References of "Wathelet, Bernard"
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See detailDietary fibre components and pectin chemical features of peels during ripening in banana and plantain varieties.
Happi Emaga, Thomas ULg; Robert, Christelle; Ronkart, Sébastien ULg et al

in Bioresource Technology (2008), 99(10), 4346-4354

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See detailThe alternative food path or the very little diversified diet hypothesis, chapter 5.3
Malaisse, François ULg; Lognay, Georges ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

in Big Bone Disease - A multidisciplinary approach of Kashin-Beck disease in Tibet Autonomous Region (P.R. China) (2008)

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See detailProtinet - chapter 5.4
Malaisse, François ULg; Mathieu, Françoise; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Big Bone Disease - A multidisciplinary approach of Kashin-Beck disease in Tibet Autonomous Region (P.R. China) (2008)

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See detailChangements texturaux et biochimiques des fruits du bananier au cours de la maturation. Leur influence sur la preservation de la qualite du fruit et la maitrise de la maturation.
Happi Emaga, Thomas; Wathelet, Bernard ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2008), 12(1), 89-98

The best conservation of the initial quality of the banana trees fruits after harvest requires a full understanding of their process of maturation and senescence. Maturation is an irreversible phenomenon ... [more ▼]

The best conservation of the initial quality of the banana trees fruits after harvest requires a full understanding of their process of maturation and senescence. Maturation is an irreversible phenomenon, highly coordinated, genetically programmed and involving a series of physiological, biochemical and organoleptic changes. Textural softening during ripening leads to adverse effects and spoilage upon storage. This process is influenced by ethylene, carbon dioxide, temperature and oxygen. The major classes of cell wall polysaccharides that undergo modifications during ripening are starch, pectins, cellulose and hemicelluloses. These modifications are allotted to the action of enzymes. [less ▲]

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See detailProtein And Amino Acid Profiles Of Tunisian Deglet Nour And Allig Date Palm Fruit Seeds
Bouaziz, Mohamed; Besbes, Souhail; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

in Fruits (2008), 63(1),

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See detailAnalyse des lipides polaires de la MFGM par SPE et HPLC-ELSD
Bodson, P.; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailSynthèse de nouveaux surfactants dérivés des acides D-glucuronique et D-galacturonique.
Laurent, Pascal ULg; Richel, Aurore ULg; Richard, Gaetan ULg et al

Poster (2008)

A l'heure actuelle, le bioraffinage se présente de plus en plus comme une alternative prometteuse aux filières pétrochimiques puisqu'il vise à la fois le remplacement d'une partie du pétrole comme source ... [more ▼]

A l'heure actuelle, le bioraffinage se présente de plus en plus comme une alternative prometteuse aux filières pétrochimiques puisqu'il vise à la fois le remplacement d'une partie du pétrole comme source d'énergie et le développement de produits chimiques issus de la biomasse (végétale principalement) tels que détergents, produits phytopharmaceutiques, dissolvants, matières plastiques, etc. La valorisation de carbohydrates provenant de matières premières renouvelables [1] fait ainsi actuellement l'objet de nombreuses recherches. Dans ce cadre, la synthèse de nouveaux tensioactifs non ioniques dérivés des acides Dglucuronique et D-galacturonique a été effectuée de manière chimique et/ou enzymatique. [less ▲]

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See detailMutualisme pucerons-fourmis : étude des bénéfices retirés par les colonies d’Aphis fabae en milieu extérieur
Verheggen, François ULg; Detrain, Claire; Diez, Lise et al

Conference (2008)

Aphid-Ant relationships are common examples of mutualism. Aphids are indeed submitted to predation and therefore require protection, while ants are continuously looking for new sugar sources. The present ... [more ▼]

Aphid-Ant relationships are common examples of mutualism. Aphids are indeed submitted to predation and therefore require protection, while ants are continuously looking for new sugar sources. The present work aimed to study the benefits that a mutualistic relationship with Lasius niger (Hymenoptera : Formicidae) could bring to the black bean aphid Aphis fabae (Homoptera, Aphididae). Several parameters were observed in the field, on broad bean plants infested with an initial amount of 100 A. fabae and in presence or not of a L. niger colony. More aphids were observed on plants being visited by ants as well as a higher proportion of winged individuals. One explanation is that fewer predators were observed on plants being visited by ants, demonstrating their protective role. However, the number of parasitized aphids was not reduced in presence of L. niger. On the other hand, fewer different aphid species were present on plants foraged by ants, what suggests that they could exert a predation on unattended aphids. Our observations do not allow to conclude on any impact of L. niger on the fitness of the aphid host plant, although fewer exuvia and honeydew spots were observed when they were present. All these results confirm that L. niger increase the fitness of A. fabae colonies mainly by decreasing the number of predators and by reducing competition from aphid species unattended by ants. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect Of Variety And Harvest Date On Pectin Extracted From Chicory Roots (Cichorium Intybus L.)
Robert, Christelle; Happi Emaga, Thomas; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

in Food Chemistry (2008), 108(3),

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See detailComposition And Physicochemical Extracted From Whole Seeds By Acid Properties Of Locust Bean Gum Or Water Dehulling Pre-Treatment
Dakia, Patrick; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Robert, Chiristelle et al

in Food Hydrocolloids (2008), 22(5),

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See detailAphid-ant mutualism: How do aphids focus ant foraging?
Verheggen, François ULg; Detrain, Claire; Diez, Lise et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailOrnicorrugatin, A New Siderophore From Pseudomonas Fluorescens Af76
Matthijs, S.; Budzikiewicz, H.; Schafer, M. et al

in Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. C, Journal of Biosciences (2008), 63(1-2),

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See detailAphid – ant mutualism : How do aphids focus ant foraging ?
Verheggen, François ULg; Diez, Lise; Detrain, Claire et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailThe source of fermentable carbohydrates influences the in vitro protein synthesis by colonic bacteria isolated from pigs
Bindelle, Jérôme ULg; Buldgen, André; Wavreille, José et al

in Animal (2007), 1(8), 1126-1133

Two in vitro experiments were carried out to quantify the incorporation of nitrogen (N) by pig colonic bacteria during the fermentation of dietary fibre, including non-starch polysaccharides and resistant ... [more ▼]

Two in vitro experiments were carried out to quantify the incorporation of nitrogen (N) by pig colonic bacteria during the fermentation of dietary fibre, including non-starch polysaccharides and resistant starch. In the first experiment, five purified carbohydrates were used: starch (S), cellulose (C), inulin (I), pectin (P) and xylan (X). In the second experiment, three pepsin–pancreatin hydrolysed ingredients were investigated: potato, sugar-beet pulp and wheat bran. The substrates were incubated in an inoculum, prepared from fresh faeces of sows and a buffer solution providing 15N-labelled NH4Cl. Gas production was monitored. Bacterial N incorporation (BNI) was estimated by measuring the incorporation of 15N in the solid residue at halftime to asymptotic gas production (T/2). The remaining substrate was analysed for sugar content. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) were determined in the liquid phase. In the first experiment, the fermentation kinetics differed between the substrates. P, S and I showed higher rates of degradation (P,0.001), while X and C showed a longer lag time and T/2. The sugar disappearance reached 0.91, 0.90, 0.81, 0.56 and 0.46, respectively, for P, I, S, C and X. Among them, S and I fixed more N per gram substrate (P,0.05) than C, X and P (22.9 and 23.2mg fixed N per gram fermented substrate v. 11.3, 12.3 and 9.8, respectively). Production of SCFA was the highest for the substrates with low N fixation: 562 and 565 mg/g fermented substrate for X and C v. 290 to 451 for P, I and S (P,0.01). In the second experiment, potato and sugar-beet pulp fermented more rapidly than wheat bran (P,0.001). Substrate disappearance at T/2 varied from 0.17 to 0.50. BNI were 18.3, 17.0 and 10.2 fixed N per gram fermented substrate, for sugar-beet pulp, potato and wheat bran, respectively, but were not statistically different. SCFA productions were the highest with wheat bran (913mg/g fermented substrate) followed by sugar-beet pulp (641) and potato (556) (P,0.05). The differences in N uptake by intestinal bacteria are linked to the partitioning of the substrate energy content between bacterial growth and SCFA production. This partitioning varies according to the rate of fermentation and the chemical composition of the substrate, as shown by the regression equation linking BNI to T/2 and SCFA (r250.91, P,0.01) and the correlation between BNI and insoluble dietary fibre (r520.77, P,0.05) when pectin was discarded from the database. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of alcohol precipitation and membrane filtration effects on sugar beet pulp pectin chemical features and surface properties
Yapo, B. M.; Wathelet, Bernard ULg; Paquot, Michel ULg

in Food Hydrocolloids (2007), 21(2), 245-255

Two different procedures, alcohol precipitation with washing (APW) and a 10 kD MWCO membrane ultrafiltration with diafiltration (UF-DF), for pectin recovering and purification from crude aqueous extracts ... [more ▼]

Two different procedures, alcohol precipitation with washing (APW) and a 10 kD MWCO membrane ultrafiltration with diafiltration (UF-DF), for pectin recovering and purification from crude aqueous extracts were investigated. The results showed that the yield, purity, chemical, and physicochemical features of isolated pectins depended upon the type of procedure used. The APW technique gave a higher pectin yield, and the isolated pectin contained more neutral sugars, more proteins, and more ash but less galacturonic acids than the 10 kD membrane UF-DF one. The weight-average molar mass of the APP was lower and its emulsifying properties slightly better than those of the UFPR10. Molar mass distribution of APP or UFPR10 showed two distinct pectin fractions peaks, which were separated in high-MW and low-MW pectin fractions using a 50kD MWCO membrane. The high-MW fractions exhibited poor emulsifying and emulsion stabilizing abilities whereas the low-MW fractions displayed a much higher emulsifying ability than the initial pectin fractions. Therefore, it was inferred that the ability of beet pectin to be an effective emulsifier and/or emulsion stabilizer was greatly dependent on its weight-average molar mass. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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