References of "Andre, Philippe"
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See detailNumerical simulation and performance assessment of an absorption solar air-conditioning system coupled with an office building
Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg

in Building Simulation: An International Journal (2012), 5(3), 243-255

To minimize environmental impact and CO2 production associated with air-conditioning, it is reasonable to evaluate the prospects of a clean energy source. Solar energy, via thermal collectors can provide ... [more ▼]

To minimize environmental impact and CO2 production associated with air-conditioning, it is reasonable to evaluate the prospects of a clean energy source. Solar energy, via thermal collectors can provide a part of the heating needs. Moreover, it can drive absorption chiller in order to satisfy the cooling needs of buildings. The objective of the work is to evaluate accurately the energy consumption of an air-conditioning system including a solar driven absorption chiller. The complete simulation environment includes the absorption chiller itself, the cooling tower, the solar collectors field, heater, storage devices, pumps, heating-cooling distribution, emission system and building. A decrease of primary energy consumption of 22% for heating and cooling is reached when using a solar air-conditioning system instead of classical heating and cooling devices. The modelling of each subsystem is detailed. TRNSYS software modular approach provides the possibility to model and simulate this complete system. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling of solar thermo-chemical system for energy storage in buildings
Skrylnyk, Alexandre; Courbon, Emilie; Frère, Marc et al

in Proceedings of Innostock 2012 - The 12th International Conference on Energy Storage - 16th to 18 th May 2012 (2012, May)

The goal of this paper is the demonstration of the methodological design principles within theoretical modelling of thermal heat storage apparatus and simulation of inter-seasonal heat storage system. The ... [more ▼]

The goal of this paper is the demonstration of the methodological design principles within theoretical modelling of thermal heat storage apparatus and simulation of inter-seasonal heat storage system. The designing procedure starts from the modelling of thermal plant behaviour, based on the simplifications in the basic hypothesis. Afterwards, a more detailed modelling, involving dynamic aspects and additional features of plant components, is presented. The accomplishment of the designing procedure follows by the optimisation of key parameters of the thermal storage plant. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimentation and Simulation of a Small-Scale Adsorption Cooling System in Temperate Climate
Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Hennaut, Samuel ULg; Maas, Stefan et al

in Energy Procedia (2012), 30

This paper focuses on the analysis of the operation of a solar cooling system based upon an adsorption chiller. The air-conditioned building studied is a laboratory located in a temperate climate region ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the analysis of the operation of a solar cooling system based upon an adsorption chiller. The air-conditioned building studied is a laboratory located in a temperate climate region (Belgium). The monitoring reveals thermal and electrical coefficient of performance (COP) of the cooling system for different time scale (10s to 1 month). The whole system including solar collectors, adsorption machine, recooling unit and hot storage is simulated. The models are then confronted to the measurements. Measurement period is shared between 2011 and 2012. Enhancements have been achieved during winter 2011 to have a more efficient system operation. The aim of this experimental work is to describe, for both measurement periods, the influence of operating conditions on the energy efficiency (thermal behavior and electrical consumption). On the simulation point of view, the main objective is to find accurate models for all the components. The adsorption chiller model is not yet precise enough to evaluate the performance of solar cooling in other conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance assessment of a small-scale adsorption chiller integrated to an already existing solar heating system
Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg; Maas, Stefan

in Proceedings of 4th International Conference Solar Air-Conditioning (2011, October 12)

In the context of the solar air-conditioning systems analysis, it is crucial to assess system performance by experimentations in real-time conditions. In this way, it is possible to calculate the energy ... [more ▼]

In the context of the solar air-conditioning systems analysis, it is crucial to assess system performance by experimentations in real-time conditions. In this way, it is possible to calculate the energy savings to minimize environmental impact and CO2 production induced by the operation of such a system in buildings operation. It is proposed to measure the thermal behaviour and the energy performance of a smallscale solar air-conditioning system used to cool a laboratory building in the South of Belgium. The experimental system is recently installed and fully instrumented for both thermal and electrical COP computation. Results of two months operation and data analysis are presented in this work. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamic simulation of residential buildings with seasonal sorption storage of solar energy - parametric analysis
Hennaut, Samuel ULg; Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Davin, Elisabeth ULg et al

in ISES solar world congress 2011 - Proceedings (2011, August 28)

This work focuses on the evaluation of the performances of a solar combisystem coupled to seasonal thermochemical storage using SrBr2/H20 as adsorbent/adsorbate couple. The objective is to determine the ... [more ▼]

This work focuses on the evaluation of the performances of a solar combisystem coupled to seasonal thermochemical storage using SrBr2/H20 as adsorbent/adsorbate couple. The objective is to determine the characteristics required for solar system and storage reactor to reach a 100 % solar fraction for a building with a low heating load. The complete system, including the storage reactor, is simulated, using the dynamic simulation software TRNSYS. The influence of some components and parameters of the system is estimated: weather, collectors and storage reactor parameters. [less ▲]

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See detailPré-dimensionnement par simulations dynamiques d’un réacteur de stockage thermochimique assurant l’autonomie d’un système solaire combiné.
Hennaut, Samuel ULg; Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg et al

in Congrès Français de Thermique 2011 - Energie Solaire et Thermique - Perpignan - 24-27 Mai 2011 (2011, May 24)

Etude du stockage de l’énergie solaire thermique sous forme thermochimique comme moyen d’assurer l’autonomie thermique d’une habitation basse énergie. La surface de capteurs nécessaire et les ... [more ▼]

Etude du stockage de l’énergie solaire thermique sous forme thermochimique comme moyen d’assurer l’autonomie thermique d’une habitation basse énergie. La surface de capteurs nécessaire et les caractéristiques du stockage sont étudiées par simulation dynamique (TRNSYS), de manière générale et pour des couples adsorbant/adsorbat particuliers (CaCl2/H2O et Charbon actif/Méthanol). Un système solaire combiné avec 14,4 m² de capteurs plans et un stockage thermochimique de 12,35 m³ de CaCl2 permet d’assurer l’autonomie thermique d’une habitation « basse énergie » située en Belgique et une grande part de la production d’eau chaude sanitaire (ECS). [less ▲]

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See detailModel validation of a dynamic embedded water base surface heat emitting system for buildings.
Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg; Franck, Pierre-Yves

in Building Simulation: An International Journal (2011), 4

A numerical model is developed to assess the static and dynamic operations of a new kind of floor heat emitter. Surface floor heating systems are widely used to achieve better comfort conditions in ... [more ▼]

A numerical model is developed to assess the static and dynamic operations of a new kind of floor heat emitter. Surface floor heating systems are widely used to achieve better comfort conditions in residential and tertiary building sector. Classical floor heating systems have a low thermal response while the emitting device studied in this paper is highly reactive. It allows comfort enhancement and energy savings. A finite element method based software COMSOL Multiphysics is applied to solve the heat equation. This work focuses on the thermal behaviour of the emitter itself, but does not include a building model. A test bench has been built for this application to verify the numerical model. Both computational and experimental results demonstrate the benefits of this new heating and cooling device. [less ▲]

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See detailProcédure simple pour estimer les capacités de stockage de chaleur des systèmes solide/gaz : Application au stockage d’énergie solaire dans les bâtiments
Courbon, Emilie; Skrylnyk, Alexandre; Hennaut, Samuel ULg et al

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés (2011), 101

The development of an autonomous solar heating system for individual houses using inter seasonal thermo-chemical storage assuring all the needs of heat and hot water relies on the appropriate choice of ... [more ▼]

The development of an autonomous solar heating system for individual houses using inter seasonal thermo-chemical storage assuring all the needs of heat and hot water relies on the appropriate choice of the sorbent/vapour pair. The selection of the working pair is of primary importance and the selection procedure rarely takes into account all the parameters of the global system (like solar collectors, heat distribution system, thermal needs of the building). We propose a selection procedure in three successive steps, the first one is only based on thermodynamic data (pressure and temperature conditions), the second one includes heat and mass balances on the storage for a one-year period and the third one simulates the global system including the thermal needs of the building. This procedure highlights several promising working pairs which offer thermal energy densities higher than 300 kWh/m³ of reactor, but also allows the optimization of the storage system parameters: for example a 12 m³ reactor filled with CaCl2 coupled to a 14m² surface area solar collector offers an energy density of nearly 200 kWh/m³ of reactor whereas the activated carbon/methanol pair reaches only 60 kWh/m³ of reactor with a 40m³ volume reactor and 13m² surface area solar collector. [less ▲]

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See detailIEA Annex 48: Reversible Air-Conditioning
Andre, Philippe ULg; Lebrun, Jean ULg

Report (2011)

Rapport de synthèse du projet IEA Annex 48: Reversible Air-conditioning

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See detailNumerical simulation and performance assessment of an absorption solar air-conditioning system coupled with an office building
Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg

Conference (2010, December)

To minimize environmental impact and CO2 production associated with air-conditioning, it is reasonable to evaluate the prospects of a clean energy source. Solar energy, via thermal collectors can provide ... [more ▼]

To minimize environmental impact and CO2 production associated with air-conditioning, it is reasonable to evaluate the prospects of a clean energy source. Solar energy, via thermal collectors can provide a part of the heating needs. Moreover, it can drive absorption chiller in order to satisfy the cooling needs of buildings. The objective of the work is to evaluate accurately the energy consumption of an air conditioning system including a solar driven absorption chiller. The complete simulation environment includes the absorption chiller itself, the cooling tower, the solar collectors field, heater, storage devices, pumps, heating-cooling distribution, emission system and building. The modelling of each subsystem is detailed. TRNSYS software modular approach provides the possibility to model and simulate this complete system. [less ▲]

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See detailCombination of experimental and simulated small scale solar air-conditioning system
Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Hennaut, Samuel ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg

in EUROSUN 2010, International conference on solar heating, cooling and buildings, 28 September - 1 October 2010, Graz, Austria (2010, October 01)

It is now clearly assumed that solar assisted air conditioning is able to decrease CO2 production of building operation. One way to evaluate the energy savings potential is the simulation of ... [more ▼]

It is now clearly assumed that solar assisted air conditioning is able to decrease CO2 production of building operation. One way to evaluate the energy savings potential is the simulation of airconditioning systems. On the other hand, it is also crucial to assess system performance by experimentations. The operation of a solar cooling system in its real environment is considered here. The objective is to evaluate if sun radiation in our region (Western Europe – Belgium) in summer 2009 is enough for feeding an adsorption chiller, in other words to find experimentally the solar fraction of a solar air-conditioning system in our region. Residential application suits with equipment available in our laboratory. A combination of experimentation and simulation is used because of the lack of sorption chiller in our laboratory facilities. Hot loops are measured while cold and rejection loops are simulated. Thirty-one days were measured; energy flows analysis on the whole period reveals a theoretical solar fraction of nearly 100% but a real solar fraction of 31%. Issues related to the test implementation are emphasized and explained in this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation of a building and its HVAC system with an equation solver: Application to audit
Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg; Lemort, Vincent ULg

in Building Simulationa: An international Journal (2010), 3(2), 139-152

A series of building energy simulation tools are being developed to help the building energy auditor in establishing his diagnosis (including benchmarking and detailed analysis of actual energy ... [more ▼]

A series of building energy simulation tools are being developed to help the building energy auditor in establishing his diagnosis (including benchmarking and detailed analysis of actual energy consumption) and in evaluating the selected Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs). A first simulation tool, dedicated to benchmarking, has been presented in a previous paper. The present paper focuses on the second simulation tool, dedicated to inspection and evaluation of ECMs. This Building-HVAC System global model includes simplified models of building zones and of HVAC equipment. Only a limited number of easily identifiable parameters are required. The simplicity of the models and the use of an equation solver to run the simulation ensure good robustness and full transparency. The development, the implementation and the application of these models are discussed. Focus is also given to the calibration of the tools to monthly utility bills. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental study and modelling of cooling ceiling systems using steady-state analysis.
Fonseca, N.; Lebrun, J.; Andre, Philippe ULg

in International Journal of Refrigeration (2010), 33

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See detailDevelopment of an Evidence-Based Calibration Methodology Dedicated to Energy Audit of Office Buildings. Part 2: Application to a typical office building in Belgium
Andre, Philippe ULg; Fabry, Bertrand ULg; Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 10th REHVA World Congress - Clima 2010 (2010, May)

The development of specific tools for the audit of air-conditioning systems is described in a companion paper. These developments are carried out in the frame of the HarmonAC project launched in 2007 in ... [more ▼]

The development of specific tools for the audit of air-conditioning systems is described in a companion paper. These developments are carried out in the frame of the HarmonAC project launched in 2007 in order to assist the implementation of the EPBD, article 9. The development of these tools was continously supported by the application to case studies. This paper reports on the application of the tools within an audit procedure applied to a typical office building in Belgium, which is in operation for more than 20 years. The first step of the work consisted in analyzing the current performance of the building which proved to point out a number of problems in the operation of the building. As it is not rarely the case for running office buildings, these problems were due to a lack of commissioning and a progressive decrease of the performances due to a poor management. Application of the first stage “Benchmark” tool to this building led to a very high discrepancy between the measured consumptions and the calculated ones. This appeared mainly for the electricity consumption but also for the gas consumption. Calibration of the simulation tool, mainly by representing more exactly the management of the building and the real internal gains improved the accuracy of the calculations to a large extent. After calibration of the building and HVAC model, the application of a second tool (SimAudit) allowed to evaluate the savings obtained by the implementation of a number of Energy Conservation Opportunities (ECOs). In this case, the dominant ECOs were in relation with the operation of the building: change of schedules, modification of setpoints; implementation of free-cooling strategies; provision of heat recovery and move to reversibility of the chillers. Reasonable estimates of the savings can be obtained following the calibration/simulation process. The paper will highlight some of the most relevant ECOs and provide an order of magnitude for the savings in this kind of building and in a mild climate. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation Based Assessment of Heat Pumping Potential in Non-Residential Buildings – Part 1: Modeling
Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg; Stabat, Pascal; Soccal, Benjamin et al

in Proceedings of the 10th REHVA World Congress - Clima 2010 (2010, May)

1 Introduction A solution to reduce the energy consumption in office and health care buildings consist in better exploiting the potential of the heat pump technology. This can be done by recovering heat ... [more ▼]

1 Introduction A solution to reduce the energy consumption in office and health care buildings consist in better exploiting the potential of the heat pump technology. This can be done by recovering heat at the condenser when the chiller is used to produce cold (simultaneous heating and cooling demands) or by using the chiller in heat pump mode (non-simultaneous heating and cooling demands). Both strategies appear particularly feasible when cooling and heating needs and the heat pump technology are, at least partly, present in the building, which is often the case in the tertiary sector. The analysis of these reversibility and recovery potentials is one of the subjects of the IEA-ECBCS Annex 48 project. 2 Simulation tools A package of simulation tools is developed in order to assess the energy and environmental performances and costs of such solutions. A first tool allows a quick estimation of the potential of recovery and reversibility options, starting with limited information and using a limited amount of parameters. It consists in simulating the considered building and its secondary HVAC system in order to generate hourly values of heating and cooling system loads and to compute theoretical reversibility and recovery potentials. This first simulation run can be performed by mean of a calibrated building energy simulation tool (Trnsys, Energyplus…). Hourly values of heating and cooling loads of a given building can also be obtained through in-situ measurements. A second tool allows to simulate the behavior of the heat pump plant and to compute its performances using the previously computed heating and cooling load profiles as inputs. The considered heat pump configuration is then compared to a classical HVAC primary system (composed of a boiler and a chiller) in terms of primary energy consumption, CO2 emissions and costs. In this first paper, the development of such models and their implementation in an equation-based solver are described. The considered heat pump configurations are presented and the models of the main components (heat pump, boiler, thermal storage system, cooling tower and ground heat exchanger) are described. Five general configurations are considered: (1) reversible air-to-water heat pump, (2) exhaust air heat pump, (3) dual condenser heat pump, (4) water loop systems and (5) ground coupled heat pump. The modeling hypotheses, the control algorithms and the connection of these models into global heat pump systems simulation models are discussed. Finally, it is shown how simple equation-based simulation models can be connected to allow quick and robust assessment of the potential of complex heat pump systems. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation Based Assessment of Heat Pumping Potential in Non-Residential Buildings – Part 2: Parametric Study
Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg; Stabat, Pascal; Gendebien, Samuel ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 10th REHVA World Congress - Clima 2010 (2010, May)

This paper is the second one in a series of three papers presenting the assessment methodology of heat pump systems developed in the frame of the IEA-ECBCS Annex 48 project. A package of simulation tools ... [more ▼]

This paper is the second one in a series of three papers presenting the assessment methodology of heat pump systems developed in the frame of the IEA-ECBCS Annex 48 project. A package of simulation tools is developed in order to assess the energy and environmental performances and costs of various reversibility and heat recovery solutions dedicated to space heating and cooling. This paper presents the results of an extended parametric study aiming in assessing the potential of the considered heat pump systems in the European building stock. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation Based Assessment of Heat Pumping Potential in Non-Residential Buildings – Part 3: Application to a typical office building in Belgium
Fabry, Bertrand ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg; Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 10th REHVA World Congress - Clima 2010 (2010, May)

The purpose of this paper is to describe the application of the tools presented in a companion paper [1] to a typical office building located in the Walloon Region of Belgium. This building is a mid-size ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to describe the application of the tools presented in a companion paper [1] to a typical office building located in the Walloon Region of Belgium. This building is a mid-size (7000 m² on seven floors) office building constructed in the eighties and equipped with a classical HVAC solution: boiler and air-cooled chiller; all-air VAV system. An energy audit was conducted in this building and featured a number of management problems. Among the Energy Conservation Opportunities considered to improve the energy performance of the building, the move to a heat pump solution was considered. The identification of energy savings potential offered by the implementation of heat pumping strategies confirmed what was already shown by the parametric analysis: in temperate climates, reversibility offers a by far higher potential than condenser heat recovery given the dominant non simultaneity of the yearly heating and cooling demands profiles. Calculations show that theoretically half of the heating demand could be satisfied by the reversibility of the chiller to run in heat pumping mode. In a second step, a number of practical implementations of heat pumping solutions were evaluated by means of another software tool: reversible air/water HP, exhaust air HP, double condenser and water loop heat pump systems. These solutions are compared to the reference existing situation (boiler + chiller working independently) in terms of energy, CO2 emissions and cost on a 20 years life-cycle basis. Calculations show that the air/water reversible chiller solution offers the most important energy savings and CO2 reduction while staying at a reasonable level concerning the additional cost. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of an Evidence-Based Calibration Methodology Dedicated to Energy Audit of Office Buildings. Part 1: Methodology and Modeling.
Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of the 10th REHVA World Congress - Clima 2010 (2010, May)

1 Introduction To promote improvements in the HVAC installations of existing buildings, the article 9 of the EPBD directive establishes mandatory audits and inspections of air-conditioning systems. The ... [more ▼]

1 Introduction To promote improvements in the HVAC installations of existing buildings, the article 9 of the EPBD directive establishes mandatory audits and inspections of air-conditioning systems. The development of auditing tools and procedures and the training of future auditors are the main objectives of the HARMONAC project launched in 2007. Four audit stages are generally distinguished: benchmarking, inspection, detailed audit and investment grade audit. Answering the questions encountered along the audit process requires some diagnosis, which has to be established on the basis of the very scarce information currently available: technical data contained in as-built files actually available and, generally, very global recordings of energy consumptions. A dynamic hourly building energy simulation (BES) model is being developed in the frame of the HARMONAC project to help the auditor in establishing his diagnosis despite of the lack of data. Two simulation tools dedicated to assist the auditor are developed on the basis of this equation-based BES model: - The first tool is dedicated to a preliminary benchmarking of the installation. - The second tool is used from inspection stage to evaluation of selected energy conservation measures (ECMs). 2 Simulation-based audit methodology The first step of the audit methodology consists in gathering the as-built and utility data, applying a first treatment and analysis method to this data and using the BES model to perform benchmarking. For this benchmarking targeted work, the actual building is coupled to a typical HVAC system whose performances are defined according to EPBD standards. If the benchmarking indicates that potential energy savings should be studied in the building, the calibration-based audit procedure is launched. In the second step, the BES model is integrated in an iterative evidence-based calibration method adapted to audit purposes. The calibration starts directly at the beginning of the inspection, before realizing any additional measurement. This calibration process includes sensitivity and measurement issues, in order to help the auditor identifying critical points and understanding the building operation. Graphical and statistical methods are used in order to quantify and evaluate if the calibrated baseline model satisfies the predefined tolerances. Finally, the calibrated baseline model can be used to evaluate ECMs and savings uncertainty. The development and the implementation of the BES model are presented in this paper. The mains issues of the proposed calibration-based audit methodology are discussed. An example of application of the whole methodology (from benchmarking to evaluation of ECMs) is presented in a companion paper. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de la filière industrielle des énergirs renouvelables
Scheuren, Claude; Andre, Philippe ULg; Germani, David et al

Report (2010)

Rapport final du projet Firewal2, réalisé en collaboration avec l'asbl Energy Factor 4

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See detailOptimization of dynamic embedded, Water based surface heat (and cold) emitting system for buildings.
Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Franck, Pierre-Yves ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg

Conference (2009, October)

This paper presents the heat flow model and the experimental test bench developed to optimize a new kind of heating floor. In the first part of the text is described the new kind of high reactivity ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the heat flow model and the experimental test bench developed to optimize a new kind of heating floor. In the first part of the text is described the new kind of high reactivity emitting device for building heating and cooling. A second part illustrates the numerical model developed to evaluate the device efficiency. Finally experimental test bench implementation and results are presented. Both computational and experimental results support the use of colder water in comparison to other heating devices. This implies energy savings for building heating. [less ▲]

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