References of "Vanderpoorten, Alain"
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See detailCryptic taxa should have names. Reflections in the glasswort genus Salicornia (Amaranthaceae)
Kadereit, G; Piraiinen; Lambinon, Jacques ULg et al

in Taxon (2012), 61

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See detailInverted patterns of genetic diversity in continental and island populations of the heather Erica scoparia s.l.
Desamore, Aurélie ULg; Laenen, Benjamin ULg; González-Mancebo, JM et al

in Journal of Biogeography (2012), 39(3), 574--584

Aim  Using the heather Erica scoparia s.l. as a model, this paper aims to test theoretical predictions that island populations are genetically less diverse than continental ones and to determine the ... [more ▼]

Aim  Using the heather Erica scoparia s.l. as a model, this paper aims to test theoretical predictions that island populations are genetically less diverse than continental ones and to determine the extent to which island and continental populations are connected by pollen- and seed-mediated gene flow.Location  Macaronesia, Mediterranean, Atlantic fringe of Europe.Methods  Patterns of genetic diversity are described based on variation at two chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) loci and one nuclear DNA (nDNA) locus for 109 accessions across the entire distribution range of the species. Global patterns of genetic differentiation were investigated using principal coordinates analysis. Genetic differentiation between island and continental areas, estimations of pollen- and seed-mediated gene flow, and the presence of phylogeographical signal were assessed by means of Fst/NST (continental scale) and Fij/Nij (local scale). Extant and past distribution ranges of the species were inferred from niche modelling using layers describing present and Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) macroclimatic conditions.Results  The Azores exhibited a significantly higher genetic diversity than the continent. The lowest levels of genetic differentiation were observed between the Azores and the western Mediterranean, and the diversity observed in the Azores resulted from at least two colonization waves. Within the Azores, kinship coefficients showed a significant and much steeper decrease with geographical distance in the cpDNA than in the nDNA. The distribution predicted by LGM models was markedly different from the current potential distribution, particularly in western Europe, where no suitable areas were predicted by LGM models, and along the Atlantic coast of the African continent, where LGM models predicted highly suitable climatic conditions.Main conclusions  The higher diversity observed in Azorean than in continental populations is inconsistent with MacArthur and Wilson’s equilibrium model and derived theoretical population genetic expectations. This inverted pattern may be the result of extinction on the continent coupled with multiple island colonization events and subsequent allopatric diversification and lineage hybridization in the Azores. The results highlight the role of allopatric diversification in explaining diversification on islands and suggest that this process has played a much more significant role in shaping Azorean biodiversity than previously thought. [less ▲]

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See detailMorphology informed by phylogeny reveals unexpected patterns of species differentiation in the aquatic moss Rhynchostegium riparioides s.l
Hutsemékers, Virginie; Vieira, C; Ros, RM et al

in Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution (2012), 62

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See detailStriking autapomorphic evolution in Physotheca J.J.Engel & Gradst. (Marchantiophyta: Lophocoleaceae) blurred its actual relationships with Leptoscyphus Mitt
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Desamore, Aurélie ULg; Laenen, Benjamin ULg et al

in Journal of Bryology (2012), 34(4), 251-256

The taxonomic status and phylogenetic position of the monotypic liverwort genus Physotheca J.J.Engel & Gradst., including P. autoica J.J.Engel & Gradst. endemic to Ecuador, are inferred from phylogenetic ... [more ▼]

The taxonomic status and phylogenetic position of the monotypic liverwort genus Physotheca J.J.Engel & Gradst., including P. autoica J.J.Engel & Gradst. endemic to Ecuador, are inferred from phylogenetic analyses of two cpDNA loci. The results indicate that the genus is nested within Leptoscyphus and the new combination, L. autoicus (J.J.Engel & Gradst.) Vanderp. & Gradst., is made. This indicates, along with an increasing body of evidence, that extreme morphological transformations can obscure the phylogenetic signal present in morphological data. © 2012 British Bryological Society. [less ▲]

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See detailHow do temperate bryophytes face the challenge of a changing environment? Lessons from the past and predictions for the future
Desamore, Aurélie ULg; Laenen, Benjamin ULg; Stech, M. B et al

in Global Change Biology (2012), 18(9), 2915-2924

Bryophytes are a group of early land plants, whose specific ecophysiological and biological features, including poikilohydry, sensitivity to moderately high temperature and high dispersal ability, make ... [more ▼]

Bryophytes are a group of early land plants, whose specific ecophysiological and biological features, including poikilohydry, sensitivity to moderately high temperature and high dispersal ability, make them ideal candidates for investigating the impact of climate changes. Employing a combined approach of species distribution modelling (SDM) and molecular phylogeography in the temperate moss Homalothecium sericeum, we explore the significance of the Mediterranean refugia, contrasting the southern and northern refugia hypotheses, determine the extent to which recolonization of previously glaciated areas has been facilitated by the high dispersal ability of the species and make predictions on the extent to which it will be impacted by ongoing climate change. The Mediterranean areas exhibit the highest nucleotidic diversities and host a mixture of ancestral, endemic and more recently derived haplotypes. Extra-Mediterranean areas exhibit low genetic diversities and Euro-Siberian populations display a significant signal of expansion that is identified to be of Euro-Siberian origin, pointing to the northern refugia hypothesis. The SDMs predict a global net increase in range size owing to ongoing climate change, but substantial range reductions in southern areas. Presence of a significant phylogeographical signal at different spatial scales suggests, however, that dispersal limitations might constitute, as opposed to the traditional view of spore-producing plants as efficient dispersers, a constraint for migration. This casts doubts about the ability of the species to face the massive extinctions predicted in the southern areas, threatening their status of reservoir of genetic diversity. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. [less ▲]

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See detailOceanic islands are not sinks of biodiversity in spore-producing plants
Hutsemekers, Virginie ULg; Shaw, A. J.; Szvovenyi, P. et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2011), 108

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See detailOut of Africa: northwestwards Pleistocene expansions of the heather Erica arborea
Desamore, Aurélie ULg; Laenen, Benjamin ULg; Devos, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Biogeography (2011), 38

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See detailMolecular data challenge traditional subgeneric divisions in the leafy liverwort Radula
Devos, Nicolas; Renner, MAM; Gradstein, SR et al

in Taxon (2011), 60

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See detailEvolution of sexual systems, dispersal strategies and habitat selection in the liverwort genus Radula
Devos, Nicolas ULg; Renner, Matt; Gradstein, Robbert et al

in New Phytologist (2011), 192(1), 225-236

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See detailGeographic and genetic variation of olfactory communication in butterflies: the male sex pheromone of Bicyclus butterfly species
Bacquet, Paul; Brattström, O.; Wang, H. L. et al

in Abstract book (2010, December 17)

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See detailVariabilité et évolution des phéromones du genre de papillons Bicyclus (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae), et implication dans sa diversification.
Bacquet, Paul; Brattström, O.; Brakefield, P. M. et al

in VII Conférence Internationale Francophone d'Entomologie (2010, July)

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See detailPheromone variability and evolution in the butterfly genus Bicyclus, and implication in its diversification
Bacquet, Paul; Brattström, O.; Brakefield, P. M. et al

Poster (2010, May 05)

The evolution of olfactive communication in generating reproductive isolation among species remains poorly understood (Smadja & Butlin 2009). In Lepidoptera, studies have mainly focused on long-distance ... [more ▼]

The evolution of olfactive communication in generating reproductive isolation among species remains poorly understood (Smadja & Butlin 2009). In Lepidoptera, studies have mainly focused on long-distance pheromones produced by moths. Moth sex pheromones have been shown to display inter-population variation (e.g. Tòth et al. 1992, McElfresh & Millar 2008 and ref. within, Groot et al. 2009) and to be involved in interspecific isolation (e.g. Löfstedt et al. 1991, Groot et al. 2006). In butterflies, the few existing studies on sex pheromones have mainly focused on the identification of the male specific compounds and the demonstration of their behavioural activity in courtship (e.g. Grula et al. 1980, Nieberding et al. 2008, Yildizhan et al. 2009), but have failed so far to highlight a role in reproductive isolation (Friberg et al. 2008). In the species-rich Bicyclus genus Kirby, 1871 (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) the structures producing the pheromones, i.e. the androconia, are key characters to discriminate among species (Condamin 1973). In B. anynana (Butler, 1879), the male sex pheromone (MSP) has been shown to play a role in mate choice (Costanzo & Monteiro 2007, Nieberding et al. 2008), to be heritable, and particular ratios of the pheromone components are under strong sexual selection (Nieberding et al, unpubl. data). Therefore, we expect that pheromone evolution is responsible for reproductive isolation and diversification in this butterfly group. In this framework, our research project aims at understanding the evolution of MSP at the interspecific level across the Bicyclus genus and specifically at testing their potential role in the speciation process. Potential MSP of several species across the Bicyclus genus have been identified by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Observed differences in pheromone composition between species are compared in a phylogenetic framework to the molecular tree of the species (following Oliver et al. 2009). We expect the evolutionary rate of MSP to be unlinked to the molecular tree if MSP are under sexual selection across the genus (i.e. saltational evolution following Symonds & Elgar 2004, Shirangi et al. 2009). Moreover, if MSP generated reproductive isolation between species in a “reinforcement” process, we expect higher differences of MSP composition between sympatric species than between allopatric species and an increase of this pattern for younger species compared to older species (Lukhtanov et al. 2006). [less ▲]

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See detailFurther taxonomic rearrangements in the Brachytheciaceae (Bryophyta): Frahmiella, a new genus segregated from Rhynchostegiella
Ignatov, Michael; Aigoin, Delphine ULg; Huttunen, Sanna et al

in Tropical Bryology (2010), 31

The taxonomic position of Rhynchostegiella acicula, a local endemic of Shaanxi Province of China, is investigated by means of cladistic analyses employing nrITS sequences. The analyses show that R ... [more ▼]

The taxonomic position of Rhynchostegiella acicula, a local endemic of Shaanxi Province of China, is investigated by means of cladistic analyses employing nrITS sequences. The analyses show that R. acicula does not belong to Rhynchostegiella s.str. (Helicodontioideae) but is resolved within the Homalothecioideae as sister to Eurhynchiastrum, from which it differs by a soft and slender habit; narrow lanceolate and acuminate leaves; a percurrent costa; and an autoicous condition. It differs from Brachytheciastrum and Brachythecium in a longly rostrate operculum, and from Homalothecium in a small plants that lack thick-walled basal laminal cells characteristic of this genus, as well as in an autoicous inflorescence. As a consequence, R. acicula is transferred into its own, monospecific genus Frahmiella Ignatov, Vanderpoorten & Wang You-fang, gen. nov. [less ▲]

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See detailThe taxonomy of the leafy liverwort genus Leptoscyphus (Lophocoleaceae) revisited
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Schäfer-Verwimp, Alfons; Heinrichs, Jochen et al

in Taxon (2010), 59

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See detailThe ghosts of Gondwana and Laurasia in modern liverwort distributions
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULg; Gradstein, S. R.; Carine, M. A. et al

in Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society (2010)

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