References of "Besbes, S"
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See detailEffect of processing conditions on phenolic compounds and antioxidant properties of date syrup
Abbès, F.; Kchaou, W.; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Industrial Crops & Products (2013), 44

Commercial hydrolytic enzymes (pectinase and cellulase) were investigated for their influence on phenolics and antioxidant activities of date syrup. Content of total phenolics, flavonoids and carotenoids ... [more ▼]

Commercial hydrolytic enzymes (pectinase and cellulase) were investigated for their influence on phenolics and antioxidant activities of date syrup. Content of total phenolics, flavonoids and carotenoids contents were determined spectrophotometrically. Polyphenols composition was examined using HPLC. Seven phenolic compounds (catechin, vanillic acid, caffeic acid, syringic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid and sinapic acid) were detected in all date syrup extracts. p-Coumaric acid was the major compound of all date syrup extracts, representing 49.223-63.397%. The antioxidant activity of date syrup was evaluated by various antioxidant assays, including total antioxidant, DPPH scavenging test, FRAP, hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity and metal chelating activity.Results showed that the date syrup prepared after extraction with pectinase and cellulase mixture gave the lowest phenolic and flavonoid contents. For same variety, date syrup prepared after extraction with pectinase and cellulase mixture gave the highest carotenoids amounts. The antioxidant activity, determined by several methods, was significantly affected by the extraction method as well as date varieties. In fact, the date syrup prepared after extraction with pectinase and cellulase mixture gave the lowest antioxidant activity. A good correlation between the antioxidant activity and total phenolic content and flavonoid was observed. The discovery of our research is very important to scientists as well as to the fruit-processing industry to produce juice and syrup with high antioxidant activity. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of extraction solvents on phenolic contents and antioxidant activities of Tunisian date varieties (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
Kchaou, W; Abbès, F; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Industrial Crops & Products (2013), 45

Second-grade dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.), with hard texture, from six Tunisian cultivars were analysed for their composition and antioxidant activities. Results showed predominance of total sugars and ... [more ▼]

Second-grade dates (Phoenix dactylifera L.), with hard texture, from six Tunisian cultivars were analysed for their composition and antioxidant activities. Results showed predominance of total sugars and a relatively low content of protein, fat andash. On the other hand, optimisation of extraction of antioxidant was carried using five different solvents. The highest level of phenolic compounds for all dates varieties was found in the 70% acetone extract. This level ranged from 199.43 to 576.48 mg of GAE/100 g fresh weight. However, extraction into 50% methanol gave the highest antioxidant activity from 89.55 to 109.67 mg equivalents of ascorbic acid/g fresh weight. For both two olvents, Bejo exhibited the highest phenolic content and total antioxidant activity, while Baydh El Hamam presented the owest. A positive linear correlation between total antioxidant activity and phenolic contents was observed (R2 = 0.83; R2 = 74 for acetone/H2O and methanol/H2O, respectively). The antioxidant activity of acetone/H2O and methanol/H2O extracts was carried using DPPH radical-scavenging activity and reducing power. These results showed that dates had strongly scavenging activity on DPPH reaching 90.12% in methanol/H2O from Deglet Nour. Whereas, acetone/H2O showed the best reducing power which Bejo was significantly higher than the other varieties. This study demonstrates the potential antioxidant activity with Tunisian date, that we can use these natural extracts as food additives in replacement of synthetic compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailDietary fibre characteristics and antioxydant activity of sesame seed coats
Elleuch, M.; Bedigian, D.; Besbes, S. et al

in International Journal of Food Properties (2011), 15(1), 25-37

The dietary fibre contained in the seed coats (testae) of sesame, by-products of the dehulling processes during the manufacture of sweetened sesame paste (halaweh), were evaluated with two assays: the ... [more ▼]

The dietary fibre contained in the seed coats (testae) of sesame, by-products of the dehulling processes during the manufacture of sweetened sesame paste (halaweh), were evaluated with two assays: the AOAC enzymatic-gravimetric method and the enzymatic-chemical method. Functional properties and antioxidant activity of sesame seed coats were also determined. The total, insoluble, and soluble dietary fibre contents measured were significantly higher using the AOAC method, than with the enzymatic-chemical method. The dietary fibre contained high amounts of neutral sugars (15.11 g/100 g seed coat dry matter), insoluble uronic acids (10.52 g/100 g seed coat dry matter), and lignin (5.42 g/100 g seed coat dry matter). Physical property analyses showed a high positive correlation between particle size reduction of seed coat, water holding capacity, and oil holding capacity; however, there was a negative correlation with bulk density. Sesame testae showed a relatively high polyphenol content (9.9 mg/g of seed coat dry matter). Aqueous methanol, ethanol, and acetone extracts of seed coats yielded similar polyphenol levels (75 mg/g of extract), higher than those found in aqueous extracts (52.7 mg/g of extract). Aqueous organic solvent extracts possessed higher antioxidant activity than water extracts. Our results suggested that sesame seed coats can be used in the preparation of low calorie, high fibre, and antioxidant-rich foods. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition and functional properties of Ulva lactuca seaweed collected in Tunisia
Yaich, H.; Garna, H.; Besbes, S. et al

in Food Chemistry (2011), 128(4), 895-901

The chemical composition and some functional properties of the dried "Ulva lactuca" algae, collected from the littoral between the Taboulba and Sayada area, were determined. The dried "U. lactuca" algae ... [more ▼]

The chemical composition and some functional properties of the dried "Ulva lactuca" algae, collected from the littoral between the Taboulba and Sayada area, were determined. The dried "U. lactuca" algae were investigated for their soluble, insoluble and total dietary fibre content, mineral amount, amino acid and fatty acid profiles, swelling capacity (SWC), water holding capacity (WHC) and oil holding capacity (OHC). Results showed that "U. lactuca" alga powder was characterised by a high content of fibres (54.0%), minerals (19.6%), proteins (8.5%) and lipids (7.9%). The neutral fibres contain hemicellulose (20.6%), cellulose (9.0%) and lignin (1.7%). The proteinic fraction analysis indicated the presence of essential amino acids, which represent 42.0% of the total amino acids. The fatty acids profile was dominated by the palmitic acid, which represents about 60.0% of the total fatty acids, followed by oleic acid (16.0%). The study of the functional properties proved that SWC, WHC and OHC of this alga varied with temperatures and that were comparable to those of some commercial fibre rich products. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of oven-drying temperature on physico-chemical and functional properties of date fibre concentrates
Borchani, C.; Besbes, S.; Masmoudi, M. et al

in Food and Bioprocess Technology (2011)

Agri-food by-products rich in dietary fibres may be used as feeds and health foods. Owing to its high fibre content, date flesh could be useful in human nutrition. It is interesting to study the influence ... [more ▼]

Agri-food by-products rich in dietary fibres may be used as feeds and health foods. Owing to its high fibre content, date flesh could be useful in human nutrition. It is interesting to study the influence of oven-drying temperatures of date fibre concentrates (DFC) on their physicochemical and functional properties for possible use as a potential fibre source in the enrichment of food. DFC from 11 Tunisian date cultivars were dried at different temperatures (40, 50 and 60 °C) and analysed regarding proximate composition (moisture, ash, protein and lipids), physicochemical (water activity (aw), pH) and functional properties (water holding capacity (WHC), swelling capacity (SC), oil holding capacity (OHC) and emulsifying capacity (EC)). DFC dried at different temperatures showed interesting functional characteristics such as hydration properties, high OHC (2.73–4.60 g oil/g dry fibre) and EC (5.93–12.87%) values. Although drying temperatures promoted little modifications affecting the physicochemical properties of DFC, significant decreases in WHC, SC and EC of DFC were noticed at the highest temperature (60 °C) for most of the date varieties. The observed influence of drying temperature on functional DFC properties calls for the use of low temperature in order to obtain DFC as suitable food ingredient. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of drying methods on physico-chemical and antioxidant properties of date fibre concentrates
Borchani, I.; Besbes, S.; Masmoudi, M. et al

in Food Chemistry (2011), 125

Effects of different drying methods (freeze-, oven- and sun-drying) on physico-chemical properties of date fibre concentrates (DFC) from three potential Tunisian cultivars were investigated. DFC had high ... [more ▼]

Effects of different drying methods (freeze-, oven- and sun-drying) on physico-chemical properties of date fibre concentrates (DFC) from three potential Tunisian cultivars were investigated. DFC had high contents of dietary fibre (71.01–93.46% dry matter), with high proportions of insoluble dietary fibre. Freeze dried DFC had the highest values of swelling, water holding and oil holding capacities. This drying method gave also the lightest DFC colour. Kentichi fibre produced by freeze-drying had the highest viscosity and the lowest bulkier particles. The present work assessed polyphenol content and antioxidant activity of DFC using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. The highest polyphenol content was found for freeze dried DFC, contrary to radical scavenging activity which was not affected by drying methods. Results suggest that freeze dried DFC had the highest potential to be used as a functional ingredient in food products. [less ▲]

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See detailCompositional, Physical, Antioxidant and Sensory Characteristics of Novel Syrup from Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.)
Ben Thabet, I.; Besbes, S.; Masmoudi, M. et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2009), 15(6), 583-590

This study is a contribution to valorise date palm sap (Phoenix dactylifera L.) by elaboration of high quality syrup. Sap was concentrated by evaporation and the obtained product was characterized by its ... [more ▼]

This study is a contribution to valorise date palm sap (Phoenix dactylifera L.) by elaboration of high quality syrup. Sap was concentrated by evaporation and the obtained product was characterized by its physicochemical, rheological, thermal, sensory properties and by its antioxidant activity. Syrups from date palm sap have a good nutritional value marked by high amounts of sugars (58-75 g/100 g fresh matter basis), minerals (2.1-2.6 g/100 g fresh matter basis) and phenolics (147.61-224.55 mg of ferulic acid equivalents/kg fresh weight). Syrup also presents an antioxidant activity that appears related to total phenolic content. Rheological properties indicate that syrup preserves a Newtonian behavior from 10 degrees C to 55 degrees C well modeled by Arrhenius equation. Hedonic evaluation showed that consumers' appreciation of date palm syrup was not significantly different to the most known sap syrup: maple syrup. [less ▲]

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See detailPreparation and characterization of osmodehydrated fruits from lemon and date by-products
Masmoudi, M.; Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2007), 13(6), 405-412

An osmotic dehydration process (ODP) was established in order to formulate osmodehydrated fruits from lemon and date by-products. ODP was conducted at 40 degrees C, maintained using an oven, or a water ... [more ▼]

An osmotic dehydration process (ODP) was established in order to formulate osmodehydrated fruits from lemon and date by-products. ODP was conducted at 40 degrees C, maintained using an oven, or a water bath with continuous stirring. The kinetics of the osmodehydration in a water bath showed a better mass transfer. Then, osmodehydrated fruit (ODF) preparations of about 40 degrees Brix were formulated using different isotonic solutions (sucrose, glucose/sucrose, glucose, and date juice). All the formulated products showed better characteristics (lower acidity, higher sugar content, etc.) than the untreated lemon by-product. The isotonic solution composition influenced their physical characteristics such as microstructure and viscosity. In fact, ODF prepared in glucose and glucose/sucrose solutions presented more open structures, lower viscosities, and water holding capacities (WHC) than the others. The products were microbiologically stable during 3 months at 4 degrees C. These results support the valorization of lemon and date by-products as ODF that could be consumed or incorporated as an ingredient in food formulations. [less ▲]

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See detailChemical composition and lipid fraction characteristics of aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Tunisia
Cheikh-Rouhou, S.; Besbes, S.; Hentati, B. et al

Poster (2006, September)

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See detailExtraction and characterisation of a dietary fibre concentrate from date pulp
Roiseux, O.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Besbes, S. et al

Poster (2006, June)

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See detailDonnées biochimiques, sensorielles et fonctionnelles sur l'huile de noyaux de dattes
Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, C. et al

Conference (2006, May)

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See detailChemical composition and lipid fraction characteristics of aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Tunisia
Cheikh-Rouhou, S.; Hentati, B.; Besbes, S. et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2006), 12(5), 407-415

The proximate composition of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Bizerta (Tunisia) were investigated for their fatty acid composition, and their thermal and physical properties of ... [more ▼]

The proximate composition of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.) seeds cultivated in Bizerta (Tunisia) were investigated for their fatty acid composition, and their thermal and physical properties of lipid fraction. The proximate analysis of pine seeds showed the following composition (on a dry-weight basis): protein 22.7%, oil 43.3%, ash 8.3% and total carbohydrate 25.7%. Potassium, magnesium and calcium were the predominant mineral elements present in the seeds and reached, together, about 1%. Oleic and linoleic acids were the major unsaturated fatty acids (27.3 and 48.8%, respectively), while the main saturated one was palmitic acid (8.75%). Myristic, myristoleic, palmitoleic, margaric, margaroleic, stearic, linolenic, arachidic, eicosenoic, eicosadienoic eicosatrienoic behenic and lignoceric acids were also detected. Thermal profile of Pinus halepensis Mill. seed oil, determined by its DSC melting curve, showed that the entire liquefaction of the Aleppo pine seed oil occurs at -8 degrees C. GeLab colour parameters (L*, a*, b*), oxidative stability by Rancimat test and viscosity were also determined. Physicochemical properties of the oil include: saponification number 190, peroxide value 3.18, iodine index 117, and a low acidity of 0.61%. Results suggested that the production of oil from Pinus halepensis seeds could provide a potential use in food, pharmaceutical, cosmetics and other non-food industries. [less ▲]

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See detailHeating effects on some quality characteristics of date seed oil
Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2005), 91(3), 469-476

Effects of heating on some quality characteristics of date seed oil from two cultivars (Deglet Nour and Allig) has been investigated using an accelerated test in a Rancimat system. Fatty acid, viscosity ... [more ▼]

Effects of heating on some quality characteristics of date seed oil from two cultivars (Deglet Nour and Allig) has been investigated using an accelerated test in a Rancimat system. Fatty acid, viscosity, absorptivity at 232 and 270 nm, colour and total melting enthalpy of Deglet Nour seed oil were less changed compared to that of Allig seed oil, because the former contained a higher amount of total phenolic compounds (526 mug/g against 215 mug/g) and a lower content of unsaturated fatty acids. Viscosity and absorptivity at 232 nm and at 270 nm increased rapidly after reaching the oxidation induction time. Differential scanning calorimetry melting profiles of date seed oils were also changed after heating in the Rancimat. Melting enthalpies seemed to be constant during the initial stages of Rancimat treatment and then reduced after the induction time was reached. The obtained data shows that date seed oils were resistant to thermal treatment during a long period (similar to30-40 h). This may indicate that they could bear thermal treatments that could be applied in refining procedures or in culinary treatments such as frying and cooking conditions. We could also expect that they may have a good shelf life. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution à l'extraction et à la caractérisation des fibres de la pulpe de dattes
Elleuch, M.; Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

Conference (2004, March 21)

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See detailNoyaux de dattes: étude de la composition physico-chimique et des profils caractéristiques de la fraction lipidique
Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, C. et al

Conference (2004, March 21)

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See detailQuality characteristics and oxidative stability of date seed oil during storage
Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude et al

in Food Science & Technology International (2004), 10(5), 333-338

Studies were conducted on some quality characteristics of date seed oil from two date palm cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Deglet Nour and Allig. The following values were obtained for Deglet Nour and ... [more ▼]

Studies were conducted on some quality characteristics of date seed oil from two date palm cultivars (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Deglet Nour and Allig. The following values were obtained for Deglet Nour and Allig cultivars respectively: unsaponifiable matter 8.92-7.76%, iodine value 45.49-44.08, total phenols 520.81-220.32 mug/g oil, chlorophylls 0.86-0.58 mug/g oil, viscosity 18.50-20.50 mPa.s, refractive index 1.457-1.462, acidity 1.06-2.10mg KOH/g oil and peroxide index 16.00-25.00 meq O-2/100g oil. Lipid fractionation of date seed oil yielded 98.30-97.30% neutral lipids, 97.26-96.90% triglycerides, 0.25-0.18% phospholipids and 0.36-0.31% sterols. Gas-liquid chromatography revealed that the major unsaturated fatty acid was oleic acid (39.17-42.13%) while the main saturated fatty acid was lauric acid (24.34-22.56%). Date seed oil showed high medium molecular weight triglycerides (C32-C42, about 27%). Extinction coefficients at 232 nm and 270 nm increased slightly during 40 days in oven (60degreesC) showing that date seed oil could be easily stored. The production of oil from date seeds provides the use of a renewable resource, and at the same time adding value to agricultural products. [less ▲]

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See detailDate seeds: chemical composition and characteristic profiles of the lipid fraction
Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2004), 84(4), 577-584

The seeds of two date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars, Deglet Nour and Allig, from the Degach region-Tunisia, were analysed for their main chemical composition. Studies were also conducted on ... [more ▼]

The seeds of two date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars, Deglet Nour and Allig, from the Degach region-Tunisia, were analysed for their main chemical composition. Studies were also conducted on properties of oil extracted from date pits. The following values (on a dry-weight basis) were obtained for Deglet Nour and Allig cultivars, respectively: protein 5.56 and 5.17%, oil 10.19 and 12.67%, Ash 1.15 and 1.12% and total carbohydrate 83.1 and 81.0%. Gas-liquid chromatography revealed that the major unsaturated fatty acid was oleic acid (41.3-47.7%), while the main saturated fatty acid was lauric acid (17.8%) for the Deglet Nour cultivar and palmitic acid for the Allig cultivar (15.0%). Capric, myristic, myristoleic, palmitoleic, stearic, linoleic and linolenic acids were also found. Thermal profiles of both date seed oils, determined by their DSC melting curves, revealed simple thermograms. Sensorial and physical profiles of Deglet Nour and Allig seed oil were based on studies of the CieLab (L*, a*, b*) colour, oxidative stability, viscosity and microstructure. Results showed that date seed oil could be used in cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food products. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailDate seed oil: Phenolic, tocopherol and sterol profiles
Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude ULg et al

in Journal of Food Lipids (2004), 11(4), 251-265

Oils extracted from the seeds of two date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L) cultivars, Deglet Nour and Allig, collected from Tunisia, were compared in terms of phenolic, tocopherol and,sterol profiles. These ... [more ▼]

Oils extracted from the seeds of two date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L) cultivars, Deglet Nour and Allig, collected from Tunisia, were compared in terms of phenolic, tocopherol and,sterol profiles. These minor components are not only very important for functional properties of oils (oxidation resistance, taste, aroma and color), but could also have many health benefits. Total phenols, considered as the principal source of oil oxidation resistance, ranged from 520.81 for Deglet Nour to 220.32 mg/kg for Allig. High performance liquid chromatography revealed eight identified peaks for which the major component was hydroxytyrosol (10.21%) for Deglet Nour and tyrosol for Allig (8.10%). Total sterol content was 3500 and 3000 mg/kg for Deglet Nour and Allig, respectively. The sterol marker, beta-sitosterol, accounted for 83.31 and 78.66% of total sterols in Deglet Nour and Allig seed oils, respectively. Alpha-tocopherol was the predominant component in both date seed oils (24.97-38.85%). [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of Ricotta cheese made by high pressure treatment with that produced by heat treatment of sweet whey
Besbes, S.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Attia, H. et al

in Sciences des Aliments (2002), 22(5), 601-615

In this study, reconstituted sweet whey was acidified and then treated by high hydrostatic pressure in order to obtain Ricotta-like product. At pH 5.2, whey protein aggregation was effective beyond 200 ... [more ▼]

In this study, reconstituted sweet whey was acidified and then treated by high hydrostatic pressure in order to obtain Ricotta-like product. At pH 5.2, whey protein aggregation was effective beyond 200 MPa for an application time of 30 min. Moist yield was appreciably improved when pressurisation time increased at 400 MPa. It seemed that granulometric properties of Ricotta-like cheese were not affected by increasing pressurisation time. Ricotta-like products obtained after pressurisation at 400 MPa for 30, 45 and 60 min, have shown a lower yield and hardness but a higher cohesiveness than traditional Ricotta cheese. They also had more homogenous granulometric profiles. [less ▲]

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