References of "Bassleer, Roger"
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See detailSciatic Nerve Regeneration through Venous or Nervous Grafts in the Rat
Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg; Dubuisson, Annie ULg; Lejeune, André ULg et al

in Experimental Neurology (1997), 148(1), 236-46

This study analyses the interest of isologous venous grafts filled with saline or with Schwann cells versus nerve grafts as guides for regeneration of the sciatic nerve in 35 Wistar rats ... [more ▼]

This study analyses the interest of isologous venous grafts filled with saline or with Schwann cells versus nerve grafts as guides for regeneration of the sciatic nerve in 35 Wistar rats. Electrophysiological parameters (conduction velocities and distal latencies of motor responses) and the functional index of De Medinacelli were measured several times from 1 month to 1 year after surgery. An histological analysis was performed on 2 control rats and on 3 rats killed 6 or 12 months after surgery: the total number of fibers was counted on a montage photoprint of the whole nerve, and the diameters of axons and the thickness of the myelin sheath were measured on digitized images. With a portion of nerve as guide, the regeneration is faster than with a vein. However, regeneration after 6 months is at least as good with a venous graft filled with Schwann cells, as assessed by electrophysiological, functional, and histological analysis. The addition of Schwann cells in grafted veins allows the nerve to regenerate through longer gaps than previously described (25 vs 15 mm). In order to assess the quality of nerve regeneration, functional, electrophysiological, and histological analysis are complementary. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Alpha-Hederin, a Saponin Extracted from Hedera Helix, on Cells Cultured in Vitro
Danloy, S.; Quetin-Leclercq, J.; Coucke, P. et al

in Planta Medica (1994), 60(1), 45-9

In this work, we have analysed the effects of alpha-hederin, a monodesmosidic triterpenoid saponin isolated from Hedera helix, on mouse B16 melanoma cells and non-cancer mouse 3T3 fibroblasts cultured in ... [more ▼]

In this work, we have analysed the effects of alpha-hederin, a monodesmosidic triterpenoid saponin isolated from Hedera helix, on mouse B16 melanoma cells and non-cancer mouse 3T3 fibroblasts cultured in vitro. Our results indicate that, in a serum-free medium, alpha-hederin is cytotoxic and inhibits proliferation in both cell lines at rather low concentrations (< 5 micrograms/ml) after only 8 hours of treatment. Its cytotoxicity decreases in the presence of serum in which BSA seems to be able to bind the saponin. alpha-Hederin also induces vacuolization of the cytoplasm and membrane alterations leading to cell death. [less ▲]

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See detailStrychnopentamine, a Potential Anticancer Agent
Quetin-Leclercq, J.; Bouzahzah, B.; Pons, A. et al

in Planta Medica (1993), 59(1), 59-62

We analysed the effects of strychnopentamine, an alkaloid isolated from Strychnos usambarensis, on an Ehrlich ascites tumor growing in the mouse after inoculation. Four subcutaneous injections of 1.5 mg ... [more ▼]

We analysed the effects of strychnopentamine, an alkaloid isolated from Strychnos usambarensis, on an Ehrlich ascites tumor growing in the mouse after inoculation. Four subcutaneous injections of 1.5 mg strychnopentamine (1 per day) induce a significant decrease of the number of tumor cells and a significant increase of the survival of the treated mice. Observed side effects are partial haemolysis and some liver damage. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Strychnopentamine on Cells Cultured in Vitro
Quetin-Leclercq, J.; Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg et al

in Chemico-Biological Interactions (1991), 80(2), 203-16

This paper describes the powerful cytotoxic action exerted by strychnopentamine (SP), a dimeric indole alkaloid extracted from Strychnos usambarensis Gilg, on B16 melanoma cells and on non-cancer human ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the powerful cytotoxic action exerted by strychnopentamine (SP), a dimeric indole alkaloid extracted from Strychnos usambarensis Gilg, on B16 melanoma cells and on non-cancer human fibroblasts cultured in vitro. SP strongly inhibits cell proliferation and induces cell death at a relatively low concentration (less than 1 microgram/ml) after 72 h of treatment in the two lines. Incorporation of [3H]thymidine and [3H]leucine by B16 cells significantly decreases after only 1 h of treatment at 0.5 microgram/ml. SP induces the formation of dense lamellar bodies and vacuolization in the cytoplasm, intense blebbing at the cell surface and various cytological alterations leading to cell death. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude complémentaire de la cytotoxicite de la mélinonine F, alcaloide dérive de la beta-carboline
Bassleer, Roger ULg; Marnette, J. M.; Wiliquet, P. et al

in Planta Medica (1983), 49(11), 158-161

The cellular effects of melinonine F, an alkaloid isolated from STRYCHNOS MELINONIANA (South America) and STRYCHNOS USAMBARENSIS (Central Africa), are analysed in cancer or normal cells in culture. A ... [more ▼]

The cellular effects of melinonine F, an alkaloid isolated from STRYCHNOS MELINONIANA (South America) and STRYCHNOS USAMBARENSIS (Central Africa), are analysed in cancer or normal cells in culture. A cytotoxic action is noted in both types of cells, at least for relatively high concentrations. These effects are probably due to interaction of the drug with chromatin. Physico-chemical analysis demonstrates partial intercalation of melinonine F on pure DNA IN VITRO. [less ▲]

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See detailEffets de trois Alcaloides Extraits du Strychnos usambarensis sur des Cellules Cancereuses en Culture
Bassleer, Roger ULg; Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; Massart, B. et al

in Planta Medica (1982), 45(6), 123-6

The cellular effects of three alkaloids isolated from STRYCHNOS USAMBARENSIS (melinonine F, strychnofoline, 18-19-dihydro-usambarine) are analysed by cytological methods in experimental animal tumours ... [more ▼]

The cellular effects of three alkaloids isolated from STRYCHNOS USAMBARENSIS (melinonine F, strychnofoline, 18-19-dihydro-usambarine) are analysed by cytological methods in experimental animal tumours cultivated IN VITRO (B 16 mouse melanoma cells, mouse Ehrlich tumour cells ELT, HW 165 rat hepatoma). Under some experimental conditions, a certain degree of antimitotic activity is demonstrated. [less ▲]

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