References of "Blain, Sophie"
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See detailLuminescence dating of ceramic building materials: application to the study of early medieval churches in north-western France and south-eastern England
Blain, Sophie ULg; Bailiff, Ian; Guibert, Pierre et al

in Martinón-Torres, Marcos (Ed.) Between craft and science: selected studies in archaeological ceramics (in press)

This study focuses on early medieval buildings in England and in France, specifically on those displaying the presence of brick in their masonry. The purpose was to determine whether medieval builders ... [more ▼]

This study focuses on early medieval buildings in England and in France, specifically on those displaying the presence of brick in their masonry. The purpose was to determine whether medieval builders reused Roman salvaged building materials or if the bricks used were contemporary to the building under construction. Thus luminescence dating was applied to bricks sampled from 11 standing Anglo-Saxon or Carolingian churches. The luminescence dates show that the two types of practice were in use in both countries. Where contemporary brickmaking appears to be the case, the study also provided a more precise chronology of the buildings. [less ▲]

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See detailApports de la luminescence à la chronologie de la basilique Saint-Seurin de Bordeaux
Bouver, Armel; Guibert, Pierre; Sapin, Christian et al

in Apports de la luminescence à la chronologie de la basilique Saint-Seurin de Bordeaux (in press)

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See detailChâteau fort d’Ecaussinnes-Lalaing (Hainaut) : de nouveaux matériaux pour une chronologie du bâti
Maggi, Christophe ULg; Blain, Sophie ULg; Bavay, Gérard et al

in Bulletin de la Commission royale des Monuments, Sites et Fouilles (2014), 25

Situé dans le Hainaut, dominant le vallon de la Senette, le château-fort d’Écaussinnes a fait l’objet de diverses monographies. Pourtant, bien des études du bâti restent à faire, dans la foulée de la plus ... [more ▼]

Situé dans le Hainaut, dominant le vallon de la Senette, le château-fort d’Écaussinnes a fait l’objet de diverses monographies. Pourtant, bien des études du bâti restent à faire, dans la foulée de la plus récente que l’on doit à Philippe Sosnowska. En mars 2012, une étude typologique et dendrochronologique des charpentes, à l’occasion de travaux de restauration aux toitures, apporte quelques éléments nouveaux. L’analyse porte sur les charpentes de toiture de la chapelle et des ailes ouest et nord. Elle a été demandée par les architectes Paul Delaisse et Michel Micciche dans le cadre de la restauration des toitures. [less ▲]

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See detailDendrochronologie en région bruxelloise, en Wallonie et en France par l'Université de Liège (CEA) en 2012
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg; Lambert, Georges-Noel; Blain, Sophie ULg et al

in Chronique, Archaeologia Mediaevalis 36, Bruxelles, 2013. (2013)

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See detailAnalyse dendrochronologique : Charpente du transept de l’abbatiale de Floreffe
Blain, Sophie ULg; Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg

Report (2012)

Le Centre européen d’archéométrie, entreprend, dans le cadre du financement d’une recherche post doctorale par Sophie Blain, des analyses complémentaires des charpentes médiévales du transept. L’objectif ... [more ▼]

Le Centre européen d’archéométrie, entreprend, dans le cadre du financement d’une recherche post doctorale par Sophie Blain, des analyses complémentaires des charpentes médiévales du transept. L’objectif est d’affiner les périodes d’abattage des bois utilisés dans la charpente et d’établir un lien chrono-stratigraphique sûr entre celle-ci et les maçonneries sur lesquelles elles reposent. En effet, en collaboration avec l’Institut de recherches sur les archéomatériaux de Bordeaux (IRAMAT), des tests de faisabilité de datation des mortiers par OSL sont entrepris sur quelques églises mosanes dont le contexte a été préalablement bien daté par dendrochronologie. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport d'analyse dendrochornologiques: Ecaussines-Lalaing, rue de Seneffe 1, château d'Ecaussines
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg; Maggi, Christophe ULg; Blain, Sophie ULg

Report (2012)

Roofs of chapel, north and west aisle of this castle were dendrodated from the 15th to 17th centuries.

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See detailDating methods combined to building archaeology: the contribution of thermoluminescence to the case of the bell tower of St Martin’s church, Angers (France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Guibert, Pierre; Prigent, Daniel et al

in Geochronometria : Journal on Methods & Applications of Absolute Chronology (2011), 38

St Martin’s church, Angers, is emblematic of the problems raised in pre-12th century history of architecture. In view of the importance of this building, it was necessary to attempt to define its dating ... [more ▼]

St Martin’s church, Angers, is emblematic of the problems raised in pre-12th century history of architecture. In view of the importance of this building, it was necessary to attempt to define its dating and this study particularly focuses on its bell-tower. In addition to the conclusion resulting from the interpretation of written sources and typological criteria positioning the construction of the site at the beginning of the 11th century, not only a significant number of 14C dates were carried out on charcoals from the masonry structures, but also independent dating by archaeomagnetism and thermoluminescence were performed on bricks from the bell-tower. The whole results from these three different methods agree and indicate the lower level of the bell-tower was likely built in the 9th century, disputing evidence to the theory of construction in the 11th century of the church. Presented here are the detailed results obtained from the thermoluminescence (TL) dating analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailLes terres cuites architecturales des églises du haut Moyen Age du NW de la France et du SE de l’Angleterre. Application de la datation par luminescence à l’archéologie du bâti
Blain, Sophie ULg

Book published by Archaeopress (2011)

Until the 1960s, early medieval religious architecture suffered from a general lack of interest by the field of archaeology resulting in a real need for the improvement in knowledge of this often ... [more ▼]

Until the 1960s, early medieval religious architecture suffered from a general lack of interest by the field of archaeology resulting in a real need for the improvement in knowledge of this often-misinterpreted art. Initially considered as outmoded or backward, early medieval architecture is actually dynamic, particularly the transition period between the 9th and the 11th centuries marked by its themes of transference and novelty. One of the features of this architecture is the use of ceramic building materials in the masonry, a technique from the Antiquity that can be observed continuing into the 11th and 12th centuries. This architectural characteristic is visible in areas touched by Roman traditions and particularly in north-western France and south-eastern England, which also benefit from a substantial concentration of early medieval buildings. One of the aims of this work is, therefore, to identify similar architectural tendencies and examine the technological choices made in the construction of the buildings under analysis. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to accurately position key-buildings in the architectural chronology. Amongst methods for this, luminescence dating applied to ceramic building materials is particularly attractive. Not only does it contribute to building archaeology through more precise dating, but its use in this specific aim also presents an opportunity to thoroughly test the method and essentially improve its potential. The first part of the study examines aspects of the political and religious contexts of the period between the 9th and the 11th century, as well as the associated architecture and its components. The second part is devoted to the presentation and the definition of the luminescence dating method. Bringing together these elements enables the twelve case studies from French and English sites selected for this chronology research work to be addressed in detail. Finally, a detailed study of the mode of use of ceramic building materials is presented and an interpretation of this architectural choice will be attempted. [less ▲]

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See detailPotentialities and issues of luminescence dating applied to building archaeology
Blain, Sophie ULg; Bouvier, Armel; Guibert, Pierre et al

Scientific conference (2010, October 09)

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See detailLuminescence dating applied to ceramic building materials from early medieval churches
Blain, Sophie ULg

Scientific conference (2010, July 01)

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See detailAn intercomparison study of luminescence dating protocols and techniques applied to medieval brick samples from Normandy (France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Bailiff, Ian; Guibert, Pierre et al

in Quaternary Geochronology (2010), 5(2-3), 311-316

A luminescence dating study has been applied to inform the history and archaeology of two early medieval buildings in north western France. Five bricks were sampled from the medieval churches (10th–11th ... [more ▼]

A luminescence dating study has been applied to inform the history and archaeology of two early medieval buildings in north western France. Five bricks were sampled from the medieval churches (10th–11th centuries A.D.) of Rugles and Condé-sur-Risle in Normandy. The samples were divided and tested in the luminescence laboratories of the University of Durham (UK) and of Iramat-CRP2A, University of Bordeaux 3 (France). The fine grain and quartz inclusion techniques were applied, and tests included an examination of the anomalous fading of the luminescence signal from fine grain samples and coarse grains of feldspar. With one exception, the dates produced using the fine grain technique, although corrected for fading, were significantly younger than those produced with quartz inclusions. Although most of the corrected fine grain dates were consistent with the medieval construction of the churches, the brick fabric is of Roman type by archaeological assessment, and this is supported by the quartz coarse grain dates. We conclude that the bricks sampled are re-used, likely to be of Roman origin, and that the reliability of measurements with feldspars in brick fabrics requires wider investigation. [less ▲]

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See detailArchaeomagnetic study performed on early medieval buildings from western France
Chauvin, Annick; Lanos, Philippe; Dufresne, Philippe et al

Conference (2009, May 25)

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See detailLuminescence dating of architectural ceramics from an early medieval abbey: the St-Philbert intercomparison (Loire Atlantique, France)
Guibert, Pierre; Bailiff, Ian; Blain, Sophie ULg et al

in Radiation Measurements (2009), 44

An experimental intercomparison was performed with brick samples from an early medieval building in the west of France, the St-Philbert-de-Grandlieu abbey. A potentially complex set of microdosimetric ... [more ▼]

An experimental intercomparison was performed with brick samples from an early medieval building in the west of France, the St-Philbert-de-Grandlieu abbey. A potentially complex set of microdosimetric problems emerged from characterisation measurements, providing a robust test of the routine procedures used by each laboratory. The dating results obtained using quartz coarse grains and fine grain samples span over a large period of time, exhibiting overdispersion, and where systematic deviations appear between quartz and fine grain chronologies. Factors causing such scatter are analysed in detail, including internal radioactivity of quartz grains, millimetre-scale heterogeneity in the fabric, and the observation and modelling of fading behaviour of fine grain minerals. [less ▲]

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See detailLes terres cuites architecturales comme sources d’information chronologique et technique des édifices d’avant l’an mil
Guibert, Pierre; Sapin, Christian; Blain, Sophie ULg et al

in Premier Congrès Francophone de l’Histoire de la Construction (2009)

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See detailArchitectural ceramics dating applied to medieval building archaeology: the case of the church Notre-Dame-sous-Terre (Mont-Saint-Michel, France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Guibert, Pierre; Bouvier, Armel et al

in Moreau, Jean-François; Auger, Réginald; Chabot, Jacques (Eds.) et al 36th International Symposium of Archeometry 2-6 May 2006, Québec City, Canada (2009)

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See detailCeramic building material dating applied to early medieval building archaeology in North-Western France
Blain, Sophie ULg; Guibert, Pierre; Bouvier, Armel et al

in Biro, Katalin; Szilagyi, Veronika; Kreiter, Attila (Eds.) Proceedings of the Conference EMAC'07 (2009)

Ceramic Building Material (CBM) is often present in religious buildings of the pre-Norman period. The origin of the ceramic material is uncertain, indeed they have often been considered as salvaged Roman ... [more ▼]

Ceramic Building Material (CBM) is often present in religious buildings of the pre-Norman period. The origin of the ceramic material is uncertain, indeed they have often been considered as salvaged Roman material from abandoned, neighbouring sites. In order to review this long accepted hypothesis, we propose to apply the dating method of luminescence to ceramic material with the aim of identifying the date of manufacture of the material. Moreover, if the material appears to be contemporary to the construction, then the results could contribute to the dating of the original building and to the evaluation of its phasing. [less ▲]

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