References of "Birkinshaw, M"
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See detailThe XMM-LSS survey: the Class 1 cluster sample over the initial 5 deg(2) and its cosmological modelling
Pacaud, F.; Pierre, M.; Adami, C. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 382(3), 1289-1308

We present a sample of 29 galaxy clusters from the XMM-LSS survey over an area of some 5 deg(2) out to a redshift of z = 1.05. The sample clusters, which represent about half of the X-ray clusters ... [more ▼]

We present a sample of 29 galaxy clusters from the XMM-LSS survey over an area of some 5 deg(2) out to a redshift of z = 1.05. The sample clusters, which represent about half of the X-ray clusters identified in the region, follow well-defined X-ray selection criteria and are all spectroscopically confirmed. For all clusters, we provide X-ray luminosities and temperatures as well as masses, obtained from dedicated spatial and spectral fitting. The cluster distribution peaks around z = 0.3 and T = 1.5 keV, half of the objects being groups with a temperature below 2 keV. Our L-X-T(z) relation points towards self-similar evolution, but does not exclude other physically plausible models. Assuming that cluster scaling laws follow self-similar evolution, our number density estimates up to z = 1 are compatible with the predictions of the concordance cosmology and with the findings of previous ROSAT surveys. Our well-monitored selection function allowed us to demonstrate that the inclusion of selection effects is essential for the correct determination of the evolution of the L-X-T relation, which may explain the contradictory results from previous studies. Extensive simulations show that extending the survey area to 10 deg(2) has the potential to exclude the non-evolution hypothesis, but those constraints on more refined intracluster medium models will probably be limited by the large intrinsic dispersion of the L-X-T relation, whatever be the sample size. We further demonstrate that increasing the dispersion in the scaling laws increases the number of detectable clusters, hence generating further degeneracy [in addition to sigma(8), Omega(m), L-X-T(z)] in the cosmological interpretation of the cluster number counts. We provide useful empirical formulae for the cluster mass-flux and mass-count rate relations as well as a comparison between the XMM-LSS mass sensitivity and that of forthcoming Sunyaev-Zel'dovich surveys. [less ▲]

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See detailThe XMM-Large scale structure catalogue: X-ray sources and associated optical data. Version I
Pierre, M.; Chiappetti, L.; Pacaud, F. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2007), 382(1), 279-290

Following the presentation of the XMM-Large Scale Structure (XMM-LSS) survey X-ray source detection package by Pacaud et al., we provide the source lists for the first surveyed 5.5 deg(2). The catalogues ... [more ▼]

Following the presentation of the XMM-Large Scale Structure (XMM-LSS) survey X-ray source detection package by Pacaud et al., we provide the source lists for the first surveyed 5.5 deg(2). The catalogues pertain to the [0.5-2] and [2-10] keV bands and contain in total 3385 pointlike or extended sources above a detection likelihood of 15 in either band. The agreement with deep log N-log S is excellent. The main parameters considered are position, count rate, source extent with associated likelihood values. A set of additional quantities such as astrometric corrections and fluxes are further calculated while errors on the position and count rate are deduced from simulations. We describe the construction of the band-merged catalogue allowing rapid subsample selection and easy cross-correlation with external multiwavelength catalogues. A small optical Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey multiband subset of objects are associated with each source along with an X-ray/optical overlay. We make the full X-ray images available in FITS format. The data are available at the Centre de Donnees de Strasbourg and, in a more extended form, at the Milan XMM-LSS survey data base. [less ▲]

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See detailXMM-LSS catalogue. Version I. (Pierre+, 2007)
Pierre, M.; Chiappetti, L.; Pacaud, F. et al

Textual, factual or bibliographical database (2007)

We provide the source list for the first 5.5 surveyed square degrees of the XMM-LSS, with a total of 3385 point-like or extended sources above a detection likelihood of 15 in either 0.5-2 or 2-10keV bands ... [more ▼]

We provide the source list for the first 5.5 surveyed square degrees of the XMM-LSS, with a total of 3385 point-like or extended sources above a detection likelihood of 15 in either 0.5-2 or 2-10keV bands. The table at CDS contains the main parameters, while further parameters and data products (X-ray images and optical thumbnails) are available in the Milan XMM-LSS database site. (1 data file). [less ▲]

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See detailErratum: The XMM Large-Scale Structure survey: an initial sample of galaxy groups and clusters to a redshift z < 0.6
Willis, J. P.; Pacaud, F.; Valtchanov, I. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2005), 364

We present X-ray and optical spectroscopic observations of twelve galaxy groups and clusters identified within the XMM Large-Scale Structure (LSS) survey. Groups and clusters are selected as extended X ... [more ▼]

We present X-ray and optical spectroscopic observations of twelve galaxy groups and clusters identified within the XMM Large-Scale Structure (LSS) survey. Groups and clusters are selected as extended X-ray sources from a 3.5 deg2 XMM image mosaic above a flux limit 8e-15 ergs/s/cm2 in the [0.5-2] keV energy band. Deep BVRI images and multi-object spectroscopy confirm each source as a galaxy concentration located within the redshift interval 0.29<z<0.56. We combine line-of-sight velocity dispersions with the X-ray properties of each structure computed from a two-dimensional surface brightness model and a single temperature fit to the XMM spectral data. The resulting distribution of X-ray luminosity, temperature and velocity dispersion indicate that the XMM-LSS survey is detecting low-mass clusters and galaxy groups to redshifts z < 0.6. Confirmed systems display little or no evidence for X-ray luminosity evolution at a given X-ray temperature compared to lower redshift X-ray group and cluster samples. A more complete understanding of these trends will be possible with the compilation of a statistically complete sample of galaxy groups and clusters anticipated within the continuing XMM-LSS survey. [less ▲]

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See detailThe XMM large-scale structure survey: an initial sample of galaxy groups and clusters to a redshift z < 0.6
Willis, J. P.; Pacaud, F.; Valtchanov, I. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2005), 363(2), 675-691

We present X-ray and optical spectroscopic observations of 12 galaxy groups and clusters identified within the X-ray Multi-Mirror (XMM) Large-Scale Structure (LSS) survey. Groups and clusters are selected ... [more ▼]

We present X-ray and optical spectroscopic observations of 12 galaxy groups and clusters identified within the X-ray Multi-Mirror (XMM) Large-Scale Structure (LSS) survey. Groups and clusters are selected as extended X-ray sources from a 3.5 deg(2) XMM image mosaic above a flux limit 8 x 10(-15) erg s(-1) cm(-2) in the [0.5-2] keV energy band. Deep BVRI images and multi-object spectroscopy confirm each source as a galaxy concentration located within the redshift interval 0.29 < z < 0.56. We combine line-of-sight velocity dispersions with the X-ray properties of each structure computed from a two-dimensional surface brightness model and a single temperature fit to the XMM spectral data. The resulting distribution of X-ray luminosity, temperature and velocity dispersion indicate that the XMM-LSS survey is detecting low-mass clusters and galaxy groups to redshifts z < 0.6. Confirmed systems display little or no evidence for X-ray luminosity evolution at a given X-ray temperature compared to lower-redshift X-ray group and cluster samples. A more complete understanding of these trends will be possible with the compilation of a statistically complete sample of galaxy groups and clusters anticipated within the continuing XMM-LSS survey. [less ▲]

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See detailThe XMM Large Scale Structure Survey and its multi-lambda follow-up
Pierre, M.; Alloin, D.; Altieri, B. et al

Article for general public (2001)

We present a unique European project which aims at mapping the matter distribution in the distant universe from hundreds of megaparsecs to galaxy scales. This comprehensive scientific approach constitutes ... [more ▼]

We present a unique European project which aims at mapping the matter distribution in the distant universe from hundreds of megaparsecs to galaxy scales. This comprehensive scientific approach constitutes a new step in the synergy between space- and ground-based observatory resources and therefore a building block of the forthcoming Virtual Observatory. [less ▲]

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