References of "Bassleer, C"
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See detailEffects of prodelphinidins isolated from Ribes nigrum on chondrocyte metabolism and COX activity
Garbacki, Nancy ULg; Angenot, Luc ULg; Bassleer, C. et al

in Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology (2002), 365(6), 434-441

Articular diseases. such as osteoarthritis, is the clinical expression of the loss of cartilage function. COX inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of such pathologies for their beneficial effects ... [more ▼]

Articular diseases. such as osteoarthritis, is the clinical expression of the loss of cartilage function. COX inhibitors are widely used in the treatment of such pathologies for their beneficial effects on inflammation but often produce a negative activity on cartilage synthesis. In this study, we determined the effect of different prodelphinidins, the major compounds isolated from Ribes nigrum leaves, on the proteoglycans (PGs), type II collagen (coll. II) and prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2)) production by differentiated human chondrocytes cultivated in long term (12 days) and in clusters as well as their inhibition potential on COX-1 and COX-2 in vitro. Gallocatechin trimer (GC-GC-GC) showed the higher stimulation of PGs and coll. II production (1 mug ml(-1)) and the synthesis of PGE(2) was significantly reduced by gallocatechin dimer (GC-GC), gallocatechin-epigallocatechin (GC-EGC) and GC-GC-GC at 10 and 100 mug ml(-1). The inhibition of PGE(2) synthesis was confirmed by the in vitro test on purified COX enzymes, showing the selectivity of prodelphinidins on COX-2. However, the prodelphinidins had no effects on COX activity in the whole blood assay. Our studies suggest that the prodelphinidins fractions from R. nigrum may be useful as an additive agent in the prevention of osteoarthritis. [less ▲]

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See detailIpriflavone inhibits interleukin-I stimulated neutral metalloprotease synthesis in human chondrocytes cultivated in clusters
Franchimont, P; Bassleer, C; Henrotin, Yves ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (1994), 2(S1), 52

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See detailEffects of ipriflavone and its metabolites on human articular chondrocytes cultivated in clusters
Franchimont, P; Bassleer, C; Henrotin, Yves ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (1994), 2(S1), 51

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See detailEffects of glucosamine on differentiated human chondrocytes cultivated in clusters
Bassleer, C; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Franchimont, P

in Revista Espanola de Reumatologia : Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Reumatologia (1993), 20(S1), 95

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See detailHuman bone cells from abundant matrix in tridimentional culture
Franchimont, N; Bassleer, C; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Calcified Tissue International (1993), 52(S1), 10

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See detailIn Vitro Effects of Etodolac and Acetylsalicylic Acid on Human Chondrocyte Metabolism
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Bassleer, C.; Franchimont, P.

in Agents and Actions (1992), 36(3-4), 317-23

The effects of two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Etodolac (ETO) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), used at pharmacological concentrations, were tested on several metabolic parameters of ... [more ▼]

The effects of two nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), Etodolac (ETO) and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), used at pharmacological concentrations, were tested on several metabolic parameters of human chondrocytes cultivated in three-dimensional culture. The results indicated that proteoglycan synthesis was significantly decreased by ASA treatment, whereas Etodolac did not affect this parameter. Neither ASA nor Etodolac modified type-II collagen production. Both NSAIDs were potent inhibitors of PGE2 production, but Etodolac was more efficient at equimolar concentrations. In contrast, collagenolytic activity was unaffected by Etodolac. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Sodium Naproxen on Differentiated Human Chondrocytes Cultivated in Clusters
Bassleer, C.; Henrotin, Yves ULg; Franchimont, P.

in Clinical Rheumatology (1992), 11(1), 60-5

The effects of different pharmacological concentrations of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) sodium naproxen (NAP) were tested on several metabolic functions of differentiated human ... [more ▼]

The effects of different pharmacological concentrations of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) sodium naproxen (NAP) were tested on several metabolic functions of differentiated human chondrocytes cultivated in clusters and compared with the action of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). DNA synthesis was significantly inhibited by ASA but not by NAP. Proteoglycan production was also markedly decreased by ASA, while synthesis of type II collagen was not modified. By contrast, NAP did not affect these chondroformative processes. Both NSAIDs were potent inhibitors of prostaglandin E2 production. These results indicate that in terms of the parameters tested NAP does not lead to deleterious effects on human articular chondrocytes cultured in vitro. [less ▲]

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See detailRégulation autocrine et paracrine de la production de protéoglycanes cartilagineux
Franchimont, P; Bassleer, C; Henrotin, Yves ULg

in Gaucher, P; Netter, P; Régent, D (Eds.) et al Actualités en physiopathologie et pharmacologie articulaires (1992)

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See detailIn-vitro evaluation of drugs proposed as chondroprotective agents.
Bassleer, C.; Henrotin, Yves ULg; Franchimont, P.

in International Journal of Tissue Reactions (1992), 14(5), 231-41

Three proposed chondroprotective agents (CP), namely glucosamine sulfate (GAS), chondroitin sulfate (CS) and glycosaminoglycan-peptide complex (GP-C), were tested on differentiated human articular ... [more ▼]

Three proposed chondroprotective agents (CP), namely glucosamine sulfate (GAS), chondroitin sulfate (CS) and glycosaminoglycan-peptide complex (GP-C), were tested on differentiated human articular chondrocytes cultured in clusters. Chondrocyte productions of proteoglycans (PG), type II collagen (coll. II) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) were established by specific radioimmunoassays applied to the culture medium (CM) and in chondrocyte clusters (CC). Collagenolytic activity was assayed in CM. DNA synthesis, studied by measuring 3H-thymidine incorporation, was unaffected by CS and GAS. GP-C, at low concentration, stimulated DNA synthesis. GP-C, at higher doses, induced a high increase in PG and coll. II productions. GAS and CS induced a stimulatory effect limited to PG production. None of the CP tested here affected the basal PGE2 production by human chondrocytes. [less ▲]

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See detailIn Vitro Assays of Chondrocyte Functions: The Influence of Drugs and Hormones
Bassleer, C.; Henrotin, Yves ULg; Franchimont, P.

in Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. Supplement (1990), 81

Human articular chondrocytes may be cultured in three dimensions, according to a method already validated. This model allows us to study the repair processes of the cartilage, by measuring the ... [more ▼]

Human articular chondrocytes may be cultured in three dimensions, according to a method already validated. This model allows us to study the repair processes of the cartilage, by measuring the proliferative activity of chondrocytes and the synthesis of two major constituents of matrix: proteoglycans and type II collagen. Some substances are characterised by stimulatory effect on DNA synthesis and no effect or a defective effect on matrix components: this is the case for Epidermal Growth Factor. Others are able to stimulate (hGH) or to depress (acetyl salicylic acid) both chondrocyte proliferation and matrix components synthesis. Finally, some substances called "chondroprotective", such as the glycosaminoglycan-peptide complex, GP-C (Rumalon) stimulate either the proliferative response or the synthesis of proteoglycans and type II collagen, according to the dose. [less ▲]

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See detailRadioimmunoassay for Human Type Ii Collagen
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Bassleer, C.; Collette, Julien ULg et al

in Journal of Immunoassay (1990), 11(4), 555-578

Human articular cartilage type II collagen (h coll.II) was purified and used to develop a radioimmunoassay. The sequential saturation procedure allowed a sensitivity of 3 ng/tube. The intra and between ... [more ▼]

Human articular cartilage type II collagen (h coll.II) was purified and used to develop a radioimmunoassay. The sequential saturation procedure allowed a sensitivity of 3 ng/tube. The intra and between assay coefficients of variation were less than 10 and 20% respectively in the linear part of the curve. The assay was highly specific for native human articular type II collagen. There was no cross-reactivity with other constituents of cartilage: human proteoglycans, fibronectin, laminin and hyaluronic acid did not interfere with the assay. No cross-reactivity existed with bovine collagen types I, III, IV. However, native collagens from human placenta (I, III, IV, V, VI), rat and calf skin type I collagens and bovine type II collagen produced a weak cross-reaction only at high doses. Concerning the latter, inhibition curves were not parallel. Parallelism of inhibition curves were observed for dilution of type II collagen, produced by human chondrocytes in three-dimensional culture. All of these characteristics indicate that radioimmunoassy of type II collagen is a very sensitive and specific method available for the study and quantification of type II collagen in in vitro experimental conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Human and Salmon Calcitonin on Human Articular Chondrocytes Cultivated in Clusters
Franchimont, P.; Bassleer, C.; Henrotin, Yves ULg et al

in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism (The) (1989), 69(2), 259-66

The effects of different pharmacological concentrations (0, 5, 10, 100, and 1000 ng/mL) of synthetic human calcitonin (hCT) and salmon calcitonin (sCT) on the incorporation of [3H]thymidine and production ... [more ▼]

The effects of different pharmacological concentrations (0, 5, 10, 100, and 1000 ng/mL) of synthetic human calcitonin (hCT) and salmon calcitonin (sCT) on the incorporation of [3H]thymidine and production of proteoglycans (PG) and type II collagen (coll II) by human articular chondrocytes during a 20-day period were studied in a tridimensional chondrocyte culture model. [3H]Thymidine uptake was measured in chondrocyte clusters, and specific PG and coll II RIAs were performed every 4 days on the culture medium and cell aggregates; total PG and coll II production were also assessed at different culture durations by adding the amounts found in culture media and their corresponding clusters. Incubation with hCT or sCT did not affect [3H]thymidine uptake regardless of the dose. For each culture period, PG and coll II release into culture medium, cluster content, and total production increased significantly in a dose-dependent manner. Cumulative curves for these parameters showed a progressive significant increase with culture duration at hCT and sCT doses of 0, 5, and 10 ng/mL. Cumulative curves obtained with 10, 100, and 1000 ng/mL were seldom significantly different from one another. No differences emerged between the use of hCT or sCT. Thus, CT exerted no proliferative effect on human articular chondrocytes in tridimensional culture, but displayed a dose-dependent and prolonged stimulatory effect on PG and coll II production. CT may possess chondroprotective properties in addition to its other known effects. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of Etodolac on Human Chondrocytes Cultivated in Three Dimensional Culture
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Bassleer, C.; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Clinical Rheumatology (1989), 8(Suppl 1), 36-42

Human chondrocytes in three-dimensional culture were incubated for up to 20 days in the presence of etodolac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug which penetrates readily into the synovial fluid. Even ... [more ▼]

Human chondrocytes in three-dimensional culture were incubated for up to 20 days in the presence of etodolac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug which penetrates readily into the synovial fluid. Even at an etodolac concentration of 80 micrograms/ml, DNA synthesis, proteoglycan synthesis, and type-II collagen synthesis were unchanged. Collagenase production was also unaffected by etodolac (60 micrograms/ml). In contrast, prostaglandin E2 production was reduced by 84% in the presence of 60 micrograms/ml of etodolac. The 80 micrograms/ml concentration is 5 times that found in the serum of subjects treated with 200 mg of etodolac twice a day for 6 days, and 33 times the concentration in synovial fluid of arthritic patients treated with etodolac 200 mg twice a day for 7 days. These in vitro results indicate that anti-inflammatory levels of etodolac may not damage articular cartilage in vivo. [less ▲]

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See detailEffets de l'Etodolac sur le métabolisme des chondrocytes humains cultivés en agrégats
Bassleer, C; Henrotin, Yves ULg; Baasleer, R et al

in Gaucher, A; Pourel, J; Netter, P (Eds.) et al Actualités en physiopathologie et pharmacologie articulaires (1989)

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See detailHuman chondrocytes in tridimensional culture.
Bassleer, C.; Gysen, Ph; Foidart, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology : Journal of the Tissue Culture Association (1986), 22

Cartilage was taken from the macroscopically normal part of human femoral heads immediately after orthopedic surgical operations for total prothesis consecutive to hip arthrosis. After clostridial ... [more ▼]

Cartilage was taken from the macroscopically normal part of human femoral heads immediately after orthopedic surgical operations for total prothesis consecutive to hip arthrosis. After clostridial collagenase digestion and repeated washings, chondrocytes (10(6) cells) were cultivated in a gyrotory shaker (100 rpm). Under these conditions, cells were kept in suspension and after 3 to 5 d formed a flaky aggregate which, on Day 10, became dense. These chondrocytes were morphologically differentiated: they had a round shape, were situated inside cavities, and were surrounded by a new matrix. Histochemical methods showed the presence of collagen and polysaccharides in cell cytoplasm and in intercellular matrix, and the immunofluorescence method using specific antisera (anticartilage proteoglycans and anti-type II collagen) showed that these two constituents were in intercellular matrix. The measurement of the amounts of proteoglycans (PG) released into culture medium and those present in chondrocyte aggregate (by a specific PG radioimmunoassay) showed a maximum production on Days 3 to 5 of culture, then the production decreased and stabilized (from Day 10 to the end of culture). The observed difference between the amounts of PG in aggregates after 20 d and those after 2 h of culture demonstrated that PG neosynthesis did occur during cultivation. This conclusion was supported by other results obtained by [14C]glucosamine incorporation in chondrocyte aggregates. Moreover, the aggregate fresh weight related to cell number (appreciated by DNA assay) increased significantly with culture duration. Three-dimensional chondrocyte culture represents an interesting model: chondrocytes were differentiated morphologically as well as biosynthetically and synthesized a new cartilage matrix. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effect of IR-helium-neon laser in human chondrocyte cultivated in three dimensions
Bassleer, C; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Dachy, M et al

in Calcified Tissue International (1985), 38(S1), 38

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