Academies of Science in 18th-Century Europe and the Application of Scientific Methods on Exploration. A Comparative Study.
Conference (2009, August 01)
In the 18th century, exploration witnesses a growing tendency towards a systemization of the observation and registration of scientific data overseas. Explorers come under the influence of scientists who ... [more ▼]
In the 18th century, exploration witnesses a growing tendency towards a systemization of the observation and registration of scientific data overseas. Explorers come under the influence of scientists who want to intervene in the practice of scientific travelling by formulating specific guidelines for field investigation. These scientists themselves are subject of the growing demand of central state governments for verified knowledge on the utility of new discoveries in the field of geography and natural history. Exploration enters a new phase in its development and becomes the instrument of a utilitarian state directed scientific policy. Each of the imperial powers of Europe has an Academy of science or a learned society that plays a crucial role in this development. Nonetheless, we witness some remarkable differences in approach between these nations and hence between these learned societies. In this paper I make a comparative analysis of the instruction texts addressed to explorers by the Academies of science of 18th-century Europe, from the Parisian Académie royale des Sciences to the Royal Society of London and the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg)
Le rôle de la géographie dans les sciences coloniales
Scientific conference (2009, May 19)Detailed reference viewed: 4 (3 ULg)
Koningen van de wereld. Leopold II en de aardrijkskundige beweging.
Book published by Acco (2009)Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 ULg)
Léopold II et sa doctrine coloniale: du duc de Brabant à 1885
in Dujardin, Vincent; Rosoux, Valérie; de Wilde d'Estmael, Tanguy (Eds.) et al Léopold II. Entre génie et gêne. politique étrangère et colonisation. (2009)Detailed reference viewed: 48 (4 ULg)
Leopold II en zijn koloniale doctrine: van de hertog van Brabant tot 1885.
in Dujardin, Vincent; Planche, Stéphanie; Plasman, Pierre-Luc (Eds.) et al Leopold II, ongegeneerd genie? Buitenlandse politiek en kolonisatie. (2009)Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
M. Poncelet, L’invention des sciences coloniales belges, Paris, Éditions Karthala, 2008, 420 p.
in Studium (2009), 2(4), 238-239Detailed reference viewed: 31 (8 ULg)
R. Mantels, Geleerd in de tropen. Leuven, Congo & de wetenschap, 1885-1960, Leuven, Universitaire Pers Leuven, 2007, 351 p.
in Studium (2009), 2(1), 40-41Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Koningen van de wereld. De aardrijkskundige beweging en de ontwikkeling van de koloniale doctrine van Leopold II.
Doctoral thesis (2008)Detailed reference viewed: 52 (2 ULg)
Charles-Xavier Sainctelette, de eerste Société belge de Géographie en de opkomst van het expansionisme in België (1869-1873).
in Belgeo - Revue belge de géographie (2008), 9(1), 5-25
This contribution deals with a first attempt to create a geographical society in Belgium in the years between 1869 and 1873. At first sight there is nothing extraordinary about it. Indeed, in the second ... [more ▼]
This contribution deals with a first attempt to create a geographical society in Belgium in the years between 1869 and 1873. At first sight there is nothing extraordinary about it. Indeed, in the second half of the 19th century plenty of similar societies were founded all over Europe. What makes this society remarkable is the economic and utilitarian approach of the man who is considered to be the founder of this first Belgian Society, Charles-Xavier Sainctelette. In his view geography was an instrument for the promotion of the expansion of Belgian commerce and industry. This study combines history of science with the general economic history of Belgium and with the history of Belgian activities oversea. It reflects on the origins and program of the society in relation to the leading schools of French and German geography. Elements of this history have to do with the development of the port of Antwerp, the industry of Wallonia and the colonial dream of king Leopold II. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 43 (1 ULg)
Cent ans d’instrumentalisation de Léopold II, symbole controversé de la présence belge en Afrique centrale.
in Jahan, S.; Ruscio, A. (Eds.) Histoire de la colonisation: falsifications et instrumentalisations. (2007)Detailed reference viewed: 36 (3 ULg)
Abraham Ortelius vereeuwigd. Fantomen van kunstzinnig patriottisme en geografie te Antwerpen op het einde van negentiende eeuw.
in Daelemans, Frank; Duvosquel, Jean-Marie; Halleux, Robert (Eds.) et al Mélanges offerts à Hossam Elkhadem par ses amis et ses élèves. (2007)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
The Technical Formation of the Belgian Colonial Geographer at the End of the Nineteenth Century
Conference (2005)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
New Insights in the History of the First International Congress of Geography (Antwerp, 1871).
Conference (2004, August)
The internationalisation of geography gained its full strength after World War I. But this phenomenon originated in the third quarter of the nineteenth century, encouraged by the public attention for ... [more ▼]
The internationalisation of geography gained its full strength after World War I. But this phenomenon originated in the third quarter of the nineteenth century, encouraged by the public attention for exploration, the gradual professionalisation of geography at universities, and the organisation of international congresses. The first congres of this type was organised in Antwerp, Belgium, in 1871. The meeting set standards for all other pre-War international congresses of geography. In this contribution we give new insights in the realization of the Antwerp Congress. We focuss on the initiators Charles Ruelens, Jan-Hubert Van Raemdonck and Pierre Génard, their motives for action, the challenges and difficulties they found on their way. We discuss the collaboration between the Belgian organising committee and the European geographical societies, in particular the “Société de Géographie de Paris”. We discover how the first programme was drawn up en give a detailed image of the participants, paying attention to their origins and fields of interests. Finally we show the results of their debates and try to evaluate the lasting results of the encounter. This paper is based on the recently discovered archives of the first Congress in the City Archives of Antwerp. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 ULg)
Emile Adan en de introductie van reisinstructies voor de Belgische wetenschappelijke exploratie in Midden-Afrika.
in Archives et Bibliothèques de Belgique = Archief en Bibliotheekwezen in Belgie (2003), 74(1-4), 205-217Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
Geschiedenis van de wetenschappen in België 1815-2000
Halleux, Robert ; Vandersmissen, Jan ; et al
Book published by Dexia-La Renaissance du Livre (2001)Detailed reference viewed: 27 (12 ULg)
The Spread of the Scientific Revolution in the European Periphery, Latin America and East Asia. Proceedings of the XXth International Congress of History of Science (Liège, 20-26 July 1997). Volume V.
; ; Vandersmissen, Jan
Book published by Brepols (2000)
This volume includes papers presented during a symposium on the spreading of the scientific revolution outside Western European countries, which was held during the XXth International Congress of History ... [more ▼]
This volume includes papers presented during a symposium on the spreading of the scientific revolution outside Western European countries, which was held during the XXth International Congress of History of Science in Liège in 1997. The contributions aim to answer some recent historiographical questions such as the modalities of the spreading of science in different countries, the reception of the new science by different cultures, the kind of changes this reception set in motion, the periodisation in adopting the new scientific knowledge, the structures set up for this adoption. Three geographical areas are presented here: the European countries in the border of the "scientific center", Latin America countries and East Asian regions. The volume constitutes the first attempt at making a synthesis at an international level on the important question of the spreading of the "new science" throughout the world. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)