References of "Bernaerts, Katrien V"
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See detailpH-Responsive diblock copolymers prepared by the dual initiator strategy
Bernaerts, Katrien V.; Willet, Nicolas ULg; Van Camp, Wim et al

in Macromolecules (2006), 39(11), 3760-3769

Diblock copolymers poly(tetrahydrofuran-b-tert-butyl acrylate) (PTHF-b-PtBA) and poly(tetrahydrofuranb- 1-ethoxyethyl acrylate) (PTHF-b-PEEA) were successfully synthesized by the dual initiator 4 ... [more ▼]

Diblock copolymers poly(tetrahydrofuran-b-tert-butyl acrylate) (PTHF-b-PtBA) and poly(tetrahydrofuranb- 1-ethoxyethyl acrylate) (PTHF-b-PEEA) were successfully synthesized by the dual initiator 4-hydroxybutyl-2- bromoisobutyrate (HBBIB). The isobutyrate and alcohol function of HBBIB were used for the atom transfer radical polymerization of tBA ( or EEA) and the living cationic ring-opening polymerization of THF, respectively. Hydrolysis or thermolysis of the aforementioned diblock copolymers results in amphiphilic pH-responsive copolymers PTHF-b-poly( acrylic acid) ( PTHF-b-PAA). Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-1 NMR) were used to analyze the PTHF macroinitiator, while clear evidence for the formation of well-defined block copolymer structures was obtained by 1H NMR, gel permeation chromatography (GPC), and infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The amorphous PtBA block in PTHF-b-PtBA resulted in a decrease of the crystallinity and the melting point of PTHF, as shown by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Self-assembly of PTHF-b-PAA copolymers in water into aggregates and micelles when exposed to specific pH values was confirmed by dynamic light scattering, infrared, and NMR spectroscopies. [less ▲]

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See detailControlled synthesis of an ABC miktoarm star-shaped copolymer by sequential ring-opening polymerization of ethylene oxide, benzyl beta-malolactonate, and epsilon-caprolactone
Rieger, Jutta ULg; Coulembier, Olivier; Dubois, Philippe ULg et al

in Macromolecules (2005), 38(26), 10650-10657

This paper reports on the synthesis of an amphiphilic miktoarm ABC star-shaped copolymer, s[(PEO)(PMLABz)(PCL)], consisting of biocompatible/bioresorbable arms. Indeed, PEO is a hydrophilic biocompatible ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on the synthesis of an amphiphilic miktoarm ABC star-shaped copolymer, s[(PEO)(PMLABz)(PCL)], consisting of biocompatible/bioresorbable arms. Indeed, PEO is a hydrophilic biocompatible poly(ethylene oxide) arm, PMLABz is a poly(benzyl beta-malolactonate) arm precursor of a pH-sensitive bioresorbable poly(beta-malic acid) block, and PCL is a hydrophobic bioresorbable poly(epsilon-caprolactone) arm. Each constitutive arm was prepared by ring-opening polymerization. A double-headed PEO macroinitiator [PEO-(OH)-COO-K+] was first prepared by selective hydrolysis of the alpha-lactone (2-oxepanone) end group of PEO chains end-capped by a omega-methoxy group. The anionic polymerization of benzyl beta-malolactonate (MLABz) was selectively initiated by the alpha-potassium carboxylate end group of PEO in the presence of 18-crown-6 ether. The polymerization of epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) was initiated by the hydroxyl group left at the junction of the two blocks of the as-prepared PEO-b-PMLABz diblock copolymer, in the presence of tin(II) bis(2-ethylhexanoate) (Sn(Oct)(2)). The macroinitiator, the intermediate diblock, and the final miktoarm. star-shaped copolymer were analyzed by H-1 NMR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography. [less ▲]

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See detailLactone end-capped poly(ethylene oxide) as a new building block for biomaterials
Rieger, Jutta ULg; Bernaerts, Katrien V.; Du Prez, Filip E et al

in Macromolecules (2004), 37(26), 9738-9745

This paper reports on the synthesis of a novel poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) macromonomer, which can be copolymerized with epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) by ring-opening polymerization (ROP). PEO chains ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on the synthesis of a novel poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) macromonomer, which can be copolymerized with epsilon-caprolactone (epsilon-CL) by ring-opening polymerization (ROP). PEO chains end-capped by an epsilon-caprolactone unit (gammaPEO(.)CL) have been synthesized by living anionic ring-opening polymerization of ethylene oxide (EO) initiated by the potassium alkoxide of 1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5]decan-8-ol, followed by derivatization of the acetal into a ketone and the Baeyer-Villiger oxidation of the ketone into a lactone. The end-capping of PEO by epsilon-CL was assessed by FTIR, MALDI-TOF, and H-1 NMR spectroscopy. This type of macromonomer is a precursor of amphiphilic comblike copolymers consisting of a biodegradable hydrophobic backbone of poly-(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) and hydrophilic PEO grafts. Copolymerization of gammaPEO(.)CL with epsilon-CL was successfully initiated by aluminum alkoxide. [less ▲]

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