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See detailActivational effects of estradiol and dihydrotestosterone on social recognition and the arginine-vasopressin immunoreactive system in male mice lacking a functional aromatase gene.
Pierman, S.; Sica, M.; Allieri, F. et al

in Hormones and Behavior (2008), 54(1), 98-106

In rodents, parts of the arginine-vasopressin (AVP) neuronal system are sexually dimorphic with males having more AVP-immunoreactive cells/fibers than females. This neuropeptide neuronal system is highly ... [more ▼]

In rodents, parts of the arginine-vasopressin (AVP) neuronal system are sexually dimorphic with males having more AVP-immunoreactive cells/fibers than females. This neuropeptide neuronal system is highly sensitive to steroids and has been proposed to play an important role in the processing of olfactory cues critical to the establishment of a social memory. We demonstrate here that gonadally intact male aromatase knockout (ArKO) mice, which cannot aromatize androgens into estrogens due to a targeted mutation in the aromatase gene, showed severe deficits in social recognition as well as a reduced AVP-immunoreactivity in several brain regions. To determine whether this reduction is due to a lack of organizational or activational effects of estrogens, we assessed social recognition abilities and AVP-immunoreactivity in male ArKO and wild-type (WT) mice when treated with estradiol benzoate (EB) in association with dihydrotestosterone propionate (DHTP) in adulthood. Adult treatment with EB and DHTP restored social recognition abilities in castrated ArKO males since they showed normal female-oriented ultrasonic vocalizations and were able to recognize an unfamiliar female using a habituation-dishabituation paradigm. Furthermore, adult treatment also restored AVP-immunoreactivity in the lateral septum of ArKO males to levels observed in intact WT males. These results suggest that social recognition in adulthood and stimulation of AVP expression in the adult mouse forebrain depend predominantly on the estrogenic metabolite of testosterone. Furthermore, our results are in line with the idea that the organization of the AVP system may depend on androgen or sex chromosomes rather than estrogens. [less ▲]

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See detailActivational effects of estradiol on the arginine-vasopressin immunoreactive system in the forebrain of male mice
Allieri, F.; Sica, M.; Bakker, Julie ULg et al

in Hormones & Behavior (2004, June), 46(1), 84

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See detailChanges in the arginine-vasopressin immunoreactive systems in male mice lacking a functional aromatase gene
Plumari, L.; Viglietti-Panzica, C.; Allieri, F. et al

in Journal of Neuroendocrinology (2002), 14(12), 971-978

In male rodents, the arginine-vasopressin-immunoreactive (AVP-ir) neurones of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and medial amygdala are controlled by plasma testosterone levels (decreased ... [more ▼]

In male rodents, the arginine-vasopressin-immunoreactive (AVP-ir) neurones of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) and medial amygdala are controlled by plasma testosterone levels (decreased after castration and restored by exogenous testosterone). AVP transcription in these nuclei is increased in adulthood by a synergistic action of the androgenic and oestrogenic metabolites of testosterone and, accordingly, androgen and oestrogen receptors are present in both BNST and medial amygdala. We used knockout mice lacking a functional aromatase enzyme (ArKO) to investigate the effects of a chronic depletion of oestrogens on the sexually dimorphic AVP system. Wild-type (WT) and ArKO male mice were perfused 48 h after an i.c.v. colchicine injection and brain sections were then processed for AVP immunocytochemistry. A prominent decrease (but not a complete suppression) of AVP-ir structures was observed in the BNST and medial amygdala of ArKO mice by comparison with the WT. Similarly, AVP-ir fibres were reduced in the lateral septum of ArKO mice and but not in the medial preoptic area, a region where the AVP system is not sexually dimorphic in rats. No change was detected in the supraoptic and suprachiasmatic nuclei. However, a decrease in AVP-ir cell numbers was however, detected in one subregion of the paraventricular nucleus. These data support the hypothesis that the steroid-sensitive sexually dimorphic AVP system of the mouse forebrain is mainly under the control of aromatized metabolites of testosterone. [less ▲]

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