References of "Belayachi, Sanaa"
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See detailIndividual differences in cognitive representations of action influence the activation of goal concepts
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Acta Psychologica (2013), 142(2), 259-264

Goal representations play a key role in various psychological processes, including behavioral regulation, self-perception and social understanding. Research on cognitive representations of action has ... [more ▼]

Goal representations play a key role in various psychological processes, including behavioral regulation, self-perception and social understanding. Research on cognitive representations of action has identified individual differences in the general tendency to construe actions in terms of their goal (vs. movement parameters), which can be reliably assessed with the Behavior Identification Form (BIF). The aim of the present study was to examine how individual differences in action identification, as measured by the BIF, affect online processing of action in a laboratory study. The main results showed that the level of action identification predicted participants' performance in a task designed to implicitly assess people's automatic processing of action regarding goal features. We discussed the possible role of impaired goal processing in psychological dysfunctions. [less ▲]

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See detailAction parsing in compulsive checking
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

Poster (2012)

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See detailPerturbation de l’agentivité dans les symptômes obsessionnels-compulsifs
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Brédart, Serge (Ed.) Psychologie et Neuroscience Cognitives de la Conscience de Soi (2012)

Il existe un nombre croissant de données suggérant que les symptômes obsessionnelscompulsifs sont associés à des dysfonctionnements affectant le traitement de l’action. Par ailleurs, la grande ... [more ▼]

Il existe un nombre croissant de données suggérant que les symptômes obsessionnelscompulsifs sont associés à des dysfonctionnements affectant le traitement de l’action. Par ailleurs, la grande hétérogénéité des symptômes obsessionnels-compulsifs semble indiquer l’existence d’atteintes à différents niveaux du traitement de l’action. Dans ce chapitre, nous aborderons tout particulièrement les symptômes de vérification et les caractéristiques phénoménologiques qui y sont associées (doute au sujet de la réalisation effective ou correcte de certaines actions routinières, sentiments d’incomplétude ou d’imperfection, diminution du sentiment de contrôle). Nous montrerons en quoi ces phénomènes peuvent être compris en termes d’une perturbation de l’agentivité, consécutive à des dysfonctionnements durant le traitement des informations liées à l’action. [less ▲]

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See detailLe sens de l’agentivité
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Brédart, Serge; Van der Linden, Martial (Eds.) Psychologie et Neuroscience Cognitives de la Conscience de Soi, (2012)

Que ce soit au travers de la perception de soi dans l’environnement, la projection de soi dans le temps ou la réflexion sur soi, la conscience de soi dépend du vécu que nous avons de nos actes, physiques ... [more ▼]

Que ce soit au travers de la perception de soi dans l’environnement, la projection de soi dans le temps ou la réflexion sur soi, la conscience de soi dépend du vécu que nous avons de nos actes, physiques et mentaux. Cette composante de la conscience, définie comme l’agentivité, renvoie au fait de vivre nos actions et pensées (p. ex., nos intentions) comme étant nôtres, de les causer (volontairement) et de les contrôler. Dans ce chapitre, nous abordons la conscience de soi du point de vue de l’agentivité et à la lumière des travaux issus de la psychologie cognitive, de la psychopathologie cognitive et de la neurobiologie. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Relationship Between Internal Encoding Style and Obsessive–Compulsive Symptoms in a Subclinical Sample
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Behaviour Change (2010), 27(02), 104-111

This study examined the relationships between obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCs) and encoding style in a subclinical sample, by using a questionnaire that evaluates the extent to which preexisting ... [more ▼]

This study examined the relationships between obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCs) and encoding style in a subclinical sample, by using a questionnaire that evaluates the extent to which preexisting schemata (versus cues from the outside world) affect encoding processes (Lewicki, 2005). Research on encoding style has revealed on one hand the existence of individual differences in the tendency to impose interpretive schemata in the process of encoding, and on the other hand the fact that an extremely internal mode of encoding has been found to be related to an increased propensity to self-perpetuate preexisting schemata. Furthermore, internal encoding may contribute to the development of psychopathological symptoms, through the self-perpetuation of dysfunctional schemata. The results confirmed that OCs are connected with an internal encoding style; specific relationships between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) dimensions and internal encoding style were also found. These results are discussed in terms of the role of encoding style in the perpetuation of OCs, and its relationship to the dysfunctional beliefs characterising OCD. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeling of doing in obsessive–compulsive checking
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Consciousness & Cognition (2010), 19(2), 534-546

Research on self-agency emphasizes the importance of a comparing mechanism, which scans for a match between anticipated and actual outcomes, in the subjective experience of doing. This study explored the ... [more ▼]

Research on self-agency emphasizes the importance of a comparing mechanism, which scans for a match between anticipated and actual outcomes, in the subjective experience of doing. This study explored the “feeling of doing” in individuals with checking symptoms by examining the mechanism involved in the experienced agency for outcomes that matched expectations. This mechanism was explored using a task in which the subliminal priming of potential action-effects (emulating outcome anticipation) generally enhances people’s feeling of causing these effects when they occur, due to the unconscious perception of a match between primed and observed outcomes. The main result revealed a negative relationship between checking and self-agency for observed outcomes that were primed prior to actions. This suggests that checking individuals fail to grasp the correspondence between actual outcomes of their actions and expected ones. We discuss the possible role of undermined self-agency in checking phenomena and its relationship with cognitive dysfunction. [less ▲]

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See detailFeeling of doing in compulsive checking
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

Poster (2010, May 28)

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See detailLooking for Outcomes: The Experience of Control and Sense of Agency in Obsessive-compulsive Behaviors
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Balconi, Michela (Ed.) Neuropsychology of the Sense of Agency (2010)

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) can be conceptualized as a disturbance of control over one’s thoughts and actions, and through them, over external events. Classically, there are two general approaches ... [more ▼]

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) can be conceptualized as a disturbance of control over one’s thoughts and actions, and through them, over external events. Classically, there are two general approaches to the explanation of OCD symptoms: a cognitive account that emphasizes the important role played by dysfunctional beliefs in the exaggerated appraisals of negative outcomes (i.e., harm avoidance) and a sensory phenomena account that highlights the role of impaired action monitoring in inconsistent feelings of dissatisfaction with actual outcomes (i.e., incompleteness). In this chapter, we review the phenomenology of these two OCD manifestations in light of the sense of agency framework. We argue that harm avoidance and incompleteness should be construed as distinct forms of defective outcome processing, leading to distinct impairments of the experience of action. [less ▲]

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See detailThe commonality of neural networks for verbal and visual short-term memory.
Majerus, Steve ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Martinez Perez, Trecy ULg et al

in Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience (2010), 22(11), 2570-2593

Although many neuroimaging studies have considered verbal and visual short-term memory (STM) as relying on neurally segregated short-term buffer systems, the present study explored the existence of shared ... [more ▼]

Although many neuroimaging studies have considered verbal and visual short-term memory (STM) as relying on neurally segregated short-term buffer systems, the present study explored the existence of shared neural correlates supporting verbal and visual STM. We hypothesized that networks involved in attentional and executive processes, as well as networks involved in serial order processing, underlie STM for both verbal and visual list information, with neural specificity restricted to sensory areas involved in processing the specific items to be retained. Participants were presented sequences of nonwords or unfamiliar faces, and were instructed to maintain and recognize order or item information. For encoding and retrieval phases, null conjunction analysis revealed an identical fronto-parieto-cerebellar network comprising the left intraparietal sulcus, bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and the bilateral cerebellum, irrespective of information type and modality. A network centered around the right intraparietal sulcus supported STM for order information, in both verbal and visual modalities. Modality-specific effects were observed in left superior temporal and mid-fusiform areas associated with phonological and orthographic processing during the verbal STM tasks, and in right hippocampal and fusiform face processing areas during the visual STM tasks, wherein these modality effects were most pronounced when storing item information. The present results suggest that STM emerges from the deployment of modality-independent attentional and serial ordering processes toward sensory networks underlying the processing and storage of modality-specific item information. [less ▲]

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See detailLevel of agency in sub-clinical checking
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Consciousness & Cognition (2009), 18(1), 293-299

This study examined cognitive representations of routine action, through the assessment of level of agency, in individuals with sub-clinical checking. The level of agency stems from Action Identification ... [more ▼]

This study examined cognitive representations of routine action, through the assessment of level of agency, in individuals with sub-clinical checking. The level of agency stems from Action Identification Theory [Vallacher, R. R., Wegner, D. M. (1989). Levels of personal agency: Individual variation in action identification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57, 660-671], which states that how actions are usually identified (based on instrumental aspects or purpose) reflects the predominant accessibility of internal representation (movements executed vs. goal pursued). Furthermore, this framework proposed that altered action regulation is related to low-level of agency (i.e., action identification at an instrumental level). In the current study, the main result indicated that checking symptoms were related to a low-level of agency, that is, individuals with sub-clinical checking identified habitual actions on the basis of instrumental aspects. This seems to indicate that checkers may act with a lack of goal representations. The results are discussed in terms of the role of low-level of agency in checking phenomena and related cognitive dysfunction. [less ▲]

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See detailDisturbed sense of agency in checking symptoms
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailNeural networks for short-term memory for order differentiate high and low proficiency bilinguals
Majerus, Steve ULg; Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; De Smedt, Bert et al

in NeuroImage (2008), 42

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