References of "Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi"
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See detailMultivariate statistics to understand the geochemical processes induced by groundwater pollution Multi-scale applying
Gesels, Julie ULg; Joniau, Claire; Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi et al

Conference (2013, June 07)

Different hydrogeochemical approaches (classical diagrams, spatial distribution maps, geochemical equations and multivariate statistics) are combined to obtain a global understanding of the ... [more ▼]

Different hydrogeochemical approaches (classical diagrams, spatial distribution maps, geochemical equations and multivariate statistics) are combined to obtain a global understanding of the hydrogeochemical processus at regional and at local scale. [less ▲]

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See detailBenzene dynamics and biodegradation in alluvial aquifers affected by river fluctuations
Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Morasch, Barbara; Hunkeler, Daniel et al

in Ground Water (2013)

The spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of a benzene plume in an alluvial aquifer strongly affected by river fluctuations was studied. Benzene concentrations, aquifer geochemistry datasets, past ... [more ▼]

The spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of a benzene plume in an alluvial aquifer strongly affected by river fluctuations was studied. Benzene concentrations, aquifer geochemistry datasets, past river morphology and benzene degradation rates estimated in situ using stable carbon isotope enrichment were analysed in concert with aquifer heterogeneity and river fluctuations. Geochemistry data demonstrated that benzene biodegradation was on-going under sulphate reducing conditions. Long-term monitoring of hydraulic heads and characterisation of the alluvial aquifer formed the basis of a detailed modelled image of aquifer heterogeneity. Hydraulic conductivity was found to strongly correlate with benzene degradation, indicating that low hydraulic conductivity areas are capable of sustaining benzene anaerobic biodegradation provided the electron acceptor (SO42-) does not become rate limiting. Modelling results demonstrated that the groundwater flux direction is reversed on annual basis when the river level rises up to two meters, thereby forcing the infiltration of oxygenated surface water into the aquifer. The mobilisation state of metal trace elements such as Zn, Cd and As present in the aquifer predominantly depended on the strong potential gradient within the plume. However, infiltration of oxygenated water was found to trigger a change from strongly reducing to oxic conditions near the river, causing mobilisation of previously immobile metal species and vice versa. Monitored natural attenuation appears to be an appropriate remediation strategy in this type of dynamic environment provided that aquifer characterisation and targeted monitoring of redox conditions is adequate and electron acceptors remain available until concentrations of toxic compounds reduce to acceptable levels. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of natural attenuation and river fluctuations on benzene dispersion in an alluvial aquifer subject to strong interactions with surface water
Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Brouyère, Serge ULg; Dassargues, Alain ULg et al

in Schirmer, M.; Hoehn, E.; Vogt, T. (Eds.) Groundwater Quality Management in a Rapidly Changing World (GQ'2010) (2010, June)

A contaminated alluvial aquifer, in a former gasworks factory, discharging to an adjacent river was the object of field and laboratory investigations to assess pollutant attenuation and dispersion ... [more ▼]

A contaminated alluvial aquifer, in a former gasworks factory, discharging to an adjacent river was the object of field and laboratory investigations to assess pollutant attenuation and dispersion. Various organic and inorganic compounds were found in the aquifer in concentrations exceeding regulatory values, among them, benzene, which was presenting the major worry for off-site dispersion, mainly due to its mobility and high concentration, i.e. up to 750 mg L-1 in the source zone. However, benzene could never be detected near the river which is about 160 m downgradient the main source. Due to redox conditions of the aquifer, heavy metals were almost immobile, thus not posing a major risk of dispersion off-site the brownfield. Benzene concentrations together with redox conditions in the aquifer, suggested that benzene degradation was mainly occurring within 100 m distance from the contaminant source under anoxic conditions, and most probably with sulphate as main oxidant. A numerical groundwater flow and transport model, calibrated under transient conditions, was used to simulate benzene attenuation in the alluvial aquifer towards the Meuse River. The mean benzene degradation rate used in the model was quantified in situ along the groundwater flow path using compound-specific carbon isotope analysis (CSIA). The results of the solute transport simulations confirmed that benzene concentrations decreased almost five orders of magnitude 70 m downgradient the source. Simulated benzene concentrations were found to be below the detection limit in the zone adjacent to the river and consistent with the absence of benzene in downgradient piezometers located close to the river. In a transient model scenario including groundwater-surface water dynamics, benzene concentrations were observed to be inversely correlated to the river water levels, leading to the hypothesis that benzene dispersion is mainly controlled by natural attenuation and river fluctuations. [less ▲]

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See detailRegional transport modelling for nitrate trend assessment and forecasting in a chalk aquifer
Orban, Philippe ULg; Brouyère, Serge ULg; Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi et al

in Journal of Contaminant Hydrology (2010), 118

Regional degradation of groundwater resources by nitrate has become one of the main challenges for water managers worldwide. Regulations have been defined to reverse observed nitrate trends in groundwater ... [more ▼]

Regional degradation of groundwater resources by nitrate has become one of the main challenges for water managers worldwide. Regulations have been defined to reverse observed nitrate trends in groundwater bodies, such as the Water Framework Directive and the Groundwater Daughter Directive in the European Union. In such a context, one of the main challenges remains to develop efficient approaches for groundwater quality assessment at regional scale, including quantitative numerical modelling, as a decision support for groundwater management. A new approach combining the use of environmental tracers and the innovative ‘Hybrid Finite Element Mixing Cell’ (HFEMC) modelling technique is developed to study and forecast the groundwater quality at the regional scale, with an application to a regional chalk aquifer in the Geer basin in Belgium. Tritium data and nitrate time series are used to produce a conceptual model for regional groundwater flow and contaminant transport in the combined unsaturated and saturated zones of the chalk aquifer. This shows that the spatial distribution of the contamination in the Geer basin is essentially linked to the hydrodynamic conditions prevailing in the basin, more precisely to groundwater age and mixing and not to the spatial patterns of land use or local hydrodispersive processes. A three-dimensional regional scale groundwater flow and solute transport model is developed. It is able to reproduce the spatial patterns of tritium and nitrate and the observed nitrate trends in the chalk aquifer and it is used to predict the evolution of nitrate concentrations in the basin. The modelling application shows that the global inertia of groundwater quality is strong in the basin and trend reversal is not expected to occur before the 2015 deadline fixed by the European Water Framework Directive. The expected time required for trend reversal ranges between 5 and more than 50 years, depending on the location in the basin and the expected reduction in nitrate application. To reach a good chemical status, nitrate concentrations in the infiltrating water should be reduced as soon as possible below 50mg/l; however, even in that case, more than 50 years is needed to fully reverse upward trends. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude et modélisation des tendances en nitrate au sein de l’aquifère crayeux du bassin du Geer en support à la mise en œuvre de la directive cadre sur l’eau
Orban, Philippe ULg; Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Goderniaux, Pascal et al

Scientific conference (2009, October 22)

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See detailRapport de synthèse des travaux et résultats obtenus dans le cadre du projet FP6 AquaTerra et relatifs à l’étude hydrogéologique et la modélisation numérique écoulement – transport pour le site de l’ancienne cokerie de Flémalle
Brouyère, Serge ULg; Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi

Report (2009)

In the framework of Workpackage BASIN R3 Meuse, the Hydrology Group of the University of Liège (Belgium) has worked on two case studies for end-users in the Walloon region of Belgium. The first case study ... [more ▼]

In the framework of Workpackage BASIN R3 Meuse, the Hydrology Group of the University of Liège (Belgium) has worked on two case studies for end-users in the Walloon region of Belgium. The first case study deals with the problem of nitrate contamination of the Hesbaye chalk aquifer located in the Geer basin, in the region of Liège. This research is of major interest for the Groundwater Division of the Administration for Agriculture, Environment and Natural Resources of the Walloon region as a support to reporting in the scope of the EU Water Directive. The second case study deals with a problem of soil and groundwater pollution of the alluvial aquifer of the river Meuse in the brownfield of a former coke factory in Flémalle, near the city of Liège. This research is of major interest as a support to decision making in terms of site cleanup and rehabilitation as managed by SPAQuE, the public society in charge of managing contaminated sites in the Walloon region of Belgium. This deliverable is a compilation of specific final reports written in French that have been delivered to these end-users (DGARNE Groundwater Division and SPAQuE), as a support to decision-making with respect to the environmental issues they have to manage. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of methods for the detection and extrapolation of trends in groundwater quality
Visser, Ate; Dubus, Igor; Broers, Hans Peter et al

in Journal of Environmental Monitoring (2009)

Land use changes and the intensification of agriculture since the 1950s have resulted in a deterioration of groundwater quality in many European countries. For the protection of groundwater quality, it is ... [more ▼]

Land use changes and the intensification of agriculture since the 1950s have resulted in a deterioration of groundwater quality in many European countries. For the protection of groundwater quality, it is necessary to (1) assess the current groundwater quality status, (2) detect changes or trends in groundwater quality, (3) assess the threat of deterioration and (4) predict future changes in groundwater quality. A variety of approaches and tools can be used to detect and extrapolate trends in groundwater quality, ranging from simple linear statistics to distributed 3D groundwater contaminant transport models. In this paper we report on a comparison of four methods for the detection and extrapolation of trends in groundwater quality: (1) statistical methods, (2) groundwater dating, (3) transfer functions, and (4) deterministic modeling. Our work shows that the selection of the method should firstly be made on the basis of the specific goals of the study (only trend detection or also extrapolation), the system under study, and the available resources. For trend detection in groundwater quality in relation to diffuse agricultural contamination, a very important aspect is whether the nature of the monitoring network and groundwater body allows the collection of samples with a distinct age or produces samples with a mixture of young and old groundwater. We conclude that there is no single optimal method to detect trends in groundwater quality across widely differing catchments. [less ▲]

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See detailBenzene dispersion and natural attenuation in an alluvial aquifer with strong interactions with surface water
Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Brouyère, Serge ULg; Dassargues, Alain ULg et al

in Journal of Hydrology (2009)

Field and laboratory investigations have been conducted at a former coke plant, in order to assess pollutant attenuation in a contaminated alluvial aquifer, discharging to an adjacent river. Various ... [more ▼]

Field and laboratory investigations have been conducted at a former coke plant, in order to assess pollutant attenuation in a contaminated alluvial aquifer, discharging to an adjacent river. Various organic (BTEX, PAHs, mineral oils) and inorganic (As, Zn, Cd) compounds were found in the aquifer in concentrations exceeding regulatory values. Due to redox conditions of the aquifer, heavy metals were almost immobile, thus not posing a major risk of dispersion off-site the brownfield. Field and laboratory investigations demonstrated that benzene, among organic pollutants, presented the major worry for off-site dispersion, mainly due to its mobility and high concentration, i.e. up to 750 mg L 1 in the source zone. However, benzene could never be detected near the river which is about 160 m downgradient the main source. Redox conditions together with benzene concentrations determined in the aquifer have suggested that degradation mainly occurred within 100 m distance from the contaminant source under anoxic conditions, and most probably with sulphate as main oxidant. A numerical groundwater flow and transport model, calibrated under transient conditions, was used to simulate benzene attenuation in the alluvial aquifer towards the Meuse River. The mean benzene degradation rate used in the model was quantified in situ along the groundwater flow path using compound-specific carbon isotope analysis (CSIA). The results of the solute transport simulations confirmed that benzene concentrations decreased almost five orders of magnitude 70 m downgradient the source. Simulated concentrations have been found to be below the detection limit in the zone adjacent to the river and consistent with the absence of benzene in downgradient piezometers located close to the river reported in groundwater sampling campaigns. In a transient model scenario including groundwater–surface water dynamics, benzene concentrations were observed to be inversely correlated to the river water levels, leading to the hypothesis that benzene dispersion is mainly controlled by natural attenuation. [less ▲]

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See detailA new tracer technique for monitoring groundwater fluxes : the finite volume point dilution method
Brouyère, Serge ULg; Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Goderniaux, Pascal ULg et al

Conference (2008, June 06)

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See detailGroundwater flow and transport model for the Flémalle cokery site
Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Brouyère, Serge ULg

Report (2008)

This deliverable describes the groundwater flow and transport model performed for the Flémalle test site. Calibration of the groundwater model has been done using both, zoning and pilot points approaches ... [more ▼]

This deliverable describes the groundwater flow and transport model performed for the Flémalle test site. Calibration of the groundwater model has been done using both, zoning and pilot points approaches, while model transport calibration has been performed using tracer tests carried out. Different scenarios of pollutant concentration and degradation constant rates have been simulated. Results point out that biodegradation is likely to occur, as evidenced by former studies within BGC in the scope of the AquaTerra project. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de tendance dans les hauteurs piézométriques mesurées au piézomètre de Viemme
Orban, Philippe ULg; Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Brouyère, Serge ULg et al

Report (2008)

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See detailA New Tracer Technique for Monitoring Groundwater Fluxes: The Finite Volume Point Dilution Method
Brouyère, Serge ULg; Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Goderniaux, Pascal ULg et al

in Journal of Contaminant Hydrology (2008), 95(3-4), 121-40

Quantification of pollutant mass fluxes is essential for assessing the impact of contaminated sites on their surrounding environment, particularly on adjacent surface water bodies. In this context, it is ... [more ▼]

Quantification of pollutant mass fluxes is essential for assessing the impact of contaminated sites on their surrounding environment, particularly on adjacent surface water bodies. In this context, it is essential to quantify but also to be able to monitor the variations with time of Darcy fluxes in relation with changes in hydrogeological conditions and groundwater - surface water interactions. A new tracer technique is proposed that generalizes the single-well point dilution method to the case of finite volumes of tracer fluid and water flush. It is called the Finite Volume Point Dilution Method (FVPDM). It is based on an analytical solution derived from a mathematical model proposed recently to accurately model tracer injection into a well. Using a non-dimensional formulation of the analytical solution, a sensitivity analysis is performed on the concentration evolution in the injection well, according to tracer injection conditions and well-aquifer interactions. Based on this analysis, optimised field techniques and interpretation methods are proposed. The new tracer technique is easier to implement in the field than the classical point dilution method while it further allows monitoring temporal changes of the magnitude of estimated Darcy fluxes, which is not the case for the former technique. The new technique was applied to two experimental sites with contrasting objectives, geological and hydrogeological conditions, and field equipment facilities. In both cases, field tracer concentrations monitored in the injection wells were used to fit the calculated modelled concentrations by adjusting the apparent Darcy flux crossing the well screens. Modelling results are very satisfactory and indicate that the methodology is efficient and accurate, with a wide range of potential applications in different environments and experimental conditions, including the monitoring with time of changes in Darcy fluxes. [less ▲]

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See detailUtilisation des techniques de traçage en hydrogéologie. Investigation et quantification des interactions rivière-nappe par traçage, monitoring des niveaux d'eau et modélisation
Brouyère, Serge ULg; Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi

Conference (2007, June 08)

Ce séminaire visait à présenter à des étudiants de l'EIER les grands principes des techniques de traçage en hydrogéologie, accompagné d'une illustration avec des résultats d'investigations menées sur un ... [more ▼]

Ce séminaire visait à présenter à des étudiants de l'EIER les grands principes des techniques de traçage en hydrogéologie, accompagné d'une illustration avec des résultats d'investigations menées sur un site contaminé. [less ▲]

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See detailExemple d'étude hydrogéologique d'un système rivière-aquifère: Flémalle test site
Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Brouyère, Serge ULg

Conference (2007, April 18)

Cette présentation des investigations menées pour quantifier les échanges nappe - rivière au droit d'une friche industrielle fortement contaminée

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See detailSelected groundwater studies of EU project AquaTerra leading to large-scale basin considerations
Barth, J. A. C.; Kalbus, E.; Schmidt, Christina ULg et al

in Water Practice & Technology (2007), 2(3),

Several local groundwater studies within the EU project AquaTerra in the Basins of the Meuse, Elbe point at significant influences of groundwater on surface water, while the Brévilles Catchment shows a ... [more ▼]

Several local groundwater studies within the EU project AquaTerra in the Basins of the Meuse, Elbe point at significant influences of groundwater on surface water, while the Brévilles Catchment shows a distinct problematic of pesticide loading to groundwater. Further modeling studies are currently being developed. In the Danube Basin no specific groundwater studies were carried out in the framework of AquaTerra. However on larger scales geochemical proxies such as strontium isotope ratios can give an insight into groundwater contributions to the river that reflects an integral signal of the environmental status of the Basin. Future local groundwater studies should be further correlated to the environmental status of rivers nearby. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of groundwater quality trends in a chalk aquifer threatened by intensive agriculture in Belgium
Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Orban, Philippe ULg; Dassargues, Alain ULg et al

in Hydrogeology Journal (2007), 15(8), 1615-1627

The European Union (EU) has adopted directives requiring that Member States take measures to reach a "good" chemical status of water resources by the year 2015 (Water Framework Directive: WFD). In order ... [more ▼]

The European Union (EU) has adopted directives requiring that Member States take measures to reach a "good" chemical status of water resources by the year 2015 (Water Framework Directive: WFD). In order to achieve the environmental objectives for groundwater, the identification and reversal of significant upward trends in pollutant concentrations are required. A very detailed dataset available for the Hesbaye chalk aquifer in Belgium is used to evaluate tools and to propose efficient methodologies for identifying and quantifying nitrate trends in groundwater. Results indicate that the parametric linear regression and the non-parametric Mann-Kendall tests are robust; however, the latter test seems more adequate as it does not require verification of the normality of the dataset and it provides calculated nitrate trends very comparable to those obtained using linear regression. From a hydrogeological point of view, results highlight a general upward trend in the whole groundwater basin. The extrapolation of the trend analysis results indicates that measures have to be taken urgently in order to avoid further major degradation of groundwater quality within the next 10-70 years. However, a good groundwater quality status cannot be expected in the Hesbaye aquifer for the 2015 EU WFD deadline. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing groundwater-surface water interaction and groundwater discharge in a contaminated site in an industrial, sub-urbanized area
Batlle-Aguilar, Jordi; Brouyère, Serge ULg

in Davis, G. B.; Johntson, C. D.; Trefry, M. G. (Eds.) Groundwater Quality 2007 Securing Groundwater Quality in Urban and Industrial Environments (2007)

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