References of "Beduin, Jean-Marie"
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See detailEtude descriptive des caractéristiques morphométriques et génitales de la chèvre de Lubumbashi en République Démocratique du Congo.
Ngona, Idi; Beduin, Jean-Marie ULg; Khangmate, Faustin et al

in Revue d'Elévage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux (2012), 65(3-4), 75-79

L’étude a pour but de préciser les caractéristiques zootechniques et de reproduction des chèvres (n = 1311) et boucs (n = 346) abattus à Lubumbashi. La taille au garrot, la longueur corporelle et le poids ... [more ▼]

L’étude a pour but de préciser les caractéristiques zootechniques et de reproduction des chèvres (n = 1311) et boucs (n = 346) abattus à Lubumbashi. La taille au garrot, la longueur corporelle et le poids vif ont été respectivement de 53 cm, 77 cm et 20,5 kg chez les femelles et de 53 cm, 71 cm et 19 kg chez les mâles. Le poids des testicules gauches et droits, le diamètre moyen des testicules et le périmètre scrotal ont été respectivement de 67,3 g, 66,9g, 12cm et 21,1cm. La longueur moyenne du tractus génital mesuré de la vulve à l’extrémité de la corne a été de 30,3 cm. Le poids moyen des ovaires, la longueur et largeur des ovaires gauche et droit ont été respectivement de 1,1 g, 1,8 x 1,3 cm et 1,7 x 1,3 cm. Aucune structure kystique n’a été observée sur les ovaires. Quarante-quatre pourcent des femelles abattues se sont révélées gravides. Sur base de la comparaison du nombre de corps jaunes et de celui des embryons ou fœtus présents dans l’utérus, les mortalités embryonnaires ont été estimées à 19,2 %. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence of naturally occuring cartilage defects in the ovine stifle
Pierson, Audrey ULg; Muylkens, Benoît ULg; Hontoir, Fanny et al

Poster (2012)

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See detailExploratory approach on a relationship between ration and mastitis prevalence in dairy herds
Froidmont, Eric; Delfosse, C.; Planchon, V. et al

in Rencontres autour des Recherches sur les Ruminants (2009), 16

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See detailUse of a serological approach for prediction of Salmonella status in an integrated pig production system
Korsak Koulagenko, Nicolas ULg; Degeye, Jean-Noel; Etienne, Grégory et al

in International Journal of Food Microbiology (2006), 108(2), 246-254

Relevance of a Salmonella serological detection technique was studied from complete results obtained from 9 pigs fattening units. Feces and overshoes were sampled at different periods after starting ... [more ▼]

Relevance of a Salmonella serological detection technique was studied from complete results obtained from 9 pigs fattening units. Feces and overshoes were sampled at different periods after starting fattening (2, 3 and 4 months) while caecal contents were taken on the slaughter line. The bacteriological technique used was based on a Diasalm enrichment and a commercial test was used for serology on an average of ten animals per batch. The aim of this work was to establish a correlation between serological results obtained at slaughter (10 samples/batch) and bacteriological results. In this context, two types of logistic regression models were tested by considering alternatively serology and Salmonella detection in caecal contents as the dependent variables. Firstly, beside the fact that all logistic regression models show weak correlations, the first finding was that positive results in overshoes taken at 2 and 3 months are slightly correlated with serological status of herds (odds-ratios of 4.96 and 2.55). Secondly, when batches were characterized as positive on the basis of serological results, the probability of Salmonella recovery in caecal contents was higher than when the batches were considered as negative (odds-ratios comprised between 4.36 and 5.81). A major conclusion is that serology can be used to follow the improvement of an integrated pig production system, but is not the unique solution for assessing risk of Salmonella shedding from specific herds. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailLa filière Porc Fleuri : vers une appellation d'origine protégée
Berti, Fabio ULg; Beduin, Jean-Marie ULg; Verleyen, Vincent ULg et al

in Huitième Carrefour des Productions animales "L'avenir des filières de qualité différenciées" (2003)

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See detailCardiovascular response to exogenous serotonin in healthy calves
Linden, Annick ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (1996), 57(5), 731-738

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the cardiovascular response to i.v. administration of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) in calves. ANIMALS: 5 healthy unsedated Friesian calves. PROCEDURE: 41 5-HT ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the cardiovascular response to i.v. administration of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) in calves. ANIMALS: 5 healthy unsedated Friesian calves. PROCEDURE: 41 5-HT administrations were performed: II slow infusions (duration, 5 minutes) and 30 bolus infusions (duration, 5 seconds). Cardiovascular function values were recorded before, during, and after the infusion. RESULTS: Slow infusion of 5HT first resulted in a brief period of severe bradycardia, then in sustained tachycardia with a concomitant increase in cardiac output. Systemic initial hypotension concomitant with bradycardia, then a pressor phase associated with an increase in systemic vascular resistance, and finally, a long-lasting hypotensive phase associated with decreased systemic vascular resistance. Pulmonary hypertension was associated with increased pulmonary vascular resistance, reflecting intense pulmonary vasoconstriction. Bolus infusion at increasing dosages resulted in dose-dependent bradycardia and systemic hypotension, followed by dose-dependent systemic hypertension. Unlike with slow infusion, neither the second tachycardiac nor the third systemic hypotensive phases were evident. CONCLUSIONS: 5-HT induces dose-dependent cardiovascular responses, including a reflex response followed by pulmonary and systemic vasoconstriction, in healthy calves. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Determining the type of serotonergic receptors responsible for these responses may help to determine whether 5-HT is involved in the mechanisms underlying brisket disease in cattle. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative assessment of right ventricular performance from the pressure-volume relationship in double-muscled and conventional calves.
Amory, Hélène ULg; Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research = Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire (1995), 59(2), 135-141

Forty-one and 55 records of right-sided and systemic arterial pressures, cardiac output, and end-diastolic and end-systolic right ventricular volumes were collected from a group of 6 conventional and 6 ... [more ▼]

Forty-one and 55 records of right-sided and systemic arterial pressures, cardiac output, and end-diastolic and end-systolic right ventricular volumes were collected from a group of 6 conventional and 6 double-muscled calves, respectively. In each group, the mean right ventricular pressure-volume loop was constructed. Global cardiac performance was significantly lower in the double-muscled than in the conventional calves. The right ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, as well as the diastolic portion of the mean pressure-volume loop, were similar in the 2 groups. Those results suggest that the reduced cardiac performance of double-muscled calves is not due to a lowered ventricular preload and that diastolic properties of their myocardium are similar to those of conventional calves. When expressed on a body weight basis, however, the right ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were lower in the double-muscled than in conventional calves. When expressed as a function of probable metabolic demand, therefore, the volumetric capacity of the cardiac pump appears to be reduced in double-muscled calves. The significantly lower right ventricular ejection fraction, maximal rate of ventricular pressure rise and right ventricular peak-systolic pressure to end-systolic volume ratio measured in double-muscled as compared with conventional calves suggest that reduced myocardial contractility may also be partly responsible for the significantly lower stroke index of the former calves. The cardiac pump of double-muscled cattle thus seems to be less effective than that of conventional cattle because of reduced volumetric capacity and lowered strength of contraction. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of Cardiac Function in Double-Muscled Calves and in Calves with Conventional Muscular Conformation
Amory, Hélène ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in American Journal of Veterinary Research (1994), 55(4), 561-6

During growth, central venous, right ventricular, pulmonary arterial, pulmonary capillary wedge, and systemic arterial pressures, heart rate, and cardiac output were repeatedly measured in 41 Friesian ... [more ▼]

During growth, central venous, right ventricular, pulmonary arterial, pulmonary capillary wedge, and systemic arterial pressures, heart rate, and cardiac output were repeatedly measured in 41 Friesian calves, considered as having conventional muscular conformation, and in 19 Belgian White and Blue double-muscled calves. A total of 123 and 70 recordings were collected in conventional and double-muscled calves, respectively. These circulatory indices were calculated: stroke volume, cardiac and stroke indices, pulmonary and systemic pulse pressures, pulmonary and systemic vascular resistance indices, and right and left ventricular work indices. Results indicated that systemic arterial and pulse pressures, as well as cardiac output, stroke volume, cardiac and stroke indices, and right and left ventricular work indices were significantly (P < or = 0.05 to 0.001) lower but, in contrast, pulmonary and systemic vascular resistance indices were significantly (P < or = 0.001) higher in double-muscled than in conventional calves. Right-sided vascular pressures and heart rate were similar in the 2 groups. These results indicated that global cardiac performance may be considerably poorer in double-muscled calves. Diminished cardiac performance of double-muscled calves appears to be related neither to relative bradycardia nor to reduced ventricular preload. The potential role of increased ventricular afterload or of reduced myocardial contractility in double-muscled cattle should be determined by direct measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth-induced haemodynamic changes in healthy Friesian calves
Amory, Hélène ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Veterinary Record : Journal of the British Veterinary Association (1993), 132(17), 426-434

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See detailNormal Electro- and Vectorcardiographic Data in the Growing Friesian Calf Using a Semi-Orthogonal Lead System
Amory, Hélène ULg; Genicot, B; Rollin, Frédéric ULg et al

in Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine (1993), 40(2), 81-92

This study derives normal values for electro- and vectorcardiographic parameters, as generated by the Holmes semi-orthogonal lead system, in healthy growing calves. Sixty-four electrocardiograms were ... [more ▼]

This study derives normal values for electro- and vectorcardiographic parameters, as generated by the Holmes semi-orthogonal lead system, in healthy growing calves. Sixty-four electrocardiograms were recorded from healthy Friesian calves aged from one week to one year. Waveform and duration were analysed and compared in the X-, Y- and Z-leads. The modal P, QRS and T tridimensional vectors were graphically constructed and their magnitude and orientation were calculated. The duration of waves and intervals were similar to data previously reported in the bovine species. Differences from data reported in other species were attributed to heart rate. The duration of waves and QT and ST intervals significantly lengthened with the decrease in heart rate which occurred during growth. PR interval significantly lengthened with physical maturation, and this change was independent of the decrease in heart rate. The magnitude and the orientation of the spatial modal vectors were approximately similar to the few data previously reported in cattle and in other ungulates and were not affected by somatic growth [less ▲]

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See detailComparative study of the body surface electrocardiogram in double-muscled and conventional calves.
Amory, Hélène ULg; Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Genicot, Bruno et al

in Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research = Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire (1993), 57(3), 139-45

The purpose of this work was to study electrocardiographic features of double-muscled beef cattle. Electrocardiograms were recorded on one to six occasions from each of a group of 18 conventional calves ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this work was to study electrocardiographic features of double-muscled beef cattle. Electrocardiograms were recorded on one to six occasions from each of a group of 18 conventional calves of the Friesian breed and 29 double-muscled calves of the Belgian White and Blue breed. Ages of the calves at the times of examination ranged from eight to 348 days. The Holmes semi-orthogonal lead system was used. The waves and interval durations and the tridimensional P, QRS, and T modal vector orientation and amplitude were calculated. The magnitude of the cardiac vectors was significantly lower and the ventricular waves and QT interval duration significantly shorter in the double-muscled than in the conventional calves. The P modal vector pointed significantly less downwards and the QRS modal vector pointed significantly more forwards and less up- and rightwards in the Belgian White and Blue, than in the Friesian group. Most of the observed differences might be a consequence of the bodily, and more specifically the thoracic, conformation of the former calves. However, the lower cardiac vector magnitude and shorter wave and interval durations might also reflect lower cardiac mass in the double-muscled subjects. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of the cardiac pumping capability and cardiac pumping reserve in double muscled and conventional calves
Amory, Hélène ULg; Mc Entee, Kathleen ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Canadian Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology (1993), 71(12), 946-951

Hereditary muscular hypertrophy is a character that has been selected in several animal species for industrial meat production. The selection of this character in cattle produces animals of exceptional ... [more ▼]

Hereditary muscular hypertrophy is a character that has been selected in several animal species for industrial meat production. The selection of this character in cattle produces animals of exceptional commercial value but ones with a lower aerobic capacity than that of conventional cattle. The purpose of this work was to study the role of cardiac function as a potential limiting factor of aerobic capacity in double-muscled calves. Two groups of healthy calves were studied, one consisting of nine calves of conventional conformation and the other of nine double-muscled calves. Pulmonary arterial and capillary wedge, central venous, and systemic arterial pressures were measured by fluid-filled catheters and recorded together with the electrocardiogram. Cardiac output was measured by the thermodilution technique. From these measurements, the heart rate, the cardiac and the stroke indices, the pulmonary and the systemic vascular resistances, and the cardiac power output were calculated. The parameters were recorded under basal resting conditions and during incremental dobutamine challenge, which allowed determination of the resting cardiac power output, the cardiac pumping capability, and the cardiac reserve. Dobutamine challenge induced a significant rise in cardiac and stroke indices, heart rate, and cardiac power output, a significant decrease in pulmonary and systemic vascular resistances, and no change in systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures. The cardiac reserve obtained in the present study was low in comparison with those previously reported in humans, dogs, and horses. This may be related to the poor running capability of bovine species relative to that of the former species.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) [less ▲]

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See detailGLUCOCORTICOIDS AS DOPING AGENTS IN HOMING PIGEONS
Duchatel, Jean-Pierre ULg; Beduin, Jean-Marie ULg; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg et al

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1993), 137(8), 557-564

Different commercially available glucocorticoids that could be used to dope racing pigeons have been evaluated using zootechnical and biological parameters. The influence of these corticosteroids on blood ... [more ▼]

Different commercially available glucocorticoids that could be used to dope racing pigeons have been evaluated using zootechnical and biological parameters. The influence of these corticosteroids on blood values have been investigated. Toxicity of triamcinolone diacetate varied proportionally to injected doses and the main effects observed were lymphoid tissue alterations, muscular atrophy with breast muscles fibers vacuolation, fatty degeneration of liver and kidneys, hypoplasia or atrophy of gonads, and, in the blood, a significant increase of calcium and triglycerides levels. Prednisolone acetate in ocular drops was less toxic than dexemathasone and fluocinolone acetonide. The type of corticoids also had an influence on hemoglobin, glucose, and creatinine levels. The inhibition of the molt was also observed and varied with the sort of product used. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of the double-muscled conformation selection on the cardiovascular function in cattle
Amory, Hélène ULg; Desmecht, Daniel ULg; Linden, Annick ULg et al

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1992)

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