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See detailIdentification by two-dimensional electrophoresis of a new adhesin expressed by a low-passaged strain of Mycoplasma bovis
Thomas, Anne; Leprince, Pierre ULg; Dizier, Isabelle ULg et al

in Research in Microbiology (2005), 156(5-6, Jun-Jul), 713-718

A significant decrease in adherence rates of Mycoplasma bovis to bovine bronchial epithelial (BBE) cells has been observed after passage of the organism in artificial medium. Analysis of the proteins ... [more ▼]

A significant decrease in adherence rates of Mycoplasma bovis to bovine bronchial epithelial (BBE) cells has been observed after passage of the organism in artificial medium. Analysis of the proteins expressed by M. bovis isolate 2610 by two-dimensional (2-D) electrophoresis demonstrated differences between the cells harvested after the 7th and 116th passage. Three silver-stained prominent spots observed in 2-D electrophoretic separation of protein extracts of the lower-passaged cells were considerably less strongly expressed in the sample from higher-passaged cells. These spots had a molecular mass of approximately 24 kDa and an isoelectric point of about 5. The mass spectrometry analysis of these trypsin-sensitive proteins led to their identification as a unique new member of the Vsps family of membrane-associated proteins. Serum from a mouse immunized with these proteins significantly reduced adherence of M. bovis to BBE cells. This result underlines the function of this new Vsp in adherence of M. bovis to host cells. (c) 2005 Elsevier SAS. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detail2F3 Monoclonal Antibody Recognizes the O26 O-Antigen Moiety of the Lipopolysaccharide of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli Strain 4276
Szalo, Ioan Mihai ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Goffaux, Frédéric et al

in Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology (2004), 11(3), 532-537

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) organisms are groups of pathogenic strains whose infections are characterized by a typical lesion of enterocyte attachment and ... [more ▼]

Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) organisms are groups of pathogenic strains whose infections are characterized by a typical lesion of enterocyte attachment and effacement. They are involved in enteric diseases both in humans and in animals, and EHEC strains can be responsible for hemolytic uremic syndrome in humans. Previously, it was shown that the 2F3 monoclonal antibody (MAb) is specific for the O26 EHEC and EPEC strains (P. Kerr, H. Ball, B. China, J. Mainil, D. Finlay, D. Pollock, I. Wilson, and D. Mackie, Clin. Diagn. Lab. Immunol. 6:610–614, 1999). As these groups of bacteria play an important role in pathology, the aim of this paper was to characterize the antigen recognized by the 2F3 MAb and its genetic determinant. A genomic locus containing the entire O-antigen gene cluster and half of the colanic acid gene cluster from an O26 EHEC strain was shown to be sufficient for the production of the antigen recognized by the 2F3 MAb in an E. coli DH5 strain. By transposon mutagenesis performed on the recombinant plasmid, all 2F3 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay-negative mutants had their transposons inserted into the O-antigen gene cluster. The O-antigen gene cluster was also cloned from an O26 EHEC strain into the E. coli DH5 strain, which then produced a positive result with the 2F3 MAb. Further analysis of the type of lipopolysaccharides (smooth or rough) produced by the clones and mutants and of the O antigen of the 2F3-positive clones confirmed that the epitope recognized by the 2F3 MAb is located on the O antigen in the O26 EHEC and EPEC strains and that its genetic determinant is located inside the O-antigen gene cluster. [less ▲]

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See detailPresence in bovine enteropathogenic (EPEC) and enterohaemorrhagic (EHEC) Escherichia coli of genes encoding for putative adhesins of human EHEC strains
Szalo, Ioan Mihai ULg; Goffaux, Frédéric; Pirson, Vinciane et al

in Research in Microbiology (2002), 153(10), 653-658

Enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EPEC and EHEC) infections are characterised by the formation of attaching and effacing lesions on intestinal epithelial cells. The first step of ... [more ▼]

Enteropathogenic and enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EPEC and EHEC) infections are characterised by the formation of attaching and effacing lesions on intestinal epithelial cells. The first step of EPEC and EHEC pathogenesis involves the initial adherence of the bacterium to the intestinal epithelium. A collection of bovine EPEC and EHEC strains belonging to different serogroups was tested by colony blot hybridization with gene probes for putative adhesins (BFPA, LPFA, IHA, LIFA) of human EPEC and EHEC, and also for fimbrial and afimbrial adhesins (AFA8, F17, Cs31A) of bovine necrotoxigenic E. coli (NTEC). In the bovine EPEC and EHEC strains tested, sequences homologous to lifA, ihA, and lpfA genes were detected, sometimes in association with particular serogroups. Bovine O26 EPEC also possessed a sequence homologous to a gene of the clp operon, coding for the CS31A adhesin, associated with bovine NTEC. Overall results showed that different genes encoding for putative adhesins of human EHEC strains are present in bovine EPEC and EHEC strains, but not one of them is present in all strains. [less ▲]

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