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See detailHow do temperate bryophytes face the challenge of a changing environment? Lessons from the past and predictions for the future
Desamore, Aurélie ULg; Laenen, Benjamin ULg; Stech, M. B et al

in Global Change Biology (2012), 18(9), 2915-2924

Bryophytes are a group of early land plants, whose specific ecophysiological and biological features, including poikilohydry, sensitivity to moderately high temperature and high dispersal ability, make ... [more ▼]

Bryophytes are a group of early land plants, whose specific ecophysiological and biological features, including poikilohydry, sensitivity to moderately high temperature and high dispersal ability, make them ideal candidates for investigating the impact of climate changes. Employing a combined approach of species distribution modelling (SDM) and molecular phylogeography in the temperate moss Homalothecium sericeum, we explore the significance of the Mediterranean refugia, contrasting the southern and northern refugia hypotheses, determine the extent to which recolonization of previously glaciated areas has been facilitated by the high dispersal ability of the species and make predictions on the extent to which it will be impacted by ongoing climate change. The Mediterranean areas exhibit the highest nucleotidic diversities and host a mixture of ancestral, endemic and more recently derived haplotypes. Extra-Mediterranean areas exhibit low genetic diversities and Euro-Siberian populations display a significant signal of expansion that is identified to be of Euro-Siberian origin, pointing to the northern refugia hypothesis. The SDMs predict a global net increase in range size owing to ongoing climate change, but substantial range reductions in southern areas. Presence of a significant phylogeographical signal at different spatial scales suggests, however, that dispersal limitations might constitute, as opposed to the traditional view of spore-producing plants as efficient dispersers, a constraint for migration. This casts doubts about the ability of the species to face the massive extinctions predicted in the southern areas, threatening their status of reservoir of genetic diversity. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailOut of Africa: northwestwards Pleistocene expansions of the heather Erica arborea
Desamore, Aurélie ULg; Laenen, Benjamin ULg; Devos, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Biogeography (2011), 38

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See detailMolecular data challenge traditional subgeneric divisions in the leafy liverwort Radula
Devos, Nicolas; Renner, MAM; Gradstein, SR et al

in Taxon (2011), 60

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See detailEvolution of sexual systems, dispersal strategies and habitat selection in the liverwort genus Radula
Devos, Nicolas ULg; Renner, Matt; Gradstein, Robbert et al

in New Phytologist (2011), 192(1), 225-236

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See detailIslands are not sinks of biodiversity in spore-producing plants
Hutsemekers, Virginie ULg; Shaw, A. J.; Szvovenyi, P. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2011), 108

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See detailGeographic and genetic variation of olfactory communication in butterflies: the male sex pheromone of Bicyclus butterfly species
Bacquet, Paul; Brattström, O.; Wang, H. L. et al

in Abstract book (2010, December 17)

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See detailVariabilité et évolution des phéromones du genre de papillons Bicyclus (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae), et implication dans sa diversification.
Bacquet, Paul; Brattström, O.; Brakefield, P. M. et al

in VII Conférence Internationale Francophone d'Entomologie (2010, July)

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See detailPheromone variability and evolution in the butterfly genus Bicyclus, and implication in its diversification
Bacquet, Paul; Brattström, O.; Brakefield, P. M. et al

Poster (2010, May 05)

The evolution of olfactive communication in generating reproductive isolation among species remains poorly understood (Smadja & Butlin 2009). In Lepidoptera, studies have mainly focused on long-distance ... [more ▼]

The evolution of olfactive communication in generating reproductive isolation among species remains poorly understood (Smadja & Butlin 2009). In Lepidoptera, studies have mainly focused on long-distance pheromones produced by moths. Moth sex pheromones have been shown to display inter-population variation (e.g. Tòth et al. 1992, McElfresh & Millar 2008 and ref. within, Groot et al. 2009) and to be involved in interspecific isolation (e.g. Löfstedt et al. 1991, Groot et al. 2006). In butterflies, the few existing studies on sex pheromones have mainly focused on the identification of the male specific compounds and the demonstration of their behavioural activity in courtship (e.g. Grula et al. 1980, Nieberding et al. 2008, Yildizhan et al. 2009), but have failed so far to highlight a role in reproductive isolation (Friberg et al. 2008). In the species-rich Bicyclus genus Kirby, 1871 (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) the structures producing the pheromones, i.e. the androconia, are key characters to discriminate among species (Condamin 1973). In B. anynana (Butler, 1879), the male sex pheromone (MSP) has been shown to play a role in mate choice (Costanzo & Monteiro 2007, Nieberding et al. 2008), to be heritable, and particular ratios of the pheromone components are under strong sexual selection (Nieberding et al, unpubl. data). Therefore, we expect that pheromone evolution is responsible for reproductive isolation and diversification in this butterfly group. In this framework, our research project aims at understanding the evolution of MSP at the interspecific level across the Bicyclus genus and specifically at testing their potential role in the speciation process. Potential MSP of several species across the Bicyclus genus have been identified by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Observed differences in pheromone composition between species are compared in a phylogenetic framework to the molecular tree of the species (following Oliver et al. 2009). We expect the evolutionary rate of MSP to be unlinked to the molecular tree if MSP are under sexual selection across the genus (i.e. saltational evolution following Symonds & Elgar 2004, Shirangi et al. 2009). Moreover, if MSP generated reproductive isolation between species in a “reinforcement” process, we expect higher differences of MSP composition between sympatric species than between allopatric species and an increase of this pattern for younger species compared to older species (Lukhtanov et al. 2006). [less ▲]

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See detailFurther taxonomic rearrangements in the Brachytheciaceae (Bryophyta): Frahmiella, a new genus segregated from Rhynchostegiella
Ignatov, Michael; Aigoin, Delphine ULg; Huttunen, Sanna et al

in Tropical Bryology (2010), 31

The taxonomic position of Rhynchostegiella acicula, a local endemic of Shaanxi Province of China, is investigated by means of cladistic analyses employing nrITS sequences. The analyses show that R ... [more ▼]

The taxonomic position of Rhynchostegiella acicula, a local endemic of Shaanxi Province of China, is investigated by means of cladistic analyses employing nrITS sequences. The analyses show that R. acicula does not belong to Rhynchostegiella s.str. (Helicodontioideae) but is resolved within the Homalothecioideae as sister to Eurhynchiastrum, from which it differs by a soft and slender habit; narrow lanceolate and acuminate leaves; a percurrent costa; and an autoicous condition. It differs from Brachytheciastrum and Brachythecium in a longly rostrate operculum, and from Homalothecium in a small plants that lack thick-walled basal laminal cells characteristic of this genus, as well as in an autoicous inflorescence. As a consequence, R. acicula is transferred into its own, monospecific genus Frahmiella Ignatov, Vanderpoorten & Wang You-fang, gen. nov. [less ▲]

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See detailThe taxonomy of the leafy liverwort genus Leptoscyphus (Lophocoleaceae) revisited
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Schäfer-Verwimp, Alfons; Heinrichs, Jochen et al

in Taxon (2010), 59

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See detailThe ghosts of Gondwana and Laurasia in modern liverwort distributions
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Gradstein, S. R.; Carine, M. A. et al

in Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society (2010)

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See detailDispersal, diversity and evolution of the Macaronesian cryptogamic floras
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Laenen, Benjamin ULg; Rumsey, F. J. et al

in Plants and Islands, 2nd ed. (2010)

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See detailMacroecological patterns of genetic structure and diversity in the aquatic moss Platyhypnidium riparioides
Hutsemekers, Virginie ULg; Hardy, O. J.; Mardulyn, P. et al

in New Phytologist (2010)

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See detailIntroduction to Bryophytes
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Goffinet, Bernard

Book published by Cambridge University Press (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (12 ULg)