References of "Van der Linden, Martial"
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See detailComponent processes underlying future thinking
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Ortoleva, Claudia; Jumentier, Sabrina et al

in Memory & Cognition (2010), 38

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See detailPatients with Alzheimer's disease use metamemory to attenuate the Jacoby-Whitehouse illusion.
Willems, Sylvie ULg; Germain, Sophie ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in Neuropsychologia (2009), 47(12), 2672-6

Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) relying predominantly on familiarity for recognition, research has suggested that they may be particularly susceptible to memory illusions driven by conceptual ... [more ▼]

Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) relying predominantly on familiarity for recognition, research has suggested that they may be particularly susceptible to memory illusions driven by conceptual fluency. Using the Jacoby and Whitehouse [Jacoby, L.L., & Whitehouse, K. (1989). An illusion of memory: False recognition influenced by unconscious perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 118, 126-135] illusion paradigm, we extended these findings and found that AD patients were also sensitive to perceptually driven false recognition. However, AD patients were equally able to disregard perceptual fluency when there was a shift in the sensory modality of the study and test stages. Overall, these findings support the notion that patients with AD can be susceptible to fluency-based memory illusions but these patients can strategically control the fluency attribution following their metamemory expectation in exactly the same way as elderly adults and young adults. [less ▲]

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See detailLevel of agency in sub-clinical checking
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Consciousness & Cognition (2009), 18(1), 293-299

This study examined cognitive representations of routine action, through the assessment of level of agency, in individuals with sub-clinical checking. The level of agency stems from Action Identification ... [more ▼]

This study examined cognitive representations of routine action, through the assessment of level of agency, in individuals with sub-clinical checking. The level of agency stems from Action Identification Theory [Vallacher, R. R., Wegner, D. M. (1989). Levels of personal agency: Individual variation in action identification. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 57, 660-671], which states that how actions are usually identified (based on instrumental aspects or purpose) reflects the predominant accessibility of internal representation (movements executed vs. goal pursued). Furthermore, this framework proposed that altered action regulation is related to low-level of agency (i.e., action identification at an instrumental level). In the current study, the main result indicated that checking symptoms were related to a low-level of agency, that is, individuals with sub-clinical checking identified habitual actions on the basis of instrumental aspects. This seems to indicate that checkers may act with a lack of goal representations. The results are discussed in terms of the role of low-level of agency in checking phenomena and related cognitive dysfunction. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive rehabilitation of the updating sub-component of working memory in schizophrenia: a case study.
Levaux, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Vezzaro, J.; Laroi, Frank ULg et al

in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation (2009), 19(2), 244-73

Working memory problems have been identified as a core cognitive deficit in schizophrenia. In this paper, we present the results of a cognitive rehabilitation programme (Duval & Coyette, 2005 ... [more ▼]

Working memory problems have been identified as a core cognitive deficit in schizophrenia. In this paper, we present the results of a cognitive rehabilitation programme (Duval & Coyette, 2005) administered to a schizophrenia patient, and specifically designed to improve the updating sub-component of working memory. The original feature of this programme was that it involved two types of updating exercises: cognitive and ecological. The purpose was to enable the patient to acquire cognitive strategies that alleviate the mental load of the central executive and to transfer them to daily life. The specificity and efficacy of the programme were assessed with multiple (cognitive, ecological and non-target) baseline measurements. In addition, several questionnaires were administered to assess the effect of the programme on subjective cognitive complaints affecting daily life, psychiatric symptoms and self-esteem. The results demonstrated the efficacy of the rehabilitation programme on the updating function and the generalisation of these beneficial effects to daily life. A significant decrease in both subjective cognitive complaints and psychiatric symptoms was also observed. However, the patient's self-esteem did not improve. [less ▲]

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See detailRemédiation cognitive des patients schizophrènes dans les pays francophones
Levaux, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Laroi, Frank ULg; Danion, Jean-Marie et al

in EMC, Psychiatrie (2009)

La schizophrénie est associée à des déficits cognitifs variés qui affectent les capacités fonctionnelles des patients : relations sociales, insertion professionnelle, activités de la vie quotidienne. Les ... [more ▼]

La schizophrénie est associée à des déficits cognitifs variés qui affectent les capacités fonctionnelles des patients : relations sociales, insertion professionnelle, activités de la vie quotidienne. Les troubles cognitifs interviennent également dans le développement de certains types de symptômes cliniques (délires, hallucinations). Pour faire face à ces déficits, une prise en charge de type cognitif a vu le jour et différents programmes ont été développés. Cette revue de la littérature décrit les programmes de remédiation cognitive utilisés dans les pays francophones. Des résultats prometteurs en termes d’amélioration des fonctionnements cognitif et psychosocial ont été obtenus. Cependant, pour la plupart de ces programmes, des études de validation et d’évaluation de l’efficacité à long terme sont encore à réaliser. Plusieurs recommandations sont énoncées pour les études futures, en particulier dans le but d’améliorer la généralisation des effets de la remédiation cognitive au fonctionnement dans la vie quotidienne. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of auditory selective attention on verbal short-term memory and vocabulary development
Majerus, Steve ULg; Heiligenstein, Lucie; Gautherot, N. et al

in Journal of Experimental Child Psychology (2009), 103

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See detailSerial order short-term memory capacities and specific language impairment: No evidence for a causal association
Majerus, Steve ULg; Leclercq, Anne-Lise ULg; Grossman, Aurélie et al

in Cortex : A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System & Behavior (2009), 45

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See detailDoes implicit memory during anaesthesia persist in children?
Lopez, Ursula; Habre, w; Laurencon, M. et al

in British Journal of Anaesthesia (2009), 102(3), 37984

Background. Recent studies suggest that implicit memory (especially perceptual implicit memory) persists during adequate general anaesthesia in adults. Studies in children, however, have failed to ... [more ▼]

Background. Recent studies suggest that implicit memory (especially perceptual implicit memory) persists during adequate general anaesthesia in adults. Studies in children, however, have failed to demonstrate implicit memory during general anaesthesia, possibly because of differences in methodological design. We therefore designed a prospective study with the aim of evaluating implicit memory in children undergoing general anaesthesia, using a perceptual memory test based on the mere exposure effect, previously tested in a control group. Methods. Twelve infrequent neutral words were played 12 times in a random sequence via headphones to 36 children aged 8–12 yr during elective or emergency surgery. The children were not premedicated, and general anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane. The word presentation started immediately after the surgical incision. Within 36 h after the stimulus presentation, the memory was assessed by using a forced-choice preference judgement task. Time constraint and word deterioration with a low-pass filter were used to prevent the subjects from utilizing intentional retrieval. The implicit memory score was obtained by calculating the proportion of target words preferred, which was compared with the chance level (0.5). Results. The percentage of correct responses given by the children was comparable with the chance level. The memory score was mean (SD) 0.48 (0.16) (95% CI 0.43–0.53). Conclusions. The use of a perceptual implicit memory test based on the mere exposure procedure in children failed to reveal any evidence of implicit memory under general anaesthesia. [less ▲]

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See detailInhibitory control of memory in normal ageing: Dissociation between impaired intentional and preserved unintentional processes.
Collette, Fabienne ULg; Germain, Sophie ULg; Hogge, Michaël et al

in Memory (2009), 17(1), 104-122

The aim of this study was to compare the performance of elderly and young participants on a series of memory tasks involving either intentional or unintentional inhibitory control of memory content ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to compare the performance of elderly and young participants on a series of memory tasks involving either intentional or unintentional inhibitory control of memory content. Intentional inhibition processes in working and episodic memory were explored with directed forgetting tasks and in semantic memory with the Hayling task. Unintentional inhibitory processes in working memory, long-term memory, and semantic memory were explored with an interference resolution task, the retrieval practice paradigm, and the flanker task, respectively. The results indicate that elderly participants' performance on the two directed forgetting tasks and the Hayling task is lower than that of young ones, and that this impairment is not related to their initial memory capacity. This suggests that there is a specific dysfunction affecting intentional inhibitory control of memory contents in normal ageing. [less ▲]

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See detailApprentissage d'activités de la vie quotidienne dans la DTA et leur transfert: Etude de deux cas
Bier, Nathalie; Provencher, V.; Gagnon, Lise et al

in Adam, Stéphane; Allain, Philippe; Aubin, Ghislaine (Eds.) et al Actualités en rééducation neuropsychologique: Etudes de cas (2009)

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See detailExploring self-defining memories in schizophrenia.
Raffard, Stephane; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg; Lardi, Claudia et al

in Memory (2009), 17(1), 26-38

Previous studies have shown that patients with schizophrenia are impaired in recalling specific events from their personal past. However, the relationship between autobiographical memory impairments and ... [more ▼]

Previous studies have shown that patients with schizophrenia are impaired in recalling specific events from their personal past. However, the relationship between autobiographical memory impairments and disturbance of the sense of identity in schizophrenia has not been investigated in detail. In this study the authors investigated schizophrenic patients' ability to recall self-defining memories; that is, memories that play an important role in building and maintaining the self-concept. Results showed that patients recalled as many specific self-defining memories as healthy participants. However, patients with schizophrenia exhibited an abnormal reminiscence bump and reported different types of thematic content (i.e., they recalled less memories about past achievements and more memories regarding hospitalisation and stigmatisation of illness). Furthermore, the findings suggest that impairments in extracting meaning from personal memories could represent a core disturbance of autobiographical memory in patients with schizophrenia. [less ▲]

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See detailTraité de Neuropsychologie de l'Enfant
Poncelet, Martine ULg; Majerus, Steve ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

Book published by SOLAL (2009)

La neuropsychologie de l’enfant concerne un champ d’étude relativement récent et en même temps très vaste. Le but de cet ouvrage est de fournir une vue d’ensemble des connaissances scientifiques qui se ... [more ▼]

La neuropsychologie de l’enfant concerne un champ d’étude relativement récent et en même temps très vaste. Le but de cet ouvrage est de fournir une vue d’ensemble des connaissances scientifiques qui se sont accumulées au cours de ces dernières années, et ceci pour les principales fonctions cognitives ainsi que les populations les plus fréquemment examinées en neuropsychologie de l’enfant, en passant des troubles développementaux avec ou sans cause cérébrale et génétique clairement définie aux lésions acquises telles que le traumatisme crânien ou l’accident vasculaire cérébral. Une première série de chapitres situera les troubles cognitifs dans le cadre de la dynamique développementale qui caractérise la neuropsychologie de l’enfant, permettant de fournir une compréhension la plus complète possible des difficultés constatées. Une deuxième série de chapitres sera de nature davantage syndromique, en présentant les troubles cognitifs associés aux traumatismes crâniens, aux troubles épileptiques, aux principaux syndromes génétiques ainsi qu’à d’autres troubles développementaux tels que les troubles attentionnels avec ou sans hyperactivité et l’autisme. Dans les cas pertinents, les principaux outils d’évaluation disponibles seront développés et des pistes rééducatives discutées. [less ▲]

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See detailMindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS): Psychometric Properties of the French Translation and Exploration of Its Relations With Emotion Regulation Strategies
Jermann, F.; Billieux, J.; Laroi, Frank ULg et al

in Psychological Assessment (2009), 21(4), 506-514

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See detailApproche neuropsychologique du syndrome de Williams : Introduction générale et aspects langagiers.
Majerus, Steve ULg; Poncelet, Martine ULg; Barisnikov, Koviljka et al

in Poncelet, Martine; Majerus, Steve; Van der Linden, Martial (Eds.) Traité de Neuropsychologie de l'Enfant (2009)

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See detailHallucinations et idées délirantes chez les enfants et adolescents: Mise en perspective avec les travaux réalisés chez l'adulte
Laroi, Frank ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg; Goëb, Jean-Louis

in Neuropsychiatrie de l'Enfance et de l'Adolescence (2009), 57

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See detailValidity and reliability of a French version of the Meta-Cognitions Questionnaire in a non-clinical population
Laroi, Frank ULg; D'Acremont, M.; Van der Linden, Martial ULg

in Swiss Journal of Psychology (2009), 63

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See detailRelations between a computerized shopping task and cognitive tests in a group of persons diagnosed with schizophrenia compared with healthy controls
Laroi, Frank ULg; Canlaire, J.; Mourad, H. et al

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (2009), 16

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See detailLexical Learning in Bilingual Adults: The Relative Importance of Short-Term Memory for Serial Order and Phonological Knowledge
Majerus, Steve ULg; Poncelet, Martine ULg; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

in Cognition (2008)

Studies of monolingual speakers have shown a strong association between lexical learning and short-term memory (STM) capacity, especially STM for serial order information. At the same time, studies of ... [more ▼]

Studies of monolingual speakers have shown a strong association between lexical learning and short-term memory (STM) capacity, especially STM for serial order information. At the same time, studies of bilingual speakers suggest that phonological knowledge is the main factor that drives lexical learning. This study tested these two hypotheses simultaneously in participants with variable levels of English-French bilingual proficiency. A word-nonword paired-associate learning task was administered, with nonwords obeying French phonotactic patterns. French phonological knowledge was estimated by a composite French proficiency score summarizing productive and receptive French vocabulary knowledge as well as quantitative and qualitative measures of French exposure. STM measures maximized retention of order information (serial order reconstruction) or retention of phonological item information (single nonword delayed repetition). The French proficiency score and the serial order STM measure independently predicted performance on the paired-associate learning task. These results highlight the conjoined role of phonological knowledge and serial order STM in lexical learning. Importantly, serial order STM remains a strong predictor of lexical learning, even for bilingual individuals who have broad phonological knowledge. [less ▲]

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