References of "Blavier, Adelaïde"
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See detailExploring the schizophrenic hyperreflexivity on the Rorschach test
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Bataille, Jennifer; Mormont, Christian ULg et al

Poster (2015, August 28)

L’hyper-réflexivité schizophrénique peut être définie comme une attitude particulière de la conscience consistant à interroger de façon explicite et réflexive des phénomènes généralement implicites et ... [more ▼]

L’hyper-réflexivité schizophrénique peut être définie comme une attitude particulière de la conscience consistant à interroger de façon explicite et réflexive des phénomènes généralement implicites et préréflexifs (Sass, 2014). Notre hypothèse est que ce mécanisme se manifeste dans les protocoles du test de Rorschach des sujets schizophrènes (Englebert, 2013). Pour l’éprouver, nous avons administré le test à douze sujets schizophrènes. L’originalité de cette recherche repose sur une seconde présentation des planches (trois jours plus tard) qui a permis d’évoquer avec les sujets la permanence de leurs perceptions et de discuter de l’acception commune de celles-ci (pensez-vous que la plupart des autres personnes pourrait voir ce que vous voyez ?). Les résultats confirment notre hypothèse, tant au niveau quantitatif (les marqueurs de l’hyper-réflexivité que nous avions identifiés se retrouvent dans la majorité des protocoles) que qualitatif (phrases suggérant une interrogation épistémologique du test, par exemple). Enfin, nous remarquerons que l’attitude schizophrénique envers le test de Rorschach est assez subtile puisqu’elle identifie le fondement épistémologique du test reposant sur la nécessité d’une fausse perception – une « violation de la réalité » selon Exner (2003). Les sujets schizophrènes mettent en évidence la règle implicite sur laquelle repose le test qui consiste à ne pas donner la seule véritable bonne réponse (systématique) au test qui est « une tache ». [less ▲]

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See detailA Rorschach study of the borderline personality
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Rommes, Jennifer; Mormont, Christian ULg et al

Conference (2015, August 28)

Nous étudions les manifestations psychologiques au test de Rorschach de sujets présentant un diagnostic de trouble de la personnalité borderline. Dans la continuité des études de Mormont (1969) et Mihura ... [more ▼]

Nous étudions les manifestations psychologiques au test de Rorschach de sujets présentant un diagnostic de trouble de la personnalité borderline. Dans la continuité des études de Mormont (1969) et Mihura (2006), nous avons administré le test à 15 sujets selon les recommandations du Système Intégré. Nos résultats indiquent les tendances spécifiques suivantes : une affectivité qui tend à être extratensive ou ambiéquale (86,7% des sujets), une proportion élevée de réponses couleur/forme (80%), un nombre élevé d’abstractions (66,7%), un nombre important de réponses « agressives » (80%) et « morbides » (86,7%). Une altération variable du testing de la réalité apparait pour chaque protocole. Notons la présence importante (80%) de références personnelles (PER). Signalons également la présence constante de termes particuliers dans le verbatim : énonciation de la couleur rouge (sang, amour), caractère dysphorique de certaines réponses (monstrueux, diabolique), ainsi que des perceptions duales (le bien/le mal). En conclusion, notre étude suggère que le Rorschach en Système Intégré, repérant en première approche des éléments psychologiques que l'on peut raisonnablement mettre en rapport avec la sémiologie clinique et la théorie des personnalités borderlines, l'approfondissement de la recherche peut laisser espérer une meilleure compréhension de ce trouble complexe. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (5 ULg)
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See detailHow novice and expert drivers adjust their driving behavior when they feel drowsy?
Berastegui, Pierre ULg; Piette, Christine; François, Clémentine ULg et al

Poster (2015, July 29)

This paper aims to explore adaptive behaviors developed by drivers to prevent drowsiness. Specifically, we postulate that driving expertise is associated with better drowsiness awareness, allowing experts ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to explore adaptive behaviors developed by drivers to prevent drowsiness. Specifically, we postulate that driving expertise is associated with better drowsiness awareness, allowing experts to adequately adjust their driving behaviors when they feel drowsy. The present study was carried on a high-fidelity driving simulator coupled with an innovative system allowing objective sleepiness assessment based on EEG and Eye-tracking data. The Karolinska Sleepiness Scale was used to evaluate subjective drowsiness. The ratio between objective and subjective assessments gave an indicator of drowsiness awareness. Standard Deviation of Lateral Position (SDLP) was used as a measure of performance while driving speed and ocular fixations were recorded in order to highlight adaptive behaviors. 16 subjects were recruited from general population and categorized in two groups of expertise based on the Belgian Institute for Road Safety’s criteria. Our results show that expert drivers show better drowsiness awareness than novices and mobilize speed increasing and vigilance reallocation strategies to maintain satisfactory level of drowsiness. [less ▲]

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See detailBorderline Personality Disorder through the Rorschach test
Rommes, Jennifer; Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

Poster (2015, May 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)
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See detailPsychopathy and emotions: would emotional distancing make more efficient in cognitive tasks?
Grandjean, Sylvie; Dehon, Hedwige ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg et al

Poster (2015, May 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg)
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See detailStudy of family drawings and self-esteem in institutionalized children
Gallo, Alicia ULg; Simar, Angélique; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg et al

Poster (2015, May)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 ULg)
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See detailRelation entre fatigue et travail chez des patients atteints de sclérose en plaques
DELRUE, Gaël ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Hennen, Julie et al

Poster (2014, December 15)

Fatigue is one of the most frequent symptom in multiple sclerosis patients (MS patients). We showed significant correlations between fatigue levels and difficulties encountered by our patients at work ... [more ▼]

Fatigue is one of the most frequent symptom in multiple sclerosis patients (MS patients). We showed significant correlations between fatigue levels and difficulties encountered by our patients at work evaluated through a specific questionnaire we already validated . This complaint must be carefully managed by professionnals in order to help the patients cope with it in the best way for maintaining work situation. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation d’un questionnaire d’ergonomie cognitive relatif au travail chez des patients atteints de sclerose en plaques
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; DELRUE, Gaël ULg; HENNEN, Julie et al

Poster (2014, December)

We present datas validating the use of our QUIPSEP questionnaire among multiple sclerosis patients actually employed.

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (6 ULg)
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See detailFatigue et auto-évaluation chez des patients atteints de sclérose en plaques
DELRUE, Gaël ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; HENNEN, Julie et al

Poster (2014, December)

Different fatigue scales specific for multiple sclerosis patients correlate quite differently with other psychological measures which gives rise to a necessary reflexion about the tools used in clinical ... [more ▼]

Different fatigue scales specific for multiple sclerosis patients correlate quite differently with other psychological measures which gives rise to a necessary reflexion about the tools used in clinical practice and their meanings. [less ▲]

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See detailMaintaining people with multiple sclerosis at work: Validation of a questionnaire identifying their professional difficulties
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Monisse, Aurélie; Berkail, Radia et al

Poster (2014, May 27)

The purpose of this paper is to present the construction and validation of a questionnaire in order to evaluate the specific work difficulties and compensation mechanisms developed by multiple sclerosis ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to present the construction and validation of a questionnaire in order to evaluate the specific work difficulties and compensation mechanisms developed by multiple sclerosis patients (MS). At the moment, only few very recent questionnaires (in English) are constructed in order to highlight the link between the patients’ cognitive deficits with their professional situation (Doogan & Playford, 2014; Honan et al., 2012; McFadden et al., 2012). This lack of accurate assessment is detrimental to the patients’ job retention. Our questionnaire was constructed from review of literature and interviews of patients and experts. In order to validate our questionnaire and to test its specificity to MS patients, three groups of participants answered the questionnaire: MS patients, diabetic patients (diabetes is also a chronic illness but without any cognitive deficits contrary to MS) and a control group. We controlled the effect of anxiety and depression and we conducted a factorial analysis that showed the existence of 3 factors: the ergonomic factor (that includes cognitive difficulties and resources and adaptation process), the description of work situation and the social support. The three groups of participants obtained similar results for the work description and the social support while the group of patients with MS obtained a higher score than the other 2 groups for the ergonomic factor. These results suggest that our questionnaire is specific to the MS population and to the difficulties they specifically meet in their work situations. These results highlight new research opportunities and specific ways to increase job retention in MS population. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (13 ULg)
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See detailEmpathy and social relationships in suicidal adolescents
Jadin, Aurore ULg; Vermaelen, Noémie; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

Poster (2014, May 27)

Empathy and suicide among minor people are two research topics currently very explored. Psychologists often speak about suicide because it represents the second cause of mortality among 15-24-year-old ... [more ▼]

Empathy and suicide among minor people are two research topics currently very explored. Psychologists often speak about suicide because it represents the second cause of mortality among 15-24-year-old adolescents (Delvenne, 2005). Several studies have already analyzed the links between empathy skills and some psychopathology (behavioral disorders, hyperactivity and alcoholism) but no research before this one has developed empathic abilities in suicidal adolescents. The aims of the present study were respectively to examine suicidal adolescents’ empathy skills, interpersonal capacities and to investigate the quality of their social relationships. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of eye movements specific to drowsiness and their relation with subjective assessment: A cognitive ergonomic approach.
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Montagnino, Cédric; Wertz, Jérôme ULg et al

Poster (2014, May 27)

Drowsiness is one of the major factors explaining accidents, particularly in traffic accidents but also in work situations with serious consequences (e.g. medicine). The drowsiness may be assessed by ... [more ▼]

Drowsiness is one of the major factors explaining accidents, particularly in traffic accidents but also in work situations with serious consequences (e.g. medicine). The drowsiness may be assessed by diverse measures that vary from physiological and unconscious data (e.g. EEG) to subjective and conscious evaluation. In their daily life, people are used to evaluate their drowsiness by subjective assessment and research observes a great inter-individual variation in this evaluation. Moreover, the subjective evaluation is dependent on the situation and the risk perceived by the person (e.g., new versus usual situations, simple versus complex environments, etc.). In this theoretical context, our purpose was to investigate the links between 1) objective performance (reaction time) measured by a psychomotor vigilance task (PVT), 2) data from eye movements and 3) subjective assessment of drowsiness (measured with Karolinska Sleepiness Scale, KSS). 12 persons, aged from 20 to 56, participated individually. They were asked to respect a 60% sleep deprivation during the night before the experiment and to not drink any energy drinks the day of the experiment. The experiment was conducted between 1 and 3 PM after a heavy lunch in order to increase the circadian effect. Moreover, the temperature of the room was 25° in order to increase drowsiness. Each participant was asked to perform 4 PVT. However, although 100% of participants performed the first two PVT, only 66% were able to perform the third PVT and only 33% of participants performed the fourth and last PVT. Our results showed an effect of time on objective performance, eye movements and subjective assessment of drowsiness in PVT 1 and 2: significant increase of reaction time, increase of eye closure and perclos, reduction of pupil diameter and increase of subjective drowsiness estimation (KSS). Only the frequency and duration of blinks remained constant across time. In PVT 3 and 4, data from eye movements and objective performance (reaction time) did not vary anymore across the time. Only the subjective estimation of drowsiness (KSS) continued to increase. Furthermore, subjective estimation of drowsiness was differently correlated with eye movements and objective performance across the PVT; it was significantly correlated with reaction time (PVT 1,2,3), blink frequency and duration (PVT 1,2,3), perclos (PVT 1,2,3,4), eye closure (PVT 2,3), pupil diameter (PVT 1,2,3,4). These results are discussed and integrated in an ergonomic approach in order to analyze the links between objective performance, eye movements and subjective assessment of drowsiness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (7 ULg)
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See detailLong protocols to Rorschach Comprehensive System and a posteriori reduction of number of responses: What is the impact on the clinical interpretation ?
Dufour, Cristelle; Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg

Poster (2014, May 27)

Our study was interested in the exceptionally long protocols, superior to 55 answers, supplied by five subjects in the test of Rorschach according to the method of the Comprehensive System. In order to ... [more ▼]

Our study was interested in the exceptionally long protocols, superior to 55 answers, supplied by five subjects in the test of Rorschach according to the method of the Comprehensive System. In order to gain understanding of which attitude to adopt in front of this kind of protocol, we made a a posteriori reduction of the number of answers by basing us on the recommendations of Exner (Exner, on 2001), then a comparative study between the clinical interpretation realized with all of the answers and with only the first five answers by board. We also replicate this methodology of a posteriori decrease of the number of answers with four answers by board according to the new recommendations of the system R-PAS of Meyer and al. (Meyer and al, on 2009). The sample consists of three raw coal subjects and two psychiatric subjects. Our analysis highlighted a stability of certain variables (EB, Lambda, EA for example) but a difference in the psychological profile of the subjects after reduction. We observed a clarification of the fundamental difficulties to the psychiatric subjects and rather a neutralization of these difficulties for the raw coal subjects, with particularly defence mechanisms which seem more adapted. In our sample, the consideration of all of the answers or only of the partial protocol thus brings a difference in the clinical interpretation ; as a consequence any reduction should be made with big caution. Our study allows to discuss current practices of the test of Rorschach, by looking for a compromise between the inherent constraints to the validity of the test and the questions of the clinical complexity decrease appropriate to any initiative of standardization. [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation and integration of the Rorschach Comprehensive System and the TCI-R questionnaire
Rentmeister, Daniel; Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Di Piazza, Laetitia ULg et al

Poster (2014, May 27)

In this study, a dual purpose is sought. First, we statistically compare the Rorschach test interpreted by the Comprehensive System from J.E. Exner and the Temperament and Character Inventory – Revised by ... [more ▼]

In this study, a dual purpose is sought. First, we statistically compare the Rorschach test interpreted by the Comprehensive System from J.E. Exner and the Temperament and Character Inventory – Revised by R. Cloninger to highlight their differences and similarities. Second, through clinical cases, we discuss the relevance of integrating the results obtained by these two tools to establish a comprehensive and consistent psychological profile of an individual. For the statistical comparison, a sample of 27 “healthy” subjects (M = 24.37 years, SD = 2.75) was first submitted to the Rorschach test. Then, immediately after, each subject completed the TCI-R. A correlation analysis (Pearson Rho) was done between various Index and a Bonferroni adjustment was made. For the case studies, 3 subjects were recruited. Anamneses were carried out and the Rorschach test and TCI-R administered. Our first results, which are to be taken with caution because of the small number of subjects in the sample, must be qualified and discussed. From 2448 statistical comparisons, we select the most relevant and discuss different correlation results. The case studies show a concordance in social relationships and impulsivity; and show that the information peculiar to each test allows us to complete the subject’s profile. Finally, it is by addressing two different epistemologies underlying these two tests that we can best explain the psychological differences highlighted in the same individuals. We conclude by suggesting that this difference in results must certainly be understood in an integrative logic and emphasizes the complementarity between these two tests. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (10 ULg)
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See detailDetection of eye movements specific to drowsiness and their relation with subjective assessment of sleepiness in PVT: A cognitive ergonomic approach
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Montagnino, Cédric; Wertz, Jérôme ULg et al

Conference (2014, February 24)

Drowsiness is one of the major factors explaining accidents, particularly in traffic accidents but also in work situations with serious consequences (e.g. medicine). The drowsiness may be assessed by ... [more ▼]

Drowsiness is one of the major factors explaining accidents, particularly in traffic accidents but also in work situations with serious consequences (e.g. medicine). The drowsiness may be assessed by diverse measures that vary from physiological and unconscious data (e.g. EEG) to subjective and conscious evaluation. In their daily life, people are used to evaluate their drowsiness by subjective assessment and research observes a great inter-individual variation in this evaluation. Moreover, the subjective evaluation is dependent on the situation and the risk perceived by the person (e.g., new versus usual situations, simple versus complex environments, etc.). In this theoretical context, our purpose was to investigate the links between 1) objective performance (reaction time) measured by a psychomotor vigilance task (PVT), 2) data from eye movements and 3) subjective assessment of drowsiness (measured with Karolinska Sleepiness Scale, KSS). 12 persons, aged from 20 to 56, participated individually. They were asked to respect a 60% sleep deprivation during the night before the experiment and to not drink any energy drinks the day of the experiment. The experiment was conducted between 1 and 3 PM after a heavy lunch in order to increase the circadian effect. Moreover, the temperature of the room was 25° in order to increase drowsiness. Each participant was asked to perform 4 PVT. However, although 100% of participants performed the first two PVT, only 66% were able to perform the third PVT and only 33% of participants performed the fourth and last PVT. Our results showed an effect of time on objective performance, eye movements and subjective assessment of drowsiness in PVT 1 and 2: significant increase of reaction time, increase of eye closure and perclos, reduction of pupil diameter and increase of subjective drowsiness estimation (KSS). Only the frequency and duration of blinks remained constant across time. In PVT 3 and 4, data from eye movements and objective performance (reaction time) did not vary anymore across the time. Only the subjective estimation of drowsiness (KSS) continued to increase. Furthermore, subjective estimation of drowsiness was differently correlated with eye movements and objective performance across the PVT; it was significantly correlated with reaction time (PVT 1,2,3), blink frequency and duration (PVT 1,2,3), perclos (PVT 1,2,3,4), eye closure (PVT 2,3), pupil diameter (PVT 1,2,3,4). These results are discussed and integrated in an ergonomic approach in order to analyze the links between objective performance, eye movements and subjective assessment of drowsiness. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (4 ULg)