References of "Vanderpoorten, Alain"
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See detailVariabilité et évolution des phéromones du genre de papillons Bicyclus (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae), et implication dans sa diversification.
Bacquet, Paul; Brattström, O.; Brakefield, P. M. et al

in VII Conférence Internationale Francophone d'Entomologie (2010, July)

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See detailPheromone variability and evolution in the butterfly genus Bicyclus, and implication in its diversification
Bacquet, Paul; Brattström, O.; Brakefield, P. M. et al

Poster (2010, May 05)

The evolution of olfactive communication in generating reproductive isolation among species remains poorly understood (Smadja & Butlin 2009). In Lepidoptera, studies have mainly focused on long-distance ... [more ▼]

The evolution of olfactive communication in generating reproductive isolation among species remains poorly understood (Smadja & Butlin 2009). In Lepidoptera, studies have mainly focused on long-distance pheromones produced by moths. Moth sex pheromones have been shown to display inter-population variation (e.g. Tòth et al. 1992, McElfresh & Millar 2008 and ref. within, Groot et al. 2009) and to be involved in interspecific isolation (e.g. Löfstedt et al. 1991, Groot et al. 2006). In butterflies, the few existing studies on sex pheromones have mainly focused on the identification of the male specific compounds and the demonstration of their behavioural activity in courtship (e.g. Grula et al. 1980, Nieberding et al. 2008, Yildizhan et al. 2009), but have failed so far to highlight a role in reproductive isolation (Friberg et al. 2008). In the species-rich Bicyclus genus Kirby, 1871 (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) the structures producing the pheromones, i.e. the androconia, are key characters to discriminate among species (Condamin 1973). In B. anynana (Butler, 1879), the male sex pheromone (MSP) has been shown to play a role in mate choice (Costanzo & Monteiro 2007, Nieberding et al. 2008), to be heritable, and particular ratios of the pheromone components are under strong sexual selection (Nieberding et al, unpubl. data). Therefore, we expect that pheromone evolution is responsible for reproductive isolation and diversification in this butterfly group. In this framework, our research project aims at understanding the evolution of MSP at the interspecific level across the Bicyclus genus and specifically at testing their potential role in the speciation process. Potential MSP of several species across the Bicyclus genus have been identified by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Observed differences in pheromone composition between species are compared in a phylogenetic framework to the molecular tree of the species (following Oliver et al. 2009). We expect the evolutionary rate of MSP to be unlinked to the molecular tree if MSP are under sexual selection across the genus (i.e. saltational evolution following Symonds & Elgar 2004, Shirangi et al. 2009). Moreover, if MSP generated reproductive isolation between species in a “reinforcement” process, we expect higher differences of MSP composition between sympatric species than between allopatric species and an increase of this pattern for younger species compared to older species (Lukhtanov et al. 2006). [less ▲]

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See detailFurther taxonomic rearrangements in the Brachytheciaceae (Bryophyta): Frahmiella, a new genus segregated from Rhynchostegiella
Ignatov, Michael; Aigoin, Delphine ULg; Huttunen, Sanna et al

in Tropical Bryology (2010), 31

The taxonomic position of Rhynchostegiella acicula, a local endemic of Shaanxi Province of China, is investigated by means of cladistic analyses employing nrITS sequences. The analyses show that R ... [more ▼]

The taxonomic position of Rhynchostegiella acicula, a local endemic of Shaanxi Province of China, is investigated by means of cladistic analyses employing nrITS sequences. The analyses show that R. acicula does not belong to Rhynchostegiella s.str. (Helicodontioideae) but is resolved within the Homalothecioideae as sister to Eurhynchiastrum, from which it differs by a soft and slender habit; narrow lanceolate and acuminate leaves; a percurrent costa; and an autoicous condition. It differs from Brachytheciastrum and Brachythecium in a longly rostrate operculum, and from Homalothecium in a small plants that lack thick-walled basal laminal cells characteristic of this genus, as well as in an autoicous inflorescence. As a consequence, R. acicula is transferred into its own, monospecific genus Frahmiella Ignatov, Vanderpoorten & Wang You-fang, gen. nov. [less ▲]

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See detailThe taxonomy of the leafy liverwort genus Leptoscyphus (Lophocoleaceae) revisited
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Schäfer-Verwimp, Alfons; Heinrichs, Jochen et al

in Taxon (2010), 59

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See detailThe ghosts of Gondwana and Laurasia in modern liverwort distributions
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Gradstein, S. R.; Carine, M. A. et al

in Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society (2010)

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See detailDispersal, diversity and evolution of the Macaronesian cryptogamic floras
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Laenen, Benjamin ULg; Rumsey, F. J. et al

in Plants and Islands, 2nd ed. (2010)

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See detailMacroecological patterns of genetic structure and diversity in the aquatic moss Platyhypnidium riparioides
Hutsemekers, Virginie ULg; Hardy, O. J.; Mardulyn, P. et al

in New Phytologist (2010)

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See detailIntroduction to Bryophytes
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Goffinet, Bernard

Book published by Cambridge University Press (2010)

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See detailRhynchostegiella (Brachytheciaceae): molecular re-circumscription of a convenient taxonomic repository
Aigoin, Delphine ULg; Huttunen, Sanna; Ignatov, Michael et al

in Journal of Bryology (2009), 31

The moss genus Rhynchostegiella (Helicodontioideae, Brachytheciaceae) has long served as a convenient repository for small brachythecioid pleurocarps. Its circumscription is revised in the context of a ... [more ▼]

The moss genus Rhynchostegiella (Helicodontioideae, Brachytheciaceae) has long served as a convenient repository for small brachythecioid pleurocarps. Its circumscription is revised in the context of a chloroplast phylogeny of the Helicodontioideae employing trnL-trnF, atpB-rbcL, psbT-psbH, and psbA-trnH sequence data. The analysis resolves with full posterior probabilities a core Rhynchostegiella clade of eight species. Rhynchostegiella pumila and R. duriaei are both resolved outside that clade and accommodated in their own genera, Microeurhynchium gen. nov. and Pseudorhynchostegiella gen. nov., respectively. Rhynchostegiella leptoneura is sister to Aerolindigia capillacea and R. papuensis is closely related to Eurhynchiella zeyheri. One of the reasons why these unrelated species, together with other taxa, were traditionally included within Rhynchostegiella, is that the genus is morphologically poorly defined by only a single synapomorphic change followed by reversals in half of the species. The Madeiran endemic Brachythecium percurrens is resolved as sister to all the other genera of the Helicodontioideae and is transferred into a new monotypic genus, Hedenasiastrum gen. nov. [less ▲]

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See detailAnd if Engler was not completely wrong? Evidence for multiple evolutionary origins in the moss flora Of Macaronesia
Aigoin, Delphine ULg; Devos, Nicolas ULg; Huttunen, Sanna et al

in Evolution (2009), 63(12), 32483257

The Macaronesian endemic flora has traditionally been interpreted as a relict of a subtropical element that spanned across Europe in the Tertiary. This hypothesis is revisited in the moss subfamily ... [more ▼]

The Macaronesian endemic flora has traditionally been interpreted as a relict of a subtropical element that spanned across Europe in the Tertiary. This hypothesis is revisited in the moss subfamily Helicodontioideae based on molecular divergence estimates derived from two independent calibration techniques either employing fossil evidence or using an Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) to sample absolute rates of nucleotide substitution from a prior distribution encompassing a wide range of rates documented across land plants. Both analyses suggest that the monotypic Madeiran endemic genus Hedenasiastrum diverged of other Helicodontioideae about 40 million years, that is, well before Macaronesian archipelagos actually emerged, in agreement with the relict hypothesis. Hedenasiastrum is characterized by a plesiomorphic morphology, which is suggestive of a complete morphological stasis over 40 million years. Macaronesian endemic Rhynchostegiella species, whose polyphyletic origin involves multiple colonization events, evolved much more recently, and yet accumulated many more morphological novelties than H. percurrens. The Macaronesian moss flora thus appears as a complex mix of ancient relicts and more recently dispersed, fast-evolving taxa. [less ▲]

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See detailWhen morphology and molecules tell us different stories: a case-in-point with Leptodon corsicus, a new and unique endemic moss species from Corsica
Sotiaux A.; Enroth, J.; Quandt, D. et al

in Journal of Bryology (2009), 31

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See detailNew combinations in the Amblystegiaceae
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Hedenäs, L.

in Journal of Bryology (2009), 31

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See detailConservation Biology
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Hallingbäck, Tomas

in Goffinet, Bernard; Shaw, Jonathan (Eds.) Bryophyte Biology (2009)

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See detailORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF THE NORTHERN HEMISPHERE DISJUNCTION IN THE MOSS GENUS HOMALOTHECIUM (BRACHYTHECIACEAE)
Huttunen, Sanna; Hedenäs, Lars; Ignatov, Misha et al

in American Journal of Botany (2008)

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See detailThe barriers to oceanic island radiation in bryophytes: insights from the phylogeography of the moss Grimmia montana
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Devos, Nicolas ULg; Goffinet, Bernard et al

in Journal of Biogeography (2008), 35

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See detailHow far and how fast do bryophytes travel at the landscape scale?
Hutsemekers, Virginie ULg; Dopagne, Claude ULg; Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg

in Diversity & Distributions (2008), 14(3), 483-492

Dispersal ability is a factor of prime importance to explain biotic distributions. Yet, it is extremely difficult to measure directly. In this study, we take advantage of the natural experimental design ... [more ▼]

Dispersal ability is a factor of prime importance to explain biotic distributions. Yet, it is extremely difficult to measure directly. In this study, we take advantage of the natural experimental design of slag heap colonization in Belgium to document the timing and range of dispersal of bryophytes at the landscape scale. On the basis of a species atlas with a 4 × 4 km grid, the minimum distance separating species found on 52 slag heaps from potential source populations was determined. Minimum dispersal rates were inferred by coupling the information on minimum distance between slag heap and source populations with time since colonization. The number of species per slag heap is significantly correlated with time since colonization and area size. The frequency distribution of the longest dispersal events is highly skewed, with 44% of the species recruited within the nearest 6 km. In the remaining 56% of the species, recruitments from source populations located within a range of at least 6–86 km occurred within a period of less than 50 years. The majority of the species that are not recruited within the nearest vicinity of the slag heaps, including rare species at the regional scale, occur on slag heaps that have been colonized for 25–50 years. Most recently colonized slag heaps are indeed characterized by 'fugitive', weedy species, whereas slag heaps that have been colonized for > 50 years tend to accumulate perennial species with a 'stayer' life strategy. These observations suggest that rare species may display the dispersal ability to travel across the landscape, but are subsequently limited by their ability to establish a viable community because of more competitive neighbours. Rare species therefore tend to accumulate at intermediate colonization stages, which represent a trade-off between an increasing probability of colonization with time and a decreasing probability of establishment due to competition. [less ▲]

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