References of "Bagnulo, S"
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See detailHigh-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of hot subdwarfs
Petit, P.; Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Bagnulo, S. et al

in Leaflet - Astronomical Society of the Pacific (2012, March 01), 452

We report on high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of the hot subdwarf stars HD 76431 and Feige 66, using the ESPaDOnS echelle spectropolarimeter at CFHT. We compute cross-correlation Stokes I ... [more ▼]

We report on high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of the hot subdwarf stars HD 76431 and Feige 66, using the ESPaDOnS echelle spectropolarimeter at CFHT. We compute cross-correlation Stokes I and V line profiles to enhance the signal-to-noise ratio. We then average all available cross-correlation profiles of each star to further decrease the noise level. Although both targets were previously reported to host kilo-gauss magnetic fields, we do not derive any evidence of large-scale photospheric fields from our sets of observations, in spite of tight error bars on the longitudinal field of the order of 60 gauss for HD 76431 and 200 gauss for Feige 66. A new analysis of FORS1 observations of HD 76431, which provided the basis for the original claim of field detection, confirms the absence of any detectable Zeeman signature, with an error bar of about 100 gauss on the longitudinal magnetic field. [less ▲]

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See detailThe spectral variability and magnetic field characteristics of the Of?p star HD 148937
Wade, G. A.; Grunhut, J.; Gräfener, G. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2012), 419

We report magnetic and spectroscopic observations and modelling of the Of?p star HD 148937 within the context of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) Large Program at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope ... [more ▼]

We report magnetic and spectroscopic observations and modelling of the Of?p star HD 148937 within the context of the Magnetism in Massive Stars (MiMeS) Large Program at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. 32 high signal-to-noise ratio circularly polarized (Stokes V) spectra and 13 unpolarized (Stokes I) spectra of HD 148937 were acquired in 2009 and 2010. A definite detection of a Stokes V Zeeman signature is obtained in the grand mean of all observations [in both least-squares deconvolved (LSD) mean profiles and individual spectral lines]. The longitudinal magnetic field inferred from the Stokes V LSD profiles is consistently negative, in contrast to the essentially zero field strength measured from the diagnostic null profiles. A period search of new and archival equivalent width measurements confirms the previously reported 7.03 d variability period. The variation of equivalent widths is not strictly periodic: we present evidence for evolution of the amount or distribution of circumstellar plasma. Interpreting the 7.03 d period as the stellar rotational period within the context of the oblique rotator paradigm, we have phased the equivalent widths and longitudinal field measurements. The longitudinal field measurements show a weak sinusoidal variation of constant sign, with extrema out of phase with the Hα variation by about 0.25 cycles. From our constraint on v sin i≤ 45 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP], we infer that the rotational axis inclination i≤ 30°. Modelling the longitudinal field phase variation directly, we obtain the magnetic obliquity β= 38[SUP]+17[/SUP][SUB]-28[/SUB]° and dipole polar intensity B[SUB]d[/SUB]= 1020[SUP]-380[/SUP][SUB]+310[/SUB] G. Simple modelling of the Hα equivalent width variation supports the derived geometry. The inferred magnetic configuration confirms the suggestion of Nazé et al., who proposed that the weaker variability of HD 148937 as compared to other members of this class is a consequence of the stellar geometry. Based on the derived magnetic properties and published wind characteristics, we find a wind magnetic confinement parameter η[SUB]*[/SUB]≃ 20 and rotation parameter W= 0.12, supporting a picture in which the Hα emission and other line variability have their origin in an oblique, rigidly rotating magnetospheric structure resulting from a magnetically channelled wind. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly-type stars observed in the ESO UVES Paranal Observatory Project - III. Sub-parsec and au-scale structure in the interstellar medium
Smoker, J. V.; Bagnulo, S.; Cabanac, R. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2011), 414

UVES interstellar observations from the Paranal Observatory Project are presented for early-type stars located in the line of sight to the nearby open clusters IC 2391 (Omni Vel) and NGC 6475 (M7), with ... [more ▼]

UVES interstellar observations from the Paranal Observatory Project are presented for early-type stars located in the line of sight to the nearby open clusters IC 2391 (Omni Vel) and NGC 6475 (M7), with spectroscopic resolution R˜ 80 000 and signal-to-noise ratios in the Ti II (3383 Å), Ca II K, CH[SUP]+[/SUP] (4232 Å), Na I D and K I (7698 Å) lines of several hundred. The sightlines are a mixture of cluster and non-cluster objects. A total of 22 early-type stars (A and B type) are present in our sample towards IC 2391, with 21 towards NGC 6475/M7, and enable us to probe for differences in column density on scales from ˜0.07 to 7.3 and ˜0.05 to 4.9 pc in the respective clusters. Additionally, towards Praesepe the Na I D interstellar variation only is probed towards 13 sightlines and transverse scales of ˜0.16-10.7 pc at R= 70 000. Towards IC 2391 variations are found in Ti II, Ca II K and Na I D column density in different sightlines of up to 0.7, 1.0 and 1.8 dex (excluding one star), respectively. This kind of variability correlates well with the Hipparcos parallax of the objects, and probes structure within the Local Bubble. For cluster-only objects the variations are 0.3, 0.3 and 0.5 dex, respectively. For the field of view towards NGC 6475 the corresponding maximum variations are somewhat smaller, being 0.5, 0.3, 0.8 and 1.0 dex for Ti II, Ca II K, Na I and K I, respectively, for all objects and 0.4, 0.2, 0.6 and 0.7 dex for the cluster-only objects. These are uncorrelated with parallax, and again demonstrate that Ca II K tends to be more smoothly distributed than Na I D. A few likely cluster sightlines show evidence for CH[SUP]+[/SUP] and variations in this molecular species of a factor of 10 in equivalent width over sub-pc scales. Towards Praesepe variation in interstellar Na I D is small, being a maximum of only ˜0.4 dex (including measurement errors), but with fewer sightlines studied. Overall, the scatter in the data is similar for the singly ionized species Ti II and Ca II, lending more support to the hypothesis that these two species sample similar parts of the interstellar medium (ISM). This also appears to be the case for the neutral species Na I D and K I in the one cluster studied. Finally, multiple-epoch observations from a variety of archive sources are used to search for astronomical unit (au) scale structure in the ISM towards 46 sightlines. There are tentative indications of structure on scales of tens to thousands of au for three sightlines. Future observations will confirm the veracity or otherwise of the time-variable components and others presented. Based on observations taken at UT2, Kueyen, Cerro Paranal, Chile, ESO DDT programme 265.D-5655(A), UVES Paranal Observatory Project and using FEROS on the ESO 2.2-m telescope, La Silla, Chile, programme ID 078.C-0493(A), the Observatoire de Haute Provence, France, the Pic du Midi telescope, France and the AAO archive. [less ▲]

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See detailThe rapid rotation and complex magnetic field geometry of Vega
Petit, Pascal; Lignières, F.; Wade, G. A. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2010), 523

Context. The recent discovery of a weak surface magnetic field on the normal intermediate-mass star Vega raises the question of the origin of this magnetism in a class of stars that was not previously ... [more ▼]

Context. The recent discovery of a weak surface magnetic field on the normal intermediate-mass star Vega raises the question of the origin of this magnetism in a class of stars that was not previously known to host detectable magnetic fields. <br />Aims: We aim to confirm the field detection reported by Lignières et al. (2009, A&A, 500, L41) and provide additional observational constraints about the field characteristics, by modelling the large-scale magnetic geometry of the star and by investigating a possible seasonal variability of the reconstructed field topology. <br />Methods: We analyse a total of 799 high-resolution circularly-polarized spectra collected with the NARVAL and ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeters during 2008 and 2009. Using about 1100 spectral lines, we employ a cross-correlation procedure to compute, from each spectrum, a mean polarized line profile with a signal-to-noise ratio of about 20 000. The technique of Zeeman-Doppler Imaging is then used to determine the rotation period of the star and reconstruct the large-scale magnetic geometry of Vega at two different epochs. <br />Results: We confirm the detection of circularly polarized signatures in the mean line profiles. The signal shows up in four independent data sets acquired with both NARVAL and ESPaDOnS. The amplitude of the polarized signatures is larger when spectral lines of higher magnetic sensitivity are selected for the analysis, as expected for a signal of magnetic origin. The short-term evolution of polarized signatures is consistent with a rotational period of 0.732 ± 0.008 d. The reconstruction of the magnetic topology unveils a magnetic region of radial field orientation, closely concentrated around the rotation pole. This polar feature is accompanied by a small number of magnetic patches at lower latitudes. No significant variability in the field structure is observed over a time span of one year. <br />Conclusions: The repeated observational evidence that Vega possesses a weak photospheric magnetic field strongly suggests that a previously unknown type of magnetic stars exists in the intermediate-mass domain. Vega may well be the first confirmed member of a much larger, as yet unexplored, class of weakly-magnetic stars now investigatable with the current generation of stellar spectropolarimeters. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamical Modeling of the Deep Impact Dust Ejecta Cloud
Bonev, T.; Ageorges, N.; Bagnulo, S. et al

in Käufl, H. U.; Sterken, C. (Eds.) Deep Impact as a World Observatory Event: Synergies in Space, Time, and Wavelength (2009)

The collision of Deep Impact with comet 9P/Tempel 1 generated a bright cloud of dust which dissipated during several days after the impact. The brightness variations of this cloud and the changes of its ... [more ▼]

The collision of Deep Impact with comet 9P/Tempel 1 generated a bright cloud of dust which dissipated during several days after the impact. The brightness variations of this cloud and the changes of its position and shape are governed by the physical properties of the dust grains. We use a Monte Carlo model to describe the evolution of the post-impact dust plume. The results of our dynamical simulations are compared to the data obtained with FORS2footnote{FORS stands for \underline{FO}cal Reducer and low dispersion Spectrograph for the Very Large Telescope (VLT) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO).} to derive the particle size distribution and the total amount of material contained in the dust ejecta cloud. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Dusty View of DI from ESO Chile
Boehnhardt, H.; Ageorges, N.; Bagnulo, S. et al

in Käufk, H. U.; Sterken, C. (Eds.) Deep Impact as a World Observatory Event: Synergies in Space, Time, and Wavelength (2009)

Around the time of the impact of NASA's Deep Impact (DI) mission at comet 9P/Tempel 1, in total 6 telescopes with altogether 7 different instruments, located at the La Silla (LSO) and Paranal (VLT ... [more ▼]

Around the time of the impact of NASA's Deep Impact (DI) mission at comet 9P/Tempel 1, in total 6 telescopes with altogether 7 different instruments, located at the La Silla (LSO) and Paranal (VLT) Observatories of the European Southern Observatory (ESO) in Chile, were used to characterize the dust properties before and after the event. The ejecta cloud expanded at an average speed of about 200 ms[SUP]-1[/SUP]during the first hours after the event. It reached stagnation distance of 25000 km about 3 days after impact. The pre-impact dust jet and fan activity (`porcupine' pattern) remained undisturbed after impact. In our measurements the jet activity can be traced to a few 100 km nucleus distance. In total 9 comastructures are identified which may originate from at least 4 regions of enhanced dust emission on the nucleus - one of this region may in fact be multiple. No obvious signatures of a new active region created by DI are found. The overall dust production during the impact compares to about 5-10 h of normal activity. The global expansion geometry of the DI cloud is compatible with a majority of dust grains in the micron size range. Indications exist for asymmetric brightness and colour distributions of the dust in the ejecta cloud. The dust temperature rose from about 280-290 K before to 330 K one day after the event and fell to pre-impact level the day thereafter. The dust reflected sunlight was found to be linearly polarized at about 7.5% in the visible and near-IR, at constant level within about 4000 km from the nucleus. No circular polarization of the dust is detected. [less ▲]

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See detailIOT Overview: Optical Multi-Object Spectrographs
Schmidtobreick, L.; Bagnulo, S.; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Kaufer, A. (Ed.) The 2007 ESO Instrument Calibration Workshop (2008)

We give an introduction to the several instruments that ESO operates and which are able to perform optical multi-object spectroscopy. We point out the standard ways of reducing these spectra, the problems ... [more ▼]

We give an introduction to the several instruments that ESO operates and which are able to perform optical multi-object spectroscopy. We point out the standard ways of reducing these spectra, the problems that occur, and the way we deal with them. A short introduction is given on how the quality control is performed. [less ▲]

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See detailSmall Scale Structure in the ISM towards IC 2391 and NGC 6475
Smoker, J. V.; Hunter, I.; Keenan, F. P. et al

in Haverkorn, M.; Goss, M. (Eds.) SINS - Small Ionized and Neutral Structures in the Diffuse Interstellar Medium (2007, July 01)

We describe UVES spectroscopic observations towards early-type stars located in the nearby open clusters IC 2391 (D=175 pc) and NGC 6475/M 7 (D=301 pc), with resolution ˜80,000 and S/N ratio per pixel of ... [more ▼]

We describe UVES spectroscopic observations towards early-type stars located in the nearby open clusters IC 2391 (D=175 pc) and NGC 6475/M 7 (D=301 pc), with resolution ˜80,000 and S/N ratio per pixel of ˜140 to ˜360. The aim is to investigate the small-scale structure variations within parts of the local ISM and determine how they are dependent on element and ionisation stage observed, thus providing information on cloud parameters such as structure and sizes. The data used are taken from on-line versions of the Paranal Observatory Project (POP: http://www.eso.org/uvespop). A total of 25 early-type stars (A and B-type) are present in our sample towards IC 2391 with 23 towards NGC 6475/M 7, and enable us to probe differences in column densities on scales from ˜0.07--7.3-pc and ˜0.05---4.9-pc (in the respective clusters) for the optical transitions detected (Ti II (3383Å), Ca II (3933Å), Na I (5889, 5895Å) and K I (7698Å)). Towards NGC 6475 the Ca II column density is found to be constant to ˜0.15 dex over scales of ˜0.4--4-pc. A much greater scatter in the measurements for Na I D is observed with differences of up to ˜0.45 dex in sightlines separated by ˜4 pc. In the future work we will perform the same analysis for Ti II and K I towards both clusters. [less ▲]

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See detailAbundance analysis of 5 early-type stars in the young open cluster IC 2391
Stütz, Ch; Bagnulo, S.; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2006), 451

Aims.It is unclear whether chemically peculiar stars of the upper main sequence represent a class completely distinct from normal A-type stars, or whether there exists a continuous transition from the ... [more ▼]

Aims.It is unclear whether chemically peculiar stars of the upper main sequence represent a class completely distinct from normal A-type stars, or whether there exists a continuous transition from the normal to the most peculiar late F- to early B-type stars. A systematic abundance analysis of open cluster early-type stars would help to relate the observed differences of the chemical abundances of the photospheres to other stellar characteristics, without being concerned by possible different original chemical composition. Furthermore, if a continuous transition region from the very peculiar to the so called normal A-F stars exists, it should be possible to detect objects with mild peculiarities.<BR /> Methods: .As a first step of a larger project, an abundance analysis of 5 F-A type stars in the young cluster IC 2391 was performed using high resolution spectra obtained with the UVES instrument of the ESO VLT.<BR /> Results: .Our targets seem to follow a general abundance pattern: close to solar abundance of the light elements and iron peak elements, heavy elements are slightly overabundant with respect to the sun, similar to what was found in previous studies of normal field A-type stars of the galactic plane. We detected a weakly chemically peculiar star, HD 74044. Its element pattern contains characteristics of CP1 as well as CP2 stars, enhanced abundances of iron peak elements and also higher abundances of Sc, Y, Ba and Ce. We did not detect a magnetic field in this star (detection limit was 2 kG). We also studied the star SHJM 2, proposed as a pre-main sequence object in previous works. Using spectroscopy we found a high surface gravity, which suggests that the star is very close to the ZAMS.<BR /> [less ▲]

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See detailEarly-type stars observed in the ESO UVES Paranal Observatory Project - I. Interstellar NaI UV, TiII and CaII K observations*
Hunter, I.; Smoker, J. V.; Keenan, F. P. et al

in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2006), 367

We present an analysis of interstellar NaI (λ[SUB]air[/SUB]= 3302.37 and 3302.98 Å), TiII(λ[SUB]air[/SUB]= 3383.76 Å) and CaII K (λ[SUB]air[/SUB]= 3933.66 Å) absorption features for 74 sightlines towards ... [more ▼]

We present an analysis of interstellar NaI (λ[SUB]air[/SUB]= 3302.37 and 3302.98 Å), TiII(λ[SUB]air[/SUB]= 3383.76 Å) and CaII K (λ[SUB]air[/SUB]= 3933.66 Å) absorption features for 74 sightlines towards O- and B-type stars in the Galactic disc. The data were obtained from the Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph Paranal Observatory Project, at a spectral resolution of 3.75 km s[SUP]-1[/SUP] and with mean signal-to-noise ratios per pixel of 260, 300 and 430 for the NaI, TiII and CaII observations, respectively. Interstellar features were detected in all but one of the TiII sightlines and all of the CaII sightlines. The dependence of the column density of these three species with distance, height relative to the Galactic plane, HI column density, reddening and depletion relative to the solar abundance has been investigated. We also examine the accuracy of using the NaI column density as an indicator of that for HI. In general, we find similar strong correlations for both Ti and Ca, and weaker correlations for Na. Our results confirm the general belief that Ti and Ca occur in the same regions of the interstellar medium (ISM) and also that the TiII/CaII ratio is constant over all parameters. We hence conclude that the absorption properties of Ti and Ca are essentially constant under the general ISM conditions of the Galactic disc. [less ▲]

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See detailObservations of Comet 73P/SW3 close to its closest approach to the Earth.
Tozzi, G. P.; Bagnulo, S.; Boehnhardt, H. et al

in European Planetary Science Congress 2006 (2006)

In May 2006 comet 73P/SW3 passed at less than 0.1 AU from Earth providing us an unique opportunity for high spatial resolution study of its coma. This event was expected to be particularly interesting ... [more ▼]

In May 2006 comet 73P/SW3 passed at less than 0.1 AU from Earth providing us an unique opportunity for high spatial resolution study of its coma. This event was expected to be particularly interesting because the comet had broken apart in 3-4 fragments in 1996. The 2006 apparition has been even more interesting because the fragments produced in 1996, when approaching the Sun, were continuously breaking apart. This process resulted in many small sub-fragments and in the injection in the coma of fresh material, coming from the interior of the nuclei, giving the possibility to study this uncontaminated material. The breaking fragments have been observed at ESO in the visible and near-IR with the aim of analyzing this fresh solid component of the coma in search of possible presence of organic solids. In the presentation we will report preliminary results of this campaign. [less ▲]

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See detailPolarimetric Standard Stars Observed with FORS1 at ESO-VLT
Mason, E.; Bagnulo, S.; Szeifert, T. et al

in ASP Conference Series (2005, December 01), 343

A Paranal Observatory project aims to analyze all the polarimetric standard stars in use at FORS1 to both check they have a constant polarization signal and measure the instrumental polarization ... [more ▼]

A Paranal Observatory project aims to analyze all the polarimetric standard stars in use at FORS1 to both check they have a constant polarization signal and measure the instrumental polarization. Preliminary results for 3 standards in the FORS1 calibration plans are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailDeep Impact: Observations from a Worldwide Earth-Based Campaign
Meech, K. J.; Ageorges, N.; A'Hearn, M. F. et al

in Science (2005), 310

On 4 July 2005, many observatories around the world and in space observed the collision of Deep Impact with comet 9P/Tempel 1 or its aftermath. This was an unprecedented coordinated observational campaign ... [more ▼]

On 4 July 2005, many observatories around the world and in space observed the collision of Deep Impact with comet 9P/Tempel 1 or its aftermath. This was an unprecedented coordinated observational campaign. These data show that (i) there was new material after impact that was compositionally different from that seen before impact; (ii) the ratio of dust mass to gas mass in the ejecta was much larger than before impact; (iii) the new activity did not last more than a few days, and by 9 July the comet's behavior was indistinguishable from its pre-impact behavior; and (iv) there were interesting transient phenomena that may be correlated with cratering physics. [less ▲]

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See detailThe UVES Paranal Observatory Project: a public library of high resolution stellar spectra
Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Bagnulo, S.; Melo, C. et al

in Hill, V. (Ed.) From Lithium to Uranium: Elemental Tracers of Early Cosmic Evolution (2005)

The UVES Paranal Observatory Project (POP), is an ESO public database of about 400 stars whose high quality spectra were obtained with UVES, the high resolution spectrometer of the VLT. All stars were ... [more ▼]

The UVES Paranal Observatory Project (POP), is an ESO public database of about 400 stars whose high quality spectra were obtained with UVES, the high resolution spectrometer of the VLT. All stars were observed with two instrument modes, in order to cover almost completely the optical region (300-1000 nm). The resolving power is about 80000, and for most of the spectra, the typical S/N ratio is 300-500 in the V band. Program stars fall into two groups, stars belonging to open clusters IC2391 and NGC6475, and bright field stars. For field stars, the only selection criterion applied was to cover the largest possible variety of spectral types in the HR diagram, including peculiar objects, e.g., Ap and Bp stars, Wolf-Rayet stars, Be stars, carbon stars and metal poor stars. The spectra have been reduced, coadded and merged and various products can be downloaded from a public area. For each star the final spectrum may be displayed through a dedicated user-friendly Spectral Preview Interface. The database is accessible at http://www.eso.org/uvespop [less ▲]

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See detailThe UVES Paranal Observatory Project: A Library of High- Resolution Spectra of Stars across the Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram
Bagnulo, S.; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Ledoux, C. et al

in The Messenger (2003), 114

We present the UVES Paranal Observatory Project, consisting of acquisition, reduction, and public release of high-resolution, large wavelength coverage, and high signal-to-noise ratio stellar spectra ... [more ▼]

We present the UVES Paranal Observatory Project, consisting of acquisition, reduction, and public release of high-resolution, large wavelength coverage, and high signal-to-noise ratio stellar spectra obtained with the UVES instrument of the ESO Very Large Telescope. Data for about 400 stars across the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram have been taken and reduced by members of the Paranal Science Operations Team and made publicly available through a WEB interface at www.eso.org/uvespop. [less ▲]

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