References of "Vandersmissen, Jan"
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See detailDe rol van de aardrijkskunde in de koloniale wetenschappen.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Bulletin des Séances de l’Académie Royale des Sciences d’Outre-Mer = Mededelingen der Zittingen van de Koninklijke Academie voor Overzeese Wetenschappen (2010), 56(2), 105-120

In this lecture various aspects of geography as an “imperial science” in the 19th century are discussed, especially with regard to the Belgian colonial history of that period. We follow geography’s ... [more ▼]

In this lecture various aspects of geography as an “imperial science” in the 19th century are discussed, especially with regard to the Belgian colonial history of that period. We follow geography’s development from von Humboldt’s time, when the exploration of the world still had to lead towards a better comprehension of all physical phenomena in “Cosmos”, up to the first decades of Belgian presence in Congo, when geography was on the forefront of a highly utilitarian and materialistic exploration. This transition can be seen in all sorts of institutions. While science academies in the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century still gave instructions to travelers in order to systematize exploration as an instrument of science, specialized geographical societies in the second half of the 19th century developed a discourse of economic expansionism that expressed itself in exploratory missions with a political and economical agenda. The Belgian geographical movement was a world where colonial ideas could grow, and where the geographical societies of Antwerp and Brussels became propaganda instruments in the service of King Leopold’s African enterprise. Although geography marched ahead in the process of knowledge transfer, the encounter with reality on the field ended in a confrontation with geography’s limitations. Other scientific disciplines such as medicine, botany and geology got more and more involved in the colonial enterprise. [less ▲]

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See detailKoningen van de wereld. De aardrijkskundige beweging en de ontwikkeling van de koloniale doctrine van Leopold II.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Revue Belge d'Histoire Contemporaine = Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Nieuwste Geschiedenis (2010), (4), 645-655

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See detailIntroductie tot de archieven van de Belgische koloniale geschiedenis
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

Learning material (2010)

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See detailLes voyages faits ‘par Ordre du Roy’
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Saule, B.; Arminjon, C. (Eds.) La science et les curiosités à la cour de Versailles (2010)

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See detailAcademies of Science in 18th-Century Europe and the Application of Scientific Methods on Exploration. A Comparative Study.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

Conference (2009, August 01)

In the 18th century, exploration witnesses a growing tendency towards a systemization of the observation and registration of scientific data overseas. Explorers come under the influence of scientists who ... [more ▼]

In the 18th century, exploration witnesses a growing tendency towards a systemization of the observation and registration of scientific data overseas. Explorers come under the influence of scientists who want to intervene in the practice of scientific travelling by formulating specific guidelines for field investigation. These scientists themselves are subject of the growing demand of central state governments for verified knowledge on the utility of new discoveries in the field of geography and natural history. Exploration enters a new phase in its development and becomes the instrument of a utilitarian state directed scientific policy. Each of the imperial powers of Europe has an Academy of science or a learned society that plays a crucial role in this development. Nonetheless, we witness some remarkable differences in approach between these nations and hence between these learned societies. In this paper I make a comparative analysis of the instruction texts addressed to explorers by the Academies of science of 18th-century Europe, from the Parisian Académie royale des Sciences to the Royal Society of London and the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg. [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle de la géographie dans les sciences coloniales
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

Scientific conference (2009, May 19)

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See detailKoningen van de wereld. Leopold II en de aardrijkskundige beweging.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

Book published by Acco (2009)

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See detailLéopold II et sa doctrine coloniale: du duc de Brabant à 1885
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Dujardin, Vincent; Rosoux, Valérie; de Wilde d'Estmael, Tanguy (Eds.) et al Léopold II. Entre génie et gêne. politique étrangère et colonisation. (2009)

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See detailLeopold II en zijn koloniale doctrine: van de hertog van Brabant tot 1885.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Dujardin, Vincent; Planche, Stéphanie; Plasman, Pierre-Luc (Eds.) et al Leopold II, ongegeneerd genie? Buitenlandse politiek en kolonisatie. (2009)

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See detailCharles-Xavier Sainctelette, de eerste Société belge de Géographie en de opkomst van het expansionisme in België (1869-1873).
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Belgeo - Revue belge de géographie (2008), 9(1), 5-25

This contribution deals with a first attempt to create a geographical society in Belgium in the years between 1869 and 1873. At first sight there is nothing extraordinary about it. Indeed, in the second ... [more ▼]

This contribution deals with a first attempt to create a geographical society in Belgium in the years between 1869 and 1873. At first sight there is nothing extraordinary about it. Indeed, in the second half of the 19th century plenty of similar societies were founded all over Europe. What makes this society remarkable is the economic and utilitarian approach of the man who is considered to be the founder of this first Belgian Society, Charles-Xavier Sainctelette. In his view geography was an instrument for the promotion of the expansion of Belgian commerce and industry. This study combines history of science with the general economic history of Belgium and with the history of Belgian activities oversea. It reflects on the origins and program of the society in relation to the leading schools of French and German geography. Elements of this history have to do with the development of the port of Antwerp, the industry of Wallonia and the colonial dream of king Leopold II. [less ▲]

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See detailCent ans d’instrumentalisation de Léopold II, symbole controversé de la présence belge en Afrique centrale.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Jahan, S.; Ruscio, A. (Eds.) Histoire de la colonisation: falsifications et instrumentalisations. (2007)

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See detailAbraham Ortelius vereeuwigd. Fantomen van kunstzinnig patriottisme en geografie te Antwerpen op het einde van negentiende eeuw.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Daelemans, Frank; Duvosquel, Jean-Marie; Halleux, Robert (Eds.) et al Mélanges offerts à Hossam Elkhadem par ses amis et ses élèves. (2007)

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See detailNew Insights in the History of the First International Congress of Geography (Antwerp, 1871).
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

Conference (2004, August)

The internationalisation of geography gained its full strength after World War I. But this phenomenon originated in the third quarter of the nineteenth century, encouraged by the public attention for ... [more ▼]

The internationalisation of geography gained its full strength after World War I. But this phenomenon originated in the third quarter of the nineteenth century, encouraged by the public attention for exploration, the gradual professionalisation of geography at universities, and the organisation of international congresses. The first congres of this type was organised in Antwerp, Belgium, in 1871. The meeting set standards for all other pre-War international congresses of geography. In this contribution we give new insights in the realization of the Antwerp Congress. We focuss on the initiators Charles Ruelens, Jan-Hubert Van Raemdonck and Pierre Génard, their motives for action, the challenges and difficulties they found on their way. We discuss the collaboration between the Belgian organising committee and the European geographical societies, in particular the “Société de Géographie de Paris”. We discover how the first programme was drawn up en give a detailed image of the participants, paying attention to their origins and fields of interests. Finally we show the results of their debates and try to evaluate the lasting results of the encounter. This paper is based on the recently discovered archives of the first Congress in the City Archives of Antwerp. [less ▲]

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See detailEmile Adan en de introductie van reisinstructies voor de Belgische wetenschappelijke exploratie in Midden-Afrika.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique = Archief en Bibliotheekwezen in Belgie (2003), 74(1-4), 205-217

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See detailL’exploration scientifique.
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

in Halleux, Robert; Vandersmissen, Jan; Despy-Meyer, Andrée (Eds.) et al Histoire des sciences en Belgique 1815-2000 (2001)

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