References of "Blain, Sophie"
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See detailIl contributo delle metodologie archeometriche alla cronologia del sito
Blain, Sophie ULg; Dufresne, Philippe; Gueli, Anna et al

in Destefanis, Eleonora (Ed.) Il priorato cluniacense dei Santi Petro e Paolo a Castelletto Cervo. Scavi e ricerche 2006-2014 (2015)

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See detailLes charpentes de l’église Saint-Denis à Liège (Belgique) : apports de l’archéométrie et de l’archéologie du bâti à l’histoire du site (XIe – XVIIIe siècle)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Maggi, Chritsophe; Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg

in Archéologie Médiévale (2015), 45

L’église Saint-Denis, dont la construction est traditionnellement attribuée au premier prince-évêque de la cité, le célèbre Notger, est la plus ancienne en place de Liège. Elle constitue non seulement un ... [more ▼]

L’église Saint-Denis, dont la construction est traditionnellement attribuée au premier prince-évêque de la cité, le célèbre Notger, est la plus ancienne en place de Liège. Elle constitue non seulement un édifice phare de la construction mosane et de l’histoire de la cité des Princes-Evêques, mais aussi un témoin in situ de l’évolution de l’architecture religieuse au cours du dernier millénaire en Belgique. Bien que l’intérieur de la nef soit désormais entièrement recouvert d’un décor de style baroque, ses combles, parties non visibles du public, conservent, intactes ou modifiées, les différentes phases d’une histoire complexe du bâti. Afin d’évaluer l’origine de ce témoin et d’en identifier l’évolution de la construction, la charpente a fait l’objet d’une étude transdisciplinaire combinant archéologie du bâti et dendrochronologie. Il en résulte une identification et une datation précises des différentes phases, situées dans leur contexte historique, ainsi qu’une amélioration et un prolongement du référentiel de la dendrochronologie pour le haut Moyen Age en Belgique. [less ▲]

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See detailTypochronologie des charpentes de toiture en Bourgogne médiévale (France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg; Aumard, Sylvain et al

in Chronique d’Archaeologia Mediaevalis (2015), 38

Localisée entre deux zones bien définies culturellement : l’Europe méditerranéenne et celle du Nord, et dotée d’un réseau hydrographique dense, la situation géostratégique de la Bourgogne favorise les ... [more ▼]

Localisée entre deux zones bien définies culturellement : l’Europe méditerranéenne et celle du Nord, et dotée d’un réseau hydrographique dense, la situation géostratégique de la Bourgogne favorise les échanges de matériaux, les déplacements humains, la circulation d'idées et de savoir-faire au sein de cette zone de passage et de contacts. Cette dynamique marque inévitablement la construction architecturale à l’époque médiévale. A partir du XIe siècle, des abbayes d'influence situées dans la région telles que Cluny et Cîteaux, essaiment à travers toute l'Europe. Ainsi, la région favorise l'affirmation de conventions architecturales qui sont en vigueur dans la Bourgogne romane, puis gothique. Inscrit dans le cadre d’un mandat de recherche postdoctorale financé par le F.R.S-FNRS (2013-2016), le projet présenté ici vise à établir les réseaux d'influences d'idées et de savoir-faire dans le domaine de la construction dans cette zone emblématique en évaluant les origines de modèles architecturaux et leur diffusion au sein de la région mais également à l’extérieur. [less ▲]

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See detailViaduct, a communication tool for scientific analysis in heritage
Blain, Sophie ULg; Dimitrakopoulou, Ariadni; Gomez-Robles, Lucia et al

Book published by Diadrasis - Lucía Gómez-Robles & Laura-Melpomeni Tapini (2015)

Science and Heritage project Scientific analyses can become powerful tools for heritage professionals, when properly proposed and suitably conducted; which means using the appropriate method, within ... [more ▼]

Science and Heritage project Scientific analyses can become powerful tools for heritage professionals, when properly proposed and suitably conducted; which means using the appropriate method, within correct timing of the project. This necessitates not only appropriate and clear questions according to the objectives of the research and the conservation needs, but also a prior deep understanding of the site and its relation to different external parameters. Following the anamnesis of the building we propose a checklist of distinctive questions the team of heritage professionals need to discuss and clarify with the scientists, in order to get the most out of their analysis: What do I wish to clarify? (Date? Technology? Morphology? Composition? Alteration?) How accurate responses do I need? How much time does the analysis require? When the results will arrive in the timeline of the project? Is it expensive? Can the project afford it? Can it be conducted in situ? Is destructive or non-destructive? Does it require sampling? How many samples are necessary for an accurate response? What kind of answers do I get? (Chemical elements? Graphics? Absolute or Relative dates?) [less ▲]

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See detailSingle Grain OSL analysis of quartz from archaeological mortars : numerical reconstruction of individual ED distribution
Guibert, Pierre; Urbanova, Petra; Blain, Sophie ULg et al

Poster (2014, July)

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See detailEarly medieval brickmaking: a cross-Channel perspective based on recent luminescence and archaeomagnetic dating results
Blain, Sophie ULg; Lanos, Philippe; Bailiff, Ian et al

in Ratilainen, Tanja; Bernotas, Rivo; Herrmann, Christofer (Eds.) Fresh Approaches to the Brick Production and Use in the Middle Ages (2014)

The integration of dating methods in building archaeology has resulted in an advance in the qualitative and quantitative information available for the study of the history of architecture and building ... [more ▼]

The integration of dating methods in building archaeology has resulted in an advance in the qualitative and quantitative information available for the study of the history of architecture and building techniques. To examine the question of the origin of post-Roman ceramic building materials, archaeological studies of early medieval buildings in France and England have been combined with scientific dating methods and applied to their component tiles and bricks. The latter were sampled and analysed using luminescence dating techniques. The results show that, as well as the practice of reusing bricks or tiles salvaged from abandoned Roman sites, brickmaking was not a forgotten skill in north-western France and appears to have been continuously practised in the region. At the same time in England, the use of ceramic spolia was the rule and the reintroduction of post-Roman bricks in the island appears to be relatively late, although recent luminescence results indicate that this was earlier than the arrival of Cistercian builders in the late 12th century. Finally, the combined application of archaeomagnetism and luminescence to the dating of bricks has revealed unexpected and systematic evidence of an early medieval brickmaking process in north-western France. [less ▲]

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See detailLuminescence dating of ceramic building materials: application to the study of early medieval churches in north-western France and south-eastern England
Blain, Sophie ULg; Bailiff, Ian; Guibert, Pierre et al

in Martinón-Torres, Marcos (Ed.) Between craft and science: selected studies in archaeological ceramics (2014)

This study focuses on early medieval buildings in England and in France, specifically on those displaying the presence of brick in their masonry. The purpose was to determine whether medieval builders ... [more ▼]

This study focuses on early medieval buildings in England and in France, specifically on those displaying the presence of brick in their masonry. The purpose was to determine whether medieval builders reused Roman salvaged building materials or if the bricks used were contemporary to the building under construction. Thus luminescence dating was applied to bricks sampled from 11 standing Anglo-Saxon or Carolingian churches. The luminescence dates show that the two types of practice were in use in both countries. Where contemporary brickmaking appears to be the case, the study also provided a more precise chronology of the buildings. [less ▲]

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See detailL’apport des méthodes de datation physique à la caractérisation et à la datation de matériaux de construction et de structures architecturales : un bilan et des perspectives
Guibert, Pierre; Bailiff, Ian; Baylé, Maylis et al

in », Actes du colloque L’Archéologie des Bâtiments en question – un outil pour les connaître, les conserver et les restaurer, ICOMOS (2014)

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