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See detailL'activation comportementale est-elle pertinente pour tous les adultes dépressifs ? Une analyse en clusters
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

Poster (2016, November 26)

INTRODUCTION : L’hétérogénéité de la dépression est de plus en plus mise en évidence en termes de profils de symptômes, de réponse au traitement, etc. Les théories comportementales de la dépression ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION : L’hétérogénéité de la dépression est de plus en plus mise en évidence en termes de profils de symptômes, de réponse au traitement, etc. Les théories comportementales de la dépression soulignent l’importance de l’inactivité ainsi que des faibles niveaux de plaisir et de fréquence d’activités plaisantes dans le maintien de la dépression. Cette étude poursuit deux objectifs : (1) investiguer l’hétérogénéité de la depression via une analyse en clusters, (2) investiguer les valeurs prédictives de l’inactivité ainsi que des faibles niveaux de plaisir et de fréquence d’activités plaisantes sur la dépression en fonction du cluster d’appartenance. METHODE : Des adultes tout venant et/ou consultant des centres de santé mentale ont été recrutés (âge entre 18 et 60 ans). Ils ont complété l’Inventaire de Dépression de Beck – Seconde Edition, l’Echelle d’Activation Comportementale pour la Dépression – Version courte, et l’Inventaire des événements plaisants. RESULTATS : Une solution en six clusters a été mise en évidence : “gros dormeurs/heavy sleepers”, “dépressifs cognitifs/cognitive depressives”, “dépressifs affectifs-somatiques/affective-somatic depressives”, “dépressifs légers/mild depressives”, “dépressifs dormant peu/sleepless depressives”, “dépressifs typiques/typical depressives”. Des relations significatives entre inactivité, fréquence d’activités plaisantes et dépression ont seulement été observées chez les “dépressifs cognitifs/cognitive depressives”, les “dépressifs légers/mild depressives” et les “dépressifs typiques/typical depressives”. DISCUSSION : Les résultats confirment l’hétérogénéité de la dépression puisque six clusters ont été mis en évidence. Par ailleurs, l’activation comportementale ne semble pertinente que pour trois de ces clusters dans lesquels les postulats du modèle comportemental de la dépression sont confirmés (“dépressifs cognitifs/cognitive depressives”, “dépressifs légers/mild depressives”, “dépressifs typiques/typical depressives”). [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-defining memories and future projections as a means to facilitate reflection on life values in depressed adults: A preliminary study
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Brouette, Béatrice ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2016, September 10)

Introduction. In the Brief Behavioral Activation Treatment for Depression, depressed patients are lead to a reflection on their personal values per life domains (e.g., family relationships, employment ... [more ▼]

Introduction. In the Brief Behavioral Activation Treatment for Depression, depressed patients are lead to a reflection on their personal values per life domains (e.g., family relationships, employment). The aim of this reflection is to tailor behavioral assignments through valued activities. This reflection is usually difficult for depressed patients. The current study hypothesized that exercises on autobiographical memories might act as a means to facilitate the reflection on personal values. In this perspective, self-defining memories (SDMs) and self-defining future projections (SDFPs) appear to be particularly relevant. SDMs and SDFPs concern reflections on the past and on the potential future central goals, values and conflicts of one’s life. SDMs and SDFPs are vivid and well-rehearsed autobiographical memories related to a meaning-making (i.e., a learned lesson about oneself, others or the world). The emotional valence of SDMs and SDFPs can either be positive, neutral or negative. Further, SDMs and SDFPs can consist in either specific events or categorical ones. Due to the relevance of these memories for the self, it is to be expected that recalling SDMs and imagine SDFPs will help individuals to have a clearer view of their personal values which in turn might facilitate the selection of valued activities. Further, it is hypothesized that these exercises might decrease depression and disturbances of psychological processes (i.e., rumination, self-concept clarity, environmental satisfaction). Therefore, this study aims were two-fold. First, it aimed at assessing the feasibility for depressed patients to recall SDMs and to imagine SDFPs per life domains. Second, it aimed at assessing the impact of these exercises on depression and psychological processes. Method. Nineteen depressed patients and 17 paired healthy controls (25-60 years) were recruited (data collection is still ongoing). This study comprises four meetings. During the first and the last meetings, participants completed self-reported assessments of depression and psychological processes. During the third and fourth meetings, participants were asked either to recall SDMs or to imagine SDFPs per life domains. SDMs and SDFPs were rated on specificity, meaning-making and emotional. The impact of these exercises was assessed on depression and psychological processes. Results. Preliminary results indicate that depressed patients are as able as healthy controls to recall SDMs and imagine SDFPs per life domains. Depressed patients recall less SDMs and SDFPs with meaning-making than healthy controls. Depressed patients report less SDMs and less SDFPs related to employment and less SDMs related to hobbies than healthy controls. Preliminary results show a decrease of depression in depressed patients only. Discussion. Even though depressed patients are as able as the healthy controls to recall SDMs and to imagine SDFPs, preliminary results highlight significant differences between depressed patients and healthy controls on SDMs and SDFPs. Preliminary results indicate that SDMs and SDFPs positively impact depression in depressed patients. Experimental and clinical implications of these findings will be discussed during the conference. [less ▲]

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See detailInactivité, procrastination, apathie et manque d'objectifs quotidiens : Un même concept ?
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Carré, Arnaud; Bouvard, Martine et al

Conference (2016, June 10)

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See detailImpact d'un programme d'activation comportementale sur l'humeur, le niveau d'engagement dans des activités, les ruminations et les biais attentionnels chez des étudiantes universitaires
Krings, Audrey ULg; Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2016, June)

A Behavioral activation program was proposed to undergraduated students with difficulties to deal with their mood. Six sessions of a Martell's program was proposed with two evaluations, before (T0) and ... [more ▼]

A Behavioral activation program was proposed to undergraduated students with difficulties to deal with their mood. Six sessions of a Martell's program was proposed with two evaluations, before (T0) and after (T1) the sessions. Different psychological processes were evaluated (behavioral activation, avoidance, rumination and attentional biases). Compared to the control group, a significal reduction was observed for abstract rumination, avoidance and a significant enhancement of selective attention to positive faces in the dot probe task was also observed. [less ▲]

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See detail• BibliothEP: a study evaluating the effectiveness of bibliotherapy for premature ejaculation
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Andrianne, Robert ULg; Bauwens, Sabrina et al

Conference (2016, May 27)

Objective. The BibliothEP study aimed to assess the efficacy of a bibliotherapy for premature ejaculation (PE) Design and method. The study was conducted in two phases. First, a sample of 120 participants ... [more ▼]

Objective. The BibliothEP study aimed to assess the efficacy of a bibliotherapy for premature ejaculation (PE) Design and method. The study was conducted in two phases. First, a sample of 120 participants suffering from PE read a concise cognitive behavioural self-help manual for PE (51 A5 pages including illustrations) and were compared after treatment to 66 waiting list controls. Second, 36 subjects received and read the self-help manual and were compared after treatment to 32 subjects having received the same manual plus a complementary brief guidance (45-90 minutes) from a coach not specialised in sex therapy, but who had been specifically trained to support the bibliotherapy intervention (by attending a 5-hour training module). The main outcome measures were self-determined latency time to ejaculation, feelings of control, sexual satisfaction, PE-related distress and subjective impression of improvement. Results. At 6-month posttreatment, all participants showed significant improvements as compared to waiting list condition. The improvements were maintained at 12 month. They were slightly greater in the case of complementary therapist support. Improvements were demonstrated for all forms of PE, but the intervention appeared to be slightly more effective when the problem was of moderate severity. In all cases, improvements in sexual functioning were accompanied by improvements in sexual cognitions. Conclusions. The cost-effectiveness of the self-help manual makes it a valuable first-line treatment for any form of PE. Moreover, the outcome of the bibliotherapy process might be increased by coaching from a health worker specifically trained to this aim. [less ▲]

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See detailDepressive symptomatology and the influence of the behavioral avoidance and activation: A gender-specific investigation
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Journal of Affective Disorders (2016), 193

BACKGROUNG: Depression is a highly prevalent disorder which is usually considered as differentially experienced depending on gender. Behavioral theories of depression pinpoint the importance of the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUNG: Depression is a highly prevalent disorder which is usually considered as differentially experienced depending on gender. Behavioral theories of depression pinpoint the importance of the behavioral avoidance in the maintenance of depression. However, little is known about the specific impact of the behavioral avoidance and activation on each depressive symptom as well as on gender differences on the behavioral features of depression. METHODS: This study’s aim was two-fold: (1) to assess the presence of gender differences on the BDI-II; (2) to investigate the respective predictive value of behavioral avoidance and of behavioral activation on each depressive symptom assessed by the BDI-II depending on gender. Community adults and adults attending mental healthcare composed the sample. RESULTS: Results showed differences in symptomatology profiles depending on gender (e.g. higher scores of sadness, self-criticalness in women, higher scores of past failure and loss of pleasure in men). Behavioral avoidance positively predicted almost all depressive symptoms in women and in men while behavioral activation negatively predicted almost all symptoms in both gender. Nevertheless, the strengths of these relationships were different for some symptoms (e.g. pessimism). LIMITATIONS: The use of self-report instruments; the lack of assessment of causal or precipitating factors of the depressive symptomatology; the higher number of women in the sample. CONCLUSIONS: Results are discussed with respect to previous findings and present clinical implications: (1) to underline the relevance of the combination of gender-specific assessment tools; (2) to highlight the need of tailored psychological intervention. [less ▲]

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See detailBibliothEP : a study evaluating the effectiveness of bibliotherapy for
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Andrianne, Robert ULg; Bauwens,, Sabrina et al

Poster (2016, February)

Objective. The BibliothEP study aimed to assess the efficacy of a bibliotherapy for premature ejaculation (PE) Design and method. The study was conducted in two phases. First, a sample of 120 participants ... [more ▼]

Objective. The BibliothEP study aimed to assess the efficacy of a bibliotherapy for premature ejaculation (PE) Design and method. The study was conducted in two phases. First, a sample of 120 participants suffering from PE read a concise cognitive behavioural self-help manual for PE (51 A5 pages including illustrations) and were compared after treatment to 66 waiting list controls. Second, 36 subjects received and read the self-help manual and were compared after treatment to 32 subjects having received the same manual plus a complementary brief guidance (45-90 minutes) from a coach not specialised in sex therapy, but who had been specifically trained to support the bibliotherapy intervention (by attending a 5-hour training module). The main outcome measures were selfdetermined latency time to ejaculation, feelings of control, sexual satisfaction, PErelated distress and subjective impression of improvement. Results. At 6-month posttreatment, all participants showed significant improvements as compared to waiting list condition. The improvements were maintained at 12 month. They were slightly greater in the case of complementary therapist support. Improvements were demonstrated for all forms of PE, but the intervention appeared to be slightly more effective when the problem was of moderate severity. In all cases, improvements in sexual functioning were accompanied by improvements in sexual cognitions. Conclusions. The cost-effectiveness of the self-help manual makes it a valuable first-line treatment for any form of PE. Moreover, the outcome of the bibliotherapy process might be increased by coaching from a health worker specifically trained to this aim. [less ▲]

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See detail"Quand voyager mentalement dans le temps est difficile) - Une étude comparative des souvenirs et projections définissant le soi chez des patients dépressifs et des sujets contrôles sains
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Thirion, Julie; PITCHOT, William ULg et al

Poster (2016, January)

INTRODUCTION. Les patients dépressifs présentent des difficultés à effectuer le voyage mental dans le temps, une des fonctions principales de la mémoire autobiographique, c’est-à-dire à se projeter ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION. Les patients dépressifs présentent des difficultés à effectuer le voyage mental dans le temps, une des fonctions principales de la mémoire autobiographique, c’est-à-dire à se projeter mentalement dans le passé et le futur. Cette étude s’intéresse à des événements passés et futurs potentiels particuliers qui sont les souvenirs et les projections futures définissant le soi (SDS et PFDS, respectivement). Les SDS et les PFDS sont des événements autobiographiques particuliers hautement pertinents pour l’identité de l’individu et qui l’aident à se définir. Plus précisément, les SDS sont considérés comme une cristallisation des liens entre mémoire et identité. Le premier objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer les caractéristiques de ces SDS et des PFDS (spécificité, intégration, valence émotionnelle, modification de la valence émotionnelle pour les SDS) chez des patients dépressifs, en comparaison à des sujets contrôles sains. Le second objectif est d’évaluer les liens entre les caractéristiques des SDS et des PFDS avec la clarté du concept de soi. HYPOTHÈSES. Les patients dépressifs rapporteront des SDS et des PFDS moins spécifiques, moins intégrés et plus négatifs que les sujets contrôles sains. Ceci sera en lien avec une faible clarté du concept de soi. MÉTHODE. 19 patients dépressifs et 17 sujets contrôles sains appariés (sexe, âge, niveau d’éducation) ont évoqué des SDS et des PFDS en fonction de domaines de vie (ex. : relations familiales, hobbies, emploi/carrière). RÉSULTATS. La récolte des données est toujours en cours. Les résultats préliminaires mettent en évidence que les patients dépressifs évoquent des SDS et des PFDS moins intégrés que les sujets contrôles. Les patients dépressifs rapportent également davantage de séquence de contamination dans le rappel de SDS (la valence de l’événement lorsqu’il s’est déroulé était positive et devient négative lors de l’évocation du souvenir). DISCUSSION. Les résultats obtenus confirment partiellement nos hypothèses. Ces résultats semblent cohérents avec certains biais préalablement observés dans l’évocation de souvenirs autobiographiques tels que le biais de congruence à l’humeur. Les implications cliniques de ces résultats seront discutées. [less ▲]

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See detailComment je traite… L’insomnie chronique par la thérapie comportementale et cognitive
Dethier, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg; POIRRIER, Robert ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2016)

L’insomnie est actuellement traitée majoritairement par la pharmacothérapie. Or la thérapie comportementale et cognitive pour l’insomnie présente une meilleure efficacité à long terme que celle-ci. Dans ... [more ▼]

L’insomnie est actuellement traitée majoritairement par la pharmacothérapie. Or la thérapie comportementale et cognitive pour l’insomnie présente une meilleure efficacité à long terme que celle-ci. Dans cet article nous décrivons les principes de base de ce traitement psychothérapeutique de courte durée. Il s’agit de combiner des méthodes de restriction de sommeil, de contrôle des stimuli en lien avec le sommeil, d’apprentissage de techniques de relaxation, des conseils sur l’hygiène de sommeil et des techniques de thérapie cognitive appliquées aux cognitions envahissants les moments d’insomnie. [less ▲]

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See detailLes souvenirs définissant le soi - Quel est l'intérêt de les aborder dans l’entretien clinique ? - Illustration dans le trouble dépressif majeur
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Boulanger, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Scientific conference (2015, October 16)

Les souvenirs définissant le soi (« Self-Defining Memories ») sont des souvenirs autobiographiques particuliers, conceptualisés comme une cristallisation des liens entre mémoire et identité. Ces souvenirs ... [more ▼]

Les souvenirs définissant le soi (« Self-Defining Memories ») sont des souvenirs autobiographiques particuliers, conceptualisés comme une cristallisation des liens entre mémoire et identité. Ces souvenirs semblent particulièrement intéressants pour la définition que nous avons de nous-mêmes et pour la clarté du concept de soi. Nous définirons ces souvenirs et fourniront quelques exemples issus de notre pratique clinique. Nous présenterons leurs caractéristiques (spécificité, intégration, contenu, valence émotionnelle). Nous évoquerons l'intérêt que nous voyons à aborder ces souvenirs dans l'entretien clinique comme outil servant à aider les patients présentant une faible clarté du concept de soi ou encore des difficultés liées à la définition de soi. Nous présenterons également des pistes de prise en charge concrètes. Sur base des résultats de recherches menées au sein de l'unité de psychologie clinique comportementale et cognitive, nous présenterons les caractéristiques particulières de ces souvenirs chez les patients dépressifs, comparés à des sujets contrôles sains. [less ▲]

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See detailLes souvenirs définissant le soi dans le trouble dépressif majeur unipolaire : Pourquoi les évoquer durant l’entretien clinique ?
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Boulanger, Marie ULg; PITCHOT, William ULg et al

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2015), 116(2), 27-34

Unipolar depressed patients can experience a loss of sense of self-continuity. Self-defining memories which are particular autobiographical memories may consist in psychological interventions aiming at ... [more ▼]

Unipolar depressed patients can experience a loss of sense of self-continuity. Self-defining memories which are particular autobiographical memories may consist in psychological interventions aiming at reestablishing the sense of self-continuity. Working on self-defining memories may also help dealing with other psychological difficulties. This article presents the self-defining memories, their characteristics and different psychological interventions which aim is to enhance the quality of these memories. [less ▲]

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See detailDepression in Women and in Men: Differences on Behavioral Avoidance and on Behavioral Activation
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, August 06)

Depression is a well-known disorder characterized by e.g. sadness, loss of interest and pleasure, feelings of guilt or worthlessness. Depression is also characterized by a decrease of the level of ... [more ▼]

Depression is a well-known disorder characterized by e.g. sadness, loss of interest and pleasure, feelings of guilt or worthlessness. Depression is also characterized by a decrease of the level of engagement in activities also conceptualized as behavioral avoidance. Indeed, depressed patients less and less engage themselves in pleasurable activities (e.g. they spend more and more time in their bed, see their friends more rarely). Reciprocally, this decrease of the level of engagement in activities reinforces and maintains depressive symptoms. This relationship between depression and a low level of engagement in activities is well-established in the scientific literature but no study has, until now, discussed the reasons of this decrease of engagement in activities. According to theoretical models of depression (Beck, 2008; Lewinsohn, 1985; Watkins, 2009), five sets of psychological processes (PP) are involved in depressive symptomatology: negative repetitive thoughts, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, low environmental rewards, negative self-image and inhibition. We hypothesize that these PP could be considered as explaining factors of the behavioral avoidance. Furthermore, we hypothesize that other PP could be considered as explaining factors of the behavioral activation (adaptive emotion regulation strategies, high environmental rewards, positive self-image, approach and high self-clarity). Then, our aim is to assess the links between behavioral avoidance as well as activation and the PP mentioned above. In order to reach this objective, we developed a model of these links based on the psychological model of mental ill-health of Kinderman (2005, 2013). According to this model, biological, social and circumstantial factors lead to mental disorders through their conjoint effects on psychological processes. Furthermore, because depression is different in women and in men, we assessed the adequacy of our model according to the sex. Clinical and community adults completed an online survey assessing the psychological processes mentioned above, avoidance and activation. Since several questionnaires were used to assess each PP, factorial scores were computed for each one. Preliminary analyses (confirmatory factor analyses) were realized with a sample of 393 women and 139 men. The results revealed differences between men and women. For women, on the one hand, low levels of environmental rewards, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and negative repetitive thoughts are linked to behavioral avoidance, and on the other hand, high levels of environmental rewards and positive self-image are linked to behavioral activation. For men, on the one hand, negative self-image, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and low environmental rewards are linked to behavioral avoidance, and, on the other hand, high levels of environmental rewards and positive self-image are linked to behavioral activation. The final results will be presented during the convention, as data-collection is on-going and will end in May 2015. Clinical implications of these results will also be discussed such as the relevance of working on the levels of environmental rewards. [less ▲]

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See detailCombining mindfulness and ACT to learn how to manage emotions and to engage in valued activities: Assessment of the feasibility of a training group and its efficiency
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Dierickx, Christophe; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, July 18)

BACKGROUND Managing painful emotions could be an issue for a lot of adults. Indeed, learning how to manage painful emotions is an often-requested demand in psychotherapy. Mindfulness-based programs and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND Managing painful emotions could be an issue for a lot of adults. Indeed, learning how to manage painful emotions is an often-requested demand in psychotherapy. Mindfulness-based programs and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) offer useful tools which aim to guide in this learning process. ACT also provide guidelines to engage in valued activities. In order to help community adults to manage their painful emotions and to engage themselves in valued activities, we offer training group cycles combining tools of mindfulness-based programs and ACT. This study aims to assess the feasibility of such training groups and their efficiency. METHODS A longitudinal design with three assessment-times (T0, T1 and T2) is employed. Participants to the training group attend to three three-hours training sessions on a six-weeks period. They are assessed before the training sessions (T0), directly after (T1) and at three-months follow-up (T2). Questionnaires assess these variables: sociodemographic data, mood, mindfulness, psychological flexibility, cognitive coping strategies and behavioural activation. Student t tests for paired samples are conducted. RESULTS Fifty-four adults participated to four training cycles (the cycles are all identical). Until now, 28 participants (21 women) completed the T0 and the T1 (mean age = 41.43, SD = 11.83). Student t test indicate a significant decrease of depression (t(25) = 4.53, p < 0,001), anxiety (t(25) = 6.23, p < 0.001) and non-adaptive cognitive coping strategies (t(24) = 3.76, p < 0.001). Student t test also indicate a significant increase in mindfulness (t(26) = -3.87, p < 0.001), psychological flexibility (t(26)) = -5.48, p < 0.001) and behavioural activation (t(26) = -4.86, p < 0.001). DISCUSSION Preliminary results indicate the feasibility of training groups combining tools of mindfulness-based programs and ACT. Results show a decrease in several variables (depression, anxiety and non-adaptive cognitive coping strategies) and an increase in other variables (mindfulness, psychological flexibility and behavioural activation). These results seem to indicate that participants benefit from the training groups. Data collection is still ongoing and a control group (waiting-list) is currently being composed. Results and clinical implications will be further discussed during the congress. [less ▲]

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See detailVersion française de la Distress Tolerance Scale et de la Discomfort Intolerance Scale
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science = Revue Canadienne des Sciences du Comportement (2015), 3(47),

The perceived perspective of the distress tolerance refers to the perceived ability to experience and to withstand negative emotional states and/or other aversive sensations (e.g. physical discomfort ... [more ▼]

The perceived perspective of the distress tolerance refers to the perceived ability to experience and to withstand negative emotional states and/or other aversive sensations (e.g. physical discomfort). Two scales were developed to assess this construct: the Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS) and the Discomfort Intolerance Scale (DIS). The objective of this investigation is to present the validation of these two scales in French. 488 non-clinical adults completed an online survey assessing the distress tolerance and emotional regulation strategies. Factor analyses were performed to determine the factor structures of the French versions of these scales. CFA highlighted a four-factor solution (tolerance, absorption, appraisal, regulation) with one higher-order factor (general distress tolerance) as being the better fit for the DTS. CFA highlighted a two-factor solution (intolerance and avoidance) with one higher-order factor (general discomfort intolerance) as being the better fit for the DIS. Intern and extern validity were assessed and demonstrated good properties. [less ▲]

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See detailActivation comportementale : principes et efficacité.
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Wagener, Aurélie ULg

in Bouvard, Martine (Ed.) Les troubles psychiatriques résistants. Vers de nouvelles formes de soin. (2015)

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See detail"Tell me about Self." Clarté de soi et souvenirs définissant le soi: Particularités du self chez des individus souffrant d'un trouble de l'humeur
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, May 21)

The present study focusses on a particular kind of autobiographical memories called self-defining memories (SDMs). SDMs are highly pertinent for self-building because they help to define in the most ... [more ▼]

The present study focusses on a particular kind of autobiographical memories called self-defining memories (SDMs). SDMs are highly pertinent for self-building because they help to define in the most clearly way our perception of ourselves. If literature showed that depressed and bipolar patients suffer from autobiographical memory (AM) disturbances, SDMs have not been studied a lot since yet in these two disorders. Then, the present study pursues two main aims: (1) to assess SDM’s characteristics and (2) to assess the relationship between the ability to retrieve SDM’s and self-concept clarity. To reach our objective, 17 depressed and 16 bipolar patients are compared to 17 healthy subjects. Participants are asked to complete SDMs procedure that is recalling six important events which happened in their life. These SDMs are assessed on four variables: specificity, impact, valence, meaning making, contain. Self-concept clarity and mood are also assessed. Preliminary results do not highlight difference between our groups on specificity. Marginal effects appear for meaning making with healthy subjects recalling more meaning making events. Results show that depressed patients present a mood congruence. The final results will be presented during the convention, as data-collection is on-going and will end in April. Experimental and clinical implications of our results will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSelf-defining memories and self-concept clarity: A comparative study of depressed patients, bipolar patients and healthy subjects
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Boulanger, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, May 06)

Depressed and bipolar patients suffer from autobiographical memory (AM) deficits. For instance, depressed patients present an overgeneralisation and a mood congruence biases. Indeed, these patients seem ... [more ▼]

Depressed and bipolar patients suffer from autobiographical memory (AM) deficits. For instance, depressed patients present an overgeneralisation and a mood congruence biases. Indeed, these patients seem to have difficulties to recall specific and positive memories. The present study focusses on a particular kind of memories: the self-defining memories (SDMs). SDMs are highly pertinent for self-building: they help to define in the most clearly way our perception of ourselves. Because SDMs have not been studied a lot since yet in these two disorders, our goal is to assess the impact of general AM biases on SDMs. Then, the present study pursues two main aims: 1) To assess SDM’s characteristics, 2) To assess the relationship between SDM and self-concept clarity. To reach our objective, depressed and bipolar patients are compared to healthy subjects. Participants are asked to complete SDMs exercises that are recalling six important events which happened in their life. These SDMs are assessed on four variables: specificity, impact, meaning making, contain. Self-concept clarity and mood are also assessed. Until now, 17 depressed patients, 16 bipolar patients and 18 healthy controls participate in this study. Preliminary results do not highlight difference between our groups on specificity. Marginal effects appear for meaning making with healthy subjects recalling more meaning making events. Results show that depressed patients present a mood congruence. The final results will be presented during the convention, as data-collection is on-going and will end in April. Experimental and clinical implications of our results will be discussed. [less ▲]

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