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See detailcDNA-AFLP analysis of gene expression changes in apple trees induced by phytoplasma infection during compatible interaction
Aldaghi, Majid; Bertaccini, Assunta; Lepoivre, Philippe ULg

in European Journal of Plant Pathology (2012), 134

Abstract In order to gain insight into molecular and physiological changes in apple trees during compatible interaction with two ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’ strains (AP and AT), cDNA-Amplified Fragment ... [more ▼]

Abstract In order to gain insight into molecular and physiological changes in apple trees during compatible interaction with two ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’ strains (AP and AT), cDNA-Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (cDNA-AFLP) technique was used. A rootstock of apple (MM106) susceptible to ‘Ca. P. mali’ was used to extend the range of the potential host responses by the maximum number of identified genes that will be deregulated by phytoplasma in apple. Gene expression comparisons were studied in three directions: healthy versus infected samples, symptomatic versus nonsymptomatic sample, and AP-infected versus ATinfected sample. Forty-five genes whose steady-state levels of expression significantly changed in response to phytoplasma infection were identified. Among their partial cDNA sequences, only 27 showed similarity to DNA or protein data bases; of these, 18 were related to known genes in plants, and the rest were related to unknown or hypothetical proteins. Eighteen out of 45 did not show any similarity with sequences in data bases (potential novel genes). Quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to confirm differential expression of AFLP identified genes, and showed the similar profile expression for 11 known genes among 18, and for 13 unknown, hypothetical or novel genes among 27. Changes in gene expression involved a wide spectrum of biological functions, including processes of metabolism, cell defence, senescence, photosynthesis, transport, transcription, signal transduction and protein synthesis. This is the first study of global gene profiling in plants in response to phytoplasma infections using cDNA-AFLP, and a model is proposed to explain the mode of action of the ‘Ca. P. mali’ in apple. [less ▲]

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