References of "Blairy, Sylvie"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComment je traite… L’insomnie chronique par la thérapie comportementale et cognitive
Dethier, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg; POIRRIER, Robert ULg

in Revue Médicale de Liège (in press)

L’insomnie est actuellement traitée majoritairement par la pharmacothérapie. Or la thérapie comportementale et cognitive pour l’insomnie présente une meilleure efficacité à long terme que celle-ci. Dans ... [more ▼]

L’insomnie est actuellement traitée majoritairement par la pharmacothérapie. Or la thérapie comportementale et cognitive pour l’insomnie présente une meilleure efficacité à long terme que celle-ci. Dans cet article nous décrivons les principes de base de ce traitement psychothérapeutique de courte durée. Il s’agit de combiner des méthodes de restriction de sommeil, de contrôle des stimuli en lien avec le sommeil, d’apprentissage de techniques de relaxation, des conseils sur l’hygiène de sommeil et des techniques de thérapie cognitive appliquées aux cognitions envahissants les moments d’insomnie. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDepressive symptomatology and the influence of the behavioral avoidance and activation: A gender-specific investigation
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Journal of Affective Disorders (2016), 193

BACKGROUNG: Depression is a highly prevalent disorder which is usually considered as differentially experienced depending on gender. Behavioral theories of depression pinpoint the importance of the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUNG: Depression is a highly prevalent disorder which is usually considered as differentially experienced depending on gender. Behavioral theories of depression pinpoint the importance of the behavioral avoidance in the maintenance of depression. However, little is known about the specific impact of the behavioral avoidance and activation on each depressive symptom as well as on gender differences on the behavioral features of depression. METHODS: This study’s aim was two-fold: (1) to assess the presence of gender differences on the BDI-II; (2) to investigate the respective predictive value of behavioral avoidance and of behavioral activation on each depressive symptom assessed by the BDI-II depending on gender. Community adults and adults attending mental healthcare composed the sample. RESULTS: Results showed differences in symptomatology profiles depending on gender (e.g. higher scores of sadness, self-criticalness in women, higher scores of past failure and loss of pleasure in men). Behavioral avoidance positively predicted almost all depressive symptoms in women and in men while behavioral activation negatively predicted almost all symptoms in both gender. Nevertheless, the strengths of these relationships were different for some symptoms (e.g. pessimism). LIMITATIONS: The use of self-report instruments; the lack of assessment of causal or precipitating factors of the depressive symptomatology; the higher number of women in the sample. CONCLUSIONS: Results are discussed with respect to previous findings and present clinical implications: (1) to underline the relevance of the combination of gender-specific assessment tools; (2) to highlight the need of tailored psychological intervention. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail"Quand voyager mentalement dans le temps est difficile) - Une étude comparative des souvenirs et projections définissant le soi chez des patients dépressifs et des sujets contrôles sains
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Thirion, Julie; PITCHOT, William ULg et al

Poster (2016, January)

INTRODUCTION. Les patients dépressifs présentent des difficultés à effectuer le voyage mental dans le temps, une des fonctions principales de la mémoire autobiographique, c’est-à-dire à se projeter ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION. Les patients dépressifs présentent des difficultés à effectuer le voyage mental dans le temps, une des fonctions principales de la mémoire autobiographique, c’est-à-dire à se projeter mentalement dans le passé et le futur. Cette étude s’intéresse à des événements passés et futurs potentiels particuliers qui sont les souvenirs et les projections futures définissant le soi (SDS et PFDS, respectivement). Les SDS et les PFDS sont des événements autobiographiques particuliers hautement pertinents pour l’identité de l’individu et qui l’aident à se définir. Plus précisément, les SDS sont considérés comme une cristallisation des liens entre mémoire et identité. Le premier objectif de cette étude est d’évaluer les caractéristiques de ces SDS et des PFDS (spécificité, intégration, valence émotionnelle, modification de la valence émotionnelle pour les SDS) chez des patients dépressifs, en comparaison à des sujets contrôles sains. Le second objectif est d’évaluer les liens entre les caractéristiques des SDS et des PFDS avec la clarté du concept de soi. HYPOTHÈSES. Les patients dépressifs rapporteront des SDS et des PFDS moins spécifiques, moins intégrés et plus négatifs que les sujets contrôles sains. Ceci sera en lien avec une faible clarté du concept de soi. MÉTHODE. 19 patients dépressifs et 17 sujets contrôles sains appariés (sexe, âge, niveau d’éducation) ont évoqué des SDS et des PFDS en fonction de domaines de vie (ex. : relations familiales, hobbies, emploi/carrière). RÉSULTATS. La récolte des données est toujours en cours. Les résultats préliminaires mettent en évidence que les patients dépressifs évoquent des SDS et des PFDS moins intégrés que les sujets contrôles. Les patients dépressifs rapportent également davantage de séquence de contamination dans le rappel de SDS (la valence de l’événement lorsqu’il s’est déroulé était positive et devient négative lors de l’évocation du souvenir). DISCUSSION. Les résultats obtenus confirment partiellement nos hypothèses. Ces résultats semblent cohérents avec certains biais préalablement observés dans l’évocation de souvenirs autobiographiques tels que le biais de congruence à l’humeur. Les implications cliniques de ces résultats seront discutées. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLes souvenirs définissant le soi - Quel est l'intérêt de les aborder dans l’entretien clinique ? - Illustration dans le trouble dépressif majeur
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Boulanger, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Scientific conference (2015, October 16)

Les souvenirs définissant le soi (« Self-Defining Memories ») sont des souvenirs autobiographiques particuliers, conceptualisés comme une cristallisation des liens entre mémoire et identité. Ces souvenirs ... [more ▼]

Les souvenirs définissant le soi (« Self-Defining Memories ») sont des souvenirs autobiographiques particuliers, conceptualisés comme une cristallisation des liens entre mémoire et identité. Ces souvenirs semblent particulièrement intéressants pour la définition que nous avons de nous-mêmes et pour la clarté du concept de soi. Nous définirons ces souvenirs et fourniront quelques exemples issus de notre pratique clinique. Nous présenterons leurs caractéristiques (spécificité, intégration, contenu, valence émotionnelle). Nous évoquerons l'intérêt que nous voyons à aborder ces souvenirs dans l'entretien clinique comme outil servant à aider les patients présentant une faible clarté du concept de soi ou encore des difficultés liées à la définition de soi. Nous présenterons également des pistes de prise en charge concrètes. Sur base des résultats de recherches menées au sein de l'unité de psychologie clinique comportementale et cognitive, nous présenterons les caractéristiques particulières de ces souvenirs chez les patients dépressifs, comparés à des sujets contrôles sains. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes souvenirs définissant le soi dans le trouble dépressif majeur unipolaire : Pourquoi les évoquer durant l’entretien clinique ?
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Boulanger, Marie ULg; PITCHOT, William ULg et al

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (2015), 116(2), 27-34

Unipolar depressed patients can experience a loss of sense of self-continuity. Self-defining memories which are particular autobiographical memories may consist in psychological interventions aiming at ... [more ▼]

Unipolar depressed patients can experience a loss of sense of self-continuity. Self-defining memories which are particular autobiographical memories may consist in psychological interventions aiming at reestablishing the sense of self-continuity. Working on self-defining memories may also help dealing with other psychological difficulties. This article presents the self-defining memories, their characteristics and different psychological interventions which aim is to enhance the quality of these memories. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (11 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailDepression in Women and in Men: Differences on Behavioral Avoidance and on Behavioral Activation
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, August 06)

Depression is a well-known disorder characterized by e.g. sadness, loss of interest and pleasure, feelings of guilt or worthlessness. Depression is also characterized by a decrease of the level of ... [more ▼]

Depression is a well-known disorder characterized by e.g. sadness, loss of interest and pleasure, feelings of guilt or worthlessness. Depression is also characterized by a decrease of the level of engagement in activities also conceptualized as behavioral avoidance. Indeed, depressed patients less and less engage themselves in pleasurable activities (e.g. they spend more and more time in their bed, see their friends more rarely). Reciprocally, this decrease of the level of engagement in activities reinforces and maintains depressive symptoms. This relationship between depression and a low level of engagement in activities is well-established in the scientific literature but no study has, until now, discussed the reasons of this decrease of engagement in activities. According to theoretical models of depression (Beck, 2008; Lewinsohn, 1985; Watkins, 2009), five sets of psychological processes (PP) are involved in depressive symptomatology: negative repetitive thoughts, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, low environmental rewards, negative self-image and inhibition. We hypothesize that these PP could be considered as explaining factors of the behavioral avoidance. Furthermore, we hypothesize that other PP could be considered as explaining factors of the behavioral activation (adaptive emotion regulation strategies, high environmental rewards, positive self-image, approach and high self-clarity). Then, our aim is to assess the links between behavioral avoidance as well as activation and the PP mentioned above. In order to reach this objective, we developed a model of these links based on the psychological model of mental ill-health of Kinderman (2005, 2013). According to this model, biological, social and circumstantial factors lead to mental disorders through their conjoint effects on psychological processes. Furthermore, because depression is different in women and in men, we assessed the adequacy of our model according to the sex. Clinical and community adults completed an online survey assessing the psychological processes mentioned above, avoidance and activation. Since several questionnaires were used to assess each PP, factorial scores were computed for each one. Preliminary analyses (confirmatory factor analyses) were realized with a sample of 393 women and 139 men. The results revealed differences between men and women. For women, on the one hand, low levels of environmental rewards, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and negative repetitive thoughts are linked to behavioral avoidance, and on the other hand, high levels of environmental rewards and positive self-image are linked to behavioral activation. For men, on the one hand, negative self-image, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and low environmental rewards are linked to behavioral avoidance, and, on the other hand, high levels of environmental rewards and positive self-image are linked to behavioral activation. The final results will be presented during the convention, as data-collection is on-going and will end in May 2015. Clinical implications of these results will also be discussed such as the relevance of working on the levels of environmental rewards. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 52 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCombining mindfulness and ACT to learn how to manage emotions and to engage in valued activities: Assessment of the feasibility of a training group and its efficiency
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Dierickx, Christophe; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, July 18)

BACKGROUND Managing painful emotions could be an issue for a lot of adults. Indeed, learning how to manage painful emotions is an often-requested demand in psychotherapy. Mindfulness-based programs and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND Managing painful emotions could be an issue for a lot of adults. Indeed, learning how to manage painful emotions is an often-requested demand in psychotherapy. Mindfulness-based programs and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) offer useful tools which aim to guide in this learning process. ACT also provide guidelines to engage in valued activities. In order to help community adults to manage their painful emotions and to engage themselves in valued activities, we offer training group cycles combining tools of mindfulness-based programs and ACT. This study aims to assess the feasibility of such training groups and their efficiency. METHODS A longitudinal design with three assessment-times (T0, T1 and T2) is employed. Participants to the training group attend to three three-hours training sessions on a six-weeks period. They are assessed before the training sessions (T0), directly after (T1) and at three-months follow-up (T2). Questionnaires assess these variables: sociodemographic data, mood, mindfulness, psychological flexibility, cognitive coping strategies and behavioural activation. Student t tests for paired samples are conducted. RESULTS Fifty-four adults participated to four training cycles (the cycles are all identical). Until now, 28 participants (21 women) completed the T0 and the T1 (mean age = 41.43, SD = 11.83). Student t test indicate a significant decrease of depression (t(25) = 4.53, p < 0,001), anxiety (t(25) = 6.23, p < 0.001) and non-adaptive cognitive coping strategies (t(24) = 3.76, p < 0.001). Student t test also indicate a significant increase in mindfulness (t(26) = -3.87, p < 0.001), psychological flexibility (t(26)) = -5.48, p < 0.001) and behavioural activation (t(26) = -4.86, p < 0.001). DISCUSSION Preliminary results indicate the feasibility of training groups combining tools of mindfulness-based programs and ACT. Results show a decrease in several variables (depression, anxiety and non-adaptive cognitive coping strategies) and an increase in other variables (mindfulness, psychological flexibility and behavioural activation). These results seem to indicate that participants benefit from the training groups. Data collection is still ongoing and a control group (waiting-list) is currently being composed. Results and clinical implications will be further discussed during the congress. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailVersion française de la Distress Tolerance Scale et de la Discomfort Intolerance Scale
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science = Revue Canadienne des Sciences du Comportement (2015), 3(47),

The perceived perspective of the distress tolerance refers to the perceived ability to experience and to withstand negative emotional states and/or other aversive sensations (e.g. physical discomfort ... [more ▼]

The perceived perspective of the distress tolerance refers to the perceived ability to experience and to withstand negative emotional states and/or other aversive sensations (e.g. physical discomfort). Two scales were developed to assess this construct: the Distress Tolerance Scale (DTS) and the Discomfort Intolerance Scale (DIS). The objective of this investigation is to present the validation of these two scales in French. 488 non-clinical adults completed an online survey assessing the distress tolerance and emotional regulation strategies. Factor analyses were performed to determine the factor structures of the French versions of these scales. CFA highlighted a four-factor solution (tolerance, absorption, appraisal, regulation) with one higher-order factor (general distress tolerance) as being the better fit for the DTS. CFA highlighted a two-factor solution (intolerance and avoidance) with one higher-order factor (general discomfort intolerance) as being the better fit for the DIS. Intern and extern validity were assessed and demonstrated good properties. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailActivation comportementale : principes et efficacité.
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Wagener, Aurélie ULg

in Bouvard, Martine (Ed.) Les troubles psychiatriques résistants. Vers de nouvelles formes de soin. (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detail"Tell me about Self." Clarté de soi et souvenirs définissant le soi: Particularités du self chez des individus souffrant d'un trouble de l'humeur
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, May 21)

The present study focusses on a particular kind of autobiographical memories called self-defining memories (SDMs). SDMs are highly pertinent for self-building because they help to define in the most ... [more ▼]

The present study focusses on a particular kind of autobiographical memories called self-defining memories (SDMs). SDMs are highly pertinent for self-building because they help to define in the most clearly way our perception of ourselves. If literature showed that depressed and bipolar patients suffer from autobiographical memory (AM) disturbances, SDMs have not been studied a lot since yet in these two disorders. Then, the present study pursues two main aims: (1) to assess SDM’s characteristics and (2) to assess the relationship between the ability to retrieve SDM’s and self-concept clarity. To reach our objective, 17 depressed and 16 bipolar patients are compared to 17 healthy subjects. Participants are asked to complete SDMs procedure that is recalling six important events which happened in their life. These SDMs are assessed on four variables: specificity, impact, valence, meaning making, contain. Self-concept clarity and mood are also assessed. Preliminary results do not highlight difference between our groups on specificity. Marginal effects appear for meaning making with healthy subjects recalling more meaning making events. Results show that depressed patients present a mood congruence. The final results will be presented during the convention, as data-collection is on-going and will end in April. Experimental and clinical implications of our results will be discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 50 (10 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSelf-defining memories and self-concept clarity: A comparative study of depressed patients, bipolar patients and healthy subjects
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Boulanger, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, May 06)

Depressed and bipolar patients suffer from autobiographical memory (AM) deficits. For instance, depressed patients present an overgeneralisation and a mood congruence biases. Indeed, these patients seem ... [more ▼]

Depressed and bipolar patients suffer from autobiographical memory (AM) deficits. For instance, depressed patients present an overgeneralisation and a mood congruence biases. Indeed, these patients seem to have difficulties to recall specific and positive memories. The present study focusses on a particular kind of memories: the self-defining memories (SDMs). SDMs are highly pertinent for self-building: they help to define in the most clearly way our perception of ourselves. Because SDMs have not been studied a lot since yet in these two disorders, our goal is to assess the impact of general AM biases on SDMs. Then, the present study pursues two main aims: 1) To assess SDM’s characteristics, 2) To assess the relationship between SDM and self-concept clarity. To reach our objective, depressed and bipolar patients are compared to healthy subjects. Participants are asked to complete SDMs exercises that are recalling six important events which happened in their life. These SDMs are assessed on four variables: specificity, impact, meaning making, contain. Self-concept clarity and mood are also assessed. Until now, 17 depressed patients, 16 bipolar patients and 18 healthy controls participate in this study. Preliminary results do not highlight difference between our groups on specificity. Marginal effects appear for meaning making with healthy subjects recalling more meaning making events. Results show that depressed patients present a mood congruence. The final results will be presented during the convention, as data-collection is on-going and will end in April. Experimental and clinical implications of our results will be discussed. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'affirmation de soi par le jeu de l'acteur : Un adjuvant utile pour la pratique de l'affirmation de soi ? Une étude évaluative pilote
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Delvaux, Muriel ULg; Sarto, Danielle et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2015), XX(1), 6-14

En psychothérapie, les patients rapportent fréquemment des difficultés d’affirmation de soi, difficultés pour lesquelles les procédures thérapeutiques cognitives et comportementales ont démontré leur ... [more ▼]

En psychothérapie, les patients rapportent fréquemment des difficultés d’affirmation de soi, difficultés pour lesquelles les procédures thérapeutiques cognitives et comportementales ont démontré leur efficacité. L’objectif de cette recherche est de vérifier qu’une nouvelle combinaison de techniques (« jeu de l’acteur » et programme classique d’affirmation de soi) améliore le bien-être des patients. Ce programme est constitué de 10 séances alternativement animées par une actrice-metteuse en scène et par une psychologue-psychothérapeute. Les participants (N = 20) ont rempli des évaluations en pré et en post-test : questionnaire d’auto-efficacité sociale, échelles d’affirmation de soi, échelle d’estime de soi, échelle des aptitudes à la communication, échelles d’anxiété et de dépression. Des améliorations statistiquement significatives ont été mises en évidence pour chaque variable dépendante étudiée, sauf pour l’échelle de communication. La combinaison proposée permet bien une amélioration des différentes variables dépendantes mesurées même si les participants n’atteignent pas les scores d’un groupe contrôle exempt de difficultés d’affirmation de soi. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (2 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCognitive remediation of autobiographical memory in schizophrenia and its relation with depressive mood.
Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Scientific conference (2015, February 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailIl n'existe aucun traitement efficace de l'alcoolisme?
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Pinto, Emmanuel ULg

in Seutin, Vincent; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline; Quertemont, Etienne (Eds.) L'alcool en questions (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailL'alcool favorise t il le passage à l'acte suicidaire?
Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Seutin, Vincent; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline; Quertemont, Etienne (Eds.) L'alcool en questions (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailIl n'existe aucun traitement efficace de l'alcoolisme?
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Pinto, Emmanuel ULg

in Seutin, Vincent; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline; Quertemont, Etienne (Eds.) L'alcool en questions (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL'alcool favorise-t-il le passage à l'acte suicidaire
Blairy, Sylvie ULg

in Seutin, Vincent; Scuvée-Moreau, Jacqueline; Quertemont, Etienne (Eds.) L'alcool en questions (2015)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)