References of "Barbier, Valérie"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailTrouble obsessionnel-compulsif (TOC).
Debabeche, Cécile ULg; Muselle, Alice ULg; Servais, Sophie ULg et al

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2009), 5(214), 1659-62

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and disabling psychic illness. Along psychiatric history, several etiological models have been successively hypothesized to explain the obsessive ... [more ▼]

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a frequent and disabling psychic illness. Along psychiatric history, several etiological models have been successively hypothesized to explain the obsessive compulsive symptoms from a psychological, behavioural or biological point of view. This review aims at presenting OCD etiological models as well as describing OCD clinical and therapeutic aspects. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 210 (23 ULg)
Full Text
See detailLes effets de l’anxiété sur l’excitation sexuelle féminine
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Barbier, Valérie

in Réalités en Gynécologie-Obstétrique (2008), 128(2), 25-29

L’excitation sexuelle est une réaction psychophysiologique complexe qui nécessite l’interprétation convergente de stimuli internes et externes. L’anxiété peut exercer des effets tantôt facilitateurs ... [more ▼]

L’excitation sexuelle est une réaction psychophysiologique complexe qui nécessite l’interprétation convergente de stimuli internes et externes. L’anxiété peut exercer des effets tantôt facilitateurs, tantôt inhibiteurs sur ce processus. Dans le premier cas, l’anxiété déclenche une réaction émotionnelle neurovégétative que l’organisme associe à une stimulation érotique concomitante. La réaction sexuelle s’en trouve favorisée : c’est l’effet d’amorce. Cet effet est couramment observé en laboratoire. On pense qu’il est à l’œuvre aussi dans certaines formes de sexualités compulsives ou, plus simplement, chez ces nombreuses femmes qui se disent parfois sexuellement émoustillées par le stress. Dans le second cas, les préoccupations anxieuses mobilisent une telle quantité d’attention qu’elles empiètent sur les ressources cognitives indispensables au traitement des stimuli érotiques. La réaction sexuelle s’en trouve entravée : c’est l’effet d’interférence. Certaines femmes sont plus vulnérables que d’autres à l’effet d’interférence, ce sont généralement des personnes dites érotophobes. Elles se caractérisent par une propension à diriger leur attention vers des schémas de danger lorsqu’elles sont en situation sexuelle et par un risque accru de dysfonctions sexuelles [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailLes apports de la pléthysmographie et de la psychologie cognitive dans la compréhension des relations entre l’anxiété et l’excitation sexuelle
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Barbier, Valérie

in Journal de Thérapie Comportementale et Cognitive (2008), 18

For years, sexual arousal has been considered as incompatible with anxiety. Studies using plethysmographic techniques developed in the last decades have demonstrated that it is not always so. Depending on ... [more ▼]

For years, sexual arousal has been considered as incompatible with anxiety. Studies using plethysmographic techniques developed in the last decades have demonstrated that it is not always so. Depending on experimental conditions, anxiety can exert an inhibitory, neutral or facilitative effect. It’s tempting to establish a link between these observation data and concepts otherwise issued from cognitive psychology. A coherent theory can thus be inferred about the relationship between anxiety and sexual arousal. This theory can be summed up in a few major points: (1) the inhibitory effect of anxiety on sexual function would mainly be due to a cognitive interference phenomenon: the subject focuses on danger cues rather than on erotic stimuli. (2) In this case, the subject’s working memory is saturated by danger-related information, therefore cognitive function available for treating erotic stimuli is diminished and sexual response is impaired. (3) A cognitive-emotional structure called erotophobia could be regarded as a vulnerability factor to cognitive interference. (4) If he cognitive interference mechanism is not activated, anxiety tends to facilitate sexual arousal, (5) by increasing the attention on erotic cues or/and (6) by attributing the physiological correlates of anxiety to an erotic source [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (4 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailL’influence de l’anxiété sur l’excitation sexuelle : Vers une théorie cognitive
Kempeneers, Philippe ULg; Barbier, Valérie

in Sexologies (2008), 17(2), 66-75

For ages, anxiety has been pointed out as the main etiological factor for sexual dysfunction. Since Wolpe, Masters & Johnson and Kaplan, the understanding of the influence of stress on sexual reactions ... [more ▼]

For ages, anxiety has been pointed out as the main etiological factor for sexual dysfunction. Since Wolpe, Masters & Johnson and Kaplan, the understanding of the influence of stress on sexual reactions has greatly evolved. This article retraces the milestones of such an evolution. In two decades, the reciprocal inhibitory theory has been replaced by a theory describing more accurately the complex relationship between anxiety and excitation. The combined development of plethysmography and cognitive psychology has greatly contributed to clarify this relationship. Indeed, the relationship between anxiety and sexual arousal appears more complex than originally recognized. Plethysmography directly measures genital vasocongestion at presentation of erotic stimuli and thus permits an objective assessment of sexual arousal in varied circumstances (erotic, anxiety producing, neutral or distracting). In studies using this paradigm, anxiety appears to have a non linear influence on sexual arousal: sometimes it is inhibitory, other times it is facilitative. Articulating the results obtained using plethysmography with the latest development in cognitive sciences, the following hypothesis came to mind: erotophobia could be considered of factor of vulnerability towards cognitive interference. In a sexual situation, erotophobic subjects focus primarily upon danger related information. This could engender a massive irruption of non erotic cues (non relevant task information) in working memory. Therefore, cognitive function available for sexual arousal would be diminished and sexual activity would be impaired. This hypothesis brings light onto the inhibitory effect of anxiety on sexual arousal among dysfunctional subjects. When this cognitive interference is not present, anxiety rather reinforces sexual arousal: either by increasing the focus of attention towards sexual cues or by misinterpreting the physiological reactions induced by the stressful situation as being sexual in origin. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 121 (6 ULg)